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# Copyright 2001-2005 by Vinay Sajip. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
# documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted,
# provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
# both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in
# supporting documentation, and that the name of Vinay Sajip
# not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution
# of the software without specific, written prior permission.
# VINAY SAJIP DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING
# ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL
# VINAY SAJIP BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR
# ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER
# IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT
# OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
"""
Additional handlers for the logging package for Python. The core package is
based on PEP 282 and comments thereto in comp.lang.python, and influenced by
Apache's log4j system.
Should work under Python versions >= 1.5.2, except that source line
information is not available unless 'sys._getframe()' is.
Copyright (C) 2001-2004 Vinay Sajip. All Rights Reserved.
To use, simply 'import logging' and log away!
"""
import sys, socket, types, os, string, cPickle, struct, time, glob
try:
import logging
except ImportError:
import holland.backports.logging as logging
try:
import codecs
except ImportError:
codecs = None
#
# Some constants...
#
DEFAULT_TCP_LOGGING_PORT = 9020
DEFAULT_UDP_LOGGING_PORT = 9021
DEFAULT_HTTP_LOGGING_PORT = 9022
DEFAULT_SOAP_LOGGING_PORT = 9023
SYSLOG_UDP_PORT = 514
class BaseRotatingHandler(logging.FileHandler):
"""
Base class for handlers that rotate log files at a certain point.
Not meant to be instantiated directly. Instead, use RotatingFileHandler
or TimedRotatingFileHandler.
"""
def __init__(self, filename, mode, encoding=None):
"""
Use the specified filename for streamed logging
"""
if codecs is None:
encoding = None
logging.FileHandler.__init__(self, filename, mode, encoding)
self.mode = mode
self.encoding = encoding
def emit(self, record):
"""
Emit a record.
Output the record to the file, catering for rollover as described
in doRollover().
"""
try:
if self.shouldRollover(record):
self.doRollover()
logging.FileHandler.emit(self, record)
except:
self.handleError(record)
class RotatingFileHandler(BaseRotatingHandler):
"""
Handler for logging to a set of files, which switches from one file
to the next when the current file reaches a certain size.
"""
def __init__(self, filename, mode='a', maxBytes=0, backupCount=0, encoding=None):
"""
Open the specified file and use it as the stream for logging.
By default, the file grows indefinitely. You can specify particular
values of maxBytes and backupCount to allow the file to rollover at
a predetermined size.
Rollover occurs whenever the current log file is nearly maxBytes in
length. If backupCount is >= 1, the system will successively create
new files with the same pathname as the base file, but with extensions
".1", ".2" etc. appended to it. For example, with a backupCount of 5
and a base file name of "app.log", you would get "app.log",
"app.log.1", "app.log.2", ... through to "app.log.5". The file being
written to is always "app.log" - when it gets filled up, it is closed
and renamed to "app.log.1", and if files "app.log.1", "app.log.2" etc.
exist, then they are renamed to "app.log.2", "app.log.3" etc.
respectively.
If maxBytes is zero, rollover never occurs.
"""
if maxBytes > 0:
mode = 'a' # doesn't make sense otherwise!
BaseRotatingHandler.__init__(self, filename, mode, encoding)
self.maxBytes = maxBytes
self.backupCount = backupCount
def doRollover(self):
"""
Do a rollover, as described in __init__().
"""
self.stream.close()
if self.backupCount > 0:
for i in range(self.backupCount - 1, 0, -1):
sfn = "%s.%d" % (self.baseFilename, i)
dfn = "%s.%d" % (self.baseFilename, i + 1)
if os.path.exists(sfn):
#print "%s -> %s" % (sfn, dfn)
if os.path.exists(dfn):
os.remove(dfn)
os.rename(sfn, dfn)
dfn = self.baseFilename + ".1"
if os.path.exists(dfn):
os.remove(dfn)
os.rename(self.baseFilename, dfn)
#print "%s -> %s" % (self.baseFilename, dfn)
if self.encoding:
self.stream = codecs.open(self.baseFilename, 'w', self.encoding)
else:
self.stream = open(self.baseFilename, 'w')
def shouldRollover(self, record):
"""
Determine if rollover should occur.
