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#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Copyright (C) 2009 Google Inc.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# This module is used for version 2 of the Google Data APIs.
"""Provides auth related token classes and functions for Google Data APIs.
Token classes represent a user's authorization of this app to access their
data. Usually these are not created directly but by a GDClient object.
ClientLoginToken
AuthSubToken
SecureAuthSubToken
OAuthHmacToken
OAuthRsaToken
Functions which are often used in application code (as opposed to just within
the gdata-python-client library) are the following:
generate_auth_sub_url
authorize_request_token
The following are helper functions which are used to save and load auth token
objects in the App Engine datastore. These should only be used if you are using
this library within App Engine:
ae_load
ae_save
"""
import time
import random
import urllib
import atom.http_core
__author__ = 'j.s@google.com (Jeff Scudder)'
PROGRAMMATIC_AUTH_LABEL = 'GoogleLogin auth='
AUTHSUB_AUTH_LABEL = 'AuthSub token='
class Error(Exception):
pass
class UnsupportedTokenType(Error):
"""Raised when token to or from blob is unable to convert the token."""
pass
# ClientLogin functions and classes.
def generate_client_login_request_body(email, password, service, source,
account_type='HOSTED_OR_GOOGLE', captcha_token=None,
captcha_response=None):
"""Creates the body of the autentication request
See http://code.google.com/apis/accounts/AuthForInstalledApps.html#Request
for more details.
Args:
email: str
password: str
service: str
source: str
account_type: str (optional) Defaul is 'HOSTED_OR_GOOGLE', other valid
values are 'GOOGLE' and 'HOSTED'
captcha_token: str (optional)
captcha_response: str (optional)
Returns:
The HTTP body to send in a request for a client login token.
"""
# Create a POST body containing the user's credentials.
request_fields = {'Email': email,
'Passwd': password,
'accountType': account_type,
'service': service,
'source': source}
if captcha_token and captcha_response:
# Send the captcha token and response as part of the POST body if the
# user is responding to a captch challenge.
request_fields['logintoken'] = captcha_token
request_fields['logincaptcha'] = captcha_response
return urllib.urlencode(request_fields)
GenerateClientLoginRequestBody = generate_client_login_request_body
def get_client_login_token_string(http_body):
"""Returns the token value for a ClientLoginToken.
Reads the token from the server's response to a Client Login request and
creates the token value string to use in requests.
Args:
http_body: str The body of the server's HTTP response to a Client Login
request
Returns:
The token value string for a ClientLoginToken.
"""
for response_line in http_body.splitlines():
if response_line.startswith('Auth='):
# Strip off the leading Auth= and return the Authorization value.
return response_line[5:]
return None
GetClientLoginTokenString = get_client_login_token_string
def get_captcha_challenge(http_body,
captcha_base_url='http://www.google.com/accounts/'):
"""Returns the URL and token for a CAPTCHA challenge issued by the server.
Args:
http_body: str The body of the HTTP response from the server which
contains the CAPTCHA challenge.
captcha_base_url: str This function returns a full URL for viewing the
challenge image which is built from the server's response. This
base_url is used as the beginning of the URL because the server
only provides the end of the URL. For example the server provides
'Captcha?ctoken=Hi...N' and the URL for the image is
'http://www.google.com/accounts/Captcha?ctoken=Hi...N'
Returns:
A dictionary containing the information needed to repond to the CAPTCHA
challenge, the image URL and the ID token of the challenge. The
dictionary is in the form:
{'token': string identifying the CAPTCHA image,
'url': string containing the URL of the image}
Returns None if there was no CAPTCHA challenge in the response.
"""
contains_captcha_challenge = False
captcha_parameters = {}
for response_line in http_body.splitlines():
if response_line.startswith('Error=CaptchaRequired'):
contains_captcha_challenge = True
elif response_line.startswith('CaptchaToken='):
# Strip off the leading CaptchaToken=
captcha_parameters['token'] = response_line[13:]
elif response_line.startswith('CaptchaUrl='):
captcha_parameters['url'] = '%s%s' % (captcha_base_url,
response_line[11:])
if contains_captcha_challenge:
return captcha_parameters
else:
return None
GetCaptchaChallenge = get_captcha_challenge
class ClientLoginToken(object):
def __init__(self, token_string):
self.token_string = token_string
def modify_request(self, http_request):
http_request.headers['Authorization'] = '%s%s' % (PROGRAMMATIC_AUTH_LABEL,
self.token_string)
ModifyRequest = modify_request
# AuthSub functions and classes.
def _to_uri(str_or_uri):
if isinstance(str_or_uri, (str, unicode)):
return atom.http_core.Uri.parse_uri(str_or_uri)
return str_or_uri
def generate_auth_sub_url(next, scopes, secure=False, session=True,
request_url=atom.http_core.parse_uri(
'https://www.google.com/accounts/AuthSubRequest'),
domain='default', scopes_param_prefix='auth_sub_scopes'):
"""Constructs a URI for requesting a multiscope AuthSub token.
