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README.md

Minio

Minio is a distributed object storage service for high performance, high scale data infrastructures. It is a drop in replacement for AWS S3 in your own environment. It uses erasure coding to provide highly resilient storage that can tolerate failures of upto n/2 nodes. It runs on cloud, container, kubernetes and bare-metal environments. It is simple enough to be deployed in seconds, and can scale to 100s of peta bytes. Minio is suitable for storing objects such as photos, videos, log files, backups, VM and container images.

Minio supports distributed mode. In distributed mode, you can pool multiple drives (even on different machines) into a single object storage server.

Introduction

This chart bootstraps Minio deployment on a Kubernetes cluster using the Helm package manager.

Prerequisites

  • Kubernetes 1.4+ with Beta APIs enabled for default standalone mode.
  • Kubernetes 1.5+ with Beta APIs enabled to run Minio in distributed mode.
  • PV provisioner support in the underlying infrastructure.

Installing the Chart

Install this chart using:

$ helm install stable/minio

The command deploys Minio on the Kubernetes cluster in the default configuration. The configuration section lists the parameters that can be configured during installation.

Release name

An instance of a chart running in a Kubernetes cluster is called a release. Each release is identified by a unique name within the cluster. Helm automatically assigns a unique release name after installing the chart. You can also set your preferred name by:

$ helm install --name my-release stable/minio

Access and Secret keys

By default a pre-generated access and secret key will be used. To override the default keys, pass the access and secret keys as arguments to helm install.

$ helm install --set accessKey=myaccesskey,secretKey=mysecretkey \
    stable/minio

Updating Minio configuration via Helm

ConfigMap allows injecting containers with configuration data even while a Helm release is deployed.

To update your Minio server configuration while it is deployed in a release, you need to

  1. Check all the configurable values in the Minio chart using helm inspect values stable/minio.
  2. Override the minio_server_config settings in a YAML formatted file, and then pass that file like this helm upgrade -f config.yaml stable/minio.
  3. Restart the Minio server(s) for the changes to take effect.

You can also check the history of upgrades to a release using helm history my-release. Replace my-release with the actual release name.

Uninstalling the Chart

Assuming your release is named as my-release, delete it using the command:

$ helm delete my-release

The command removes all the Kubernetes components associated with the chart and deletes the release.

Upgrading the Chart

You can use Helm to update Minio version in a live release. Assuming your release is named as my-release, get the values using the command:

$ helm get values my-release > old_values.yaml

Then change the field image.tag in old_values.yaml file with Minio image tag you want to use. Now update the chart using

$ helm upgrade -f old_values.yaml my-release stable/minio

Default upgrade strategies are specified in the values.yaml file. Update these fields if you'd like to use a different strategy.

Configuration

The following table lists the configurable parameters of the Minio chart and their default values.