Basically, see if the supplied record would cause the file to exceed
the size limit we have.
"""
if self.maxBytes > 0: # are we rolling over?
msg = "%s\n" % self.format(record)
self.stream.seek(0, 2) #due to non-posix-compliant Windows feature
if self.stream.tell() + len(msg) >= self.maxBytes:
return 1
return 0
class TimedRotatingFileHandler(BaseRotatingHandler):
"""
Handler for logging to a file, rotating the log file at certain timed
intervals.
If backupCount is > 0, when rollover is done, no more than backupCount
files are kept - the oldest ones are deleted.
"""
def __init__(self, filename, when='h', interval=1, backupCount=0, encoding=None):
BaseRotatingHandler.__init__(self, filename, 'a', encoding)
self.when = string.upper(when)
self.backupCount = backupCount
# Calculate the real rollover interval, which is just the number of
# seconds between rollovers. Also set the filename suffix used when
# a rollover occurs. Current 'when' events supported:
# S - Seconds
# M - Minutes
# H - Hours
# D - Days
# midnight - roll over at midnight
# W{0-6} - roll over on a certain day; 0 - Monday
#
# Case of the 'when' specifier is not important; lower or upper case
# will work.
currentTime = int(time.time())
if self.when == 'S':
self.interval = 1 # one second
self.suffix = "%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S"
elif self.when == 'M':
self.interval = 60 # one minute
self.suffix = "%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M"
elif self.when == 'H':
self.interval = 60 * 60 # one hour
self.suffix = "%Y-%m-%d_%H"
elif self.when == 'D' or self.when == 'MIDNIGHT':
self.interval = 60 * 60 * 24 # one day
self.suffix = "%Y-%m-%d"
elif self.when.startswith('W'):
self.interval = 60 * 60 * 24 * 7 # one week
if len(self.when) != 2:
raise ValueError("You must specify a day for weekly rollover from 0 to 6 (0 is Monday): %s" % self.when)
if self.when[1] < '0' or self.when[1] > '6':
raise ValueError("Invalid day specified for weekly rollover: %s" % self.when)
self.dayOfWeek = int(self.when[1])
self.suffix = "%Y-%m-%d"
else:
raise ValueError("Invalid rollover interval specified: %s" % self.when)
self.interval = self.interval * interval # multiply by units requested
self.rolloverAt = currentTime + self.interval
# If we are rolling over at midnight or weekly, then the interval is already known.
# What we need to figure out is WHEN the next interval is. In other words,
# if you are rolling over at midnight, then your base interval is 1 day,
# but you want to start that one day clock at midnight, not now. So, we
# have to fudge the rolloverAt value in order to trigger the first rollover
# at the right time. After that, the regular interval will take care of
# the rest. Note that this code doesn't care about leap seconds. :)
if self.when == 'MIDNIGHT' or self.when.startswith('W'):
# This could be done with less code, but I wanted it to be clear
t = time.localtime(currentTime)
currentHour = t[3]
currentMinute = t[4]
currentSecond = t[5]
# r is the number of seconds left between now and midnight
r = (24 - currentHour) * 60 * 60 # number of hours in seconds
r = r + (59 - currentMinute) * 60 # plus the number of minutes (in secs)
