Permalink
Find file
35ddd9f May 19, 2016
334 lines (288 sloc) 12.4 KB
/*
Implementation by the Keccak, Keyak and Ketje Teams, namely, Guido Bertoni,
Joan Daemen, Michaël Peeters, Gilles Van Assche and Ronny Van Keer, hereby
denoted as "the implementer".
For more information, feedback or questions, please refer to our websites:
http://keccak.noekeon.org/
http://keyak.noekeon.org/
http://ketje.noekeon.org/
To the extent possible under law, the implementer has waived all copyright
and related or neighboring rights to the source code in this file.
http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
*/
/*
================================================================
The purpose of this source file is to demonstrate a readable and compact
implementation of all the Keccak instances approved in the FIPS 202 standard,
including the hash functions and the extendable-output functions (XOFs).
We focused on clarity and on source-code compactness,
rather than on the performance.
The advantages of this implementation are:
+ The source code is compact, after removing the comments, that is. :-)
+ There are no tables with arbitrary constants.
+ For clarity, the comments link the operations to the specifications using
the same notation as much as possible.
+ There is no restriction in cryptographic features. In particular,
the SHAKE128 and SHAKE256 XOFs can produce any output length.
+ The code does not use much RAM, as all operations are done in place.
The drawbacks of this implementation are:
- There is no message queue. The whole message must be ready in a buffer.
- It is not optimized for peformance.
The implementation is even simpler on a little endian platform. Just define the
LITTLE_ENDIAN symbol in that case.
For a more complete set of implementations, please refer to
the Keccak Code Package at https://github.com/gvanas/KeccakCodePackage
For more information, please refer to:
* [Keccak Reference] http://keccak.noekeon.org/Keccak-reference-3.0.pdf
* [Keccak Specifications Summary] http://keccak.noekeon.org/specs_summary.html
This file uses UTF-8 encoding, as some comments use Greek letters.
================================================================
*/
/**
* Function to compute the Keccak[r, c] sponge function over a given input.
* @param rate The value of the rate r.
* @param capacity The value of the capacity c.
* @param input Pointer to the input message.
* @param inputByteLen The number of input bytes provided in the input message.
* @param delimitedSuffix Bits that will be automatically appended to the end
* of the input message, as in domain separation.
* This is a byte containing from 0 to 7 bits
* These <i>n</i> bits must be in the least significant bit positions
* and must be delimited with a bit 1 at position <i>n</i>
* (counting from 0=LSB to 7=MSB) and followed by bits 0
* from position <i>n</i>+1 to position 7.
* Some examples:
* - If no bits are to be appended, then @a delimitedSuffix must be 0x01.
* - If the 2-bit sequence 0,1 is to be appended (as for SHA3-*), @a delimitedSuffix must be 0x06.
* - If the 4-bit sequence 1,1,1,1 is to be appended (as for SHAKE*), @a delimitedSuffix must be 0x1F.
* - If the 7-bit sequence 1,1,0,1,0,0,0 is to be absorbed, @a delimitedSuffix must be 0x8B.
* @param output Pointer to the buffer where to store the output.
* @param outputByteLen The number of output bytes desired.
* @pre One must have r+c=1600 and the rate a multiple of 8 bits in this implementation.
*/
void Keccak(unsigned int rate, unsigned int capacity, const unsigned char *input, unsigned long long int inputByteLen, unsigned char delimitedSuffix, unsigned char *output, unsigned long long int outputByteLen);
/**
* Function to compute SHAKE128 on the input message with any output length.
*/
void FIPS202_SHAKE128(const unsigned char *input, unsigned int inputByteLen, unsigned char *output, int outputByteLen)
{
Keccak(1344, 256, input, inputByteLen, 0x1F, output, outputByteLen);
}
/**
* Function to compute SHAKE256 on the input message with any output length.
*/
void FIPS202_SHAKE256(const unsigned char *input, unsigned int inputByteLen, unsigned char *output, int outputByteLen)
{
Keccak(1088, 512, input, inputByteLen, 0x1F, output, outputByteLen);
}
/**
* Function to compute SHA3-224 on the input message. The output length is fixed to 28 bytes.
