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/*
* QEMU OSS audio driver
*
* Copyright (c) 2003-2005 Vassili Karpov (malc)
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#ifdef __OpenBSD__
#include <soundcard.h>
#else
#include <sys/soundcard.h>
#endif
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "audio.h"
#define AUDIO_CAP "oss"
#include "audio_int.h"
typedef struct OSSVoiceOut {
HWVoiceOut hw;
void *pcm_buf;
int fd;
int nfrags;
int fragsize;
int mmapped;
int old_optr;
} OSSVoiceOut;
typedef struct OSSVoiceIn {
HWVoiceIn hw;
void *pcm_buf;
int fd;
int nfrags;
int fragsize;
int old_optr;
} OSSVoiceIn;
static struct {
int try_mmap;
int nfrags;
int fragsize;
const char *devpath_out;
const char *devpath_in;
int debug;
} conf = {
.try_mmap = 0,
.nfrags = 4,
.fragsize = 4096,
.devpath_out = "/dev/dsp",
.devpath_in = "/dev/dsp",
.debug = 0
};
struct oss_params {
int freq;
audfmt_e fmt;
int nchannels;
int nfrags;
int fragsize;
};
static void GCC_FMT_ATTR (2, 3) oss_logerr (int err, const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list ap;
va_start (ap, fmt);
AUD_vlog (AUDIO_CAP, fmt, ap);
va_end (ap);
AUD_log (AUDIO_CAP, "Reason: %s\n", strerror (err));
}
static void GCC_FMT_ATTR (3, 4) oss_logerr2 (
int err,
const char *typ,
const char *fmt,
...
)
{
va_list ap;
AUD_log (AUDIO_CAP, "Could not initialize %s\n", typ);
va_start (ap, fmt);
AUD_vlog (AUDIO_CAP, fmt, ap);
va_end (ap);
AUD_log (AUDIO_CAP, "Reason: %s\n", strerror (err));
}
static void oss_anal_close (int *fdp)
{
int err = close (*fdp);
if (err) {
oss_logerr (errno, "Failed to close file(fd=%d)\n", *fdp);
}
*fdp = -1;
}
static int oss_write (SWVoiceOut *sw, void *buf, int len)
{
return audio_pcm_sw_write (sw, buf, len);
}
static int aud_to_ossfmt (audfmt_e fmt)
{
switch (fmt) {
case AUD_FMT_S8:
return AFMT_S8;
case AUD_FMT_U8:
return AFMT_U8;
case AUD_FMT_S16:
return AFMT_S16_LE;
case AUD_FMT_U16:
return AFMT_U16_LE;
default:
dolog ("Internal logic error: Bad audio format %d\n", fmt);
#ifdef DEBUG_AUDIO
abort ();
#endif
return AFMT_U8;
}
}
static int oss_to_audfmt (int ossfmt, audfmt_e *fmt, int *endianness)
{
switch (ossfmt) {
case AFMT_S8:
*endianness = 0;
*fmt = AUD_FMT_S8;
break;
case AFMT_U8:
*endianness = 0;
*fmt = AUD_FMT_U8;
break;
case AFMT_S16_LE:
*endianness = 0;
*fmt = AUD_FMT_S16;
break;
case AFMT_U16_LE:
*endianness = 0;
*fmt = AUD_FMT_U16;
break;
case AFMT_S16_BE:
*endianness = 1;
*fmt = AUD_FMT_S16;
break;
case AFMT_U16_BE:
*endianness = 1;
*fmt = AUD_FMT_U16;
break;
default:
dolog ("Unrecognized audio format %d\n", ossfmt);
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
#if defined DEBUG_MISMATCHES || defined DEBUG
static void oss_dump_info (struct oss_params *req, struct oss_params *obt)
{
dolog ("parameter | requested value | obtained value\n");
dolog ("format | %10d | %10d\n", req->fmt, obt->fmt);
dolog ("channels | %10d | %10d\n",
req->nchannels, obt->nchannels);
dolog ("frequency | %10d | %10d\n", req->freq, obt->freq);
dolog ("nfrags | %10d | %10d\n", req->nfrags, obt->nfrags);
