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Allows for the creation of simple DynamoDB migrations that will be executed only once against a DynamoDB database to allow you to "migrate" the schema of the database over time. This is a simple implementation for DynamoDB, similar to tools such as FlywayDB and Active Record Migrations.


Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'dynamodb-migration'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install dynamodb-migration


In a rake task or in your applications start up, simply add:

require 'dynamodb/migration'

options = {
  client: dynamodb_client,           # an Aws::DynamoDB::Client instance
  path: '/app/my_project/migrations', # the full path to the folder where your migration classes will live
  migration_table_name: 'migrations' # optional, the name of the table to use for migrations, default is "migrations"

Or if you are using a Sinatra application, in your

require 'dynamodb/migration'

# the full path to the folder where your migration classes will live
# we are assuming you will place your migrations in a "migrations" folder
# next to
set :migrations_path, File.join(File.dirname(__FILE__), 'migrations')

# optional, the name of the table to use for migrations, default is
# "migrations"
set :migration_table_name, 'migrations'

# registering this extension will automatically run migrations when the app
# starts up
register DynamoDB::Migration

To define a migration, create a class in your migrations folder (defined above with the path option) such as the one below:

# migrations/20150215181100_create_table_users.rb

class CreateTableUsers < DynamoDB::Migration::Unit
  def update
      table_name: "users",
      attribute_definitions: [
          attribute_name: "username",
          attribute_type: "S",
      key_schema: [
          attribute_name: "username",
          key_type: "HASH",
      provisioned_throughput: {
        read_capacity_units: 1,
        write_capacity_units: 1,
      stream_specification: {
        stream_enabled: true,
        stream_view_type: "NEW_AND_OLD_IMAGES",

DynamoDB::Migration will detect this class and execute once against your DynamoDB instance. It will record the execution in a table specified by the option :migration_table_name (migrations by default) which it creates and maintains internally.


After checking out the repo, run bin/setup to install dependencies. Then, run rake spec to run the tests. You can also run bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment.

To install this gem onto your local machine, run bundle exec rake install. To release a new version, update the version number in version.rb, and then run bundle exec rake release, which will create a git tag for the version, push git commits and tags, and push the .gem file to


Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.


The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.


A simple DynamoDB migration tool.



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