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#' Continuous quantiles.
#'
#' @section Aesthetics:
#' \Sexpr[results=rd,stage=build]{ggplot2:::rd_aesthetics("stat", "quantile")}
#'
#' @param quantiles conditional quantiles of y to calculate and display
#' @param formula formula relating y variables to x variables
#' @param method Quantile regression method to use. Currently only supports
#' \code{\link[quantreg]{rq}}.
#' @param na.rm If \code{FALSE} (the default), removes missing values with
#' a warning. If \code{TRUE} silently removes missing values.
#' @inheritParams stat_identity
#' @return a data.frame with additional columns:
#' \item{quantile}{quantile of distribution}
#' @export
#' @examples
#' \donttest{
#' msamp <- movies[sample(nrow(movies), 1000), ]
#' m <- ggplot(msamp, aes(year, rating)) + geom_point()
#' m + stat_quantile()
#' m + stat_quantile(quantiles = 0.5)
#' q10 <- seq(0.05, 0.95, by=0.05)
#' m + stat_quantile(quantiles = q10)
#'
#' # You can also use rqss to fit smooth quantiles
#' m + stat_quantile(method = "rqss")
#' # Note that rqss doesn't pick a smoothing constant automatically, so
#' # you'll need to tweak lambda yourself
#' m + stat_quantile(method = "rqss", lambda = 10)
#' m + stat_quantile(method = "rqss", lambda = 100)
#'
#' # Use 'votes' as weights for the quantile calculation
#' m + stat_quantile(aes(weight=votes))
#'
#' # Change scale
#' m + stat_quantile(aes(colour = ..quantile..), quantiles = q10)
#' m + stat_quantile(aes(colour = ..quantile..), quantiles = q10) +
#' scale_colour_gradient2(midpoint = 0.5)
#'
#' # Set aesthetics to fixed value
#' m + stat_quantile(colour = "red", size = 2, linetype = 2)
#'
#' # Use qplot instead
#' qplot(year, rating, data=movies, geom="quantile")
#' }
stat_quantile <- function (mapping = NULL, data = NULL, geom = "quantile", position = "identity",
quantiles = c(0.25, 0.5, 0.75), formula = NULL, method = "rq",
na.rm = FALSE, ...) {
StatQuantile$new(mapping = mapping, data = data, geom = geom,
position = position, quantiles = quantiles, formula = formula,
method = method, na.rm = na.rm, ...)
}
StatQuantile <- proto(Stat, {
objname <- "quantile"
default_geom <- function(.) GeomQuantile
default_aes <- function(.) aes()
required_aes <- c("x", "y")
calculate <- function(., data, scales, quantiles = c(0.25, 0.5, 0.75),
formula = NULL, xseq = NULL, method = "rq", lambda = 1, na.rm = FALSE,
...) {
try_require("quantreg")
if (is.null(formula)) {
if (method == "rqss") {
try_require("MatrixModels")
formula <- eval(substitute(y ~ qss(x, lambda = lambda)),
list(lambda = lambda))
} else {
formula <- y ~ x
}
message("Smoothing formula not specified. Using: ",
deparse(formula))
}
if (is.null(data$weight)) data$weight <- 1
if (is.null(xseq)) {
xmin <- min(data$x, na.rm = TRUE)
xmax <- max(data$x, na.rm = TRUE)
xseq <- seq(xmin, xmax, length = 100)
}
grid <- data.frame(x = xseq)
data <- as.data.frame(data)
data <- remove_missing(data, na.rm, c("x", "y"), name = "stat_quantile")
method <- match.fun(method)
ldply(quantiles, quant_pred, data = data, method = method,
formula = formula, weight = weight, grid = grid, ...)
}
})
quant_pred <- function(quantile, data, method, formula, weight, grid, ...) {
model <- method(formula, data = data, tau = quantile, weight = weight, ...)
grid$y <- predict(model, newdata = grid)
grid$quantile <- quantile
grid$group <- paste(data$group[1], quantile, sep = "-")
grid
}
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