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Introduction: Holacracy® Constitution

What is the Holacracy Constitution?

The Holacracy Constitution documents the core rules, structure, and processes of the Holacracy “operating system” for governing and managing an organization. It provides the foundation for an organization wishing to use Holacracy, by anchoring the shift of power required in concrete and documented “rules of the game”, which everyone involved can rely upon.

How is the Holacracy Constitution intended to be used?

The Constitution is intended to be referenced by whatever declaration or agreement captures the decision to organize using the Holacracy system. That may be a formal set of legal bylaws or similar operating agreement, or a simple board resolution or CEO policy declaration similar to the sample one attached here. See Article V for key adoption-related matters. Also note that this explanatory page and the sample declaration are included for informative purposes but are not part of the core Constitution document.

What the Holacracy Constitution isn’t

The Holacracy Constitution is not a complete set of legal bylaws or a formal operating agreement. (HolacracyOne separately publishes its own operating agreement as an example of a legal governing document that references and incorporates this Constitution.)

The Constitution is also not an instruction manual or a guidebook for learning to use the Holacracy system. Like the rulebook for a nuanced sport, it can serve as a critical reference at times, but reading it will not teach you how to play the game. If you're looking for an introduction, check out HolacracyOne's How It Works page and this Introductory Video.

Legal Disclaimer

HolacracyOne is not a law firm. The information contained herein is documentation of Holacracy’s rules and processes, and should not be construed as legal advice to be applied to any specific factual situation. You should not rely upon the materials provided in this document in a legal capacity or for legal needs without first consulting an attorney with respect to your specific situation. This document is provided "as-is", without warranty or condition of any kind whatsoever. HolacracyOne does not warrant this document’s quality, accuracy, timeliness, completeness, merchantability, or fitness for use or purpose. To the maximum extent provided by law, HolacracyOne and its agents and members shall not be liable for any damages whatsoever arising from the use of this document.

Licensing and Usage

Like Linux®, Wikipedia®, and Java®, Holacracy® is a registered trademark; in this case, of HolacracyOne LLC. And like other stewards of open platforms, HolacracyOne aims to maintain the integrity of its brand and the quality of what it represents. So, we invite you to make and share your own derivative works of the Holacracy® Constitution, per the terms of our open-source CC BY-SA 4.0 license, and to reference that your work is derived from the official Holacracy Constitution - please include a link to However, beyond that reference, you may not name or otherwise brand your derivative work using the Holacracy mark, to avoid confusion between your version and the official Holacracy document. If you have any questions, please contact HolacracyOne!


Up to version 4.0, the Holacracy Constitution was developed by Brian Robertson and HolacracyOne.

Contributors to v4.1 include Brian Robertson, Rashid Gilanpour, Alexia Bowers, djwork, Martina Röll, Olivier Compagne, Koen Veltman, Mieke Byerley, Diederick Janse, Karilen Mays, Bernard Marie Chiquet, Tim Kelley, Dien Kwik, Kræn Hansen and Jeffrey Anthony.

Table of Contents

Article 1: Organizational Structure

A role is Holacracy's core building block for organizational structure, and a circle contains and integrates many roles. This article covers how roles and circles are structured and connected.

Article 2: Operations

Filling a role conveys certain authorities and responsibilities, as well as duties to fellow team members. This article covers those authorities and expectations, as well as the tactical meeting process used to coordinate operational work.

Article 3: Governance

A circle's governance process is used to define its roles and policies. This article defines the governance process and the ground rules for proposing changes or objecting to proposals.

Article 4: Adoption Matters

This article deals with the transition from pre-Holacracy to operating under the Constitution, and provides rules when adopting Holacracy within a board structure with a group of representatives in lieu of a single Lead Link.

For More Information or Support with the Holacracy System:

The Holacracy Constitution is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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