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;;; url-util.el --- Miscellaneous helper routines for URL library
;; Author: Bill Perry <>
;; Created: $Date: 2002/04/22 09:16:11 $
;; Version: $Revision: 1.14 $
;; Keywords: comm, data, processes
;;; Copyright (c) 1993 - 1996 by William M. Perry <>
;;; Copyright (c) 1996, 97, 98, 99, 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
;;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;;; any later version.
;;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the
;;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
;;; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
(require 'url-parse)
(autoload 'timezone-parse-date "timezone")
(autoload 'timezone-make-date-arpa-standard "timezone")
(defvar url-parse-args-syntax-table
(copy-syntax-table emacs-lisp-mode-syntax-table)
"A syntax table for parsing sgml attributes.")
(modify-syntax-entry ?' "\"" url-parse-args-syntax-table)
(modify-syntax-entry ?` "\"" url-parse-args-syntax-table)
(modify-syntax-entry ?{ "(" url-parse-args-syntax-table)
(modify-syntax-entry ?} ")" url-parse-args-syntax-table)
(defcustom url-debug nil
"*What types of debug messages from the URL library to show.
Debug messages are logged to the *URL-DEBUG* buffer.
If t, all messages will be logged.
If a number, all messages will be logged, as well shown via `message'.
If a list, it is a list of the types of messages to be logged."
:type '(choice (const :tag "none" nil)
(const :tag "all" t)
(checklist :tag "custom"
(const :tag "HTTP" :value http)
(const :tag "DAV" :value dav)
(const :tag "General" :value retrieval)
(const :tag "Filename handlers" :value handlers)
(symbol :tag "Other")))
:group 'url-hairy)
(defun url-debug (tag &rest args)
(if quit-flag
(error "Interrupted!"))
(if (or (eq url-debug t)
(numberp url-debug)
(and (listp url-debug) (memq tag url-debug)))
(set-buffer (get-buffer-create "*URL-DEBUG*"))
(goto-char (point-max))
(insert (symbol-name tag) " -> " (apply 'format args) "\n")
(if (numberp url-debug)
(apply 'message args)))))
(defun url-parse-args (str &optional nodowncase)
;; Return an assoc list of attribute/value pairs from an RFC822-type string
(let (
name ; From name=
value ; its value
results ; Assoc list of results
name-pos ; Start of XXXX= position
val-pos ; Start of value position
(set-buffer (get-buffer-create " *urlparse-temp*"))
(set-syntax-table url-parse-args-syntax-table)
(insert str)
(setq st (point-min)
nd (point-max))
(set-syntax-table url-parse-args-syntax-table)
(narrow-to-region st nd)
(goto-char (point-min))
(while (not (eobp))
(skip-chars-forward "; \n\t")
(setq name-pos (point))
(skip-chars-forward "^ \n\t=;")
(if (not nodowncase)
(downcase-region name-pos (point)))
(setq name (buffer-substring name-pos (point)))
(skip-chars-forward " \t\n")
(if (/= (or (char-after (point)) 0) ?=) ; There is no value
(setq value nil)
(skip-chars-forward " \t\n=")
(setq val-pos (point)
((or (= (or (char-after val-pos) 0) ?\")
(= (or (char-after val-pos) 0) ?'))
(buffer-substring (1+ val-pos)
(condition-case ()
(forward-sexp 1)
(1- (point))
(skip-chars-forward "\""))
(skip-chars-forward "^ \t\n")
(buffer-substring val-pos
(skip-chars-forward "^;")
(skip-chars-backward " \t")
(setq results (cons (cons name value) results))
(skip-chars-forward "; \n\t"))
(defun url-insert-entities-in-string (string)
"Convert HTML markup-start characters to entity references in STRING.
Also replaces the \" character, so that the result may be safely used as
an attribute value in a tag. Returns a new string with the result of the
conversion. Replaces these characters as follows:
& ==> &amp;
< ==> &lt;
> ==> &gt;
\" ==> &quot;"
(if (string-match "[&<>\"]" string)
(set-buffer (get-buffer-create " *entity*"))
(buffer-disable-undo (current-buffer))
(insert string)
(goto-char (point-min))
(while (progn
(skip-chars-forward "^&<>\"")
(not (eobp)))
(insert (cdr (assq (char-after (point))
'((?\" . "&quot;")
(?& . "&amp;")
(?< . "&lt;")
(?> . "&gt;")))))
(delete-char 1))
(defun url-normalize-url (url)
"Return a 'normalized' version of URL.
Strips out default port numbers, etc."
(let (type data grok retval)
(setq data (url-generic-parse-url url)
type (url-type data))
(if (member type '("www" "about" "mailto" "info"))
(setq retval url)
(url-set-target data nil)
(setq retval (url-recreate-url data)))
(defun url-lazy-message (&rest args)
"Just like `message', but is a no-op if called more than once a second.
Will not do anything if url-show-status is nil."