*/
void FIPS202_SHA3_224(const unsigned char *input, unsigned int inputByteLen, unsigned char *output)
{
Keccak(1152, 448, input, inputByteLen, 0x06, output, 28);
}
/**
* Function to compute SHA3-256 on the input message. The output length is fixed to 32 bytes.
*/
void FIPS202_SHA3_256(const unsigned char *input, unsigned int inputByteLen, unsigned char *output)
{
Keccak(1088, 512, input, inputByteLen, 0x06, output, 32);
}
/**
* Function to compute SHA3-384 on the input message. The output length is fixed to 48 bytes.
*/
void FIPS202_SHA3_384(const unsigned char *input, unsigned int inputByteLen, unsigned char *output)
{
Keccak(832, 768, input, inputByteLen, 0x06, output, 48);
}
/**
* Function to compute SHA3-512 on the input message. The output length is fixed to 64 bytes.
*/
void FIPS202_SHA3_512(const unsigned char *input, unsigned int inputByteLen, unsigned char *output)
{
Keccak(576, 1024, input, inputByteLen, 0x06, output, 64);
}
/*
================================================================
Technicalities
================================================================
*/
typedef unsigned char UINT8;
typedef unsigned long long int UINT64;
typedef UINT64 tKeccakLane;
#ifndef LITTLE_ENDIAN
/** Function to load a 64-bit value using the little-endian (LE) convention.
* On a LE platform, this could be greatly simplified using a cast.
*/
static UINT64 load64(const UINT8 *x)
{
int i;
UINT64 u=0;
for(i=7; i>=0; --i) {
u <<= 8;
u |= x[i];
}
return u;
}
/** Function to store a 64-bit value using the little-endian (LE) convention.
* On a LE platform, this could be greatly simplified using a cast.
*/
static void store64(UINT8 *x, UINT64 u)
{
unsigned int i;
for(i=0; i<8; ++i) {
x[i] = u;
u >>= 8;
}
}
/** Function to XOR into a 64-bit value using the little-endian (LE) convention.
* On a LE platform, this could be greatly simplified using a cast.
*/
static void xor64(UINT8 *x, UINT64 u)
{
unsigned int i;
for(i=0; i<8; ++i) {
x[i] ^= u;
u >>= 8;
}
}
#endif
/*
================================================================
A readable and compact implementation of the Keccak-f[1600] permutation.
================================================================
*/
#define ROL64(a, offset) ((((UINT64)a) << offset) ^ (((UINT64)a) >> (64-offset)))
#define i(x, y) ((x)+5*(y))
#ifdef LITTLE_ENDIAN
#define readLane(x, y) (((tKeccakLane*)state)[i(x, y)])
#define writeLane(x, y, lane) (((tKeccakLane*)state)[i(x, y)]) = (lane)
#define XORLane(x, y, lane) (((tKeccakLane*)state)[i(x, y)]) ^= (lane)
#else
#define readLane(x, y) load64((UINT8*)state+sizeof(tKeccakLane)*i(x, y))
#define writeLane(x, y, lane) store64((UINT8*)state+sizeof(tKeccakLane)*i(x, y), lane)
#define XORLane(x, y, lane) xor64((UINT8*)state+sizeof(tKeccakLane)*i(x, y), lane)
#endif
/**
* Function that computes the linear feedback shift register (LFSR) used to
* define the round constants (see [Keccak Reference, Section 1.2]).
*/
int LFSR86540(UINT8 *LFSR)
{
int result = ((*LFSR) & 0x01) != 0;
if (((*LFSR) & 0x80) != 0)
/* Primitive polynomial over GF(2): x^8+x^6+x^5+x^4+1 */
(*LFSR) = ((*LFSR) << 1) ^ 0x71;
else
(*LFSR) <<= 1;
return result;
}
/**
* Function that computes the Keccak-f[1600] permutation on the given state.
