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[LeetCode] 474. Ones and Zeroes #474

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grandyang opened this issue May 30, 2019 · 0 comments
Open

[LeetCode] 474. Ones and Zeroes #474

grandyang opened this issue May 30, 2019 · 0 comments

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@grandyang
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@grandyang grandyang commented May 30, 2019

  

In the computer world, use restricted resource you have to generate maximum benefit is what we always want to pursue.

For now, suppose you are a dominator of m 0s and n 1s respectively. On the other hand, there is an array with strings consisting of only 0s and 1s.

Now your task is to find the maximum number of strings that you can form with given m 0s and n 1s. Each 0 and 1 can be used at most once.

Note:

  1. The given numbers of 0s and 1s will both not exceed 100
  2. The size of given string array won't exceed 600.

 

Example 1:

Input: Array = {"10", "0001", "111001", "1", "0"}, m = 5, n = 3
Output: 4

Explanation: This are totally 4 strings can be formed by the using of 5 0s and 3 1s, which are “10,”0001”,”1”,”0”

 

Example 2:

Input: Array = {"10", "0", "1"}, m = 1, n = 1
Output: 2

Explanation: You could form "10", but then you'd have nothing left. Better form "0" and "1".

 

这道题是一道典型的应用DP来解的题,如果我们看到这种求总数,而不是列出所有情况的题,十有八九都是用DP来解,重中之重就是在于找出递推式。如果你第一反应没有想到用DP来做,想得是用贪心算法来做,比如先给字符串数组排个序,让长度小的字符串在前面,然后遍历每个字符串,遇到0或者1就将对应的m和n的值减小,这种方法在有的时候是不对的,比如对于{"11", "01", "10"},m=2,n=2这个例子,我们将遍历完“11”的时候,把1用完了,那么对于后面两个字符串就没法处理了,而其实正确的答案是应该组成后面两个字符串才对。所以我们需要建立一个二维的DP数组,其中dp[i][j]表示有i个0和j个1时能组成的最多字符串的个数,而对于当前遍历到的字符串,我们统计出其中0和1的个数为zeros和ones,然后dp[i - zeros][j - ones]表示当前的i和j减去zeros和ones之前能拼成字符串的个数,那么加上当前的zeros和ones就是当前dp[i][j]可以达到的个数,我们跟其原有数值对比取较大值即可,所以递推式如下:

dp[i][j] = max(dp[i][j], dp[i - zeros][j - ones] + 1);

有了递推式,我们就可以很容易的写出代码如下:

 

class Solution {
public:
    int findMaxForm(vector<string>& strs, int m, int n) {
        vector<vector<int>> dp(m + 1, vector<int>(n + 1, 0));
        for (string str : strs) {
            int zeros = 0, ones = 0;
            for (char c : str) (c == '0') ? ++zeros : ++ones;
            for (int i = m; i >= zeros; --i) {
                for (int j = n; j >= ones; --j) {
                    dp[i][j] = max(dp[i][j], dp[i - zeros][j - ones] + 1);
                }
            }
        }
        return dp[m][n];
    }
};

 

类似题目:

Coin Change

 

参考资料:

https://discuss.leetcode.com/topic/71438/c-dp-solution-with-comments

https://discuss.leetcode.com/topic/71417/java-iterative-dp-solution-o-mn-space

 

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中...)

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