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Horovod with MXNet

Horovod supports Apache MXNet and regular TensorFlow in similar ways.

See full training MNIST and ImageNet examples. The script below provides a simple skeleton of code block based on the Apache MXNet Gluon API.

import mxnet as mx
import horovod.mxnet as hvd
from mxnet import autograd

# Initialize Horovod
hvd.init()

# Pin GPU to be used to process local rank
context = mx.gpu(hvd.local_rank())
num_workers = hvd.size()

# Build model
model = ...
model.hybridize()

# Create optimizer
optimizer_params = ...
opt = mx.optimizer.create('sgd', **optimizer_params)

# Initialize parameters
model.initialize(initializer, ctx=context)

# Fetch and broadcast parameters
params = model.collect_params()
if params is not None:
    hvd.broadcast_parameters(params, root_rank=0)

# Create DistributedTrainer, a subclass of gluon.Trainer
trainer = hvd.DistributedTrainer(params, opt)

# Create loss function
loss_fn = ...

# Train model
for epoch in range(num_epoch):
    train_data.reset()
    for nbatch, batch in enumerate(train_data, start=1):
        data = batch.data[0].as_in_context(context)
        label = batch.label[0].as_in_context(context)
        with autograd.record():
            output = model(data.astype(dtype, copy=False))
            loss = loss_fn(output, label)
        loss.backward()
        trainer.step(batch_size)

Note

The known issue when running Horovod with MXNet on a Linux system with GCC version 5.X and above has been resolved. Please use MXNet 1.4.1 or later releases with Horovod 0.16.2 or later releases to avoid the GCC incompatibility issue. MXNet 1.4.0 release works with Horovod 0.16.0 and 0.16.1 releases with the GCC incompatibility issue unsolved.

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