*/
void KeccakF1600_StatePermute(void *state)
{
unsigned int round, x, y, j, t;
UINT8 LFSRstate = 0x01;
for(round=0; round<24; round++) {
{ /* === θ step (see [Keccak Reference, Section 2.3.2]) === */
tKeccakLane C[5], D;
/* Compute the parity of the columns */
for(x=0; x<5; x++)
C[x] = readLane(x, 0) ^ readLane(x, 1) ^ readLane(x, 2) ^ readLane(x, 3) ^ readLane(x, 4);
for(x=0; x<5; x++) {
/* Compute the θ effect for a given column */
D = C[(x+4)%5] ^ ROL64(C[(x+1)%5], 1);
/* Add the θ effect to the whole column */
for (y=0; y<5; y++)
XORLane(x, y, D);
}
}
{ /* === ρ and π steps (see [Keccak Reference, Sections 2.3.3 and 2.3.4]) === */
tKeccakLane current, temp;
/* Start at coordinates (1 0) */
x = 1; y = 0;
current = readLane(x, y);
/* Iterate over ((0 1)(2 3))^t * (1 0) for 0 ≤ t ≤ 23 */
for(t=0; t<24; t++) {
/* Compute the rotation constant r = (t+1)(t+2)/2 */
unsigned int r = ((t+1)*(t+2)/2)%64;
/* Compute ((0 1)(2 3)) * (x y) */
unsigned int Y = (2*x+3*y)%5; x = y; y = Y;
/* Swap current and state(x,y), and rotate */
temp = readLane(x, y);
writeLane(x, y, ROL64(current, r));
current = temp;
}
}
{ /* === χ step (see [Keccak Reference, Section 2.3.1]) === */
tKeccakLane temp[5];
for(y=0; y<5; y++) {
/* Take a copy of the plane */
for(x=0; x<5; x++)
temp[x] = readLane(x, y);
/* Compute χ on the plane */
for(x=0; x<5; x++)
writeLane(x, y, temp[x] ^((~temp[(x+1)%5]) & temp[(x+2)%5]));
}
}
{ /* === ι step (see [Keccak Reference, Section 2.3.5]) === */
for(j=0; j<7; j++) {
unsigned int bitPosition = (1<<j)-1; /* 2^j-1 */
if (LFSR86540(&LFSRstate))
XORLane(0, 0, (tKeccakLane)1<<bitPosition);
}
}
}
}
/*
================================================================
A readable and compact implementation of the Keccak sponge functions
that use the Keccak-f[1600] permutation.
================================================================
*/
#include <string.h>
#define MIN(a, b) ((a) < (b) ? (a) : (b))
void Keccak(unsigned int rate, unsigned int capacity, const unsigned char *input, unsigned long long int inputByteLen, unsigned char delimitedSuffix, unsigned char *output, unsigned long long int outputByteLen)
{
UINT8 state[200];
unsigned int rateInBytes = rate/8;
unsigned int blockSize = 0;
unsigned int i;
if (((rate + capacity) != 1600) || ((rate % 8) != 0))
return;
/* === Initialize the state === */
memset(state, 0, sizeof(state));
/* === Absorb all the input blocks === */
while(inputByteLen > 0) {
blockSize = MIN(inputByteLen, rateInBytes);
for(i=0; i<blockSize; i++)
state[i] ^= input[i];
input += blockSize;
inputByteLen -= blockSize;
if (blockSize == rateInBytes) {
KeccakF1600_StatePermute(state);
blockSize = 0;
}
}
/* === Do the padding and switch to the squeezing phase === */
/* Absorb the last few bits and add the first bit of padding (which coincides with the delimiter in delimitedSuffix) */
state[blockSize] ^= delimitedSuffix;
/* If the first bit of padding is at position rate-1, we need a whole new block for the second bit of padding */
if (((delimitedSuffix & 0x80) != 0) && (blockSize == (rateInBytes-1)))
KeccakF1600_StatePermute(state);
/* Add the second bit of padding */
state[rateInBytes-1] ^= 0x80;
/* Switch to the squeezing phase */
KeccakF1600_StatePermute(state);
/* === Squeeze out all the output blocks === */
while(outputByteLen > 0) {
blockSize = MIN(outputByteLen, rateInBytes);
memcpy(output, state, blockSize);
output += blockSize;
outputByteLen -= blockSize;
if (outputByteLen > 0)
KeccakF1600_StatePermute(state);
}
}