dolog ("fragsize | %10d | %10d\n",
req->fragsize, obt->fragsize);
}
#endif
static int oss_open (int in, struct oss_params *req,
struct oss_params *obt, int *pfd)
{
int fd;
int mmmmssss;
audio_buf_info abinfo;
int fmt, freq, nchannels;
const char *dspname = in ? conf.devpath_in : conf.devpath_out;
const char *typ = in ? "ADC" : "DAC";
fd = open (dspname, (in ? O_RDONLY : O_WRONLY) | O_NONBLOCK);
if (-1 == fd) {
oss_logerr2 (errno, typ, "Failed to open `%s'\n", dspname);
return -1;
}
freq = req->freq;
nchannels = req->nchannels;
fmt = req->fmt;
if (ioctl (fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SAMPLESIZE, &fmt)) {
oss_logerr2 (errno, typ, "Failed to set sample size %d\n", req->fmt);
goto err;
}
if (ioctl (fd, SNDCTL_DSP_CHANNELS, &nchannels)) {
oss_logerr2 (errno, typ, "Failed to set number of channels %d\n",
req->nchannels);
goto err;
}
if (ioctl (fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SPEED, &freq)) {
oss_logerr2 (errno, typ, "Failed to set frequency %d\n", req->freq);
goto err;
}
if (ioctl (fd, SNDCTL_DSP_NONBLOCK, NULL)) {
oss_logerr2 (errno, typ, "Failed to set non-blocking mode\n");
goto err;
}
mmmmssss = (req->nfrags << 16) | lsbindex (req->fragsize);
if (ioctl (fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETFRAGMENT, &mmmmssss)) {
oss_logerr2 (errno, typ, "Failed to set buffer length (%d, %d)\n",
req->nfrags, req->fragsize);
goto err;
}
if (ioctl (fd, in ? SNDCTL_DSP_GETISPACE : SNDCTL_DSP_GETOSPACE, &abinfo)) {
oss_logerr2 (errno, typ, "Failed to get buffer length\n");
goto err;
}
if (!abinfo.fragstotal || !abinfo.fragsize) {
AUD_log (AUDIO_CAP, "Returned bogus buffer information(%d, %d) for %s\n",
abinfo.fragstotal, abinfo.fragsize, typ);
goto err;
}
obt->fmt = fmt;
obt->nchannels = nchannels;
obt->freq = freq;
obt->nfrags = abinfo.fragstotal;
obt->fragsize = abinfo.fragsize;
*pfd = fd;
#ifdef DEBUG_MISMATCHES
if ((req->fmt != obt->fmt) ||
(req->nchannels != obt->nchannels) ||
(req->freq != obt->freq) ||
(req->fragsize != obt->fragsize) ||
(req->nfrags != obt->nfrags)) {
dolog ("Audio parameters mismatch\n");
oss_dump_info (req, obt);
}
#endif
#ifdef DEBUG
oss_dump_info (req, obt);
#endif
return 0;
err:
oss_anal_close (&fd);
return -1;
}
static int oss_run_out (HWVoiceOut *hw)
{
OSSVoiceOut *oss = (OSSVoiceOut *) hw;
int err, rpos, live, decr;
int samples;
uint8_t *dst;
struct st_sample *src;
struct audio_buf_info abinfo;
struct count_info cntinfo;
int bufsize;
live = audio_pcm_hw_get_live_out (hw);
if (!live) {
return 0;
}
bufsize = hw->samples << hw->info.shift;
if (oss->mmapped) {
int bytes;
err = ioctl (oss->fd, SNDCTL_DSP_GETOPTR, &cntinfo);
if (err < 0) {
oss_logerr (errno, "SNDCTL_DSP_GETOPTR failed\n");
return 0;
}
if (cntinfo.ptr == oss->old_optr) {
if (abs (hw->samples - live) < 64) {
dolog ("warning: Overrun\n");
}
return 0;
}
if (cntinfo.ptr > oss->old_optr) {
bytes = cntinfo.ptr - oss->old_optr;
}
else {
bytes = bufsize + cntinfo.ptr - oss->old_optr;
}
decr = audio_MIN (bytes >> hw->info.shift, live);
}
else {
err = ioctl (oss->fd, SNDCTL_DSP_GETOSPACE, &abinfo);
