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;;; http-post-simple.el --- HTTP POST requests using the url library
;; Author: Tom Schutzer-Weissmann
;; Keywords: comm, data, processes, hypermedia
;; This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
;; modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as1
;; published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
;; the License, or (at your option) any later version.
;; This program is distributed in the hope that it will be
;; useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
;; PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
;; License along with this program; if not, write to the Free
;; Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
;; MA 02111-1307 USA
;;; Commentary:
;; Provides ways to use the url library to perform HTTP POST requests.
;; See the documentation to `http-post-simple' for more information.
;; The `url-http' library does not handle 1xx response codes.
;; However, as RFC 2616 puts it:
;; a server MAY send a 100 (Continue)
;; status in response to an HTTP/1.1 PUT or POST request that does
;; not include an Expect request-header field with the "100-continue"
;; expectation.
;; -- and some servers do, giving you annoying errors. To avoid these errors,
;; you can either set `url-http-version' to "1.0", in which case any compliant
;; server will not send the 100 (Continue) code, or call
;; `http-post-finesse-code-100'. Note that the latter advises
;; 'url-http-parse-response'
;;; Change Log:
;; 11/06/2008 Set `url-http-version' to "1.0" when posting.
;; 19/07/2008 Don't set special variables like `url-http-version' and
;; `url-http-attempt-keepalives'.
;; 03/11/2008 Tell the server what charset we're using & accepting.
;;; Code:
(require 'url)
(require 'url-http)
(require 'cl)
(defun http-post-simple (url fields &optional charset)
"Send FIELDS to URL as an HTTP POST request, returning the response
and response headers.
FIELDS is an alist, eg ((field-name . \"value\")); all values
need to be strings, and they are encoded using CHARSET,
which defaults to 'utf-8"
(http-post-encode-fields fields charset)
(defun http-post-simple-multipart (url fields files &optional charset)
"Send FIELDS and FILES to URL as a multipart HTTP POST, returning the
response and response headers.
FIELDS is an alist, as for `http-post-simple', FILES is an a list of
\(fieldname \"filename\" \"file MIME type\" \"file data\")*"
(let ((boundary (http-post-multipart-boundary)))
(http-post-encode-multipart-data fields files charset)
(format "multipart/form-data; boundary=%S" boundary)
(defun http-post-content-type (content-type &optional charset)
(if charset
(format "%s; charset=%s" content-type (http-post-charset-name charset))
(defun http-post-charset-name (charset)
(symbol-name charset))
;; based on `http-url-encode' from the from http-get package
(defun http-post-encode-string (str content-type)
"URL encode STR using CONTENT-TYPE as the coding system."
(apply 'concat
(mapcar (lambda (c)
(if (or (and (>= c ?a) (<= c ?z))
(and (>= c ?A) (<= c ?Z))
(and (>= c ?0) (<= c ?9)))
(string c)
(format "%%%02x" c)))
(encode-coding-string str content-type))))
(defun http-post-encode-fields (fields &optional charset)
"Encode FIELDS using `http-post-encode-string', where
FIELDS is an alist of \(
\(field-name-as-symbol . \"field value as string\"\) |
\(field-name \"value1\" \"value2\" ...\)
CHARSET defaults to 'utf-8"
(let ((charset (or charset 'utf-8)))
(mapconcat #'identity
(mapcar '(lambda (field)
(concat (symbol-name (car field))
(http-post-encode-string (cdr field) charset)))
(mapcan '(lambda (field)
(if (atom (cdr field)) (list field)
;; unpack the list
(mapcar '(lambda (value)
`(,(car field) . ,value))
(cdr field))))
(defun http-post-simple-internal (url data charset extra-headers)
(let ((url-request-method "POST")
(url-request-data data)
(url-request-extra-headers extra-headers)
(url-mime-charset-string (http-post-charset-name charset)))
(let (header
(url-retrieve-synchronously url)
;; status
(setq status url-http-response-status)
;; return the header and the data separately
(goto-char (point-min))
(if (search-forward-regexp "^$" nil t)
(setq header (buffer-substring (point-min) (point))
data (buffer-substring (1+ (point)) (point-max)))
;; unexpected situation, return the whole buffer
(setq data (buffer-string))))
(values data header status))))
(defun http-post-multipart-boundary ()
(defun http-post-bound-field (&rest parts)
(let ((boundary (format "--%s" (http-post-multipart-boundary))))
(http-post-join-lines boundary parts)))
(defun http-post-encode-multipart-data (fields files charset)
"Return FIELDS and FILES encoded for use as the data for a multipart HTTP POST request"
(mapcar '(lambda (field)
(format "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=%S" (symbol-name (car field)))
(cdr field)))
(mapcan '(lambda (file)
(destructuring-bind (fieldname filename mime-type data) file
(format "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=%S; filename=%S" fieldname filename)
(format "Content-type: %s" (http-post-content-type mime-type charset))
(format "--%s--" (http-post-multipart-boundary))))
(defun http-post-join-lines (&rest bits)
(let ((sep "\r\n"))
(mapconcat (lambda (bit)
(if (listp bit)
(apply 'http-post-join-lines bit)
bits sep)))
(defun http-post-finesse-code-100 ()
"Transforms response code 100 into 200, to avoid errors when the
server sends code 100 in response to a POST request."
(defadvice url-http-parse-response (after url-http-parse-response-100 activate)
"Turns any HTTP 100 response code to 200, to avoid getting an error."
(declare (special url-http-response-status
(when (and (= 100 url-http-response-status)
(string-equal "POST" url-request-method)
(string-equal "1.1" url-http-version))
(setf url-http-response-status 200))))
(provide 'http-post-simple)
;;; http-post-simple.el ends here
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