Parameter Description Default
image.repository Image repository minio/minio
image.tag Minio image tag. Possible values listed here. RELEASE.2019-01-10T00-21-20Z
image.pullPolicy Image pull policy IfNotPresent
mcImage.repository Client image repository minio/mc
mcImage.tag mc image tag. Possible values listed here. RELEASE.2019-01-10T00-38-22Z
mcImage.pullPolicy mc Image pull policy IfNotPresent
ingress.enabled Enables Ingress false
ingress.annotations Ingress annotations {}
ingress.hosts Ingress accepted hostnames []
ingress.tls Ingress TLS configuration []
mode Minio server mode (standalone or distributed) standalone
replicas Number of nodes (applicable only for Minio distributed mode). Should be 4 <= x <= 32 4
existingSecret Name of existing secret with access and secret key. ""
accessKey Default access key (5 to 20 characters) AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE
secretKey Default secret key (8 to 40 characters) wJalrXUtnFEMI/K7MDENG/bPxRfiCYEXAMPLEKEY
configPath Default config file location ~/.minio
mountPath Default mount location for persistent drive /export
clusterDomain domain name of kubernetes cluster where pod is running. cluster.local
service.type Kubernetes service type ClusterIP
service.port Kubernetes port where service is exposed 9000
service.externalIPs service external IP addresses nil
service.annotations Service annotations {}
persistence.enabled Use persistent volume to store data true
persistence.size Size of persistent volume claim 10Gi
persistence.existingClaim Use an existing PVC to persist data nil
persistence.storageClass Storage class name of PVC nil
persistence.accessMode ReadWriteOnce or ReadOnly ReadWriteOnce
persistence.subPath Mount a sub directory of the persistent volume if set ""
resources CPU/Memory resource requests/limits Memory: 256Mi, CPU: 100m
priorityClassName Pod priority settings ""
nodeSelector Node labels for pod assignment {}
affinity Affinity settings for pod assignment {}
tolerations Toleration labels for pod assignment []
tls.enabled Enable TLS for Minio server false
tls.certSecret Kubernetes Secret with public.crt and private.key files. ""
livenessProbe.initialDelaySeconds Delay before liveness probe is initiated 5
livenessProbe.periodSeconds How often to perform the probe 30
livenessProbe.timeoutSeconds When the probe times out 1
livenessProbe.successThreshold Minimum consecutive successes for the probe to be considered successful after having failed. 1
livenessProbe.failureThreshold Minimum consecutive failures for the probe to be considered failed after having succeeded. 3
readinessProbe.initialDelaySeconds Delay before readiness probe is initiated 5
readinessProbe.periodSeconds How often to perform the probe 15
readinessProbe.timeoutSeconds When the probe times out 1
readinessProbe.successThreshold Minimum consecutive successes for the probe to be considered successful after having failed. 1
readinessProbe.failureThreshold Minimum consecutive failures for the probe to be considered failed after having succeeded. 3
defaultBucket.enabled If set to true, a bucket will be created after minio install false
defaultBucket.name Bucket name bucket
defaultBucket.policy Bucket policy none
defaultBucket.purge Purge the bucket if already exists false
buckets List of buckets to create after minio install []
s3gateway.enabled Use minio as a s3 gateway false
s3gateway.replicas Number of s3 gateway instances to run in parallel 4
azuregateway.enabled Use minio as an azure gateway false
gcsgateway.enabled Use minio as a Google Cloud Storage gateway false
gcsgateway.gcsKeyJson credential json file of service account key ""
gcsgateway.projectId Google cloud project id ""
nasgateway.enabled Use minio as a NAS gateway false
nasgateway.replicas Number of NAS gateway instances to be run in parallel on a PV 4
environment Set Minio server relevant environment variables in values.yaml file. Minio containers will be passed these variables when they start. MINIO_BROWSER: "on"

Some of the parameters above map to the env variables defined in the Minio DockerHub image.

You can specify each parameter using the --set key=value[,key=value] argument to helm install. For example,

$ helm install --name my-release \
  --set persistence.size=100Gi \
    stable/minio

The above command deploys Minio server with a 100Gi backing persistent volume.

Alternately, you can provide a YAML file that specifies parameter values while installing the chart. For example,

$ helm install --name my-release -f values.yaml stable/minio

Tip: You can use the default values.yaml

Distributed Minio

This chart provisions a Minio server in standalone mode, by default. To provision Minio server in distributed mode, set the mode field to distributed,

$ helm install --set mode=distributed stable/minio

This provisions Minio server in distributed mode with 4 nodes. To change the number of nodes in your distributed Minio server, set the replicas field,

$ helm install --set mode=distributed,replicas=8 stable/minio

This provisions Minio server in distributed mode with 8 nodes. Note that the replicas value should be an integer between 4 and 16 (inclusive).

StatefulSet limitations applicable to distributed Minio

  1. StatefulSets need persistent storage, so the persistence.enabled flag is ignored when mode is set to distributed.
  2. When uninstalling a distributed Minio release, you'll need to manually delete volumes associated with the StatefulSet.

