API layer that exposes ganglia data in a RESTful JSON manner
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Nick Satterly
Latest commit cbe773d Jun 21, 2016


Ganglia API v2

The Ganglia API is a small standalone python application that takes XML data from a number of Ganglia gmetad processes and presents a RESTful JSON API of the most recently received data.

This is designed to be part of our wider monitoring and metrics framework.

What's that you say?

The ganglia gmetad XML API leaves something to be desired, especially if you are running a large number of gmetad processes. This finds all of the gmetad processes, then polls each one of them in turn, keeping the latest results in memory.

We make it easy to query the latest data searching by environment, grid, cluster, host, group or metric name.

Requirements and assumptions

You'll need python 2.7 and tornado (we use 4.3) available to run this server.

The code assumes you are on the same server as the gmetad configuration, which is stored under /etc/ganglia using filenames of the form gmetad-*.conf - the asterisk being interpreted as the environment.

Ganglia Gmetad Example Configuration Files

gmetad-PROD.conf   # => xml_port 8651, interactive_port 8652
gmetad-STAGE.conf  # => xml_port 8751, interactive_port 8752
gmetad-DEV.conf    # => xml_port 8851, interactive_port 8852

We also assume that /var/log/ganglia-api.log is writable and we can create /var/run/ganglia-api.pid to record the PID.

That being the case you should be able to run the python app on the command line and it will listen by default on port 8080.


virtualenv ve
source ve/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt

Edit ganglia_api.py to import dev_settings rather than settings.

python ganglia/ganglia_api.py

The API should now be running on port 8080.


There is currently one API endpoint at http://localhost:8080/ganglia/api/v2/metrics

You can filter using the following fields:

  • environment
  • grid
  • cluster
  • host
  • group
  • metric

e.g. http://localhost:8080/ganglia/api/v2/metrics?environment=PROD&metric=load_one

Which will return you the most recent one minute load values for every host in PROD as JSON.

The following is some example output:

    "metrics": [
            "cluster": "webdc1",
            "dataUrl": "http://ganglia-api.example.com:8080/ganglia/api/v2/metrics?&environment=PROD&cluster=webdc1&host=vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64&grid=web&metric=load_one",
            "description": "One minute load average",
            "environment": "PROD",
            "graphUrl": "http://vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64/ganglia/graph.php?&ti=One%20Minute%20Load%20Average&c=webdc1&r=1day&v=0&h=vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64&vl=%20&z=default&m=load_one",
            "grid": "web",
            "group": "load",
            "host": "vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64",
            "id": "prod.web.webdc1.vagrant-ubuntu-trusty-64.load.load_one",
            "instance": "",
            "metric": "load_one",
            "sampleTime": "2016-06-17T13:47:35.000Z",
            "tags": [
            "title": "One Minute Load Average",
            "type": "gauge",
            "units": " ",
            "value": 0.0
    "status": "ok",
    "time": "0.000",
    "total": 1


Ganglia API v1 and v2
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