Skip to content
PyBerryIMU - I2C communications lib for using BerryIMU
Branch: master
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
pyberryimu
tests
.coveragerc
.gitignore
.travis.yml
LICENSE
README.md
requirements.txt
setup.py

README.md

PyBerryIMU

I2C communications lib for using BerryIMU.

Branch Build status Test Coverage
master Build Status Coverage Status
develop Build Status Coverage Status

This library uses and includes several snippets of code from the Official BerryIMU repository.

Installation

Required Raspbian packages

  • build-essential
  • python-dev
  • libi2c-dev
  • i2c-tools
  • libffi-dev

After the package dependencies above are installed, PyBerryIMU can be installed with pip:

pip install git+git://github.com/hbldh/pyberryimu.git

This library uses smbus-cffi for communication over i2c.

Usage

Basic use

The BerryIMU can be interfaced with by using the BerryIMUClient:

from pyberryimu.client import BerryIMUClient

with BerryIMUClient(bus=1) as c:
    acc = c.read_accelerometer()
    gyro = c.read_gyroscope()
    mag = c.read_magnetometer()
    pr = c.read_pressure()
    temp = c.read_temperature()

This returns raw readings from the BerryIMU regarding acceleration, angular velocity and magnetic fields; it requires calibration to be useful. The pressure and temperature are already converted to SI units.

Recorder to obtain data for offline analysis

A simple tool for recording data from the BerryIMU to have for offline analysis is also included in the module.

import os
from pyberryimu.client import BerryIMUClient
from pyberryimu.recorder import BerryIMURecorder

with BerryIMUClient() as c:
    brec = BerryIMURecorder(c, frequency=100, duration=10)
    data_container = brec.record(acc=True, gyro=True, mag=True, pres=False, temp=False)
    data_container.save(os.path.expanduser('~/pyberryimu_rec_test.json'))

The data is then stored in a highly non-optimized way as a JSON document that can be loaded as such:

import os
from pyberryimu.container import BerryIMUDataContainer

data_container = BerryIMUDataContainer.load(os.path.expanduser('~/pyberryimu_rec_test.json'))

See the example in pyberryimu/sample/recorder.py

Note that the maximum frequency is about 100 Hz for reading from all three IMU sensors (accelerometer, gyroscope and magnetometer) on a Raspberry Pi 2. When adding pressure readings it drops to about 10 Hz due to the fact that one has to wait during pressure and temperature reading. Run max frequency test script pyberryimu/sample/max_freq_test.py to get a more complete picture of maximal frequencies.

Calibration

Using data sheet values

One can skip calibration procedures and just use the general conversion values from the sensors data sheet instead of calibrating, but the readings will most probably be less accurate.

from pyberryimu.client import BerryIMUClient
from pyberryimu.calibration.standard import StandardCalibration

sc = StandardCalibration.load()
c = BerryIMUClient(bus=1)
c.open()
sc.set_datasheet_values_for_accelerometer(c.get_settings())
sc.set_datasheet_values_for_gyroscope(c.get_settings())
sc.set_datasheet_values_for_magnetometer(c.get_settings())
c.calibration_object = sc

This will yield accelerometer output in the unit g, gyroscope output in unit degrees/s and magnetometer output in unit gauss.

Accelerometer

Calibration of accelerometer is performed using the method described in Frosio, I.; Pedersini, F.; Alberto Borghese, N., "Autocalibration of MEMS Accelerometers," Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on , vol.58, no.6, pp.2034,2041, June 2009.

First it prompts the user to position the BerryIMU such that Earth's gravity acts on only one of the axes at a time, in both directions. This six point calibration gives a zero G value and a sensitivity for each axis. At least three more points are needed to complete the calibration, which can be chose arbitrarily with the only restriction that the BerryIMU is static. When these have been collected, an optimisation is done to fit final calibration parameters.

from pyberryimu.client import BerryIMUClient
from pyberryimu.calibration.standard import StandardCalibration

sc = StandardCalibration(verbose=True)
c = BerryIMUClient(bus=1)
sc.calibrate_accelerometer(c)
c.calibration_object = sc

When using the BerryIMUClient after assigning a StandardCalibration to the calibration_object attribute, the readings returned are in the unit g. This calibration can be saved to disc and then loaded later on:

from pyberryimu.client import BerryIMUClient
from pyberryimu.calibration.standard import StandardCalibration

sc = StandardCalibration.load()
with BerryIMUClient(bus=1) as c:
    c.calibration_object = sc
    c.read_accelerometer()

Gyroscope

The gyroscope is somewhat trickier to calibrate, because it needs a rotating plane with a known angular velocity. The calibration consists of the collection seven data points: one static and two for each axis where the sensor is rotated in its negative and its positive direction. Using three points per axis, a linear regression model ax + b is fitted and used for transforming raw readings to output in either degrees per second or radians per second, depending which angular velocity unit that is given at calibraion time.

Calibration of gyroscope can be done using a regular vinyl record player, provided one takes some care to position the sensor carefully to capture most rotation of the desired axis.

from pyberryimu.client import BerryIMUClient
from pyberryimu.calibration.standard import StandardCalibration

sc = StandardCalibration(verbose=True)
c = BerryIMUClient(bus=1)
sc.calibrate_gyroscope(c)
c.calibration_object = sc

Magnetometer

Calibration of magnetometer is not implemented yet.

Pressure and Temperature

The BMP180 chip with the pressure and temperature sensors comes with a factory calibration stored on the chip and is retrieved on the initialisation of a BerryIMUClient

Documentation

TBD

BerryIMU links

You can’t perform that action at this time.