NAS Gateway

Prerequisites

Minio in NAS gateway mode can be used to create multiple Minio instances backed by single PV in ReadWriteMany mode. Currently few Kubernetes volume plugins support ReadWriteMany mode. To deploy Minio NAS gateway with Helm chart you'll need to have a Persistent Volume running with one of the supported volume plugins. This document outlines steps to create a NFS PV in Kubernetes cluster.

Provision NAS Gateway Minio instances

To provision Minio servers in NAS gateway mode, set the nasgateway.enabled field to true,

$ helm install --set nasgateway.enabled=true stable/minio

This provisions 4 Minio NAS gateway instances backed by single storage. To change the number of instances in your Minio deployment, set the replicas field,

$ helm install --set nasgateway.enabled=true,nasgateway.replicas=8 stable/minio

This provisions Minio NAS gateway with 8 instances.

Persistence

This chart provisions a PersistentVolumeClaim and mounts corresponding persistent volume to default location /export. You'll need physical storage available in the Kubernetes cluster for this to work. If you'd rather use emptyDir, disable PersistentVolumeClaim by:

$ helm install --set persistence.enabled=false stable/minio

"An emptyDir volume is first created when a Pod is assigned to a Node, and exists as long as that Pod is running on that node. When a Pod is removed from a node for any reason, the data in the emptyDir is deleted forever."

Existing PersistentVolumeClaim

If a Persistent Volume Claim already exists, specify it during installation.

  1. Create the PersistentVolume
  2. Create the PersistentVolumeClaim
  3. Install the chart
$ helm install --set persistence.existingClaim=PVC_NAME stable/minio

NetworkPolicy

To enable network policy for Minio, install a networking plugin that implements the Kubernetes NetworkPolicy spec, and set networkPolicy.enabled to true.

For Kubernetes v1.5 & v1.6, you must also turn on NetworkPolicy by setting the DefaultDeny namespace annotation. Note: this will enforce policy for all pods in the namespace:

kubectl annotate namespace default "net.beta.kubernetes.io/network-policy={\"ingress\":{\"isolation\":\"DefaultDeny\"}}"

With NetworkPolicy enabled, traffic will be limited to just port 9000.

For more precise policy, set networkPolicy.allowExternal=true. This will only allow pods with the generated client label to connect to Minio. This label will be displayed in the output of a successful install.

Existing secret

Instead of having this chart create the secret for you, you can supply a preexisting secret, much like an existing PersistentVolumeClaim.

First, create the secret:

$ kubectl create secret generic my-minio-secret --from-literal=accesskey=foobarbaz --from-literal=secretkey=foobarbazqux

Then install the chart, specifying that you want to use an existing secret:

$ helm install --set existingSecret=my-minio-secret stable/minio

The following fields are expected in the secret

  1. accesskey - the access key ID
  2. secretkey - the secret key
  3. gcs_key.json - The GCS key if you are using the GCS gateway feature. This is optional.

Configure TLS

To enable TLS for Minio containers, acquire TLS certificates from a CA or create self-signed certificates. While creating / acquiring certificates ensure the corresponding domain names are set as per the standard DNS naming conventions in a Kubernetes StatefulSet (for a distributed Minio setup). Then create a secret using

$ kubectl create secret generic tls-ssl-minio --from-file=path/to/private.key --from-file=path/to/public.crt

Then install the chart, specifying that you want to use the TLS secret:

$ helm install --set tls.enabled=true,tls.certSecret=tls-ssl-minio stable/minio

Pass environment variables to Minio containers

To pass environment variables to Minio containers when deploying via Helm chart, use the below command line format

$ helm install --set environment.MINIO_BROWSER=on,environment.MINIO_DOMAIN=domain-name stable/minio

You can add as many environment variables as required, using the above format. Just add environment.<VARIABLE_NAME>=<value> under set flag.