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httr: a friendly http package for R
Latest commit 733530e @hadley Merge pull request #287 from jimhester/partial-match-header
Do not partial match header


Build Status Coverage Status CRAN_Status_Badge

The aim of httr is to provide a wrapper for RCurl customised to the demands of modern web APIs.

Key features:

  • Functions for the most important http verbs: GET(), HEAD(), PATCH(), PUT(), DELETE() and POST().

  • Automatic connection sharing across requests to the same website (by default, curl handles are managed automatically), cookies are maintained across requests, and a up-to-date root-level SSL certificate store is used.

  • Requests return a standard reponse object that captures the http status line, headers and body, along with other useful information.

    • Response content is available with content() as a raw vector (as = "raw"), a character vector (as = "text"), or parsed into an R object (as = "parsed"), currently for html, xml, json, png and jpeg.

    • You can convert http errors into R errors with stop_for_status().

  • Config functions make it easier to modify the request in common ways: set_cookies(), add_headers(), authenticate(), use_proxy(), verbose(), timeout(), content_type(), accept(), progress().

  • Support for OAuth 1.0 and 2.0 with oauth1.0_token() and oauth2.0_token(). The demo directory has eight OAuth demos: four for 1.0 (twitter, vimeo, withings and yahoo) and four for 2.0 (facebook, github, google, linkedin). OAuth credentials are automatically cached within a project.

httr wouldn't be possible without the hard work of the authors of RCurl and curl. Thanks! httr is inspired by http libraries in other languages, such as Resty, Requests and httparty.


To get the current released version from CRAN:


To get the current development version from github:

# install.packages("devtools")

Updating ca-bundle.crt

httr includes a recent CA certificate bundle from Run this code to update the package:

  write_disk("inst/cacert.pem", overwrite = TRUE))

Around early September 2014, Mozilla removed the trust bits from the certs in their CA bundle that were still using RSA 1024 bit keys. This leads to problems on Windows, so we use an older version.

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