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ValueFlows economic resource coordination software: Holochain implementation

A resource accounting framework and suite of apps for building economic coordination applications of any kind.

Implements a Resource / Event / Agent (REA) network accounting system, based on the ValueFlows protocol and built on Holochain.


This Holochain application is actually a suite of cooperating applications, similar to 'microservices' in traditional client/server web architecture. Each app is packaged as a 'DNA'- a concept specific to Holochain apps which essentially refers to a content-addressable network with its own application logic; in other words, Holochain apps are protocols defined as self-contained code bundles and are referenced by the hash of that code.

HoloREA is built to align with the Open App Ecosystem's ideologies and goals as well as that of the Free Software Movement. Thus HoloREA's 'DNAs' can be thought of as a framework for composing more complex end-user Holochain apps. For example, you might create a Holochain app to manage the internal logic of your cooperative or business and have it publish events out to separate HoloREA 'observation' networks in order to share resources with distributors and suppliers. You might also choose to swap out HoloREA's 'agreements' module with your own logic for managing agreements; or even combine HoloREA's own modules in nonstandard arrangements, like having multiple separate 'observation' modules communicating with a shared 'planning' space.

Repository structure

  • example/ is filled with end-user applications built on the HoloREA framework.
  • happs/ contains subdirectories corresponding to separate Holochain app DNA packages, which expose their data as independent, isolated DHTs. Each DNA is composed of multiple zomes which describe semi-independent bits of functionality within that app DNA.
  • lib/ contains library code that is used by the various hApps (Holochain apps). Note that shared code is necessary to facilitate sharing of data between DHTs, as the de/serialisation logic is defined by Rust structs- hence this separation.
    • hdk_graph_helpers/ is the result of abstracting away common functionality used in zome callback handlers to reduce boilerplate.
    • vf_core/ contains core record structure types and type aliases for defining & linking records.
    • vf_*/ the other folders in this directory correspond to the actual ValueFlows record structures and their behaviours, especially conversions.
  • modules/ is home to the JavaScript modules used in binding the Holochain backend to UIs, servers etc
    • vf-graphql/ is the ValueFlows reference spec, used as the schema.
    • vf-graphql-holochain/ contains the complete GraphQL schema adapter with bindings to Holochain DNA conductors (which expose the app DNAs defined in happs/).
  • test/ contains JavaScript integration tests for the system as a whole— they cover zome API tests and interactions between different app DHTs.
  • scripts/ just has utility script files used for DevOps tasks and configuring the repo.
  • The NPM scripts in package.json at the top level of the repo are used to orchestrate test commands & run the apps for development. Please see the file for reference.


  1. Ensure you have all necessary required software installed. It is particularly important that you have Nix available in your $PATH if you wish to use the standard setup, otherwise advanced setup via Rustup and Cargo will be attempted.
  2. Run nix-shell in the root of this repo to boot and enter the Nix environment.
  3. Run yarn from this directory to bootstrap the repo.

Once configured, you should run nix-shell any time you're working on this project to bring all tooling online.


Once installation has completed you can run nix-shell followed by npm start to boot up the following services:

  • GraphiQL query interface backed by the ValueFlows GraphQL spec at http://localhost:3000
  • Holochain DNA HTTP interface at http://localhost:4000
  • Holochain DNA websocket RPC interface at ws://localhost:4001
  • TypeScript compiler daemon for rebuilding vf-graphql-holochain browser module upon changes


Rather than npm start you can also run npm run dev, which will boot up some listeners for triggering builds and re-running tests in response to code changes automatically. To prevent the react-scripts dev server from hiding logs, you may want to run 3 separate terminals for the 3 daemon commands (dht, ui and dev:graphql-adapter) independently; and call npm run build and re-run tests manually as needed. Be sure to restart the dht command after any Rust compilation.

Running all integration tests in the test directory is accomplished with npm run test:integration. To run specific tests, use npx tape test/**/*.js substituting a path to an individual file.

To get logging output from the DNA code that is visible in tape tests, run any test commands with the environment variable VERBOSE_DNA_DEBUG=1 set, and use the following Rust code:

hdk::debug(format!("{:?}", something));

A nice equivalent for JavaScript is:

console.log(require('util').inspect(something, { depth: null, colors: true }))

For a complete list of available commands, see package.json's scripts section.


For information on our workflow and contribution guidelines, see

Developers wishing to contribute should also refer to recommended dev tools for assistance in configuring your workstation for the most streamlined and pleasant development experience.

Known issues

  • If you get Bad owner or permissions on $HOME/.ssh/config when attempting to use git remote commands or SSH from within the Nix shell, ensure your ~/.ssh/config has 0644 permissions and not 0664.


See the ecosystem wiki for more information.


Licensed under an Apache 2.0 license.

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