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Allows you to tap into a list of current jobs openings with federal, state, and local government agencies. Jobs are searchable by keyword, location, agency, schedule, or any combination of these.
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Jobs API Server

CircleCI Code Climate Test Coverage

NOTE: USAJobs now provides a direct API for retrieving job postings with the U.S. federal government. Please leverage that API for any new projects:

The API in this repo is primarily for use by

The server code that runs the Jobs API is here on Github. If you're a Ruby developer, keep reading. Fork this repo to add features (such as additional datasets) or fix bugs.

The documentation on request parameters and response format is on the API developer page. This README just covers software development of the API service itself.


This code is currently tested against Ruby 2.3.


We use bundler to manage gems. You can install bundler and other required gems like this:

gem install bundler
bundle install


We're using Elasticsearch (>= 5.6) for fulltext search. On a Mac, it's easy to install with Homebrew.

$ brew install elasticsearch@5.6

Otherwise, follow the instructions to download and run it.

Elasticsearch with Docker

Install Docker if you haven't done so yet. Follow the instruction here Once you have Docker installed on your machine, run the following command in your terminal

$ docker run -p 9200:9200 -p 9300:9300 -e "discovery.type=single-node" elasticsearch:5.6

This will download an docker image containing elasticsearch=5.6.5 from docker hub, run it, and expose port 9200 & 9300 to your machine. You can verify your setup with the following command.

$ curl localhost:9200
  "name" : "u2bQgL2",
  "cluster_name" : "elasticsearch",
  "cluster_uuid" : "qZ-Xas_PR_2ARtHpY724Ug",
  "version" : {
    "number" : "5.6.5",
    "build_hash" : "6a37571",
    "build_date" : "2017-12-04T07:50:10.466Z",
    "build_snapshot" : false,
    "lucene_version" : "6.6.1"
  "tagline" : "You Know, for Search"


We use the United States location data from to help geocode the locations of each job position. By assigning latitude and longitude coordinates to each position location, we can sort job results based on proximity to the searcher's location, provided that information is sent in with the request.

The 'US.txt' file from the Geonames archive contains goecoding information for many entities that we aren't interested in for the purpose of government jobs (e.g., canals, churches), so we pick out just what we need in order to keep the index small with this AWK script:

awk -F $'\\t' '$8 ~ /PPL|ADM\d?|PRK|BLDG|AIR|INSM/' US.txt > doc/filtered_US.txt

This includes populated places, administrative areas, parks, buildings, airports, and military bases.

You can download, unzip, and filter a more recent version of the file if you like, or you can import the one in this repo to get started:

bundle exec rake geonames:import[doc/filtered_US.txt]

If you are running Elasticsearch with the default 1g JVM heap, this import process will be pretty slow. You may want to consider allocating more memory to Elasticsearch.

Seed jobs data

You can use the sample.xml file just to load a few jobs and see the system working.

bundle exec rake jobs:import_usajobs_xml[doc/sample.xml]

The importer adds to or updates any existing entries, so you can run it multiple times if you have multiple XML files. You can also start over with an index if you want to erase what's there or load a different dataset:

bundle exec rake jobs:recreate_index
bundle exec rake geonames:recreate_index

Production data

Federal agencies can request XML files from USAJobs as described in the SIF Guide at

Running it

Fire up a server and try it all out.

bundle exec rails s

Parameters and Results

Full documentation on the parameters and result format is in our Jobs API documentation.


When a job opening's end application date has passed, it is automatically purged from the index and won't show up in search results.

API Versioning

We support API versioning with JSON format. The current/default version is v3. You can specify a specific JSON API version like this:

curl -H 'Accept: application/vnd.usagov.position_openings.v3' http://localhost:3000/search.json?query=jobs


These require an Elasticsearch server to be running.

bundle exec rake spec

Code Coverage

We track test coverage of the codebase over time, to help identify areas where we could write better tests and to see when poorly tested code got introduced.

After running your tests, view the report by opening coverage/index.html.

Click around on the files that have less than 100% coverage to see what lines weren't exercised by the tests.


You can send feedback via Github Issues.

Loren Siebert and contributors.

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