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gofer - API

The module has two exports:

  • fetch, a function for fetching HTTP resources.
  • Gofer, a base class for service clients.

fetch(url, options, callback)

const { fetch } = require('gofer');

Options

  • method: The HTTP verb, e.g. 'GET' or 'POST'.
  • headers: A plain object with header names and values. E.g. {'content-type': 'text/x-cats'}.
  • auth: Either a string of the form username:password or an object with username and password properties that will be used to generate a basic authorizationheader.
  • baseUrl: Prefix for the url parameter. fetch('/echo', { baseUrl: 'https://my-api.com/v2' }) will load https://my-api.com/v2/echo.
  • pathParams: Values for placeholders in the url path. E.g. { foo: 'bar' } will replace all occurrences of {foo} in the url path with 'bar'.
  • qs: Additional query parameters that will be serialized using the qs library.
  • body: Content of the request body, either as a string, a Buffer, or a readable stream.
  • json: Content of the request body to be sent as a JSON encoded value.
  • form: Content of the request body to be sent using x-www-form-urlencoded. The serialization is handled by the qs library.
  • All TLS socket options for https requests.
  • maxSockets: Maximum number of parallel requests to the same domain. gofer will never use the global http(s) agent but will instead keep agents per client class.
  • timeout: Response- and socket read timeout in milliseconds.
  • connectTimeout: Timeout in milliseconds for the time between acquiring a socket and establishing a connection to the remote host. This should generally be relatively low.
  • searchDomain: Inspired by the search setting in /etc/resolv.conf. Append this to any hostname that doesn't already end in a ".". E.g. my-hostname turns into my-hostname.<searchDomain>. but my.fully.qualified.name. won't be touched.
  • keepAlive: if set to true, enables HTTP keep-alive

Return/callback value

fetch() returns a Promise for, or calls the callback specified with a response object, which supports the following methods. For convenience in Promise mode, you may also invoke each of them directly on the Promise returned from fetch(), i.e. you may do:

fetch(url).then(res => res.json()).then(obj => console.log(obj.status));
// OR
fetch(url).json().then(obj => console.log(obj.status));

.json() => Promise<Object>

Returns a Promise for the entire response text, parsed as JSON

.text() => Promise<string>

Returns a Promise for the entire response, charset decoded

.rawBody() => Promise<buffer>

Returns a Promise for the raw response body, as a Buffer

.stream() => ReadableStream

Returns a stream for the data as it arrives

Gofer

This class can be used directly but it's mainly meant to be the base class for individual service clients. Example:

const Gofer = require('gofer');
const { version, name } = require('./package.json');

class MyClient extends Gofer {
  constructor(config) {
    super(config, 'myService', version, name);
  }

  /* endpoint definitions here */
}

new Gofer(config, serviceName, clientVersion, clientName)

Configuration

All parts of the configuration are just default options. There are three levels of configuration:

  • config.globalDefaults: Applies for calls to all services.
  • config[serviceName]: Only applies to calls to one specific service.
  • config[serviceName].endpointDefaults[endpointName]: Only applies to calls using a specific endpoint.

More specific configuration wins, e.g. an endpoint-level default takes precendence over a service-level default.

Example:

const Gofer = require('gofer');

const config = {
  globalDefaults: { timeout: 100, connectTimeout: 55 },
  a: { timeout: 1001 },
  b: {
    timeout: 99,
    connectTimeout: 70,
    endpointDefaults: { x: { timeout: 23 } },
  },
};

class GoferA extends Gofer {
  constructor(config) { super(config, 'a'); }
}

class GoferB extends Gofer {
  constructor(config) { super(config, 'b'); }
  x() {
    return this.get('/something', { endpointName: 'x' });
  }
}

const a = new GoferA(config), b = new GoferB(config);
a.fetch('/something'); // will use timeout: 1001, connectTimeout: 55
b.fetch('/something'); // will use timeout: 99, connectTimeout: 70
b.x(); // will use timeout: 23, connectTimeout: 70

