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/*
Copyright (C) 2009 Stig Brautaset. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* Neither the name of the author nor the names of its contributors may be used
to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific
prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#import "SBJsonParser.h"
@interface SBJsonParser ()
- (BOOL)scanValue:(NSObject **)o;
- (BOOL)scanRestOfArray:(NSMutableArray **)o;
- (BOOL)scanRestOfDictionary:(NSMutableDictionary **)o;
- (BOOL)scanRestOfNull:(NSNull **)o;
- (BOOL)scanRestOfFalse:(NSNumber **)o;
- (BOOL)scanRestOfTrue:(NSNumber **)o;
- (BOOL)scanRestOfString:(NSMutableString **)o;
// Cannot manage without looking at the first digit
- (BOOL)scanNumber:(NSNumber **)o;
- (BOOL)scanHexQuad:(unichar *)x;
- (BOOL)scanUnicodeChar:(unichar *)x;
- (BOOL)scanIsAtEnd;
@end
#define skipWhitespace(c) while (isspace(*c)) c++
#define skipDigits(c) while (isdigit(*c)) c++
@implementation SBJsonParser
static char ctrl[0x22];
+ (void)initialize
{
ctrl[0] = '\"';
ctrl[1] = '\\';
for (int i = 1; i < 0x20; i++)
ctrl[i+1] = i;
ctrl[0x21] = 0;
}
/**
@deprecated This exists in order to provide fragment support in older APIs in one more version.
It should be removed in the next major version.
*/
- (id)fragmentWithString:(id)repr {
[self clearErrorTrace];
if (!repr) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EINPUT description:@"Input was 'nil'"];
return nil;
}
depth = 0;
c = [repr UTF8String];
id o;
if (![self scanValue:&o]) {
return nil;
}
// We found some valid JSON. But did it also contain something else?
if (![self scanIsAtEnd]) {
[self addErrorWithCode:ETRAILGARBAGE description:@"Garbage after JSON"];
return nil;
}
NSAssert1(o, @"Should have a valid object from %@", repr);
return o;
}
- (id)objectWithString:(NSString *)repr {
id o = [self fragmentWithString:repr];
if (!o)
return nil;
// Check that the object we've found is a valid JSON container.
if (![o isKindOfClass:[NSDictionary class]] && ![o isKindOfClass:[NSArray class]]) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EFRAGMENT description:@"Valid fragment, but not JSON"];
return nil;
}
return o;
}
/*
In contrast to the public methods, it is an error to omit the error parameter here.
*/
- (BOOL)scanValue:(NSObject **)o
{
skipWhitespace(c);
switch (*c++) {
case '{':
return [self scanRestOfDictionary:(NSMutableDictionary **)o];
break;
case '[':
return [self scanRestOfArray:(NSMutableArray **)o];
break;
case '"':
return [self scanRestOfString:(NSMutableString **)o];
break;
case 'f':
return [self scanRestOfFalse:(NSNumber **)o];
break;
case 't':
return [self scanRestOfTrue:(NSNumber **)o];
break;
case 'n':
return [self scanRestOfNull:(NSNull **)o];
break;
case '-':
case '0'...'9':
c--; // cannot verify number correctly without the first character
return [self scanNumber:(NSNumber **)o];
break;
case '+':
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSENUM description: @"Leading + disallowed in number"];
return NO;
break;
case 0x0:
[self addErrorWithCode:EEOF description:@"Unexpected end of string"];
return NO;
break;
default:
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSE description: @"Unrecognised leading character"];
return NO;
break;
}
NSAssert(0, @"Should never get here");
return NO;
}
- (BOOL)scanRestOfTrue:(NSNumber **)o
{
if (!strncmp(c, "rue", 3)) {
c += 3;
*o = [NSNumber numberWithBool:YES];
return YES;
}
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSE description:@"Expected 'true'"];
return NO;
}
- (BOOL)scanRestOfFalse:(NSNumber **)o
{
if (!strncmp(c, "alse", 4)) {
c += 4;
*o = [NSNumber numberWithBool:NO];
return YES;
}
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSE description: @"Expected 'false'"];
return NO;
}
- (BOOL)scanRestOfNull:(NSNull **)o {
if (!strncmp(c, "ull", 3)) {
c += 3;
*o = [NSNull null];
return YES;
}
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSE description: @"Expected 'null'"];
return NO;
}
- (BOOL)scanRestOfArray:(NSMutableArray **)o {
if (maxDepth && ++depth > maxDepth) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EDEPTH description: @"Nested too deep"];
return NO;
}
*o = [NSMutableArray arrayWithCapacity:8];
for (; *c ;) {
id v;
skipWhitespace(c);
if (*c == ']' && c++) {
depth--;
return YES;
}
if (![self scanValue:&v]) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSE description:@"Expected value while parsing array"];
return NO;
}
[*o addObject:v];
skipWhitespace(c);
if (*c == ',' && c++) {
skipWhitespace(c);
if (*c == ']') {
[self addErrorWithCode:ETRAILCOMMA description: @"Trailing comma disallowed in array"];
return NO;
}
}
}
[self addErrorWithCode:EEOF description: @"End of input while parsing array"];
return NO;
}
- (BOOL)scanRestOfDictionary:(NSMutableDictionary **)o
{
if (maxDepth && ++depth > maxDepth) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EDEPTH description: @"Nested too deep"];
return NO;
}
*o = [NSMutableDictionary dictionaryWithCapacity:7];
for (; *c ;) {
id k, v;
skipWhitespace(c);
if (*c == '}' && c++) {
depth--;
return YES;
}
if (!(*c == '\"' && c++ && [self scanRestOfString:&k])) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSE description: @"Object key string expected"];
return NO;
}
skipWhitespace(c);
if (*c != ':') {
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSE description: @"Expected ':' separating key and value"];
return NO;
}
c++;
if (![self scanValue:&v]) {
NSString *string = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"Object value expected for key: %@", k];
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSE description: string];
return NO;
}
[*o setObject:v forKey:k];
skipWhitespace(c);
if (*c == ',' && c++) {
skipWhitespace(c);
if (*c == '}') {
[self addErrorWithCode:ETRAILCOMMA description: @"Trailing comma disallowed in object"];
return NO;
}
}
}
[self addErrorWithCode:EEOF description: @"End of input while parsing object"];
return NO;
}
- (BOOL)scanRestOfString:(NSMutableString **)o
{
*o = [NSMutableString stringWithCapacity:16];
do {
// First see if there's a portion we can grab in one go.
