Rspec is an automated testing framework for Ruby, designed for use in Behaviour Driven Development and Test Driven Development.
rspec-core includes the Rspec runner, output formatters, and the
[sudo] gem install rspec --prerelease
This will install the rspec, rspec-core, rspec-expectations and rspec-mocks gems.
Start with a simple example of behavior you expect from your system. Do this before you write any code:
# in spec/calculator_spec.rb describe Calculator, "add" do it "returns the sum of its arguments" do Calculator.new.add(1, 2).should eq(3) end end
Run this with the rspec command, and watch it fail:
$ rspec spec/calculator_spec.rb ./spec/calculator_spec.rb:1: uninitialized constant Calculator
Implement the simplest solution:
# in lib/calculator.rb class Calculator def add(a,b) a + b end end
Be sure to require the implementation file in the spec:
# in spec/calculator_spec.rb # - Rspec adds ./lib to the $LOAD_PATH, so you can # just require "calculator" directly require "calculator"
Now run the spec again, and watch it pass:
$ rspec spec/calculator_spec.rb . Finished in 0.000315 seconds 1 example, 0 failures
Use the documentation formatter to see the resulting spec:
$ rspec spec/calculator_spec.rb --format doc Calculator add returns the sum of its arguments Finished in 0.000379 seconds 1 example, 0 failures
You can define runtime configuration options in four places. They are loaded and processed in this order:
- command line
rspec --help to see supported configuration options.