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OctNet: Learning Deep 3D Representations at High Resolutions


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OctNet uses efficient space partitioning structures (i.e. octrees) to reduce memory and compute requirements of 3D convolutional neural networks, thereby enabling deep learning at high resolutions.

This is the code for the paper:

OctNet: Learning Deep 3D Representations at High Resolutions
Gernot Riegler, Ali Osman Ulusoy and Andreas Geiger
CVPR 2017

We present OctNet, a representation for deep learning with sparse 3D data. In contrast to existing models, our representation enables 3D convolutional networks which are both deep and high resolution. Towards this goal, we exploit the sparsity in the input data to hierarchically partition the space using a set of unbalanced octrees where each leaf node stores a pooled feature representation. This allows to focus memory allocation and computation to the relevant dense regions and enables deeper networks without compromising resolution. We demonstrate the utility of our OctNet representation by analyzing the impact of resolution on several 3D tasks including 3D object classification, orientation estimation and point cloud labeling.

CVPR'17 Presentation

GTC'17 Presentation

If you find this code useful for your research, please cite

  title={OctNet: Learning Deep 3D Representations at High Resolutions},
  author={Riegler, Gernot and Ulusoy, Ali Osman and Geiger, Andreas},
  booktitle={Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition},

Code Overview

  • core - This directory includes the core code for the hybrid grid-octree data structure (include/octnet/core), the CPU code for the network operations on this data structure (include/octnet/cpu), as well as some code to create test objects (include/octnet/test).
  • core_gpu - GPU (CUDA) code for the network operations.
  • create - Code to pre-process 3D data (point clouds, meshes, dense volumes) and convert it to the grid-octree structure.
  • geometry - Simple geometry routines mainly used in the create package.
  • py - This directory a small python wrapper to the create package and some core functions.
  • th - A full featured torch wrapper for all network operations.
  • example - Contains an example to create data and train a network on ModelNet10.


We tried to keep the requirements small. To build the individual projects you will need:

  • cmake to setup the projects
  • gcc, or clang to build the core project
  • nvcc (CUDA) to compile the GPU network operations
  • cython to compile the Python wrapper
  • torch to setup the torch wrapper

Optionally, you will need

  • OpenMP for the parallelization of the CPU functions


The building process of the individual packages should be fairly easy. All packages, except the Python wrapper py, are cmake projects. Therefore, you can create a build directory in the individual package folder and call cmake and make. For example, to build the core package:

cd core
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make -j

To build the Python wrapper just do

cd py
python build_ext --inplace

If you do not want to repeat this for all the packages, we provide two simple bash scripts that automate this process:

  • - builds all the CPU code for OctNet
  • - same as above, but also builds the GPU network functions and the GPU wrapper code for torch