r = r + (59 - currentSecond) # plus the number of seconds
self.rolloverAt = currentTime + r
# If we are rolling over on a certain day, add in the number of days until
# the next rollover, but offset by 1 since we just calculated the time
# until the next day starts. There are three cases:
# Case 1) The day to rollover is today; in this case, do nothing
# Case 2) The day to rollover is further in the interval (i.e., today is
# day 2 (Wednesday) and rollover is on day 6 (Sunday). Days to
# next rollover is simply 6 - 2 - 1, or 3.
# Case 3) The day to rollover is behind us in the interval (i.e., today
# is day 5 (Saturday) and rollover is on day 3 (Thursday).
# Days to rollover is 6 - 5 + 3, or 4. In this case, it's the
# number of days left in the current week (1) plus the number
# of days in the next week until the rollover day (3).
if when.startswith('W'):
day = t[6] # 0 is Monday
if day > self.dayOfWeek:
daysToWait = (day - self.dayOfWeek) - 1
self.rolloverAt = self.rolloverAt + (daysToWait * (60 * 60 * 24))
if day < self.dayOfWeek:
daysToWait = (6 - self.dayOfWeek) + day
self.rolloverAt = self.rolloverAt + (daysToWait * (60 * 60 * 24))
#print "Will rollover at %d, %d seconds from now" % (self.rolloverAt, self.rolloverAt - currentTime)
def shouldRollover(self, record):
"""
Determine if rollover should occur
record is not used, as we are just comparing times, but it is needed so
the method siguratures are the same
"""
t = int(time.time())
if t >= self.rolloverAt:
return 1
#print "No need to rollover: %d, %d" % (t, self.rolloverAt)
return 0
def doRollover(self):
"""
do a rollover; in this case, a date/time stamp is appended to the filename
when the rollover happens. However, you want the file to be named for the
start of the interval, not the current time. If there is a backup count,
then we have to get a list of matching filenames, sort them and remove
the one with the oldest suffix.
"""
self.stream.close()
# get the time that this sequence started at and make it a TimeTuple
t = self.rolloverAt - self.interval
timeTuple = time.localtime(t)
dfn = self.baseFilename + "." + time.strftime(self.suffix, timeTuple)
if os.path.exists(dfn):
os.remove(dfn)
os.rename(self.baseFilename, dfn)
if self.backupCount > 0:
# find the oldest log file and delete it
s = glob.glob(self.baseFilename + ".20*")
if len(s) > self.backupCount:
s.sort()
os.remove(s[0])
#print "%s -> %s" % (self.baseFilename, dfn)
if self.encoding:
self.stream = codecs.open(self.baseFilename, 'w', self.encoding)
else:
self.stream = open(self.baseFilename, 'w')
self.rolloverAt = int(time.time()) + self.interval
class SocketHandler(logging.Handler):
"""
A handler class which writes logging records, in pickle format, to
a streaming socket. The socket is kept open across logging calls.
If the peer resets it, an attempt is made to reconnect on the next call.
The pickle which is sent is that of the LogRecord's attribute dictionary
(__dict__), so that the receiver does not need to have the logging module
installed in order to process the logging event.
To unpickle the record at the receiving end into a LogRecord, use the
makeLogRecord function.
"""
def __init__(self, host, port):
"""
Initializes the handler with a specific host address and port.
The attribute 'closeOnError' is set to 1 - which means that if
a socket error occurs, the socket is silently closed and then
reopened on the next logging call.
"""
logging.Handler.__init__(self)
self.host = host
self.port = port
self.sock = None
self.closeOnError = 0
self.retryTime = None
#
# Exponential backoff parameters.
#
self.retryStart = 1.0
self.retryMax = 30.0
self.retryFactor = 2.0
def makeSocket(self):
"""
A factory method which allows subclasses to define the precise
type of socket they want.
"""
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
s.connect((self.host, self.port))
return s
def createSocket(self):
"""
Try to create a socket, using an exponential backoff with
a max retry time. Thanks to Robert Olson for the original patch
(SF #815911) which has been slightly refactored.
"""
now = time.time()
# Either retryTime is None, in which case this
# is the first time back after a disconnect, or
# we've waited long enough.
if self.retryTime is None:
attempt = 1
else:
attempt = (now >= self.retryTime)
if attempt:
try:
self.sock = self.makeSocket()
self.retryTime = None # next time, no delay before trying
except:
#Creation failed, so set the retry time and return.
if self.retryTime is None:
self.retryPeriod = self.retryStart
else:
self.retryPeriod = self.retryPeriod * self.retryFactor
if self.retryPeriod > self.retryMax:
self.retryPeriod = self.retryMax
self.retryTime = now + self.retryPeriod
def send(self, s):
"""
Send a pickled string to the socket.
This function allows for partial sends which can happen when the
network is busy.
"""
if self.sock is None:
self.createSocket()
#self.sock can be None either because we haven't reached the retry
#time yet, or because we have reached the retry time and retried,
#but are still unable to connect.
if self.sock:
try:
if hasattr(self.sock, "sendall"):
self.sock.sendall(s)
else:
sentsofar = 0
left = len(s)
while left > 0:
sent = self.sock.send(s[sentsofar:])
sentsofar = sentsofar + sent
left = left - sent
except socket.error:
self.sock.close()
self.sock = None # so we can call createSocket next time
def makePickle(self, record):
"""
Pickles the record in binary format with a length prefix, and
returns it ready for transmission across the socket.
