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Thin and less-opinionated database abstraction layer for node.

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any-db - a less-opinionated database abstraction layer.

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The purpose of this library is to consolidate the behaviours of various database drivers into a minimal and consistent API. See the design document for a thorough overview of the planned API.

Things it does:

  • Supports MySQL, Postgres, and SQLite3 as equally as possible.
  • Specify connection parameters with URLs: driver://user:pass@host/database
  • Stream results or get them all at once, using an interface almost identical to the existing evented interfaces of the MySQL and Postgres drivers.
  • Simple connection pooling including the ability to execute queries against the pool directly for auto-release behaviour. E.g. this will never leak connections: pool.query("SELECT 1", function (err, results) { ... })
  • Exposes a uniform transaction API.

Things it will do soon:

  • Optionally replace db-agnostic parameter placeholders with driver specific ones so you can use the exact same code against all drivers.
  • Have lot's and lot's of tests
  • Provide a common result set API.

Things it might do:

  • Wrap errors.

Things it will never do:

  • Add it's own query helper methods like .first or .fetchAll
  • Include any sort SQL string building. You might want to try my other library gesundheit, or one of the many alternatives for that.
  • Leave it's dishes in the sink and leave town for the weekend.


Creating a connection:

var anyDB = require('any-db')
  , conn = anyDB.createConnection('postgres://user:pass@localhost/dbname')

Simple queries with callbacks are exactly what you'd expect:

conn.query("SELECT * FROM my_table LIMIT 10", function (err, rows) {
  for (var i in rows) {
    console.log("Row " + i + ": %j", row)

If no callback is provided, the query object returned will emit the following events:

var query = conn.query('SELECT * FROM my_table')
query.on('fields', function (fields) { /* fields is an array of field names */ })
query.on('row', function (row) { /* row is plain object */ })
query.on('end', function () { /* always emitted when results are exhausted */ })
query.on('error', function () { /* emitted on errors :P */ })

You can also create or get an existing connection pool with anyDB.getPool. It takes the following options:

var pool = anyDB.getPool('postgres://user:pass@localhost/dbname', {
  min: 5,  // Minimum connections
  max: 10, // Maximum connections
  onConnect: function (conn, ready) {
    perform any necessary connection setup before calling ready(err, conn)
  reset: function (conn, ready) {
    perform any necessary reset of connection state before the connection can
    be re-used. The default callback does conn.query("ROLLBACK", ready)

A connection pool has the following methods available:

// Exactly like conn.query above, but the underlying connection will be
// auto-released back into the pool when the query completes.

Transactions can be started with begin, in this example we stream all users and then apply updates based on the results from an external service:

var tx = pool.begin()

tx.on('error', function (err) {
    // Called for any query errors without an associated callback

tx.query('SELECT id FROM users').on('row', function (user) {
    if (tx.state() == 'rolled back') return
    externalService.method(, function (err, result) {
        if (err) return tx.handleError(err)

        // Errors from these queries will propagate up to the transaction object
        if (result.flag) {
            tx.query('UPDATE users SET flag = 1 WHERE id = ?', [])
        } else if (result.deleteme) {
            tx.query('DELETE FROM users WHERE id = ?', [])
}).on('end', function () {

function finished (err) {
    if (err) console.error(err)
    else console.log('All done!')



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