Hospice, Inc., Data
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README.md
hospice_deficiencies_export.csv
hospice_deficiency_lookup_export.csv
hospices_export.csv
loc_export.json

README.md

This repo contains processed data used for publication with Hospice, Inc., published by The Huffington Post on June 19, 2014. This data was used in part to identify troubled hospices detailed in a Dec. 30, 2014 story.

The original database was sent by The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services on April 1, 2014, in response to a Freedom of Information Act request filed by The Huffington Post. An updated version was received on Oct. 24, 2014.

##Fields and Files

The hospices_export.csv file describes hospice providers where at least one full "certification" survey occurred between January 2, 2004 and Oct. 16, 2014. Fields are as follows:

  1. Provider ID: The field used by CMS/CASPER applications to uniquely identify a provider (hospice, in this case)
  2. Name: Name of the hospice
  3. State
  4. City
  5. Address
  6. ZIP Code
  7. Ownership type - simple: A grouped categorization of the CMS provider owner type. Options are nonprofit, for-profit, government, other
  8. Ownership type - detailed: The CMS/Casper field fully describing the owner type
  9. Total surveys: The number of all surveys conducted by state inspectors. The Office of the Inspector General recommends that hospices be fully inspected and certified once every six years. CMS maintains three survey classifications: standard/certification, complaint and federal monitoring surveys.
  10. Total certification surveys: The number of full government certification surveys.
  11. Total complaint surveys: The number of complaint surveys.
  12. Date of last certification survey: The date of the most recent certification survey. This field has been updated to reflect certification surveys conducted by private accreditation organizations. More here.
  13. Total deficiencies: Total deficiency (violation) count from all three types of surveys.
  14. Complaint deficiencies: Total deficiencies from complaint surveys.
  15. Certification deficiencies: Total deficiencies from certification surveys.
  16. FMS deficiencies: Total deficiencies from federal monitoring surveys.
  17. Is active: Indicates if the hospice is still actively providing care.
  18. Deemed: Indicates if the hospice is inspected by an accrediting organization.

Because the data is nested, some fields must be looked up in additional files.

Deficiencies for each hospice are listed in the hospice_deficiencies_export.csv file. Use the Provider ID found in hospices_export.csv to lookup all deficiencies associated with a given hospice. This file describes a deficiency as:

  1. Provider ID: A hospice’s provider id.
  2. Date: Date of the survey
  3. Code: The deficiency code. For the complete details use this value to lookup a short and full descriptions listed in hospice_deficiency_lookup_export.csv
  4. Survey type: The type of survey conducted when the deficiency was recorded. The three possible values S (standard/certification survey), C (complaint survey) and F (federal monitoring survey)

The hospice_deficiency_lookup_export.csv file lists the description of each hospice deficiency code. The original codes were described by CMS at this url. Codes reserved for provider types other than hospice are not included and not described. The file’s fields are as follows:

  1. Code: A unique identify for a deficiency
  2. Edited description: The full descriptions found in this document were edited by The Huffington Post.
  3. Short description: A brief description of the deficiency provided by CMS.

The loc_export.json file contains a dump of all the above files inside a single file.

###Notes The data here reflects Huffington Posts's Oct. 24, 2014 calculations of recent Medicare data. Some surveys and data points provided by The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services may be missing or out of date, because the regulator is not legally required to validate each entry.

###Updates Added fields describing total counts for different types of surveys. Added fields describing whether each hospice is active and if each hospice is inspected by an accrediting organization. Removed date calculated field.

Med West-Harris Hospice was fully certified more recently than Medicare data indicated.

Community Hospice of Northeast Florida was incorrectly reported by Medicare as a for-profit provider. The data was updated to reflect their nonprofit status.

Central New Hampshire VNA and Hospice was incorrectly reported by Medicare as a for-profit provider. The data was updated to reflect their nonprofit status.

Pikes Peak Hospice and Palliative Care was incorrectly reported by Medicare as a for-profit provider. The data was updated to reflect their nonprofit status.

Sparrow Hospice was incorrectly reported by Medicare as a for-profit provider. The data was updated to reflect their nonprofit status.

Hospice of Michigan was incorrectly reported by Medicare as a for-profit provider. The data was updated to reflect their nonprofit status.

Harbor Hospice was incorrectly reported by Medicare as a for-profit provider. The data was updated to reflect their nonprofit status.

Mt. Hood Hospice, Inc. was incorrectly reported by Medicare as a for-profit provider. The data was updated to reflect their nonprofit status.