"""
ei = record.exc_info
if ei:
dummy = self.format(record) # just to get traceback text into record.exc_text
record.exc_info = None # to avoid Unpickleable error
s = cPickle.dumps(record.__dict__, 1)
if ei:
record.exc_info = ei # for next handler
slen = struct.pack(">L", len(s))
return slen + s
def handleError(self, record):
"""
Handle an error during logging.
An error has occurred during logging. Most likely cause -
connection lost. Close the socket so that we can retry on the
next event.
"""
if self.closeOnError and self.sock:
self.sock.close()
self.sock = None #try to reconnect next time
else:
logging.Handler.handleError(self, record)
def emit(self, record):
"""
Emit a record.
Pickles the record and writes it to the socket in binary format.
If there is an error with the socket, silently drop the packet.
If there was a problem with the socket, re-establishes the
socket.
"""
try:
s = self.makePickle(record)
self.send(s)
except:
self.handleError(record)
def close(self):
"""
Closes the socket.
"""
if self.sock:
self.sock.close()
self.sock = None
logging.Handler.close(self)
class DatagramHandler(SocketHandler):
"""
A handler class which writes logging records, in pickle format, to
a datagram socket. The pickle which is sent is that of the LogRecord's
attribute dictionary (__dict__), so that the receiver does not need to
have the logging module installed in order to process the logging event.
To unpickle the record at the receiving end into a LogRecord, use the
makeLogRecord function.
"""
def __init__(self, host, port):
"""
Initializes the handler with a specific host address and port.
"""
SocketHandler.__init__(self, host, port)
self.closeOnError = 0
def makeSocket(self):
"""
The factory method of SocketHandler is here overridden to create
a UDP socket (SOCK_DGRAM).
"""
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM)
return s
def send(self, s):
"""
Send a pickled string to a socket.
This function no longer allows for partial sends which can happen
when the network is busy - UDP does not guarantee delivery and
can deliver packets out of sequence.
"""
if self.sock is None:
self.createSocket()
self.sock.sendto(s, (self.host, self.port))
class SysLogHandler(logging.Handler):
"""
A handler class which sends formatted logging records to a syslog
server. Based on Sam Rushing's syslog module:
http://www.nightmare.com/squirl/python-ext/misc/syslog.py
Contributed by Nicolas Untz (after which minor refactoring changes
have been made).
"""
# from <linux/sys/syslog.h>:
# ======================================================================
# priorities/facilities are encoded into a single 32-bit quantity, where
# the bottom 3 bits are the priority (0-7) and the top 28 bits are the
# facility (0-big number). Both the priorities and the facilities map
# roughly one-to-one to strings in the syslogd(8) source code. This
# mapping is included in this file.
#
# priorities (these are ordered)
LOG_EMERG = 0 # system is unusable
LOG_ALERT = 1 # action must be taken immediately
LOG_CRIT = 2 # critical conditions
LOG_ERR = 3 # error conditions
LOG_WARNING = 4 # warning conditions
LOG_NOTICE = 5 # normal but significant condition
LOG_INFO = 6 # informational
LOG_DEBUG = 7 # debug-level messages
# facility codes
LOG_KERN = 0 # kernel messages
LOG_USER = 1 # random user-level messages
LOG_MAIL = 2 # mail system
LOG_DAEMON = 3 # system daemons
LOG_AUTH = 4 # security/authorization messages
LOG_SYSLOG = 5 # messages generated internally by syslogd
LOG_LPR = 6 # line printer subsystem
LOG_NEWS = 7 # network news subsystem
LOG_UUCP = 8 # UUCP subsystem
LOG_CRON = 9 # clock daemon
LOG_AUTHPRIV = 10 # security/authorization messages (private)
# other codes through 15 reserved for system use
LOG_LOCAL0 = 16 # reserved for local use
LOG_LOCAL1 = 17 # reserved for local use
LOG_LOCAL2 = 18 # reserved for local use
LOG_LOCAL3 = 19 # reserved for local use
LOG_LOCAL4 = 20 # reserved for local use