if (err < 0) {
oss_logerr (errno, "SNDCTL_DSP_GETOPTR failed\n");
return 0;
}
if (abinfo.bytes > bufsize) {
if (conf.debug) {
dolog ("warning: Invalid available size, size=%d bufsize=%d\n"
"please report your OS/audio hw to malc@pulsesoft.com\n",
abinfo.bytes, bufsize);
}
abinfo.bytes = bufsize;
}
if (abinfo.bytes < 0) {
if (conf.debug) {
dolog ("warning: Invalid available size, size=%d bufsize=%d\n",
abinfo.bytes, bufsize);
}
return 0;
}
decr = audio_MIN (abinfo.bytes >> hw->info.shift, live);
if (!decr) {
return 0;
}
}
samples = decr;
rpos = hw->rpos;
while (samples) {
int left_till_end_samples = hw->samples - rpos;
int convert_samples = audio_MIN (samples, left_till_end_samples);
src = hw->mix_buf + rpos;
dst = advance (oss->pcm_buf, rpos << hw->info.shift);
hw->clip (dst, src, convert_samples);
if (!oss->mmapped) {
int written;
written = write (oss->fd, dst, convert_samples << hw->info.shift);
/* XXX: follow errno recommendations ? */
if (written == -1) {
oss_logerr (
errno,
"Failed to write %d bytes of audio data from %p\n",
convert_samples << hw->info.shift,
dst
);
continue;
}
if (written != convert_samples << hw->info.shift) {
int wsamples = written >> hw->info.shift;
int wbytes = wsamples << hw->info.shift;
if (wbytes != written) {
dolog ("warning: Misaligned write %d (requested %d), "
"alignment %d\n",
wbytes, written, hw->info.align + 1);
}
decr -= wsamples;
rpos = (rpos + wsamples) % hw->samples;
break;
}
}
rpos = (rpos + convert_samples) % hw->samples;
samples -= convert_samples;
}
if (oss->mmapped) {
oss->old_optr = cntinfo.ptr;
}
hw->rpos = rpos;
return decr;
}
static void oss_fini_out (HWVoiceOut *hw)
{
int err;
OSSVoiceOut *oss = (OSSVoiceOut *) hw;
ldebug ("oss_fini\n");
oss_anal_close (&oss->fd);
if (oss->pcm_buf) {
if (oss->mmapped) {
err = munmap (oss->pcm_buf, hw->samples << hw->info.shift);
if (err) {
oss_logerr (errno, "Failed to unmap buffer %p, size %d\n",
oss->pcm_buf, hw->samples << hw->info.shift);
}
}
else {
qemu_free (oss->pcm_buf);
}
oss->pcm_buf = NULL;
}
}
static int oss_init_out (HWVoiceOut *hw, struct audsettings *as)
{
OSSVoiceOut *oss = (OSSVoiceOut *) hw;
struct oss_params req, obt;
int endianness;
int err;
int fd;
audfmt_e effective_fmt;
struct audsettings obt_as;
oss->fd = -1;
req.fmt = aud_to_ossfmt (as->fmt);
req.freq = as->freq;
req.nchannels = as->nchannels;
req.fragsize = conf.fragsize;
req.nfrags = conf.nfrags;
if (oss_open (0, &req, &obt, &fd)) {
return -1;
}
err = oss_to_audfmt (obt.fmt, &effective_fmt, &endianness);
if (err) {
oss_anal_close (&fd);
return -1;
}
obt_as.freq = obt.freq;
obt_as.nchannels = obt.nchannels;
obt_as.fmt = effective_fmt;
obt_as.endianness = endianness;
audio_pcm_init_info (&hw->info, &obt_as);
oss->nfrags = obt.nfrags;
oss->fragsize = obt.fragsize;
if (obt.nfrags * obt.fragsize & hw->info.align) {
dolog ("warning: Misaligned DAC buffer, size %d, alignment %d\n",
obt.nfrags * obt.fragsize, hw->info.align + 1);
}
hw->samples = (obt.nfrags * obt.fragsize) >> hw->info.shift;
oss->mmapped = 0;
if (conf.try_mmap) {