The generated token will contain a URL parameter to pass along the
requested scopes to the next URL. When the Google Accounts page
redirects the broswser to the 'next' URL, it appends the single use
AuthSub token value to the URL as a URL parameter with the key 'token'.
However, the information about which scopes were requested is not
included by Google Accounts. This method adds the scopes to the next
URL before making the request so that the redirect will be sent to
a page, and both the token value and the list of scopes for which the token
was requested.
Args:
next: atom.http_core.Uri or string The URL user will be sent to after
authorizing this web application to access their data.
scopes: list containint strings or atom.http_core.Uri objects. The URLs
of the services to be accessed. Could also be a single string
or single atom.http_core.Uri for requesting just one scope.
secure: boolean (optional) Determines whether or not the issued token
is a secure token.
session: boolean (optional) Determines whether or not the issued token
can be upgraded to a session token.
request_url: atom.http_core.Uri or str The beginning of the request URL.
This is normally
'http://www.google.com/accounts/AuthSubRequest' or
'/accounts/AuthSubRequest'
domain: The domain which the account is part of. This is used for Google
Apps accounts, the default value is 'default' which means that
the requested account is a Google Account (@gmail.com for
example)
scopes_param_prefix: str (optional) The requested scopes are added as a
URL parameter to the next URL so that the page at
the 'next' URL can extract the token value and the
valid scopes from the URL. The key for the URL
parameter defaults to 'auth_sub_scopes'
Returns:
An atom.http_core.Uri which the user's browser should be directed to in
order to authorize this application to access their information.
"""
if isinstance(next, (str, unicode)):
next = atom.http_core.Uri.parse_uri(next)
# If the user passed in a string instead of a list for scopes, convert to
# a single item tuple.
if isinstance(scopes, (str, unicode, atom.http_core.Uri)):
scopes = (scopes,)
scopes_string = ' '.join([str(scope) for scope in scopes])
next.query[scopes_param_prefix] = scopes_string
if isinstance(request_url, (str, unicode)):
request_url = atom.http_core.Uri.parse_uri(request_url)
request_url.query['next'] = str(next)
request_url.query['scope'] = scopes_string
if session:
request_url.query['session'] = '1'
else:
request_url.query['session'] = '0'
if secure:
request_url.query['secure'] = '1'
else:
request_url.query['secure'] = '0'
request_url.query['hd'] = domain
return request_url
def auth_sub_string_from_url(url, scopes_param_prefix='auth_sub_scopes'):
"""Finds the token string (and scopes) after the browser is redirected.
After the Google Accounts AuthSub pages redirect the user's broswer back to
the web application (using the 'next' URL from the request) the web app must
extract the token from the current page's URL. The token is provided as a
URL parameter named 'token' and if generate_auth_sub_url was used to create
the request, the token's valid scopes are included in a URL parameter whose
name is specified in scopes_param_prefix.
Args:
url: atom.url.Url or str representing the current URL. The token value
and valid scopes should be included as URL parameters.
scopes_param_prefix: str (optional) The URL parameter key which maps to
the list of valid scopes for the token.
Returns:
A tuple containing the token value as a string, and a tuple of scopes
(as atom.http_core.Uri objects) which are URL prefixes under which this
token grants permission to read and write user data.
(token_string, (scope_uri, scope_uri, scope_uri, ...))
If no scopes were included in the URL, the second value in the tuple is
None. If there was no token param in the url, the tuple returned is
(None, None)
"""
if isinstance(url, (str, unicode)):
url = atom.http_core.Uri.parse_uri(url)
if 'token' not in url.query:
return (None, None)
token = url.query['token']
# TODO: decide whether no scopes should be None or ().
scopes = None # Default to None for no scopes.
if scopes_param_prefix in url.query:
scopes = tuple(url.query[scopes_param_prefix].split(' '))
return (token, scopes)
AuthSubStringFromUrl = auth_sub_string_from_url
def auth_sub_string_from_body(http_body):
"""Extracts the AuthSub token from an HTTP body string.
Used to find the new session token after making a request to upgrade a
single use AuthSub token.
Args:
http_body: str The repsonse from the server which contains the AuthSub
key. For example, this function would find the new session token
from the server's response to an upgrade token request.
Returns:
The raw token value string to use in an AuthSubToken object.