LOG_LOCAL5 = 21 # reserved for local use
LOG_LOCAL6 = 22 # reserved for local use
LOG_LOCAL7 = 23 # reserved for local use
priority_names = {
"alert": LOG_ALERT,
"crit": LOG_CRIT,
"critical": LOG_CRIT,
"debug": LOG_DEBUG,
"emerg": LOG_EMERG,
"err": LOG_ERR,
"error": LOG_ERR, # DEPRECATED
"info": LOG_INFO,
"notice": LOG_NOTICE,
"panic": LOG_EMERG, # DEPRECATED
"warn": LOG_WARNING, # DEPRECATED
"warning": LOG_WARNING,
}
facility_names = {
"auth": LOG_AUTH,
"authpriv": LOG_AUTHPRIV,
"cron": LOG_CRON,
"daemon": LOG_DAEMON,
"kern": LOG_KERN,
"lpr": LOG_LPR,
"mail": LOG_MAIL,
"news": LOG_NEWS,
"security": LOG_AUTH, # DEPRECATED
"syslog": LOG_SYSLOG,
"user": LOG_USER,
"uucp": LOG_UUCP,
"local0": LOG_LOCAL0,
"local1": LOG_LOCAL1,
"local2": LOG_LOCAL2,
"local3": LOG_LOCAL3,
"local4": LOG_LOCAL4,
"local5": LOG_LOCAL5,
"local6": LOG_LOCAL6,
"local7": LOG_LOCAL7,
}
def __init__(self, address=('localhost', SYSLOG_UDP_PORT), facility=LOG_USER):
"""
Initialize a handler.
If address is specified as a string, UNIX socket is used.
If facility is not specified, LOG_USER is used.
"""
logging.Handler.__init__(self)
self.address = address
self.facility = facility
if type(address) == types.StringType:
self._connect_unixsocket(address)
self.unixsocket = 1
else:
self.socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM)
self.unixsocket = 0
self.formatter = None
def _connect_unixsocket(self, address):
self.socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_UNIX, socket.SOCK_DGRAM)
# syslog may require either DGRAM or STREAM sockets
try:
self.socket.connect(address)
except socket.error:
self.socket.close()
self.socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_UNIX, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
self.socket.connect(address)
# curious: when talking to the unix-domain '/dev/log' socket, a
# zero-terminator seems to be required. this string is placed
# into a class variable so that it can be overridden if
# necessary.
log_format_string = '<%d>%s\000'
def encodePriority (self, facility, priority):
"""
Encode the facility and priority. You can pass in strings or
integers - if strings are passed, the facility_names and
priority_names mapping dictionaries are used to convert them to
integers.
"""
if type(facility) == types.StringType:
facility = self.facility_names[facility]
if type(priority) == types.StringType:
priority = self.priority_names[priority]
return (facility << 3) | priority
def close (self):
"""
Closes the socket.
"""
if self.unixsocket:
self.socket.close()
logging.Handler.close(self)
def emit(self, record):
"""
Emit a record.
The record is formatted, and then sent to the syslog server. If
exception information is present, it is NOT sent to the server.
"""
msg = self.format(record)
"""
We need to convert record level to lowercase, maybe this will
change in the future.
"""
msg = self.log_format_string % (
self.encodePriority(self.facility,
string.lower(record.levelname)),
msg)
try:
if self.unixsocket:
try:
self.socket.send(msg)
except socket.error:
self._connect_unixsocket(self.address)
self.socket.send(msg)
else:
self.socket.sendto(msg, self.address)
except:
self.handleError(record)
class SMTPHandler(logging.Handler):
"""
A handler class which sends an SMTP email for each logging event.
"""
def __init__(self, mailhost, fromaddr, toaddrs, subject):
"""
Initialize the handler.
Initialize the instance with the from and to addresses and subject
line of the email. To specify a non-standard SMTP port, use the
(host, port) tuple format for the mailhost argument.
"""
logging.Handler.__init__(self)
if type(mailhost) == types.TupleType:
host, port = mailhost
self.mailhost = host
self.mailport = port
else:
self.mailhost = mailhost
self.mailport = None
self.fromaddr = fromaddr
if type(toaddrs) == types.StringType:
toaddrs = [toaddrs]
self.toaddrs = toaddrs
self.subject = subject
def getSubject(self, record):
"""
Determine the subject for the email.