oss->pcm_buf = mmap (
0,
hw->samples << hw->info.shift,
PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
MAP_SHARED,
fd,
0
);
if (oss->pcm_buf == MAP_FAILED) {
oss_logerr (errno, "Failed to map %d bytes of DAC\n",
hw->samples << hw->info.shift);
} else {
int err;
int trig = 0;
if (ioctl (fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETTRIGGER, &trig) < 0) {
oss_logerr (errno, "SNDCTL_DSP_SETTRIGGER 0 failed\n");
}
else {
trig = PCM_ENABLE_OUTPUT;
if (ioctl (fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETTRIGGER, &trig) < 0) {
oss_logerr (
errno,
"SNDCTL_DSP_SETTRIGGER PCM_ENABLE_OUTPUT failed\n"
);
}
else {
oss->mmapped = 1;
}
}
if (!oss->mmapped) {
err = munmap (oss->pcm_buf, hw->samples << hw->info.shift);
if (err) {
oss_logerr (errno, "Failed to unmap buffer %p size %d\n",
oss->pcm_buf, hw->samples << hw->info.shift);
}
}
}
}
if (!oss->mmapped) {
oss->pcm_buf = audio_calloc (
AUDIO_FUNC,
hw->samples,
1 << hw->info.shift
);
if (!oss->pcm_buf) {
dolog (
"Could not allocate DAC buffer (%d samples, each %d bytes)\n",
hw->samples,
1 << hw->info.shift
);
oss_anal_close (&fd);
return -1;
}
}
oss->fd = fd;
return 0;
}
static int oss_ctl_out (HWVoiceOut *hw, int cmd, ...)
{
int trig;
OSSVoiceOut *oss = (OSSVoiceOut *) hw;
if (!oss->mmapped) {
return 0;
}
switch (cmd) {
case VOICE_ENABLE:
ldebug ("enabling voice\n");
audio_pcm_info_clear_buf (&hw->info, oss->pcm_buf, hw->samples);
trig = PCM_ENABLE_OUTPUT;
if (ioctl (oss->fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETTRIGGER, &trig) < 0) {
oss_logerr (
errno,
"SNDCTL_DSP_SETTRIGGER PCM_ENABLE_OUTPUT failed\n"
);
return -1;
}
break;
case VOICE_DISABLE:
ldebug ("disabling voice\n");
trig = 0;
if (ioctl (oss->fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETTRIGGER, &trig) < 0) {
oss_logerr (errno, "SNDCTL_DSP_SETTRIGGER 0 failed\n");
return -1;
}
break;
}
return 0;
}
static int oss_init_in (HWVoiceIn *hw, struct audsettings *as)
{
OSSVoiceIn *oss = (OSSVoiceIn *) hw;
struct oss_params req, obt;
int endianness;
int err;
int fd;
audfmt_e effective_fmt;
struct audsettings obt_as;
oss->fd = -1;
req.fmt = aud_to_ossfmt (as->fmt);
req.freq = as->freq;
req.nchannels = as->nchannels;
req.fragsize = conf.fragsize;
req.nfrags = conf.nfrags;
if (oss_open (1, &req, &obt, &fd)) {
return -1;
}
err = oss_to_audfmt (obt.fmt, &effective_fmt, &endianness);
if (err) {
oss_anal_close (&fd);
return -1;
}
obt_as.freq = obt.freq;
obt_as.nchannels = obt.nchannels;
obt_as.fmt = effective_fmt;
obt_as.endianness = endianness;
audio_pcm_init_info (&hw->info, &obt_as);
oss->nfrags = obt.nfrags;
oss->fragsize = obt.fragsize;
if (obt.nfrags * obt.fragsize & hw->info.align) {
dolog ("warning: Misaligned ADC buffer, size %d, alignment %d\n",
obt.nfrags * obt.fragsize, hw->info.align + 1);
}
hw->samples = (obt.nfrags * obt.fragsize) >> hw->info.shift;
oss->pcm_buf = audio_calloc (AUDIO_FUNC, hw->samples, 1 << hw->info.shift);
if (!oss->pcm_buf) {
dolog ("Could not allocate ADC buffer (%d samples, each %d bytes)\n",
hw->samples, 1 << hw->info.shift);
