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README.md

Vagrant Development Boxes

Vagrant VM boxes for Guardian projects.

Preliminaries: VirtualBox and Vagrant

Vagrant is a tool to "create and configure lightweight, reproducible, and portable development environments." Vagrant itself is a virtual instance creation and startup tool on top of Oracle VirtualBox which takes care of the virtualisation.

Download and install the Open Source Edition of VirtualBox from [virtualbox].

Then download and install Vagrant from vagrant. The Linux packages install the vagrant executable at /opt/vagrant/bin and you will need to add this to your path.

apache2_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with an Apache 2 installation.

vagrant init nginx_precise64 http://path-to-apache2_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch:

rake output/apache2_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box should forward port 80 to the host machine.

config.vm.forward_port 80, 8000

This forwards port 80 to port 8000 on the host machine to avoid clashes with existing webservers on the host box.

nginx_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with an NGINX installation.

vagrant init nginx_precise64 http://path-to-nginx_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch:

rake output/nginx_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box should forward port 80 to the host machine.

config.vm.forward_port 80, 8000

This forwards port 80 to port 8000 on the host machine to avoid clashes with existing webservers on the host box.

elasticsearch_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with an ElasticSearch installation.

vagrant init elasticsearch_precise64 http://path-to-elasticsearch_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/elasticsearch_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box should forward port 9200 for ElasticSearch.

config.vm.forward_port 9200, 9200

A number of ElasticSearch plugins are included in this box. See:

http://localhost:9200/_plugin/head/
http://localhost:9200/_plugin/paramedic/index.html
http://localhost:9200/_plugin/bigdesk/

mongodb_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a MongoDB installation.

vagrant init mongodb_precise64 http://path-to-mongodb_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch:

rake output/mongodb_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box should forward ports 27017 and 28017 to the host machine for MongoDB.

config.vm.forward_port 27017, 27017
config.vm.forward_port 28017, 28017

The MongoDB web interface is available:

http://localhost:28017

mysql_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a MySQL installation.

vagrant init mysql_precise64 http://path-to-mysql_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/mysql_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box should forward port 3306.

config.vm.forward_port 3306, 3306

infinidb_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with an InfiniDB installation.

vagrant init infinidb_precise64 http://path-to-infinidb_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/infinidb_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box should forward port 3306.

config.vm.forward_port 3306, 3306

neo4j_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a Neo4J installation.

vagrant init neo4j_precise64 http://path-to-neo4j_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/neo4j_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box should forward port 7474.

config.vm.forward_port 7474, 7474

The Neo4J interface is available at:

http://localhost:7474

postgres_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a PostgreSQL installation.

vagrant init postgres_precise64 http://path-to-postgres_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/postgres_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box should forward port 5432.

config.vm.forward_port 5432, 5432

hadoop_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a Hadoop setup. Note that clients must start the Hadoop services they require. Starting without client services allows this box to be used in various Hadoop configurations.

vagrant init hadoop_precise64 http://path-to-hadoop_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/hadoop_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

Clients that use this box should include puppet provisioning like follows to start services:

service {
  "hadoop-namenode":
    provider => "init",
    hasstatus => true,
    start => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/namenode start",
    status => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/namenode status",
    stop => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/namenode stop",
    ensure => running;

  "hadoop-secondarynamenode":
    provider => "init",
    hasstatus => true,
    start => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/secondarynamenode start",
    status => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/secondarynamenode status",
    stop => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/secondarynamenode stop",
    ensure => running;

  "hadoop-datanode":
    provider => "init",
    hasstatus => true,
    start => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/datanode start",
    status => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/datanode status",
    stop => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/datanode stop",
    ensure => running;

  "hadoop-jobtracker":
    provider => "init",
    hasstatus => true,
    start => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/jobtracker start",
    status => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/jobtracker status",
    stop => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/jobtracker stop",
    ensure => running;

  "hadoop-tasktracker":
    provider => "init",
    hasstatus => true,
    start => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/tasktracker start",
    status => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/tasktracker status",
    stop => "/etc/init.d/hadoop/tasktracker stop",
    ensure => running;
}

Service["hadoop-namenode"] ->
  Service["hadoop-secondarynamenode"] ->
  Service["hadoop-datanode"] ->
  Service["hadoop-jobtracker"] ->
  Service["hadoop-tasktracker"]

The custom service commands are a result of broken init scripts. See the examples in examples/hadoop_standalone and examples/hadoop_cluster for more.