If you want to specify a subject line which is record-dependent,
override this method.
"""
return self.subject
weekdayname = ['Mon', 'Tue', 'Wed', 'Thu', 'Fri', 'Sat', 'Sun']
monthname = [None,
'Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun',
'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec']
def date_time(self):
"""
Return the current date and time formatted for a MIME header.
Needed for Python 1.5.2 (no email package available)
"""
year, month, day, hh, mm, ss, wd, y, z = time.gmtime(time.time())
s = "%s, %02d %3s %4d %02d:%02d:%02d GMT" % (
self.weekdayname[wd],
day, self.monthname[month], year,
hh, mm, ss)
return s
def emit(self, record):
"""
Emit a record.
Format the record and send it to the specified addressees.
"""
try:
import smtplib
try:
from email.Utils import formatdate
except:
formatdate = self.date_time
port = self.mailport
if not port:
port = smtplib.SMTP_PORT
smtp = smtplib.SMTP(self.mailhost, port)
msg = self.format(record)
msg = "From: %s\r\nTo: %s\r\nSubject: %s\r\nDate: %s\r\n\r\n%s" % (
self.fromaddr,
string.join(self.toaddrs, ","),
self.getSubject(record),
formatdate(), msg)
smtp.sendmail(self.fromaddr, self.toaddrs, msg)
smtp.quit()
except:
self.handleError(record)
class NTEventLogHandler(logging.Handler):
"""
A handler class which sends events to the NT Event Log. Adds a
registry entry for the specified application name. If no dllname is
provided, win32service.pyd (which contains some basic message
placeholders) is used. Note that use of these placeholders will make
your event logs big, as the entire message source is held in the log.
If you want slimmer logs, you have to pass in the name of your own DLL
which contains the message definitions you want to use in the event log.
"""
def __init__(self, appname, dllname=None, logtype="Application"):
logging.Handler.__init__(self)
try:
import win32evtlogutil, win32evtlog
self.appname = appname
self._welu = win32evtlogutil
if not dllname:
dllname = os.path.split(self._welu.__file__)
dllname = os.path.split(dllname[0])
dllname = os.path.join(dllname[0], r'win32service.pyd')
self.dllname = dllname
self.logtype = logtype
self._welu.AddSourceToRegistry(appname, dllname, logtype)
self.deftype = win32evtlog.EVENTLOG_ERROR_TYPE
self.typemap = {
logging.DEBUG : win32evtlog.EVENTLOG_INFORMATION_TYPE,
logging.INFO : win32evtlog.EVENTLOG_INFORMATION_TYPE,
logging.WARNING : win32evtlog.EVENTLOG_WARNING_TYPE,
logging.ERROR : win32evtlog.EVENTLOG_ERROR_TYPE,
logging.CRITICAL: win32evtlog.EVENTLOG_ERROR_TYPE,
}
except ImportError:
print "The Python Win32 extensions for NT (service, event "\
"logging) appear not to be available."
self._welu = None
def getMessageID(self, record):
"""
Return the message ID for the event record. If you are using your
own messages, you could do this by having the msg passed to the
logger being an ID rather than a formatting string. Then, in here,
you could use a dictionary lookup to get the message ID. This
version returns 1, which is the base message ID in win32service.pyd.
"""
return 1
def getEventCategory(self, record):
"""
Return the event category for the record.
Override this if you want to specify your own categories. This version
returns 0.
"""
return 0
def getEventType(self, record):
"""
Return the event type for the record.
Override this if you want to specify your own types. This version does
a mapping using the handler's typemap attribute, which is set up in
__init__() to a dictionary which contains mappings for DEBUG, INFO,
WARNING, ERROR and CRITICAL. If you are using your own levels you will
either need to override this method or place a suitable dictionary in
the handler's typemap attribute.
"""
return self.typemap.get(record.levelno, self.deftype)
def emit(self, record):
"""
Emit a record.
Determine the message ID, event category and event type. Then
log the message in the NT event log.
