Here is a screenshot of a public transport query. The route with the earliest arrival time is highlighted in green. The three non-highlighted alternatives have fewer transfers. They include a walk-only route (no vehicle boardings at all).
git clone https://github.com/graphhopper/graphhopper cd graphhopper # download GTFS from Berlin & Brandenburg in Germany (VBB) and the 'surrounding' OpenStreetMap data for the walk network wget -O gtfs-vbb.zip http://transitfeeds.com/p/verkehrsverbund-berlin-brandenburg/213/latest/download wget http://download.geofabrik.de/europe/germany/brandenburg-latest.osm.pbf ./graphhopper.sh build # The following process will take roughly 5 minutes on a modern laptop when it is executed for the first time. # It imports the previously downloaded OSM data of the Brandenburg area as well as the GTFS. java -Xmx8g -Xms8g \ -Dgraphhopper.datareader.file=brandenburg-latest.osm.pbf \ -Dgraphhopper.gtfs.file=gtfs-vbb.zip \ -Dgraphhopper.graph.flag_encoders=pt \ -Dgraphhopper.prepare.ch.weightings=no \ -Dgraphhopper.graph.location=./graph-cache \ -jar web/target/graphhopper-web-*.jar server config.yml # view the web UI e.g. via: firefox http://localhost:8989
We see three trips of two routes (top to bottom: route 1, route 1, route 2) and three stations (colored groups). The ENTER_TEN and LEAVE_TEN edges are the entry and exit to the time expanded network proper. They enforce that you are put on the correct node in the timeline when searching forward and backward, respectively. The STOP_ENTER and STOP_EXIT nodes are regular, spatial nodes which can be connected to the road network.
The BOARD edge checks if the trip is valid on the requested day: Our graph is "modulo operating day", but a pure time expanded graph which is fully unrolled is also possible. Then that check could go away. It also counts the number of boardings.
The TRANSFER edge ensures that the third departure is only reachable from the first arrival but not from the second one.