Option mappers

All service-specific behavior is implemented using option mappers. Whenever an request is made, either via an endpoint or directly via gofer.fetch, the options go through the following steps:

  1. The endpoint defaults are applied if the request was made through an endpoint.
  2. options.serviceName and options.serviceVersion is added.
  3. options.methodName and options.endpointName is added. The former defaults to the http verb but can be set to a custom value (e.g. addFriend). The latter is only set if the request was made through an endpoint method.
  4. The service-specific and global defaults are applied.
  5. For every registered option mapper m the options are set to m(options) || options.
  6. A User-Agent header is added if not present already.
  7. null and undefined values are removed from qs and headers. If you want to pass empty values, you should use an empty string.

Step 6 implies that every option mapper is a function that takes one argument options and returns transformed options or a falsy value. Inside of the mapper this refers to the gofer instance. The example contains an option mapper that handles access tokens and a default base url.

Methods modifying the prototype

Gofer.prototype.addOptionMapper(mapFn)

Add a new option mapper to all instances using the prototype. This can also be called on an instance which doesn't have a global effect.

Client.prototype.registerEndpoints

Registers "endpoints". Endpoints are convenience methods for easier construction of API calls and can also improve logging/tracing. The following conditions are to be met by endpointMap:

  1. It maps a string identifier that is a valid property name to a function.
  2. The function takes one argument which is fetch.
  3. fetch works like gofer.fetch only that it's aware of endpoint defaults.

Whatever the function returns will be available as a property on instances of the class. Common variants are a function or a nested objects with functions.

MyService.prototype.registerEndpoints({
  simple(fetch) {
    return cb => fetch('/some-path', cb);
  },
  complex(fetch) {
    return {
      foo(qs, cb) {
        return fetch('/foo', { qs: qs }, cb);
      },
      bar(entity, cb) {
        return fetch('/bar', { json: entity, method: 'PUT' }, cb);
      }
    }
  }
});
const my = new MyService();
my.simple(); // returns a Promise
my.complex.foo({ limit: 1 }); // returns a Promise
my.complex.bar({ name: 'Jordan', friends: 231 }, (err, body) => {});

Instance methods

gofer.clone()

Creates a new instance with the exact same settings and referring to the same hub.

gofer.with(overrideConfig)

Returns a copy with overrideConfig merged into both the endpoint- and the service-level defaults. Useful if you know that you'll need custom timeouts for this one call or you want to add an accessToken.

gofer.fetch(url: String, options, cb)

  • url: The url to fetch. May be relative to options.baseUrl.
  • options: Anything listed below under options
  • cb: A callback function that receives the following arguments:
    • error: An instance of Error or undefined/null.
    • body: The (generally parsed) response body.
    • response: The response object with headers and statusCode.

Unless a cb is provided, the function will return a Promise. If a cb is provided, it will return undefined.

If an HTTP status code outside of the accepted range is returned, the error will be a StatusCodeError with the following properties:

  • method: The request method.
  • url: The full URL that was requested.
  • headers: The headers of the response.
  • body: The, in most cases parsed, response body.
  • statusCode: The actual HTTP status code.
  • minStatusCode: The lower bound of accepted status codes.
  • maxStatusCode: The upper bound of accepted status codes.

The accepted range of status codes is part of the configuration. It defaults to accepting 2xx codes only.

If there's an error that prevents any response from being returned, you can look for code to find out what happened. Possible values include:

  • ECONNECTTIMEDOUT: It took longer than options.connectTimeout allowed to establish a connection.
  • ETIMEDOUT: Request took longer than options.timeout allowed.
  • ESOCKETTIMEDOUT: Same as ETIMEDOUT but signifies that headers were received.
  • EPIPE: Writing to the request failed.
  • ECONNREFUSED: The remote host refused the connection, e.g. because nothing was listening on the port.
  • ENOTFOUND: The hostname failed to resolve.
  • ECONNRESET: The remote host dropped the connection. E.g. you are talking to another node based service and a process died.

Instance properties

gofer.defaults

Option mappers

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