"""
if self._welu:
try:
id = self.getMessageID(record)
cat = self.getEventCategory(record)
type = self.getEventType(record)
msg = self.format(record)
self._welu.ReportEvent(self.appname, id, cat, type, [msg])
except:
self.handleError(record)
def close(self):
"""
Clean up this handler.
You can remove the application name from the registry as a
source of event log entries. However, if you do this, you will
not be able to see the events as you intended in the Event Log
Viewer - it needs to be able to access the registry to get the
DLL name.
"""
#self._welu.RemoveSourceFromRegistry(self.appname, self.logtype)
logging.Handler.close(self)
class HTTPHandler(logging.Handler):
"""
A class which sends records to a Web server, using either GET or
POST semantics.
"""
def __init__(self, host, url, method="GET"):
"""
Initialize the instance with the host, the request URL, and the method
("GET" or "POST")
"""
logging.Handler.__init__(self)
method = string.upper(method)
if method not in ["GET", "POST"]:
raise ValueError, "method must be GET or POST"
self.host = host
self.url = url
self.method = method
def mapLogRecord(self, record):
"""
Default implementation of mapping the log record into a dict
that is sent as the CGI data. Overwrite in your class.
Contributed by Franz Glasner.
"""
return record.__dict__
def emit(self, record):
"""
Emit a record.
Send the record to the Web server as an URL-encoded dictionary
"""
try:
import httplib, urllib
h = httplib.HTTP(self.host)
url = self.url
data = urllib.urlencode(self.mapLogRecord(record))
if self.method == "GET":
if (string.find(url, '?') >= 0):
sep = '&'
else:
sep = '?'
url = url + "%c%s" % (sep, data)
h.putrequest(self.method, url)
if self.method == "POST":
h.putheader("Content-length", str(len(data)))
h.endheaders()
if self.method == "POST":
h.send(data)
h.getreply() #can't do anything with the result
except:
self.handleError(record)
class BufferingHandler(logging.Handler):
"""
A handler class which buffers logging records in memory. Whenever each
record is added to the buffer, a check is made to see if the buffer should
be flushed. If it should, then flush() is expected to do what's needed.
"""
def __init__(self, capacity):
"""
Initialize the handler with the buffer size.
"""
logging.Handler.__init__(self)
self.capacity = capacity
self.buffer = []
def shouldFlush(self, record):
"""
Should the handler flush its buffer?
Returns true if the buffer is up to capacity. This method can be
overridden to implement custom flushing strategies.
"""
return (len(self.buffer) >= self.capacity)
def emit(self, record):
"""
Emit a record.
Append the record. If shouldFlush() tells us to, call flush() to process
the buffer.
"""
self.buffer.append(record)
if self.shouldFlush(record):
self.flush()
def flush(self):
"""
Override to implement custom flushing behaviour.
This version just zaps the buffer to empty.
"""
self.buffer = []
def close(self):
"""
Close the handler.
This version just flushes and chains to the parent class' close().
"""
self.flush()
logging.Handler.close(self)
class MemoryHandler(BufferingHandler):
"""
A handler class which buffers logging records in memory, periodically
flushing them to a target handler. Flushing occurs whenever the buffer
is full, or when an event of a certain severity or greater is seen.
"""
def __init__(self, capacity, flushLevel=logging.ERROR, target=None):
"""
Initialize the handler with the buffer size, the level at which
flushing should occur and an optional target.
Note that without a target being set either here or via setTarget(),
a MemoryHandler is no use to anyone!
"""
BufferingHandler.__init__(self, capacity)
self.flushLevel = flushLevel
self.target = target
def shouldFlush(self, record):
"""
Check for buffer full or a record at the flushLevel or higher.
"""
return (len(self.buffer) >= self.capacity) or \
(record.levelno >= self.flushLevel)
def setTarget(self, target):
"""
Set the target handler for this handler.
"""
self.target = target
def flush(self):
"""
For a MemoryHandler, flushing means just sending the buffered
records to the target, if there is one. Override if you want
different behaviour.
"""
if self.target:
for record in self.buffer:
self.target.handle(record)
self.buffer = []
def close(self):
"""
Flush, set the target to None and lose the buffer.
"""
self.flush()
self.target = None
BufferingHandler.close(self)
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