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Copyright The Helm Authors.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
package main
import (
const installDesc = `
This command installs a chart archive.
The install argument must be a chart reference, a path to a packaged chart,
a path to an unpacked chart directory or a URL.
To override values in a chart, use either the '--values' flag and pass in a file
or use the '--set' flag and pass configuration from the command line, to force
a string value use '--set-string'. You can use '--set-file' to set individual
values from a file when the value itself is too long for the command line
or is dynamically generated. You can also use '--set-json' to set json values
(scalars/objects/arrays) from the command line.
$ helm install -f myvalues.yaml myredis ./redis
$ helm install --set name=prod myredis ./redis
$ helm install --set-string long_int=1234567890 myredis ./redis
$ helm install --set-file myredis ./redis
$ helm install --set-json 'master.sidecars=[{"name":"sidecar","image":"myImage","imagePullPolicy":"Always","ports":[{"name":"portname","containerPort":1234}]}]' myredis ./redis
You can specify the '--values'/'-f' flag multiple times. The priority will be given to the
last (right-most) file specified. For example, if both myvalues.yaml and override.yaml
contained a key called 'Test', the value set in override.yaml would take precedence:
$ helm install -f myvalues.yaml -f override.yaml myredis ./redis
You can specify the '--set' flag multiple times. The priority will be given to the
last (right-most) set specified. For example, if both 'bar' and 'newbar' values are
set for a key called 'foo', the 'newbar' value would take precedence:
$ helm install --set foo=bar --set foo=newbar myredis ./redis
Similarly, in the following example 'foo' is set to '["four"]':
$ helm install --set-json='foo=["one", "two", "three"]' --set-json='foo=["four"]' myredis ./redis
And in the following example, 'foo' is set to '{"key1":"value1","key2":"bar"}':
$ helm install --set-json='foo={"key1":"value1","key2":"value2"}' --set-json='foo.key2="bar"' myredis ./redis
To check the generated manifests of a release without installing the chart,
the '--debug' and '--dry-run' flags can be combined.
If --verify is set, the chart MUST have a provenance file, and the provenance
file MUST pass all verification steps.
There are six different ways you can express the chart you want to install:
1. By chart reference: helm install mymaria example/mariadb
2. By path to a packaged chart: helm install mynginx ./nginx-1.2.3.tgz
3. By path to an unpacked chart directory: helm install mynginx ./nginx
4. By absolute URL: helm install mynginx
5. By chart reference and repo url: helm install --repo mynginx nginx
6. By OCI registries: helm install mynginx --version 1.2.3 oci://
A chart reference is a convenient way of referencing a chart in a chart repository.
When you use a chart reference with a repo prefix ('example/mariadb'), Helm will look in the local
configuration for a chart repository named 'example', and will then look for a
chart in that repository whose name is 'mariadb'. It will install the latest stable version of that chart
until you specify '--devel' flag to also include development version (alpha, beta, and release candidate releases), or
supply a version number with the '--version' flag.
To see the list of chart repositories, use 'helm repo list'. To search for
charts in a repository, use 'helm search'.
func newInstallCmd(cfg *action.Configuration, out io.Writer) *cobra.Command {
client := action.NewInstall(cfg)
valueOpts := &values.Options{}
var outfmt output.Format
cmd := &cobra.Command{
Use: "install [NAME] [CHART]",
Short: "install a chart",
Long: installDesc,
Args: require.MinimumNArgs(1),
ValidArgsFunction: func(cmd *cobra.Command, args []string, toComplete string) ([]string, cobra.ShellCompDirective) {
return compInstall(args, toComplete, client)
RunE: func(_ *cobra.Command, args []string) error {
rel, err := runInstall(args, client, valueOpts, out)
if err != nil {
return errors.Wrap(err, "INSTALLATION FAILED")
return outfmt.Write(out, &statusPrinter{rel, settings.Debug, false})
addInstallFlags(cmd, cmd.Flags(), client, valueOpts)
bindOutputFlag(cmd, &outfmt)
bindPostRenderFlag(cmd, &client.PostRenderer)
return cmd
func addInstallFlags(cmd *cobra.Command, f *pflag.FlagSet, client *action.Install, valueOpts *values.Options) {
f.BoolVar(&client.CreateNamespace, "create-namespace", false, "create the release namespace if not present")
f.BoolVar(&client.DryRun, "dry-run", false, "simulate an install")
f.BoolVar(&client.DisableHooks, "no-hooks", false, "prevent hooks from running during install")
f.BoolVar(&client.Replace, "replace", false, "re-use the given name, only if that name is a deleted release which remains in the history. This is unsafe in production")
f.DurationVar(&client.Timeout, "timeout", 300*time.Second, "time to wait for any individual Kubernetes operation (like Jobs for hooks)")