"""
for response_line in http_body.splitlines():
if response_line.startswith('Token='):
# Strip off Token= and return the token value string.
return response_line[6:]
return None
class AuthSubToken(object):
def __init__(self, token_string, scopes=None):
self.token_string = token_string
self.scopes = scopes or []
def modify_request(self, http_request):
"""Sets Authorization header, allows app to act on the user's behalf."""
http_request.headers['Authorization'] = '%s%s' % (AUTHSUB_AUTH_LABEL,
self.token_string)
ModifyRequest = modify_request
def from_url(str_or_uri):
"""Creates a new AuthSubToken using information in the URL.
Uses auth_sub_string_from_url.
Args:
str_or_uri: The current page's URL (as a str or atom.http_core.Uri)
which should contain a token query parameter since the
Google auth server redirected the user's browser to this
URL.
"""
token_and_scopes = auth_sub_string_from_url(str_or_uri)
return AuthSubToken(token_and_scopes[0], token_and_scopes[1])
from_url = staticmethod(from_url)
FromUrl = from_url
def _upgrade_token(self, http_body):
"""Replaces the token value with a session token from the auth server.
Uses the response of a token upgrade request to modify this token. Uses
auth_sub_string_from_body.
"""
self.token_string = auth_sub_string_from_body(http_body)
# Functions and classes for Secure-mode AuthSub
def build_auth_sub_data(http_request, timestamp, nonce):
"""Creates the data string which must be RSA-signed in secure requests.
For more details see the documenation on secure AuthSub requests:
http://code.google.com/apis/accounts/docs/AuthSub.html#signingrequests
Args:
http_request: The request being made to the server. The Request's URL
must be complete before this signature is calculated as any changes
to the URL will invalidate the signature.
nonce: str Random 64-bit, unsigned number encoded as an ASCII string in
decimal format. The nonce/timestamp pair should always be unique to
prevent replay attacks.
timestamp: Integer representing the time the request is sent. The
timestamp should be expressed in number of seconds after January 1,
1970 00:00:00 GMT.
"""
return '%s %s %s %s' % (http_request.method, str(http_request.uri),
str(timestamp), nonce)
def generate_signature(data, rsa_key):
"""Signs the data string for a secure AuthSub request."""
import base64
try:
from tlslite.utils import keyfactory
except ImportError:
from gdata.tlslite.utils import keyfactory
private_key = keyfactory.parsePrivateKey(rsa_key)
signed = private_key.hashAndSign(data)
return base64.b64encode(signed)
class SecureAuthSubToken(AuthSubToken):
def __init__(self, token_string, rsa_private_key, scopes=None):
self.token_string = token_string
self.scopes = scopes or []
self.rsa_private_key = rsa_private_key
def from_url(str_or_uri, rsa_private_key):
"""Creates a new SecureAuthSubToken using information in the URL.
Uses auth_sub_string_from_url.
Args:
str_or_uri: The current page's URL (as a str or atom.http_core.Uri)
which should contain a token query parameter since the Google auth
server redirected the user's browser to this URL.
rsa_private_key: str the private RSA key cert used to sign all requests
made with this token.
"""
token_and_scopes = auth_sub_string_from_url(str_or_uri)
return SecureAuthSubToken(token_and_scopes[0], rsa_private_key,
token_and_scopes[1])
from_url = staticmethod(from_url)
FromUrl = from_url
def modify_request(self, http_request):
"""Sets the Authorization header and includes a digital signature.
Calculates a digital signature using the private RSA key, a timestamp
(uses now at the time this method is called) and a random nonce.
Args:
http_request: The atom.http_core.HttpRequest which contains all of the
information needed to send a request to the remote server. The
URL and the method of the request must be already set and cannot be
changed after this token signs the request, or the signature will
not be valid.
"""
timestamp = str(int(time.time()))
nonce = ''.join([str(random.randint(0, 9)) for i in xrange(15)])
data = build_auth_sub_data(http_request, timestamp, nonce)
signature = generate_signature(data, self.rsa_private_key)
http_request.headers['Authorization'] = (
'%s%s sigalg="rsa-sha1" data="%s" sig="%s"' % (AUTHSUB_AUTH_LABEL,
self.token_string, data, signature))
ModifyRequest = modify_request
# OAuth functions and classes.
RSA_SHA1 = 'RSA-SHA1'
HMAC_SHA1 = 'HMAC-SHA1'
def build_oauth_base_string(http_request, consumer_key, nonce, signaure_type,
timestamp, version, next='oob', token=None,
verifier=None):
"""Generates the base string to be signed in the OAuth request.
