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ModeShape DDL Parsing Example

The ModeShape DDL Sequencer library contains a DDL parser capable of parsing many common DDL statements conforming to SQL-92, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, Sybase, DB2, and Derby. The sequencer uses this parser to build an internal AST representation of the DDL statements, and then the sequencer turns that AST representation into a graph representation (which ModeShape then persists as part of the sequencing service).

However, this DDL parser can be used on its own, as long as one understands the parsers limitations and is willing to process the very generic AST representation for DDL statements that can vary wildly.

It is also important to understand that DDL statements actually describe operations to be performed against a database schema. Many of us are familiar with DDL that creates a set of tables and views, and transforming such statements into a model of a database is relatively straightforward. But this transformation becomes more complicated when the DDL contain ALTER, DROP, ADD COLUMN and other such statements.

This example shows how to use the DDL parser to produce a simplistic model of a database schema. It generally works against the more common create-type DDL statements, although some ALTER statements are supported. The example also does not process primary keys, indexes, foreign keys, and other more detailed statements; these are left to the reader, but we'd welcome pull-requests with improvements or changes.


This project is self-contained and can be built at the top level of your local clone of the Git repository, or by simply building this project using Maven 3:

$ mvn clean install

This will compile the code and run the unit tests. Note this example does not currently have a main method. It is intended for you to play with the code, and to turn on printing in the parser for more verbose output. Try adding your own DDL files and looking at the output, and then use the example to help use this DDL parser in your own applications.

See this ModeShape community article for help on how to install Maven 3.

The ModeShape project

ModeShape is an open source implementation of the JCR 2.0 (JSR-283) specification and standard API. To your applications, ModeShape looks and behaves like a regular JCR repository. Applications can search, query, navigate, change, version, listen for changes, etc. But ModeShape can store that content in a variety of back-end stores (including relational databases, Infinispan data grids, JBoss Cache, etc.), or it can access and update existing content from other kinds of systems (including file systems, SVN repositories, JDBC database metadata, and other JCR repositories). ModeShape's connector architecture means that you can write custom connectors to access any kind of system. And ModeShape can even federate multiple back-end systems into a single, unified virtual repository.

For more information on ModeShape, including getting started guides, reference guides, and downloadable binaries, visit the project's website at http://www.modeshape.org or follow us on our blog or on Twitter. Or hop into our IRC chat room and talk our community of contributors and users.

The official Git repository for the project is also on GitHub at http://github.com/ModeShape/modeshape.

Need help?

ModeShape is open source software with a dedicated community. If you have any questions or problems, post a question in our user forum or hop into our IRC chat room and talk our community of contributors and users.