f.BoolVar(&client.Wait, "wait", false, "if set, will wait until all Pods, PVCs, Services, and minimum number of Pods of a Deployment, StatefulSet, or ReplicaSet are in a ready state before marking the release as successful. It will wait for as long as --timeout")
f.BoolVar(&client.WaitForJobs, "wait-for-jobs", false, "if set and --wait enabled, will wait until all Jobs have been completed before marking the release as successful. It will wait for as long as --timeout")
f.BoolVarP(&client.GenerateName, "generate-name", "g", false, "generate the name (and omit the NAME parameter)")
f.StringVar(&client.NameTemplate, "name-template", "", "specify template used to name the release")
f.StringVar(&client.Description, "description", "", "add a custom description")
f.BoolVar(&client.Devel, "devel", false, "use development versions, too. Equivalent to version '>0.0.0-0'. If --version is set, this is ignored")
f.BoolVar(&client.DependencyUpdate, "dependency-update", false, "update dependencies if they are missing before installing the chart")
f.BoolVar(&client.DisableOpenAPIValidation, "disable-openapi-validation", false, "if set, the installation process will not validate rendered templates against the Kubernetes OpenAPI Schema")
f.BoolVar(&client.Atomic, "atomic", false, "if set, the installation process deletes the installation on failure. The --wait flag will be set automatically if --atomic is used")
f.BoolVar(&client.SkipCRDs, "skip-crds", false, "if set, no CRDs will be installed. By default, CRDs are installed if not already present")
f.BoolVar(&client.SubNotes, "render-subchart-notes", false, "if set, render subchart notes along with the parent")
addValueOptionsFlags(f, valueOpts)
addChartPathOptionsFlags(f, &client.ChartPathOptions)
err := cmd.RegisterFlagCompletionFunc("version", func(cmd *cobra.Command, args []string, toComplete string) ([]string, cobra.ShellCompDirective) {
requiredArgs := 2
if client.GenerateName {
requiredArgs = 1
if len(args) != requiredArgs {
return nil, cobra.ShellCompDirectiveNoFileComp
return compVersionFlag(args[requiredArgs-1], toComplete)
if err != nil {
func runInstall(args []string, client *action.Install, valueOpts *values.Options, out io.Writer) (*release.Release, error) {
debug("Original chart version: %q", client.Version)
if client.Version == "" && client.Devel {
debug("setting version to >0.0.0-0")
client.Version = ">0.0.0-0"
name, chart, err := client.NameAndChart(args)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
client.ReleaseName = name
cp, err := client.ChartPathOptions.LocateChart(chart, settings)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
debug("CHART PATH: %s\n", cp)
p := getter.All(settings)
vals, err := valueOpts.MergeValues(p)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
// Check chart dependencies to make sure all are present in /charts
chartRequested, err := loader.Load(cp)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
if err := checkIfInstallable(chartRequested); err != nil {
return nil, err
if chartRequested.Metadata.Deprecated {
warning("This chart is deprecated")
if req := chartRequested.Metadata.Dependencies; req != nil {
// If CheckDependencies returns an error, we have unfulfilled dependencies.
// As of Helm 2.4.0, this is treated as a stopping condition:
if err := action.CheckDependencies(chartRequested, req); err != nil {
err = errors.Wrap(err, "An error occurred while checking for chart dependencies. You may need to run `helm dependency build` to fetch missing dependencies")
if client.DependencyUpdate {
man := &downloader.Manager{
Out: out,
ChartPath: cp,
Keyring: client.ChartPathOptions.Keyring,
SkipUpdate: false,
Getters: p,
RepositoryConfig: settings.RepositoryConfig,
RepositoryCache: settings.RepositoryCache,
Debug: settings.Debug,
if err := man.Update(); err != nil {
return nil, err
// Reload the chart with the updated Chart.lock file.
if chartRequested, err = loader.Load(cp); err != nil {
return nil, errors.Wrap(err, "failed reloading chart after repo update")
} else {
return nil, err
client.Namespace = settings.Namespace()
// Create context and prepare the handle of SIGTERM
ctx := context.Background()
ctx, cancel := context.WithCancel(ctx)
// Set up channel on which to send signal notifications.
// We must use a buffered channel or risk missing the signal
// if we're not ready to receive when the signal is sent.
cSignal := make(chan os.Signal, 2)
signal.Notify(cSignal, os.Interrupt, syscall.SIGTERM)
go func() {
fmt.Fprintf(out, "Release %s has been cancelled.\n", args[0])
return client.RunWithContext(ctx, chartRequested, vals)
// checkIfInstallable validates if a chart can be installed
// Application chart type is only installable
func checkIfInstallable(ch *chart.Chart) error {
switch ch.Metadata.Type {
case "", "application":
return nil
return errors.Errorf("%s charts are not installable", ch.Metadata.Type)
// Provide dynamic auto-completion for the install and template commands
func compInstall(args []string, toComplete string, client *action.Install) ([]string, cobra.ShellCompDirective) {
requiredArgs := 1
if client.GenerateName {
requiredArgs = 0
if len(args) == requiredArgs {
return compListCharts(toComplete, true)
return nil, cobra.ShellCompDirectiveNoFileComp