Args:
http_request: The request being made to the server. The Request's URL
must be complete before this signature is calculated as any changes
to the URL will invalidate the signature.
consumer_key: Domain identifying the third-party web application. This is
the domain used when registering the application with Google. It
identifies who is making the request on behalf of the user.
nonce: Random 64-bit, unsigned number encoded as an ASCII string in decimal
format. The nonce/timestamp pair should always be unique to prevent
replay attacks.
signaure_type: either RSA_SHA1 or HMAC_SHA1
timestamp: Integer representing the time the request is sent. The
timestamp should be expressed in number of seconds after January 1,
1970 00:00:00 GMT.
version: The OAuth version used by the requesting web application. This
value must be '1.0' or '1.0a'. If not provided, Google assumes version
1.0 is in use.
next: The URL the user should be redirected to after granting access
to a Google service(s). It can include url-encoded query parameters.
The default value is 'oob'. (This is the oauth_callback.)
token: The string for the OAuth request token or OAuth access token.
verifier: str Sent as the oauth_verifier and required when upgrading a
request token to an access token.
"""
# First we must build the canonical base string for the request.
params = http_request.uri.query.copy()
params['oauth_consumer_key'] = consumer_key
params['oauth_nonce'] = nonce
params['oauth_signature_method'] = signaure_type
params['oauth_timestamp'] = str(timestamp)
if next is not None:
params['oauth_callback'] = str(next)
if token is not None:
params['oauth_token'] = token
if version is not None:
params['oauth_version'] = version
if verifier is not None:
params['oauth_verifier'] = verifier
# We need to get the key value pairs in lexigraphically sorted order.
sorted_keys = sorted(params.keys())
pairs = []
for key in sorted_keys:
pairs.append('%s=%s' % (urllib.quote(key, safe='~'),
urllib.quote(params[key], safe='~')))
# We want to escape /'s too, so use safe='~'
all_parameters = urllib.quote('&'.join(pairs), safe='~')
normailzed_host = http_request.uri.host.lower()
normalized_scheme = (http_request.uri.scheme or 'http').lower()
non_default_port = None
if (http_request.uri.port is not None
and ((normalized_scheme == 'https' and http_request.uri.port != 443)
or (normalized_scheme == 'http' and http_request.uri.port != 80))):
non_default_port = http_request.uri.port
path = http_request.uri.path or '/'
request_path = None
if not path.startswith('/'):
path = '/%s' % path
if non_default_port is not None:
# Set the only safe char in url encoding to ~ since we want to escape /
# as well.
request_path = urllib.quote('%s://%s:%s%s' % (
normalized_scheme, normailzed_host, non_default_port, path), safe='~')
else:
# Set the only safe char in url encoding to ~ since we want to escape /
# as well.
request_path = urllib.quote('%s://%s%s' % (
normalized_scheme, normailzed_host, path), safe='~')
# TODO: ensure that token escaping logic is correct, not sure if the token
# value should be double escaped instead of single.
base_string = '&'.join((http_request.method.upper(), request_path,
all_parameters))
# Now we have the base string, we can calculate the oauth_signature.
return base_string
def generate_hmac_signature(http_request, consumer_key, consumer_secret,
timestamp, nonce, version, next='oob',
token=None, token_secret=None, verifier=None):
import hmac
import base64
base_string = build_oauth_base_string(
http_request, consumer_key, nonce, HMAC_SHA1, timestamp, version,
next, token, verifier=verifier)
hash_key = None
hashed = None
if token_secret is not None:
hash_key = '%s&%s' % (urllib.quote(consumer_secret, safe='~'),
urllib.quote(token_secret, safe='~'))
else:
hash_key = '%s&' % urllib.quote(consumer_secret, safe='~')
try:
import hashlib
hashed = hmac.new(hash_key, base_string, hashlib.sha1)
except ImportError:
import sha
hashed = hmac.new(hash_key, base_string, sha)
return base64.b64encode(hashed.digest())
def generate_rsa_signature(http_request, consumer_key, rsa_key,
timestamp, nonce, version, next='oob',
token=None, token_secret=None, verifier=None):
import base64
try:
from tlslite.utils import keyfactory
except ImportError:
from gdata.tlslite.utils import keyfactory
base_string = build_oauth_base_string(
http_request, consumer_key, nonce, RSA_SHA1, timestamp, version,
next, token, verifier=verifier)
private_key = keyfactory.parsePrivateKey(rsa_key)
# Sign using the key
signed = private_key.hashAndSign(base_string)
return base64.b64encode(signed)
def generate_auth_header(consumer_key, timestamp, nonce, signature_type,
signature, version='1.0', next=None, token=None,
verifier=None):
"""Builds the Authorization header to be sent in the request.
