Scale down Kubernetes deployments and/or statefulsets during non-work hours.
Deployments are interchangeable by statefulset for this whole guide.
It will scale down the deployment's replicas if all of the following conditions are met:
- current time is not part of the "uptime" schedule or current time is part of the "downtime" schedule. The schedules are being evaluated in following order:
downscaler/downtimeannotation on the deployment/stateful set
downscaler/uptimeannotation on the deployment/stateful set
downscaler/downtimeannotation on the deployment/stateful set's namespace
downscaler/uptimeannotation on th deployment/stateful set's namespace
- the deployment's namespace is not part of the exclusion list (
kube-systemis excluded by default)
- the deployment's name is not part of the exclusion list
- the deployment is not marked for exclusion (annotation
- there are no active pods that force the whole cluster into uptime (annotation
The deployment by default will be scaled down to zero replicas. This can be configured with a deployment annotation of
downscaler/downtime-replicas: "1") or via CLI with
Example use cases:
- Deploy the downscaler to a test (non-prod) cluster with a default uptime or downtime time range to scale down all deployments during the night and weekend.
- Deploy the downscaler to a production cluster without any default uptime/downtime setting and scale down specific deployments by setting the
downscaler/downtime) annotation. This might be useful for internal tooling frontends which are only needed during work time.
You need to combine the downscaler with an elastic cluster autoscaler to actually save cloud costs. The official cluster autoscaler and the kube-aws-autoscaler were tested to work fine with the downscaler.
$ kubectl apply -f deploy/
The example configuration uses the
--dry-run as a safety flag to prevent downscaling --- remove it to enable the downscaler, e.g. by editing the deployment:
$ kubectl edit deploy kube-downscaler
The example deployment manifests come with a configured uptime (
deploy/config.yaml sets it to "Mon-Fri 07:30-20:30 CET"), you can overwrite this per namespace or deployment, e.g.:
$ kubectl run nginx --image=nginx $ kubectl annotate deploy nginx 'downscaler/uptime=Mon-Fri 09:00-17:00 America/Buenos_Aires'
Note that the default grace period of 15 minutes applies to the new nginx deployment, i.e. if the current time is not within Mon-Fri 9-17 (Buenos Aires timezone), it will downscale not immediately, but after 15 minutes. The downscaler will eventually log something like:
INFO: Scaling down Deployment default/nginx from 1 to 0 replicas (uptime: Mon-Fri 09:00-17:00 America/Buenos_Aires, downtime: never)
The downscaler is configured via command line args, environment variables and/or Kubernetes annotations.
Time definitions (e.g.
DEFAULT_UPTIME) accept a comma separated list of specifications, e.g. the following configuration would downscale all deployments for non-work hours:
DEFAULT_UPTIME="Mon-Fri 07:30-20:30 Europe/Berlin"
To only downscale during the weekend and Friday after 20:00:
DEFAULT_DOWNTIME="Sat-Sun 00:00-24:00 CET,Fri-Fri 20:00-24:00 CET'
Each time specification must have the format
<WEEKDAY-FROM>-<WEEKDAY-TO-INCLUSIVE> <HH>:<MM>-<HH>:<MM> <TIMEZONE>. The timezone value can be any Olson timezone, e.g. "US/Eastern", "PST" or "UTC".
Alternative logic, based on periods
Instead of strict uptimes or downtimes, you can chose time periods for upscaling or downscaling. The time definitions are the same. In this case, the upscale or downscale happens only on time periods, rest of times will be ignored.
If upscale or downscale periods are configured, uptime and downtime will be ignored. This means that some options are mutually exclusive, e.g. you can either use
--default-downtime, but not both.
This definition will downscale your cluster between 19:00 and 20:00. If you upscale your cluster manually, it won't be scaled down until next day 19:00-20:00.
DOWNSCALE_PERIOD="Mon-Sun 19:00-20:00 Europe/Berlin"
Command Line Options
Available command line options:
- Dry run mode: do not change anything, just print what would be done
- Debug mode: print more information
- Run loop only once and exit
- Loop interval (default: 30s)
- Namespace (default: all namespaces)
- Downscale resources of this kind (default: deployment)
- Grace period in seconds for new deployments before scaling them down (default: 15min). The grace period counts from time of creation of the deployment, i.e. updated deployments will immediately be scaled down regardless of the grace period.
- Alternative logic to scale up only in given period of time (default: never), can also be configured via environment variable
UPSCALE_PERIODor via the annotation
downscaler/upscale-periodon each deployment
- Alternative logic to scale down only in given period of time (default: never), can also be configured via environment variable
DOWNSCALE_PERIODor via the annotation
downscaler/downscale-periodon each deployment
- Default time range to scale up for (default: always), can also be configured via environment variable
DEFAULT_UPTIMEor via the annotation
downscaler/uptimeon each deployment
- Default time range to scale down for (default: never), can also be configured via environment variable
DEFAULT_DOWNTIMEor via the annotation
downscaler/downtimeon each deployment
- Exclude namespaces from downscaling (default: kube-system), can also be configured via environment variable
- Exclude specific deployments from downscaling (default: kube-downscaler, downscaler), can also be configured via environment variable
- Exclude specific statefulsets from statefulsets, can also be configured via environment variable
- Default value of replicas to downscale to, the annotation
downscaler/downtime-replicastakes precedence over this value.
FORCE_UPTIME and exclusion can also be configured using Namespace annotations. Where configured these values supersede the other global default values.
apiVersion: v1 kind: Namespace metadata: name: foo labels: name: foo annotations: downscaler/uptime: Mon-Sun 07:30-18:00 CET
The following annotations are supported on the Namespace level:
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