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import subprocess
import re
# from pprint import pprint
import os
# from timeit import default_timer as timer
from tabulate import tabulate
# TODO: test for table geberation
# a dict to hold IP interface related info
# got populated by getIfacesData() func.
ifaces = {}
# a set of bridge interfaces itself.
# got populated by the subroutine inside getIfacesData
active_br_ifaces = set()
virsh_ver = ''
# a dict to hold KVM VMs and theirs params
# populated by get_vm_data() func.
vms = {}
def getIfacesData():
Function parses iproute2 show command `ip address`
and builds a dict with disctinct interfaces and their properties. For example
{'br0': {'inet_addr': '',
'linkstate': 'UP',
'mac': '28:80:23:90:ea:28',
'master_bridge': 'self',
'name': 'br0'},
'vnet0': {'inet_addr': None,
'linkstate': 'UP',
'mac': '28:80:23:90:ea:28',
'is_virtual': True,
'master_bridge': 'br0',
'name': 'vnet0'},
ipaddr_data = subprocess.check_output(['ip', 'address'], universal_newlines=True)
ipconfig_patt = re.compile(r'\s(\S+?):\s(.+?)(?:\n\d+?:|$)', re.DOTALL)
ifname_patt = re.compile(r'^\d+:\s(\S+):')
linkstate_patt = re.compile(r'state (UP|DOWN|UNKNOWN)')
mac_patt = re.compile(r'ether\s(\S+)')
br_patt = re.compile(r'master\s(\S+)')
inet_patt = re.compile(r'inet\s(\S+)')
for iface_name, iface_data in ipconfig_patt.findall(ipaddr_data):
ifaces.setdefault(iface_name, {})['name'] = iface_name
linkstate =
ifaces[iface_name]['linkstate'] = linkstate
mac =
except AttributeError:
mac = None
ifaces[iface_name]['mac'] = mac
inet_addr =
except AttributeError:
inet_addr = None
ifaces[iface_name]['inet_addr'] = inet_addr
master_bridge =
except AttributeError:
master_bridge = None
ifaces[iface_name]['master_bridge'] = master_bridge
# set is_virtual property for every interface as False
# later virtual interfaces will overwrite this field with True value
# inside get_vm_data() function
ifaces[iface_name]['is_virtual'] = False
# ifaces_raw_data = {}
# ifname = ''
# for line in ipaddr_data.split('\n'):
# if ifname:
# ifaces_raw_data[ifname] += line
# if 'mtu' in line:
# ifname = line.split(':')[1].replace(' ', '')
# ifaces_raw_data[ifname] = line
for iface in ifaces:
if ifaces[iface]['master_bridge'] is not None:
for br_if in active_br_ifaces:
ifaces[br_if]['master_bridge'] = 'self'
def get_vm_data():
Thi function uses virsh commands to build a data structure for VMs
and its network interfaces. For example:
{'4': {'net_ifaces': {'vnet4': {'if_mac': '52:54:00:db:45:92',
'if_master_bridge': 'br0',
'if_type': 'virtio'}},
'vm_name': 'nuage-dns'},
'8': {'net_ifaces': {'vnet0': {'if_mac': '52:54:00:5a:a9:2c',
'if_master_bridge': 'br0',
'if_type': 'virtio'},
'vnet1': {'if_mac': '52:54:00:9b:c2:dc',
'if_master_bridge': 'br1',
'if_type': 'virtio'}},
'vm_name': 'cobbler'}}
active_vm_patt = re.compile(r'(\d+)\s+(\S+)')
# get active vm_id, vm_name pairs: [('4', 'nuage-dns'), ('8', 'cobbler')]
active_vm_list = subprocess.check_output('virsh list | tail -n +3', shell=True, universal_newlines=True)
for virsh_vm in active_vm_patt.findall(active_vm_list):
vms[virsh_vm[0]] = {
'dom_id': virsh_vm[0],
'vm_name': virsh_vm[1]
# pattern to match every propery of an interface in virsh domiflist command
domif_patt = re.compile(r'\S+')
for dom_id, dom_data in vms.items():
vms[dom_id]['net_ifaces'] = {}
domiflist = subprocess.check_output('virsh domiflist {} | tail -n +3'.format(dom_id), shell=True, universal_newlines=True)
for l in domiflist.split('\n'):
if l.split(): # skipping empty lines
domif_data = domif_patt.findall(l)
# update globally visible ifaces with is_virtual property
# for VM interfaces
ifaces[domif_data[0]]['is_virtual'] = True
# populate vms{} with interface properties
vms[dom_id]['net_ifaces'][domif_data[0]] = {'if_type': domif_data[1],
'if_master_bridge': domif_data[2],
'if_type': domif_data[3],
'if_mac': domif_data[4]}
def get_br_ifaces(brname):
bridge_ifaces = []
for iface in ifaces:
if ifaces[iface]['master_bridge'] == brname:
return sorted(bridge_ifaces)
def show_bridge(brname):
for iface in ifaces:
if ifaces[iface]['master_bridge'] == brname:
print('bridge {} has {} interface attached'.format(brname, iface))
def is_virsh_installed():
virsh_ver = subprocess.check_output(["virsh", "--version"], universal_newlines=True)
# print('virsh version {} is found'.format(virsh_ver))
except OSError as e:
if e.errno == os.errno.ENOENT:
print('virsh is not found and this script relies on it. Exiting...')
def get_vm_by_iface(ifname):
for dom_id in vms:
if ifname in vms[dom_id]['net_ifaces']:
return vms[dom_id]
return '' # return if not a vm interface
def show():
table_data = []
for br in sorted(active_br_ifaces):
row = []
for iface in get_br_ifaces(br):
if not row:
row = ['']
row.append(iface) # interface name
# for virtual interfaces get vm_name and dom_id
if ifaces[iface]['is_virtual']:
vm = get_vm_by_iface(iface)
else: # otherwise add blanks
row.extend(('', ''))
# for virtual interfaces get mac address
# from vms{} data structure rather than ifaces{} because they do differ
if ifaces[iface]['is_virtual']:
row = []
t_headers = ['Bridge', 'Interface', 'VM name', 'Domain ID', 'Int. MAC address']
print(tabulate(table_data, headers=t_headers, tablefmt="psql"))