Args:
consumer_key: Identifies the application making the request (str).
timestamp:
nonce:
signature_type: One of either HMAC_SHA1 or RSA_SHA1
signature: The HMAC or RSA signature for the request as a base64
encoded string.
version: The version of the OAuth protocol that this request is using.
Default is '1.0'
next: The URL of the page that the user's browser should be sent to
after they authorize the token. (Optional)
token: str The OAuth token value to be used in the oauth_token parameter
of the header.
verifier: str The OAuth verifier which must be included when you are
upgrading a request token to an access token.
"""
params = {
'oauth_consumer_key': consumer_key,
'oauth_version': version,
'oauth_nonce': nonce,
'oauth_timestamp': str(timestamp),
'oauth_signature_method': signature_type,
'oauth_signature': signature}
if next is not None:
params['oauth_callback'] = str(next)
if token is not None:
params['oauth_token'] = token
if verifier is not None:
params['oauth_verifier'] = verifier
pairs = [
'%s="%s"' % (
k, urllib.quote(v, safe='~')) for k, v in params.iteritems()]
return 'OAuth %s' % (', '.join(pairs))
REQUEST_TOKEN_URL = 'https://www.google.com/accounts/OAuthGetRequestToken'
ACCESS_TOKEN_URL = 'https://www.google.com/accounts/OAuthGetAccessToken'
def generate_request_for_request_token(
consumer_key, signature_type, scopes, rsa_key=None, consumer_secret=None,
auth_server_url=REQUEST_TOKEN_URL, next='oob', version='1.0'):
"""Creates request to be sent to auth server to get an OAuth request token.
Args:
consumer_key:
signature_type: either RSA_SHA1 or HMAC_SHA1. The rsa_key must be
provided if the signature type is RSA but if the signature method
is HMAC, the consumer_secret must be used.
scopes: List of URL prefixes for the data which we want to access. For
example, to request access to the user's Blogger and Google Calendar
data, we would request
['http://www.blogger.com/feeds/',
'https://www.google.com/calendar/feeds/',
'http://www.google.com/calendar/feeds/']
rsa_key: Only used if the signature method is RSA_SHA1.
consumer_secret: Only used if the signature method is HMAC_SHA1.
auth_server_url: The URL to which the token request should be directed.
Defaults to 'https://www.google.com/accounts/OAuthGetRequestToken'.
next: The URL of the page that the user's browser should be sent to
after they authorize the token. (Optional)
version: The OAuth version used by the requesting web application.
Defaults to '1.0a'
Returns:
An atom.http_core.HttpRequest object with the URL, Authorization header
and body filled in.
"""
request = atom.http_core.HttpRequest(auth_server_url, 'POST')
# Add the requested auth scopes to the Auth request URL.
if scopes:
request.uri.query['scope'] = ' '.join(scopes)
timestamp = str(int(time.time()))
nonce = ''.join([str(random.randint(0, 9)) for i in xrange(15)])
signature = None
if signature_type == HMAC_SHA1:
signature = generate_hmac_signature(
request, consumer_key, consumer_secret, timestamp, nonce, version,
next=next)
elif signature_type == RSA_SHA1:
signature = generate_rsa_signature(
request, consumer_key, rsa_key, timestamp, nonce, version, next=next)
else:
return None
request.headers['Authorization'] = generate_auth_header(
consumer_key, timestamp, nonce, signature_type, signature, version,
next)
request.headers['Content-Length'] = '0'
return request
def generate_request_for_access_token(
request_token, auth_server_url=ACCESS_TOKEN_URL):
"""Creates a request to ask the OAuth server for an access token.
Requires a request token which the user has authorized. See the
documentation on OAuth with Google Data for more details:
http://code.google.com/apis/accounts/docs/OAuth.html#AccessToken
Args:
request_token: An OAuthHmacToken or OAuthRsaToken which the user has
approved using their browser.
auth_server_url: (optional) The URL at which the OAuth access token is
requested. Defaults to
https://www.google.com/accounts/OAuthGetAccessToken
Returns:
A new HttpRequest object which can be sent to the OAuth server to
request an OAuth Access Token.
"""
http_request = atom.http_core.HttpRequest(auth_server_url, 'POST')
http_request.headers['Content-Length'] = '0'
return request_token.modify_request(http_request)
def oauth_token_info_from_body(http_body):
"""Exracts an OAuth request token from the server's response.
