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532. K-diff Pairs in an Array.go
532. K-diff Pairs in an Array_test.go

532. K-diff Pairs in an Array


Given an array of integers and an integer k, you need to find the number of unique k-diff pairs in the array. Here a k-diff pair is defined as an integer pair (i, j), where i and j are both numbers in the array and their absolute difference is k.

Example 1:

Input: [3, 1, 4, 1, 5], k = 2
Output: 2
Explanation: There are two 2-diff pairs in the array, (1, 3) and (3, 5).
Although we have two 1s in the input, we should only return the number of unique pairs.

Example 2:

Input:[1, 2, 3, 4, 5], k = 1
Output: 4
Explanation: There are four 1-diff pairs in the array, (1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 4) and (4, 5).

Example 3:

Input: [1, 3, 1, 5, 4], k = 0
Output: 1
Explanation: There is one 0-diff pair in the array, (1, 1).


  1. The pairs (i, j) and (j, i) count as the same pair.
  2. The length of the array won't exceed 10,000.
  3. All the integers in the given input belong to the range: [-1e7, 1e7].


给定一个数组,在数组里面找到几组不同的 pair 对,每个 pair 对相差 K 。问能找出多少组这样的 pair 对。


这一题可以用 map 记录每个数字出现的次数。重复的数字也会因为唯一的 key,不用担心某个数字会判断多次。遍历一次 map,每个数字都加上 K 以后,判断字典里面是否存在,如果存在, count ++,如果 K = 0 的情况需要单独判断,如果字典中这个元素频次大于 1,count 也需要 ++。

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