(if (or (null url-show-status)
(= url-lazy-message-time
(setq url-lazy-message-time (nth 1 (current-time)))))
(apply 'message args)))
(defun url-get-normalized-date (&optional specified-time)
"Return a 'real' date string that most HTTP servers can understand."
(require 'timezone)
(let* ((raw (if specified-time (current-time-string specified-time)
(gmt (timezone-make-date-arpa-standard raw
(nth 1 (current-time-zone))
(parsed (timezone-parse-date gmt))
(day (cdr-safe (assoc (substring raw 0 3) weekday-alist)))
(year nil)
(month (car
(string-to-int (aref parsed 1)) monthabbrev-alist)))
(setq day (or (car-safe (rassoc day weekday-alist))
(substring raw 0 3))
year (aref parsed 0))
;; This is needed for plexus servers, or the server will hang trying to
;; parse the if-modified-since header. Hopefully, I can take this out
;; soon.
(if (and year (> (length year) 2))
(setq year (substring year -2 nil)))
(concat day ", " (aref parsed 2) "-" month "-" year " "
(aref parsed 3) " " (or (aref parsed 4)
(concat "[" (nth 1 (current-time-zone))
(defun url-eat-trailing-space (x)
"Remove spaces/tabs at the end of a string."
(let ((y (1- (length x)))
(skip-chars (list ? ?\t ?\n)))
(while (and (>= y 0) (memq (aref x y) skip-chars))
(setq y (1- y)))
(substring x 0 (1+ y))))
(defun url-strip-leading-spaces (x)
"Remove spaces at the front of a string."
(let ((y (1- (length x)))
(z 0)
(skip-chars (list ? ?\t ?\n)))
(while (and (<= z y) (memq (aref x z) skip-chars))
(setq z (1+ z)))
(substring x z nil)))
(defun url-pretty-length (n)
((< n 1024)
(format "%d bytes" n))
((< n (* 1024 1024))
(format "%dk" (/ n 1024.0)))
(format "%2.2fM" (/ n (* 1024 1024.0))))))
(defun url-display-percentage (fmt perc &rest args)
(if (null fmt)
(if (fboundp 'clear-progress-display)
(if (and (fboundp 'progress-display) perc)
(apply 'progress-display fmt perc args)
(apply 'message fmt args))))
(defun url-percentage (x y)
(if (fboundp 'float)
(round (* 100 (/ x (float y))))
(/ (* x 100) y)))
(defun url-basepath (file &optional x)
"Return the base pathname of FILE, or the actual filename if X is true."
((null file) "")
((string-match (eval-when-compile (regexp-quote "?")) file)
(if x
(file-name-nondirectory (substring file 0 (match-beginning 0)))
(file-name-directory (substring file 0 (match-beginning 0)))))
(x (file-name-nondirectory file))
(t (file-name-directory file))))
(defun url-parse-query-string (query &optional downcase)
(let (retval pairs cur key val)
(setq pairs (split-string query "&"))
(while pairs
(setq cur (car pairs)
pairs (cdr pairs))
(if (not (string-match "=" cur))
nil ; Grace
(setq key (url-unhex-string (substring cur 0 (match-beginning 0)))
val (url-unhex-string (substring cur (match-end 0) nil)))
(if downcase
(setq key (downcase key)))
(setq cur (assoc key retval))
(if cur
(setcdr cur (cons val (cdr cur)))
(setq retval (cons (list key val) retval)))))
(defun url-unhex (x)
(if (> x ?9)
(if (>= x ?a)
(+ 10 (- x ?a))
(+ 10 (- x ?A)))
(- x ?0)))
(defun url-unhex-string (str &optional allow-newlines)
"Remove %XXX embedded spaces, etc in a url.
If optional second argument ALLOW-NEWLINES is non-nil, then allow the
decoding of carriage returns and line feeds in the string, which is normally
forbidden in URL encoding."
(setq str (or str ""))
(let ((tmp "")
(case-fold-search t))
(while (string-match "%[0-9a-f][0-9a-f]" str)
(let* ((start (match-beginning 0))
(ch1 (url-unhex (elt str (+ start 1))))
(code (+ (* 16 ch1)
(url-unhex (elt str (+ start 2))))))
(setq tmp (concat
tmp (substring str 0 start)
(char-to-string code))
((or (= code ?\n) (= code ?\r))
" ")
(t (char-to-string code))))
str (substring str (match-end 0)))))
(setq tmp (concat tmp str))
(defconst url-unreserved-chars
?a ?b ?c ?d ?e ?f ?g ?h ?i ?j ?k ?l ?m ?n ?o ?p ?q ?r ?s ?t ?u ?v ?w ?x ?y ?z
?A ?B ?C ?D ?E ?F ?G ?H ?I ?J ?K ?L ?M ?N ?O ?P ?Q ?R ?S ?T ?U ?V ?W ?X ?Y ?Z
?0 ?1 ?2 ?3 ?4 ?5 ?6 ?7 ?8 ?9
?- ?_ ?. ?! ?~ ?* ?' ?\( ?\))
"A list of characters that are _NOT_ reserved in the URL spec.