Returns:
A tuple of strings containing the OAuth token and token secret. If
neither of these are present in the body, returns (None, None)
"""
token = None
token_secret = None
for pair in http_body.split('&'):
if pair.startswith('oauth_token='):
token = urllib.unquote(pair[len('oauth_token='):])
if pair.startswith('oauth_token_secret='):
token_secret = urllib.unquote(pair[len('oauth_token_secret='):])
return (token, token_secret)
def hmac_token_from_body(http_body, consumer_key, consumer_secret,
auth_state):
token_value, token_secret = oauth_token_info_from_body(http_body)
token = OAuthHmacToken(consumer_key, consumer_secret, token_value,
token_secret, auth_state)
return token
def rsa_token_from_body(http_body, consumer_key, rsa_private_key,
auth_state):
token_value, token_secret = oauth_token_info_from_body(http_body)
token = OAuthRsaToken(consumer_key, rsa_private_key, token_value,
token_secret, auth_state)
return token
DEFAULT_DOMAIN = 'default'
OAUTH_AUTHORIZE_URL = 'https://www.google.com/accounts/OAuthAuthorizeToken'
def generate_oauth_authorization_url(
token, next=None, hd=DEFAULT_DOMAIN, hl=None, btmpl=None,
auth_server=OAUTH_AUTHORIZE_URL):
"""Creates a URL for the page where the request token can be authorized.
Args:
token: str The request token from the OAuth server.
next: str (optional) URL the user should be redirected to after granting
access to a Google service(s). It can include url-encoded query
parameters.
hd: str (optional) Identifies a particular hosted domain account to be
accessed (for example, 'mycollege.edu'). Uses 'default' to specify a
regular Google account ('username@gmail.com').
hl: str (optional) An ISO 639 country code identifying what language the
approval page should be translated in (for example, 'hl=en' for
English). The default is the user's selected language.
btmpl: str (optional) Forces a mobile version of the approval page. The
only accepted value is 'mobile'.
auth_server: str (optional) The start of the token authorization web
page. Defaults to
'https://www.google.com/accounts/OAuthAuthorizeToken'
Returns:
An atom.http_core.Uri pointing to the token authorization page where the
user may allow or deny this app to access their Google data.
"""
uri = atom.http_core.Uri.parse_uri(auth_server)
uri.query['oauth_token'] = token
uri.query['hd'] = hd
if next is not None:
uri.query['oauth_callback'] = str(next)
if hl is not None:
uri.query['hl'] = hl
if btmpl is not None:
uri.query['btmpl'] = btmpl
return uri
def oauth_token_info_from_url(url):
"""Exracts an OAuth access token from the redirected page's URL.
Returns:
A tuple of strings containing the OAuth token and the OAuth verifier which
need to sent when upgrading a request token to an access token.
"""
if isinstance(url, (str, unicode)):
url = atom.http_core.Uri.parse_uri(url)
token = None
verifier = None
if 'oauth_token' in url.query:
token = urllib.unquote(url.query['oauth_token'])
if 'oauth_verifier' in url.query:
verifier = urllib.unquote(url.query['oauth_verifier'])
return (token, verifier)
def authorize_request_token(request_token, url):
"""Adds information to request token to allow it to become an access token.
Modifies the request_token object passed in by setting and unsetting the
necessary fields to allow this token to form a valid upgrade request.
Args:
request_token: The OAuth request token which has been authorized by the
user. In order for this token to be upgraded to an access token,
certain fields must be extracted from the URL and added to the token
so that they can be passed in an upgrade-token request.
url: The URL of the current page which the user's browser was redirected
to after they authorized access for the app. This function extracts
information from the URL which is needed to upgraded the token from
a request token to an access token.
Returns:
The same token object which was passed in.
"""
token, verifier = oauth_token_info_from_url(url)
request_token.token = token
request_token.verifier = verifier
request_token.auth_state = AUTHORIZED_REQUEST_TOKEN
return request_token
AuthorizeRequestToken = authorize_request_token
def upgrade_to_access_token(request_token, server_response_body):
"""Extracts access token information from response to an upgrade request.
Once the server has responded with the new token info for the OAuth
access token, this method modifies the request_token to set and unset
necessary fields to create valid OAuth authorization headers for requests.
Args:
request_token: An OAuth token which this function modifies to allow it
to be used as an access token.
server_response_body: str The server's response to an OAuthAuthorizeToken
request. This should contain the new token and token_secret which
are used to generate the signature and parameters of the Authorization
header in subsequent requests to Google Data APIs.
Returns:
The same token object which was passed in.