oss_anal_close (&fd);
return -1;
}
oss->fd = fd;
return 0;
}
static void oss_fini_in (HWVoiceIn *hw)
{
OSSVoiceIn *oss = (OSSVoiceIn *) hw;
oss_anal_close (&oss->fd);
if (oss->pcm_buf) {
qemu_free (oss->pcm_buf);
oss->pcm_buf = NULL;
}
}
static int oss_run_in (HWVoiceIn *hw)
{
OSSVoiceIn *oss = (OSSVoiceIn *) hw;
int hwshift = hw->info.shift;
int i;
int live = audio_pcm_hw_get_live_in (hw);
int dead = hw->samples - live;
size_t read_samples = 0;
struct {
int add;
int len;
} bufs[2] = {
{ hw->wpos, 0 },
{ 0, 0 }
};
if (!dead) {
return 0;
}
if (hw->wpos + dead > hw->samples) {
bufs[0].len = (hw->samples - hw->wpos) << hwshift;
bufs[1].len = (dead - (hw->samples - hw->wpos)) << hwshift;
}
else {
bufs[0].len = dead << hwshift;
}
for (i = 0; i < 2; ++i) {
ssize_t nread;
if (bufs[i].len) {
void *p = advance (oss->pcm_buf, bufs[i].add << hwshift);
nread = read (oss->fd, p, bufs[i].len);
if (nread > 0) {
if (nread & hw->info.align) {
dolog ("warning: Misaligned read %zd (requested %d), "
"alignment %d\n", nread, bufs[i].add << hwshift,
hw->info.align + 1);
}
read_samples += nread >> hwshift;
hw->conv (hw->conv_buf + bufs[i].add, p, nread >> hwshift,
&nominal_volume);
}
if (bufs[i].len - nread) {
if (nread == -1) {
switch (errno) {
case EINTR:
case EAGAIN:
break;
default:
oss_logerr (
errno,
"Failed to read %d bytes of audio (to %p)\n",
bufs[i].len, p
);
break;
}
}
break;
}
}
}
hw->wpos = (hw->wpos + read_samples) % hw->samples;
return read_samples;
}
static int oss_read (SWVoiceIn *sw, void *buf, int size)
{
return audio_pcm_sw_read (sw, buf, size);
}
static int oss_ctl_in (HWVoiceIn *hw, int cmd, ...)
{
(void) hw;
(void) cmd;
return 0;
}
static void *oss_audio_init (void)
{
return &conf;
}
static void oss_audio_fini (void *opaque)
{
(void) opaque;
}
static struct audio_option oss_options[] = {
{"FRAGSIZE", AUD_OPT_INT, &conf.fragsize,
"Fragment size in bytes", NULL, 0},
{"NFRAGS", AUD_OPT_INT, &conf.nfrags,
"Number of fragments", NULL, 0},
{"MMAP", AUD_OPT_BOOL, &conf.try_mmap,
"Try using memory mapped access", NULL, 0},
{"DAC_DEV", AUD_OPT_STR, &conf.devpath_out,
"Path to DAC device", NULL, 0},
{"ADC_DEV", AUD_OPT_STR, &conf.devpath_in,
"Path to ADC device", NULL, 0},
{"DEBUG", AUD_OPT_BOOL, &conf.debug,
"Turn on some debugging messages", NULL, 0},
{NULL, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0}
};
static struct audio_pcm_ops oss_pcm_ops = {
oss_init_out,
oss_fini_out,
oss_run_out,
oss_write,
oss_ctl_out,
oss_init_in,
oss_fini_in,
oss_run_in,
oss_read,
oss_ctl_in
};
struct audio_driver oss_audio_driver = {
INIT_FIELD (name = ) "oss",
INIT_FIELD (descr = ) "OSS http://www.opensound.com",
INIT_FIELD (options = ) oss_options,
INIT_FIELD (init = ) oss_audio_init,
INIT_FIELD (fini = ) oss_audio_fini,
INIT_FIELD (pcm_ops = ) &oss_pcm_ops,
INIT_FIELD (can_be_default = ) 1,
INIT_FIELD (max_voices_out = ) INT_MAX,
INIT_FIELD (max_voices_in = ) INT_MAX,
INIT_FIELD (voice_size_out = ) sizeof (OSSVoiceOut),
INIT_FIELD (voice_size_in = ) sizeof (OSSVoiceIn)
};
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