// Doing this caused a massive speedup on the long string.
size_t len = strcspn(c, ctrl);
if (len) {
// check for
id t = [[NSString alloc] initWithBytesNoCopy:(char*)c
length:len
encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding
freeWhenDone:NO];
if (t) {
[*o appendString:t];
[t release];
c += len;
}
}
if (*c == '"') {
c++;
return YES;
} else if (*c == '\\') {
unichar uc = *++c;
switch (uc) {
case '\\':
case '/':
case '"':
break;
case 'b': uc = '\b'; break;
case 'n': uc = '\n'; break;
case 'r': uc = '\r'; break;
case 't': uc = '\t'; break;
case 'f': uc = '\f'; break;
case 'u':
c++;
if (![self scanUnicodeChar:&uc]) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EUNICODE description: @"Broken unicode character"];
return NO;
}
c--; // hack.
break;
default:
[self addErrorWithCode:EESCAPE description: [NSString stringWithFormat:@"Illegal escape sequence '0x%x'", uc]];
return NO;
break;
}
CFStringAppendCharacters((CFMutableStringRef)*o, &uc, 1);
c++;
} else if (*c < 0x20) {
[self addErrorWithCode:ECTRL description: [NSString stringWithFormat:@"Unescaped control character '0x%x'", *c]];
return NO;
} else {
NSLog(@"should not be able to get here");
}
} while (*c);
[self addErrorWithCode:EEOF description:@"Unexpected EOF while parsing string"];
return NO;
}
- (BOOL)scanUnicodeChar:(unichar *)x
{
unichar hi, lo;
if (![self scanHexQuad:&hi]) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EUNICODE description: @"Missing hex quad"];
return NO;
}
if (hi >= 0xd800) { // high surrogate char?
if (hi < 0xdc00) { // yes - expect a low char
if (!(*c == '\\' && ++c && *c == 'u' && ++c && [self scanHexQuad:&lo])) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EUNICODE description: @"Missing low character in surrogate pair"];
return NO;
}
if (lo < 0xdc00 || lo >= 0xdfff) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EUNICODE description:@"Invalid low surrogate char"];
return NO;
}
hi = (hi - 0xd800) * 0x400 + (lo - 0xdc00) + 0x10000;
} else if (hi < 0xe000) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EUNICODE description:@"Invalid high character in surrogate pair"];
return NO;
}
}
*x = hi;
return YES;
}
- (BOOL)scanHexQuad:(unichar *)x
{
*x = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
unichar uc = *c;
c++;
int d = (uc >= '0' && uc <= '9')
? uc - '0' : (uc >= 'a' && uc <= 'f')
? (uc - 'a' + 10) : (uc >= 'A' && uc <= 'F')
? (uc - 'A' + 10) : -1;
if (d == -1) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EUNICODE description:@"Missing hex digit in quad"];
return NO;
}
*x *= 16;
*x += d;
}
return YES;
}
- (BOOL)scanNumber:(NSNumber **)o
{
const char *ns = c;
// The logic to test for validity of the number formatting is relicensed
// from JSON::XS with permission from its author Marc Lehmann.
// (Available at the CPAN: http://search.cpan.org/dist/JSON-XS/ .)
if ('-' == *c)
c++;
if ('0' == *c && c++) {
if (isdigit(*c)) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSENUM description: @"Leading 0 disallowed in number"];
return NO;
}
} else if (!isdigit(*c) && c != ns) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSENUM description: @"No digits after initial minus"];
return NO;
} else {
skipDigits(c);
}
// Fractional part
if ('.' == *c && c++) {
if (!isdigit(*c)) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSENUM description: @"No digits after decimal point"];
return NO;
}
skipDigits(c);
}
// Exponential part
if ('e' == *c || 'E' == *c) {
c++;
if ('-' == *c || '+' == *c)
c++;
if (!isdigit(*c)) {
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSENUM description: @"No digits after exponent"];
return NO;
}
skipDigits(c);
}
id str = [[NSString alloc] initWithBytesNoCopy:(char*)ns
length:c - ns
encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding
freeWhenDone:NO];
[str autorelease];
if (str && (*o = [NSDecimalNumber decimalNumberWithString:str]))
return YES;
[self addErrorWithCode:EPARSENUM description: @"Failed creating decimal instance"];
return NO;
}
- (BOOL)scanIsAtEnd
{
skipWhitespace(c);
return !*c;
}
@end
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