"""
token, token_secret = oauth_token_info_from_body(server_response_body)
request_token.token = token
request_token.token_secret = token_secret
request_token.auth_state = ACCESS_TOKEN
request_token.next = None
request_token.verifier = None
return request_token
UpgradeToAccessToken = upgrade_to_access_token
REQUEST_TOKEN = 1
AUTHORIZED_REQUEST_TOKEN = 2
ACCESS_TOKEN = 3
class OAuthHmacToken(object):
SIGNATURE_METHOD = HMAC_SHA1
def __init__(self, consumer_key, consumer_secret, token, token_secret,
auth_state, next=None, verifier=None):
self.consumer_key = consumer_key
self.consumer_secret = consumer_secret
self.token = token
self.token_secret = token_secret
self.auth_state = auth_state
self.next = next
self.verifier = verifier # Used to convert request token to access token.
def generate_authorization_url(
self, google_apps_domain=DEFAULT_DOMAIN, language=None, btmpl=None,
auth_server=OAUTH_AUTHORIZE_URL):
"""Creates the URL at which the user can authorize this app to access.
Args:
google_apps_domain: str (optional) If the user should be signing in
using an account under a known Google Apps domain, provide the
domain name ('example.com') here. If not provided, 'default'
will be used, and the user will be prompted to select an account
if they are signed in with a Google Account and Google Apps
accounts.
language: str (optional) An ISO 639 country code identifying what
language the approval page should be translated in (for example,
'en' for English). The default is the user's selected language.
btmpl: str (optional) Forces a mobile version of the approval page. The
only accepted value is 'mobile'.
auth_server: str (optional) The start of the token authorization web
page. Defaults to
'https://www.google.com/accounts/OAuthAuthorizeToken'
"""
return generate_oauth_authorization_url(
self.token, hd=google_apps_domain, hl=language, btmpl=btmpl,
auth_server=auth_server)
GenerateAuthorizationUrl = generate_authorization_url
def modify_request(self, http_request):
"""Sets the Authorization header in the HTTP request using the token.
Calculates an HMAC signature using the information in the token to
indicate that the request came from this application and that this
application has permission to access a particular user's data.
Returns:
The same HTTP request object which was passed in.
"""
timestamp = str(int(time.time()))
nonce = ''.join([str(random.randint(0, 9)) for i in xrange(15)])
signature = generate_hmac_signature(
http_request, self.consumer_key, self.consumer_secret, timestamp,
nonce, version='1.0', next=self.next, token=self.token,
token_secret=self.token_secret, verifier=self.verifier)
http_request.headers['Authorization'] = generate_auth_header(
self.consumer_key, timestamp, nonce, HMAC_SHA1, signature,
version='1.0', next=self.next, token=self.token,
verifier=self.verifier)
return http_request
ModifyRequest = modify_request
class OAuthRsaToken(OAuthHmacToken):
SIGNATURE_METHOD = RSA_SHA1
def __init__(self, consumer_key, rsa_private_key, token, token_secret,
auth_state, next=None, verifier=None):
self.consumer_key = consumer_key
self.rsa_private_key = rsa_private_key
self.token = token
self.token_secret = token_secret
self.auth_state = auth_state
self.next = next
self.verifier = verifier # Used to convert request token to access token.
def modify_request(self, http_request):
"""Sets the Authorization header in the HTTP request using the token.
Calculates an RSA signature using the information in the token to
indicate that the request came from this application and that this
application has permission to access a particular user's data.
Returns:
The same HTTP request object which was passed in.
"""
timestamp = str(int(time.time()))
nonce = ''.join([str(random.randint(0, 9)) for i in xrange(15)])
signature = generate_rsa_signature(
http_request, self.consumer_key, self.rsa_private_key, timestamp,
nonce, version='1.0', next=self.next, token=self.token,
token_secret=self.token_secret, verifier=self.verifier)
http_request.headers['Authorization'] = generate_auth_header(
self.consumer_key, timestamp, nonce, RSA_SHA1, signature,
version='1.0', next=self.next, token=self.token,
verifier=self.verifier)
return http_request
ModifyRequest = modify_request
def _join_token_parts(*args):
""""Escapes and combines all strings passed in.
Used to convert a token object's members into a string instead of
using pickle.
Note: A None value will be converted to an empty string.
Returns:
A string in the form 1x|member1|member2|member3...
"""
return '|'.join([urllib.quote_plus(a or '') for a in args])
def _split_token_parts(blob):
"""Extracts and unescapes fields from the provided binary string.
Reverses the packing performed by _join_token_parts. Used to extract
the members of a token object.
Note: An empty string from the blob will be interpreted as None.
Args:
blob: str A string of the form 1x|member1|member2|member3 as created
by _join_token_parts
Returns:
A list of unescaped strings.
"""
return [urllib.unquote_plus(part) or None for part in blob.split('|')]
def token_to_blob(token):
"""Serializes the token data as a string for storage in a datastore.
Supported token classes: ClientLoginToken, AuthSubToken, SecureAuthSubToken,
OAuthRsaToken, and OAuthHmacToken.
Args:
token: A token object which must be of one of the supported token classes.