VagrantFiles using this box can forward ports 50030, 50060, 50070, and 50075 to the host machine for the Hadoop web monitoring interfaces.

config.vm.forward_port 50030, 50030
config.vm.forward_port 50060, 50060
config.vm.forward_port 50070, 50070
config.vm.forward_port 50075, 50075

The HDFS web interface is available:

http://localhost:50070/

The Job Tracker web interface is available:

http://localhost:50030/

The Task Tracker web interface is available:

http://localhost:50060/

The following is a simple Hadoop execution test:

$ hadoop fs -put /etc/hadoop input
$ hadoop jar /usr/share/hadoop/hadoop-examples-*.jar grep input output 'dfs[a-z.]+'
$ hadoop fs -cat output/*

This VM comes with Apache Pig installed. The following is a simple Pig execution test:

$ hadoop fs -put /etc/passwd passwd
$ pig
grunt> A = load 'passwd' using PigStorage(':');
grunt> B = foreach A generate $0 as id;
grunt> dump B;

This VM also comes with Apache Hive installed. The following is a simple Hive execution test:

$ wget 'http://www.grouplens.org/system/files/ml-100k.zip'
$ unzip ml-100k.zip
$ hive
> CREATE TABLE u_data (userid INT, movieid INT, rating INT, unixtime STRING)
  ROW FORMAT DELIMITED
  FIELDS TERMINATED BY '\t'
  STORED AS TEXTFILE;
> LOAD DATA LOCAL INPATH 'ml-100k/u.data' OVERWRITE INTO TABLE u_data;
> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM u_data;

hadoop2_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a Hadoop 2 setup.

vagrant init hadoop2_precise64 http://path-to-hadoop2_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/hadoop2_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box can forward ports 8042, 8088, 8888, 11000, 11001, 19888, 50070 and 50075 to the host machine for the web monitoring interfaces.

config.vm.forward_port 8042, 8042
config.vm.forward_port 8088, 8088
config.vm.forward_port 8888, 8888
config.vm.forward_port 11000, 11000
config.vm.forward_port 11001, 11001
config.vm.forward_port 19888, 19888
config.vm.forward_port 50070, 50070
config.vm.forward_port 50075, 50075

The HDFS web interface is available:

http://localhost:50070/

The following is a simple Hadoop execution test:

$ hadoop fs -put /etc/hadoop input
$ hadoop jar /usr/share/hadoop/hadoop-examples-*.jar grep input output 'dfs[a-z.]+'
$ hadoop fs -cat output/*

This VM comes with Apache Pig installed. The following is a simple Pig execution test:

$ hadoop fs -put /etc/passwd passwd
$ pig
grunt> A = load 'passwd' using PigStorage(':');
grunt> B = foreach A generate $0 as id;
grunt> dump B;

This VM also comes with Apache Hive installed. The following is a simple Hive execution test:

$ wget 'http://www.grouplens.org/system/files/ml-100k.zip'
$ unzip ml-100k.zip
$ hive
> CREATE TABLE u_data (userid INT, movieid INT, rating INT, unixtime STRING)
  ROW FORMAT DELIMITED
  FIELDS TERMINATED BY '\t'
  STORED AS TEXTFILE;
> LOAD DATA LOCAL INPATH 'ml-100k/u.data' OVERWRITE INTO TABLE u_data;
> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM u_data;

zookeeper_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a Zookeeper installation.

vagrant init zookeeper_precise64 http://path-to-zookeeper_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/zookeeper_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box can forward port 2181 to potentially acccess the Zookeeper data from the host machine.

config.vm.forward_port 2181, 2181

The ZooInspector tool can be used from the VMs with X forwarding to inspect the ZooKeeper configuration. Ensure X forwarding is enabled in the Vagrantfile:

config.ssh.forward_x11 = true

On the host machine, add an xhost for the Vagrant VM:

xhost +10.0.0.2

Then ssh to the VM and start zooinspector:

vagrant ssh
> zooinspector

vowpalwabbit_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a Vowpal Wabbit installation.

vagrant init vowpalwabbit_precise64 http://path-to-vowpalwabbit_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/vowpalwabbit_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

sage_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a Sage Math installation.

vagrant init sage_precise64 http://path-to-sage_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/sage_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

The Sage notebook web interface:

http://localhost:8080

Login with user admin and password password.

saiku_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a Saiku on top of InfiniDB installation.

vagrant init saiku_precise64 http://path-to-saiku_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake output/saiku_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

VagrantFiles using this box should forward port 3306 and port 8080.

config.vm.forward_port 3306, 3306
config.vm.forward_port 8080, 8080

boxgrinder_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a Boxgrinder installation for building VMs.

vagrant init boxgrinder_precise64 http://path-to-boxgrinder_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake ouput/boxgrinder_precise64.box

The puppet provisioning during the vagrant up step may take some time.

