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helium-wallet

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A Helium wallet implementation in Rust.

This is a simple wallet implementation that enables the creation and use of an encrypted wallet.

NOTE: This wallet is not the absolute safest way to create and store a private key. No guarantees are implied as to its safety and suitability for use as a wallet associated with Helium crypto-tokens.

Installation

From Binary

Download the latest binary for your platform here from Releases. Unpack the zip file and place the helium-wallet binary in your $PATH somewhere.

Usage

At any time use -h or --help to get more help for a command.

Global options

Global options precede the actual command on the command line.

The following global options are supported

  • -f / --file can be used once or multiple times to specify either shard files for a wallet or multiple wallets if the command supports it. If not specified a file called wallet.key is assumed to be the wallet to use for the command.

  • --format json|table can be used to set the output of the command to either a tabular format or a json output.

Create a wallet

    helium-wallet create basic

The basic wallet will be stored in wallet.key after specifying an encryption password on the command line. Options exist to specify the wallet output file and to force overwriting an existing wallet.

Use the --seed bip39|mobile option to use a previously generated seed phrase that will be used to construct the keys for the wallet. The app will prompt you to enter a space separated phrase. The mobile seed type accepts 12-word phrases generated by the Helium Mobile App. The bip39 seed type accepts 12 or 24 word BIP39 phrases. Note that this does not (yet) generate an HD wallet.

Create a sharded wallet

Sharding wallet keys is supported via Shamir's Secret Sharing. A key can be broken into N shards such that recovering the original key needs K distinct shards. This can be done by passing options to create:

    helium-wallet create sharded -n 5 -k 3

This will create wallet.key.1 through wallet.key.5 (the base name of the wallet file can be supplied with the -o parameter).

When keys are sharded using verify will require at least K distinct keys.

The --seed option described above can also be used to construct a sharded wallet.

Implementation details

A ed25519 key is generated via libsodium. The provided password is run through PBKDF2, with a configurable number of iterations and a random salt, and the resulting value is used as an AES key. When sharding is enabled, an additional AES key is randomly generated and the 2 keys are combined using a sha256 HMAC into the final AES key.

The private key is then encrypted with AES256-GCM and stored in the file along with the sharding information, the key share (if applicable), the AES initialization vector, the PBKDF2 salt and iteration count and the AES-GCM authentication tag.

Public Key

    helium-wallet info
    helium-wallet -f my.key info
    helium-wallet -f wallet.key.1 -f wallet.key.2 -f my.key info

The given wallets will be read and information about the wallet, including the public key, displayed. This command works for all wallet types.

Displaying

Displaying information for one or more wallets without needing its password can be done using;

    helium-wallet info

To display a QR code for the public key of the given wallet use:

    helium-wallet info --qr

This is useful for sending tokens to the wallet from the mobile wallet.

Verifying

Verifying a wallet takes a password and one or more wallet files and attempts to decrypt the wallet.

The wallet is assumed to be sharded if the first file given to the verify command is a sharded wallet. The rest of the given files then also have to be wallet shards. For a sharded wallet to be verified, at least K wallet files must be passed in, where K is the value given when creating the wallet.

    helium-wallet verify
    helium-wallet -f wallet.key verify
    helium-wallet -f wallet.key.1 -f wallet.key.2 -f wallet.key.5 verify

Sending Tokens

Single Payee

To send tokens to one other account use:

    helium-wallet pay one <payee> <hnt>
    helium-wallet pay one <payee> <hnt> --commit

Where <payee> is the wallet address for the wallet you want to send tokens to, <hnt> is the number of HNT you want to send. Since 1 HNT is 100,000,000 bones the hnt value can go up to 8 decimal digits of precision.

The default behavior of the pay command is to print out what the intended payment is going to be without submiting it to the blockchain. In the second example the --commit option commits the actual payment to the API for processing by the blockchain.

Multiple Payees in one transaction

To send tokens to mulitple other accounts use:

    helium-wallet pay multi <path to json file>
    helium-wallet pay multi <path to json file> --commit

Example json file:

[ { "address": "<adddress1>", "amount": <hnt1>, "memo": "<memo1>" }, { "address": "<adddress2>", "amount": <hnt2>, "memo": "<memo2>" } ]

Where <address#> is the wallet address for the wallet you want to send tokens to, <hnt#> is the number of HNT you want to send. Since 1 HNT is 100,000,000 bones the hnt value can go up to 8 decimal digits of precision. <memo#> is an 8 byte base 64 encdoded message.

The default behavior of the pay command is to print out what the intended payment is going to be without submiting it to the blockchain. In the second example the --commit option commits the actual payment to the API for processing by the blockchain.

Environment Variables

The following environment variables are supported:

  • HELIUM_API_URL - The API URL to use for commands that need API access, for example sending tokens.

  • HELIUM_WALLET_PASSWORD - The password to use to decrypt the wallet. Useful for scripting or other non-interactive commands, but use with care.

Building from Source

You will need a working Rust tool-chain installed to build this CLI from source. In addition, you will need some basic build tools.

If you wish to build from source instead of downloading a prebuilt release you can add setup a Ubuntu 20.04 environment with the following:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
git clone https://github.com/helium/helium-wallet-rs
cd helium-wallet-rs
curl https://sh.rustup.rs -sSf | sh
## recommended option 1
source $HOME/.cargo/env
sudo apt install build-essential pkg-config cmake clang

Clone this repo:

git clone https://github.com/helium/helium-wallet-rs

and build it using cargo:

cd helium-wallet-rs
cargo build --release

The resulting target/release/helium-wallet is ready for use. Place it somewhere in your $PATH or run it straight from the the target folder.