Office365 Outlook and Exchange 2016 REST PowerShell library
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README.md

Exch-Rest Getting Started Guide

The Exch-Rest module is a PowerShell module for the Office 365 and Exchange 2016 REST API that allows you to access the functionality provided by the Graph API

Setup

Module installation

The Module is available from the PowerShell Gallery at https://www.powershellgallery.com/packages/Exch-Rest and can be installed on Windows 10 and Windows 8 using

    Install-Module Exch-Rest

    Import-Module Exch-Rest

Or you can use the following steps to download and install the module from the GitHub repo

    # Set constants
$SourceCodeURL = "https://codeload.github.com/gscales/Exch-Rest/zip/master"
$UserModuleHome = "~\Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Modules"

# Download a zip of the source code
Invoke-WebRequest -Uri $SourceCodeURL -OutFile "~\Exch-Rest-master.zip"

# Unblock the downloaded file
Unblock-File "~\Exch-Rest-master.zip"

# Extract the zip
Expand-Archive "~\Exch-Rest-master.zip" -DestinationPath $UserModuleHome

# Remove "-master" from the name
Move-Item "$UserModuleHome\Exch-Rest-master" "$UserModuleHome\Exch-Rest"

# Delete the downloaded source code
Remove-Item "~\Exch-Rest-master.zip"

# Import the module
Import-Module -Name Exch-Rest

Connecting and Authenticating

To connect to a Mailbox which will start the authentication process that will allow you to then use the cmdlets defined in the module use the following

Connect-EXRMailbox -Mailbox gscales@datarumble.com

Application registration

The Office 365 / Exchange 2016 REST API uses OAuth 2.0 to authenticate users. This means that people using an application that use this API do not need to give you their username/password. Instead, they authenticate against a central authentication system (e.g. Azure AD, Active Directory) and you get back a token which is then passed to the API endpoint for authentication. You can then give your application permission to use that token to do a limited number of things for a specific period of time.

However, to use OAuth tokens you must register an application in Azure before you can use the Exch-Rest functions.

You have two options when it comes to doing this, the most secure option is to register your own Application and assign just the permissions (or Permission Grants) you want the Module cmdlets to have based on what data you want to access using the module. The other option is to use one of the default Application registrations that have been registed for use in a Tenant that is owned by the module's Author Glen Scales. If no ClientId is specified when using Connect-EXRMailbox a menu will be presented with the different Application Registration options and the permissions they will need. eg

If you select one of these Id's the first time you run this in a Tenant it will prompt for administrative consent for the permissions that the cmdlet will need to access the Mailbox Items (or OneDrive, Directory,Report etc) eg you should see a screen similar to

If you want to create your own Application registration and permission grants (which is recommended) there is a good walk through of the application registration process is provided by Jason Johnston at https://github.com/jasonjoh/office365-azure-guides/blob/master/RegisterAnAppInAzure.md.

The following is an overview of the steps you can take to create an application registration:

  • Browse to http://dev.office.com/app-registration and login into your Azure tenant
    • Click + New application registration, fill out the options, and click Create
      • Name: <Name-of-app-users-will-see>
      • Application type: Native
      • Sign-on URL: http://localhost
    • Click your newly created application and note the Application ID. You will need this later as your Client ID.
    • Click Redirect URIs, you should see http://localhost. Replace that entry with urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob
    • Click Required permissions and then click + Add
    • Click 1 Select an API, click Office 365 Exchange Online (Microsoft.Exchange), and then click Select
    • Check off all the permissions that you wish to use, and then click Select. (Note: there seems to be a bug with the CheckAll button so you may have to individually check off each permission)
    • Click Done

Once you have done this you can set the Id you created to be the default Application registration everytime you use Connect-EXRMailbox (saving your from needing to enter it again). To do this select the Number 5 Option from the below menu

It will the prompt you to enter the clientId that was created when you registered the application and the redirectURI (generally this will be urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob if you have used a native app) eg

Once the default Application has been set the console menu will no longer show when you use the Connect-EXRMailbox cmdlet. If you want to show the menu again, just add the -ShowMenu switch eg

Connect-EXRMailbox -Mailbox gscales@datarumble.com -ShowMenu

Using the Module

Once you have succesfully authenticated and your token has been cached locally you can start using the cmdlets defined in the module.

The -MailboxName parameter

Most cmdlets have a -MailboxName switch which will control which mailbox a cmdlet is run against eg let's look an example

In the above example No MailboxName is used so the Mailbox that was used in the orginal Connect-EXRMailbox cmd will be used. This is because that MailboxName is cached in the AccessToken.

If you want to connect to a particular Mailbox you should use the -MailboxName parameter as follows

Cmdlets that don't connect to a specific Mailbox don't need the Mailboxname passed in eg like Get-EXRUsers which will retrieve all the user objects in the Azure Directory eg

Other Useful Examples

Show the last email from the Focused Inbox

Get-EXRLastInboxEmail -MailboxName gscales@datarumble.com -Focused

Show the last email from the Other (Focused Inbox)

Get-EXRLastInboxEmail -MailboxName gscales@datarumble.com -Other

Exporting the Contacts Folder of a Mailbox to CSV

To Export the contacts in a user's Contacts folder you can use the Export-EXRContactFolderToCSV cmdlet

Export-EXRContactFolderToCSV -mailboxname mec@datarumble.com -FileName c:\temp\MailboxContacts.csv

Showing the Meeting Rooms in your Tenant

Find-EXRRooms

Create a new user created folder in a Mailbox's Inbox Folder

New-EXRFolder -MailboxName gscales@datarumble.com -ParentFolderPath '\Inbox' -DisplayName "My New Folder for Processing"

Show the Folder Retention Tags applied to a folder

Get-EXRFolderFromPath -MailboxName gscales@datarumble.com -FolderPath \Inbox -PropList (Get-EXRItemRetentionTags)

Reporting

The Microsoft graph API provides access to the Office 365 usage reports for tenants and the module allows access to these reports eg getting the Mailbox Sizes and usage for the last 7 days

To vary the report duration you can pass in a different duration in the -PeriodType parameter eg to use 30 days instead of the default 7 use