The Apt cache web interface:

http://localhost:9999/acng-report.html

The following is a simple Boxgrinder execution test:

$ export BOXGRINDER_DEBUG_VMBUILDER=1
$ boxgrinder-build --debug -l boxgrinder-ubuntu-plugin precise.appl

Where the precise.appl file consists of:

name: precise
summary: Sample Ubuntu appliance
os:
  name: ubuntu
  version: precise
hardware:
  partitions:
    "/":
      size: 1
packages:
  includes:
    - git
    - puppet
    - ntp
    - openjdk-6-jdk

dev_precise64

The basic Ubuntu box with a support tools for developing vagrants.

vagrant init dev_precise64 http://path-to-dev_precise64.box
vagrant up

And ssh onto it:

vagrant ssh

To build the package from scratch, first build base_precise64, then:

rake ouput/dev_precise64.box

Examples

Example multi-VM stacks are included under examples. At present, these include some standalone single VM:

  • elasticsearch_standalone: A standalone ElasticSearch instance.
  • mongodb_standalone: A standalone MongoDB instance.
  • mysql_standalone: A standalone MySQL instance.
  • infinidb_standalone: A standalone InfiniDB instance.
  • neo4j_standalone: A standalone Neo4J instance.
  • postgres_standalone: A standalone PostgreSQL instance.
  • hadoop_standalone: A standalone Hadoop instance demonstrating how to start the Hadoop services.
  • hadoop2_standalone: A standalone Hadoop 2 instance.
  • zookeeper_standalone: A standalone Zookeeper instance.
  • sage_standalone: A standalone Sage instance.
  • vowpalwabbit_standalone: A standalone Vowpal Wabbit instance.
  • saiku_standalone: A standalone Saiku instance.
  • boxgrinder_standalone: A standalone Boxgrinder instance.

Some example webserver configurations:

  • apache2_play_standalone: A standalone Apache 2 instance demonstrating a proxy configuration suitable for a Play application server on the same box.
  • nginx_play_standalone: A standalone NGINX instance demonstrating a proxy configuration suitable for a Play application server on the same box.

Some example stacks:

  • elasticsearch_stack: An application server with a separate ElasticSearch backend VM.
  • mongodb_stack: An application server with a separate MongoDB backend VM.
  • neo4j_stack: An application server with a separate Neo4J backend VM.

And some more complicated clusers:

  • elasticsearch_cluster: A three node cluster of ElasticSearch VMs.
  • mongodb_cluster: A three node replica set cluster of MongoDB VMs.
  • hadoop_cluster: A three node cluster of Hadoop VMs.
  • zookeeper_cluster: A three node cluster of Zookeeper VMs.

Vagrant Commmands

  • vagrant suspend: Disable the virtual instance. The allocated disc space for the instance is retained but the instance will not be available. The running state at suspend time is saved for resumption.
  • vagrant resume: Wake up a previously suspended virtual instance.
  • vagrant halt: Turn off the virtual instance. Calling vagrant up after this is the equivalent of a reboot.
  • vagrant up --no-provision: Bring up the virtual instance without doing the provisioning step. Useful if the provisioning step is destructive.
  • vagrant destroy: Hose your virtual instance, reclaiming the allocated disc space.
  • vagrant provision: Rerun puppet or chef provisioning on the virtual instance.

Vagrant SSH X Forwarding

X applications on VMs can be displayed on the host machine by specifying a Vagrant SSH connection with X11 forwarding in the Vagrantfile:

config.ssh.forward_x11 = true

On the host machine, add an xhost for the Vagrant VM:

xhost +10.0.0.2

Then X applications started from the VM should display on the host machine.

Vagrant Troubleshooting

To see more verbose output on any vagrant command, add a VAGRANT_LOG environment variable setting, e.g.:

VAGRANT_LOG=INFO vagrant up

Further help troubleshooting can be obtained by editing your Vagrantfile and enabling the config.vm.boot_mode = :gui setting. This will pop up a VirtualBox GUI window on boot.

There have been some issues getting 64bit instances to start. The error is apparent in GUI boot:

VT-x/AMD-V hardware acceleration has been enabled, but is not
operational. Your 64-bit guest will fail to detect a 64-bit CPU and
will not be able to boot.

Some BIOS setting changes can help. The changes are described at http://dba-star.blogspot.com/2011/11/how-to-enable-vtx-and-vtd-on-hp-compaq.html but briefly:

  1. Restart your developer box.
  2. Press F10 for BIOS settings at the boot splash.
  3. Edit Security -> System Security (I wasn't expecting it here either!)
  4. Enable VT-x and VT-d settings.
  5. Save and exit.