Raises:
UnsupportedTokenType if the token is not one of the supported token
classes listed above.
Returns:
A string represenging this token. The string can be converted back into
an equivalent token object using token_from_blob. Note that any members
which are set to '' will be set to None when the token is deserialized
by token_from_blob.
"""
if isinstance(token, ClientLoginToken):
return _join_token_parts('1c', token.token_string)
# Check for secure auth sub type first since it is a subclass of
# AuthSubToken.
elif isinstance(token, SecureAuthSubToken):
return _join_token_parts('1s', token.token_string, token.rsa_private_key,
*token.scopes)
elif isinstance(token, AuthSubToken):
return _join_token_parts('1a', token.token_string, *token.scopes)
# Check RSA OAuth token first since the OAuthRsaToken is a subclass of
# OAuthHmacToken.
elif isinstance(token, OAuthRsaToken):
return _join_token_parts(
'1r', token.consumer_key, token.rsa_private_key, token.token,
token.token_secret, str(token.auth_state), token.next,
token.verifier)
elif isinstance(token, OAuthHmacToken):
return _join_token_parts(
'1h', token.consumer_key, token.consumer_secret, token.token,
token.token_secret, str(token.auth_state), token.next,
token.verifier)
else:
raise UnsupportedTokenType(
'Unable to serialize token of type %s' % type(token))
TokenToBlob = token_to_blob
def token_from_blob(blob):
"""Deserializes a token string from the datastore back into a token object.
Supported token classes: ClientLoginToken, AuthSubToken, SecureAuthSubToken,
OAuthRsaToken, and OAuthHmacToken.
Args:
blob: string created by token_to_blob.
Raises:
UnsupportedTokenType if the token is not one of the supported token
classes listed above.
Returns:
A new token object with members set to the values serialized in the
blob string. Note that any members which were set to '' in the original
token will now be None.
"""
parts = _split_token_parts(blob)
if parts[0] == '1c':
return ClientLoginToken(parts[1])
elif parts[0] == '1a':
return AuthSubToken(parts[1], parts[2:])
elif parts[0] == '1s':
return SecureAuthSubToken(parts[1], parts[2], parts[3:])
elif parts[0] == '1r':
auth_state = int(parts[5])
return OAuthRsaToken(parts[1], parts[2], parts[3], parts[4], auth_state,
parts[6], parts[7])
elif parts[0] == '1h':
auth_state = int(parts[5])
return OAuthHmacToken(parts[1], parts[2], parts[3], parts[4], auth_state,
parts[6], parts[7])
else:
raise UnsupportedTokenType(
'Unable to deserialize token with type marker of %s' % parts[0])
TokenFromBlob = token_from_blob
def dump_tokens(tokens):
return ','.join([token_to_blob(t) for t in tokens])
def load_tokens(blob):
return [token_from_blob(s) for s in blob.split(',')]
def ae_save(token, token_key):
"""Stores an auth token in the App Engine datastore.
This is a convenience method for using the library with App Engine.
Recommended usage is to associate the auth token with the current_user.
If a user is signed in to the app using the App Engine users API, you
can use
gdata.gauth.ae_save(some_token, users.get_current_user().user_id())
If you are not using the Users API you are free to choose whatever
string you would like for a token_string.
Args:
token: an auth token object. Must be one of ClientLoginToken,
AuthSubToken, SecureAuthSubToken, OAuthRsaToken, or OAuthHmacToken
(see token_to_blob).
token_key: str A unique identified to be used when you want to retrieve
the token. If the user is signed in to App Engine using the
users API, I recommend using the user ID for the token_key:
users.get_current_user().user_id()
"""
import gdata.alt.app_engine
key_name = ''.join(('gd_auth_token', token_key))
return gdata.alt.app_engine.set_token(key_name, token_to_blob(token))
AeSave = ae_save
def ae_load(token_key):
"""Retrieves a token object from the App Engine datastore.
This is a convenience method for using the library with App Engine.
See also ae_save.
Args:
token_key: str The unique key associated with the desired token when it
was saved using ae_save.
Returns:
A token object if there was a token associated with the token_key or None
if the key could not be found.
"""
import gdata.alt.app_engine
key_name = ''.join(('gd_auth_token', token_key))
token_string = gdata.alt.app_engine.get_token(key_name)
if token_string is not None:
return token_from_blob(token_string)
else:
return None
AeLoad = ae_load
def ae_delete(token_key):
"""Removes the token object from the App Engine datastore."""
import gdata.alt.app_engine
key_name = ''.join(('gd_auth_token', token_key))
gdata.alt.app_engine.delete_token(key_name)
AeDelete = ae_delete
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