This is taken from RFC 2396.")
(defun url-hexify-string (str)
"Escape characters in a string."
(lambda (char)
;; Fixme: use a char table instead.
(if (not (memq char url-unreserved-chars))
(if (< char 16)
(format "%%0%X" char)
(format "%%%X" char))
(char-to-string char)))
str ""))
(defun url-file-extension (fname &optional x)
"Return the filename extension of FNAME.
If optional variable X is t,
then return the basename of the file with the extension stripped off."
(if (and fname
(setq fname (url-basepath fname t))
(string-match "\\.[^./]+$" fname))
(if x (substring fname 0 (match-beginning 0))
(substring fname (match-beginning 0) nil))
;; If fname has no extension, and x then return fname itself instead of
;; nothing. When caching it allows the correct .hdr file to be produced
;; for filenames without extension.
(if x
(defun url-truncate-url-for-viewing (url &optional width)
"Return a shortened version of URL that is WIDTH characters or less wide.
WIDTH defaults to the current frame width."
(let* ((fr-width (or width (frame-width)))
(str-width (length url))
(tail (file-name-nondirectory url))
(fname nil)
(modified 0)
(urlobj nil))
;; The first thing that can go are the search strings
(if (and (>= str-width fr-width)
(string-match "?" url))
(setq url (concat (substring url 0 (match-beginning 0)) "?...")
str-width (length url)
tail (file-name-nondirectory url)))
(if (< str-width fr-width)
nil ; Hey, we are done!
(setq urlobj (url-generic-parse-url url)
fname (url-filename urlobj)
fr-width (- fr-width 4))
(while (and (>= str-width fr-width)
(string-match "/" fname))
(setq fname (substring fname (match-end 0) nil)
modified (1+ modified))
(url-set-filename urlobj fname)
(setq url (url-recreate-url urlobj)
str-width (length url)))
(if (> modified 1)
(setq fname (concat "/.../" fname))
(setq fname (concat "/" fname)))
(url-set-filename urlobj fname)
(setq url (url-recreate-url urlobj)))
(defun url-view-url (&optional no-show)
"View the current document's URL.
Optional argument NO-SHOW means just return the URL, don't show it in
the minibuffer.
This uses `url-current-object', set locally to the buffer."
(if (not url-current-object)
(if no-show
(url-recreate-url url-current-object)
(message "%s" (url-recreate-url url-current-object)))))
(defvar url-get-url-filename-chars "-%.?@a-zA-Z0-9()_/:~=&"
"Valid characters in a URL")
(defun url-get-url-at-point (&optional pt)
"Get the URL closest to point, but don't change position.
Has a preference for looking backward when not directly on a symbol."
;; Not at all perfect - point must be right in the name.
(if pt (goto-char pt))
(let (start url)
;; first see if you're just past a filename
(if (not (eobp))
(if (looking-at "[] \t\n[{}()]") ; whitespace or some parens
(skip-chars-backward " \n\t\r({[]})")
(if (not (bobp))
(backward-char 1)))))
(if (and (char-after (point))
(string-match (eval-when-compile
(concat "[" url-get-url-filename-chars "]"))
(char-to-string (char-after (point)))))
(skip-chars-backward url-get-url-filename-chars)
(setq start (point))
(skip-chars-forward url-get-url-filename-chars))
(setq start (point)))
(setq url (buffer-substring-no-properties start (point))))
(if (and url (string-match "^(.*)\\.?$" url))
(setq url (match-string 1 url)))
(if (and url (string-match "^URL:" url))
(setq url (substring url 4 nil)))
(if (and url (string-match "\\.$" url))
(setq url (substring url 0 -1)))
(if (and url (string-match "^www\\." url))
(setq url (concat "http://" url)))
(if (and url (not (string-match url-nonrelative-link url)))
(setq url nil))
(defun url-generate-unique-filename (&optional fmt)
"Generate a unique filename in `url-temporary-directory'."
(if (not fmt)
(let ((base (format "url-tmp.%d" (user-real-uid)))
(fname "")
(x 0))
(setq fname (format "%s%d" base x))
(while (file-exists-p
(expand-file-name fname url-temporary-directory))
(setq x (1+ x)
fname (concat base (int-to-string x))))
(expand-file-name fname url-temporary-directory))
(let ((base (concat "url" (int-to-string (user-real-uid))))
(fname "")
(x 0))
(setq fname (format fmt (concat base (int-to-string x))))
(while (file-exists-p
(expand-file-name fname url-temporary-directory))
(setq x (1+ x)
fname (format fmt (concat base (int-to-string x)))))
(expand-file-name fname url-temporary-directory))))
(defun url-extract-mime-headers ()
"Set `url-current-mime-headers' in current buffer."
(goto-char (point-min))
(unless url-current-mime-headers
(set (make-local-variable 'url-current-mime-headers)
(provide 'url-util)
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