The aim of httr is to provide a wrapper for RCurl customised to the demands of modern web APIs.
Functions for the most important http verbs:
Automatic connection sharing across requests to the same website (by default, curl handles are managed automatically), cookies are maintained across requests, and a up-to-date root-level SSL certificate store is used.
Requests return a standard reponse object that captures the http status line, headers and body, along with other useful information.
Response content is available with
content()as a raw vector (
as = "raw"), a character vector (
as = "text"), or parsed into an R object (
as = "parsed"), currently for html, xml, json, png and jpeg.
You can convert http errors into R errors with
Config functions make it easier to modify the request in common ways:
Support for OAuth 1.0 and 2.0 with
oauth2.0_token(). The demo directory has eight OAuth demos: four for 1.0 (twitter, vimeo, withings and yahoo) and four for 2.0 (facebook, github, google, linkedin). OAuth credentials are automatically cached within a project.
To get the current released version from CRAN:
To get the current development version from github:
# install.packages("devtools") devtools::install_github("hadley/httr")
httr includes a recent CA certificate bundle from mozilla.org. Run this code to update the package:
GET("https://raw.githubusercontent.com/bagder/ca-bundle/e9175fec5d0c4d42de24ed6d84a06d504d5e5a09/ca-bundle.crt", write_disk("inst/cacert.pem", overwrite = TRUE))
Around early September 2014, Mozilla removed the trust bits from the certs in their CA bundle that were still using RSA 1024 bit keys. This leads to problems on Windows, so we use an older version.