C++14 template library for handy descriptor definition
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LICENSE
README.md
byteorder.hpp
test.cpp
usblangids.hpp
usbplusplus.hpp
ustring.hpp

README.md

USB++

USB++ (usbplusplus) is a C++14 template library that gives the user a simple and error-prone way for defining USB descriptors, suitable for embedded projects. Plerase visit http://hutorny.in.ua/projects/usbplusplus for more details.

Usage

USB++ is a header-only library. To use include usbplusplus.hpp, instantiate and initialize descriptors defined in the library.

Fixed length descriptors

Define a constant variable of a descriptor type and provide an initializer, as in this example:

#include "usbplusplus.hpp"
using namespace usbplusplus;
using namespace usbplusplus::usb2;

const Device deviceDescriptor = {
	.bLength 		= {},
	.bDescriptorType 	= {},
	.bcdUsb 		= 2.00_bcd,
	.bDeviceClass 	= DeviceClass::Defined_in_the_Interface_Descriptors,
	.bDeviceSubClass 	= 0,
	.bDeviceProtocol 	= 0,
	.bMaxPacketSize0 	= MaxPacketSize0_t::_64,
	.idVendor 		= 0x0102,
	.idProduct 		= 0x0304,
	.bcdDevice 		= 1.00_bcd,
	.iManufacturer 	= 0,
	.iProduct 		= 0,
	.iSerialNumber 	= 0,
	.bNumConfigurations = 1 
};
Or, as in this (click to expand):
const Device deviceDescriptor = {
	Length<Device>(),
	DescriptorType<Device>(),
	2.00_bcd,
	DeviceClass::Defined_in_the_Interface_Descriptors,
	DeviceSubClass(0),
	DeviceProtocol(0),
	MaxPacketSize0_t::_64,
	IDVendor(0x0102),
	IDProduct(0x0304),
	1.00_bcd,
	Manufacturer(0),
	Product(0),
	SerialNumber(0),
	NumConfigurations(1)
};

Note: fields bLength and bDescriptor are initialized with the default value.

Variable length descriptors

Define the descriptor type with a template, such as Interface or Configuration, providing types of nested descriptors via variadic template List, plain template Array, or stub Empty. Instantiate a descriptor of that time and provide initializer.

For example:
#include "usbplusplus.hpp"
using namespace usbplusplus;
using namespace usbplusplus::usb2;
using MyInterface1 = Interface<Empty>;
using MyInterface2 = Interface<List<Endpoint>>;

const Configuration<List<MyInterface1,MyInterface2>> myConfiguration = {
		.bLength = {},
		.bDescriptorType = {},
		.wTotalLength = {},
		.bNumInterfaces = {},
		.bConfigurationValue = 1,
		.iConfiguration = 1,
		.bmAttributes = ConfigurationCharacteristics_t::Self_powered,
		.bMaxPower = 100_mA,
		{{
			.bLength 		= {},
			.bDescriptorType 	= {},
			.bInterfaceNumber	= 0,
			.bAlternateSetting	= 0,
			.bNumEndpoints 	= {},
			InterfaceClass::CDC,
			.bInterfaceSubClass = 0,
			.bInterfaceProtocol = 0,
			.iInterface 		= 0
		},
		{
			.bLength 		= {},
			.bDescriptorType	= {},
			.bInterfaceNumber	= 1,
			.bAlternateSetting	= 0,
			.bNumEndpoints	= {},
			InterfaceClass::CDC,
			.bInterfaceSubClass	= 0,
			.bInterfaceProtocol	= 0,
			.iInterface 		= 1,
			{{
				.bLength	= {},
				.bDescriptorType= {},
				EndpointAddress(1, EndpointDirection_t::IN),
				.bmAttributes		= TransferType_t::Isochronous,
				.wMaxPacketSize	= 512,
				.bInterval		= 1,
			}}
		}}
};

Note: nested items are enclosed in with outer curve brackets { }. The examples emphasize it with {{ … }}

Replicating descriptors

Sometimes, there is a need to define a sequence of similar descriptors that differs only in some fields. With C++ this task can be accomplished with a consexpr factory function, returning descriptors.

For example:
constexpr MyInterface2 myInterface(InterfaceNumber interfaceNumber,
		uint8_t endpointNumber) {
	return  MyInterface2 {
		.bLength 			= {},
		.bDescriptorType	= {},
		.bInterfaceNumber	= interfaceNumber,
		.bAlternateSetting	= 1,
		.bNumEndpoints = {},
		InterfaceClass::CDC,
		.bInterfaceSubClass = 0,
		.bInterfaceProtocol = 0,
		.iInterface 		= MyStrings::indexof(sInterface),
		{{
			.bLength		= {},
			.bDescriptorType= {},
			EndpointAddress(endpointNumber, EndpointDirection_t::IN),
			.bmAttributes = TransferType_t::Isochronous,
			.wMaxPacketSize = 512,
			.bInterval		= 1,
		}}
	};
}

Descriptor data

Descriptor data is available via method ptr() that returns pointer to the first byte of the descriptor - bLength field.

String resources

All strings in the device has to be declared upfront, as constexpr ustring variables;
For example:

#include "usbplusplus.hpp"
using namespace usbplusplus;
using namespace usbplusplus::usb2;

constexpr ustring sManufacturer = u"MegaCool Corp.";
constexpr ustring sProduct      = u"SuperPuper device";
constexpr ustring sInterface    = u"Interface";
constexpr ustring sSerialNumber = u"SN-12C55F2";

Once the strings are declared, they can be used in the definition of string resources.

Monolingual string resources

If support for multiple languages is not needed, the string resources can be defined with the Strings template.
For example:

using MyStrings = Strings<LanguageIdentifier::English_United_States,
	sManufacturer,
	sProduct,
	sInterface,
	sSerialNumber>;

Multilingual resources

Define strings for every language the same way:

constexpr ustring deManufacturer = u"MegaKool Korp.";
constexpr ustring deProduct      = u"SuperPuper Gerät";
constexpr ustring deInterface    = u"Das Interface";
constexpr ustring uaManufacturer = u"МегаКруть корпорація";
constexpr ustring uaProduct      = u"СуперПупер пристрій";
constexpr ustring uaInterface    = u"Інтерфейс";

Then define the string resources with MultiStrings and Strings templates, as in the following example:

using MyStrings = MultiStrings<
	Strings<LanguageIdentifier::English_United_States,
					sManufacturer,  sProduct,  sInterface,  sSerialNumber>,
	Strings<LanguageIdentifier::English_United_Kingdom,
					sManufacturer,  sProduct,  sInterface,  sSerialNumber>,
	Strings<LanguageIdentifier::English_Canadian,
					sManufacturer,  sProduct,  sInterface,  sSerialNumber>,
	Strings<LanguageIdentifier::German_Standard,
					deManufacturer, deProduct, deInterface, sSerialNumber>,
	Strings<LanguageIdentifier::Ukrainian,
					uaManufacturer, uaProduct, uaInterface, sSerialNumber>
>;

where each Strings defines resources for a given language.

String index

Both Strings and MultiStrings templates implement indexof method that returns one-based index of a string, passed as a parameter.
Note MultiStrings just forwards the call to the first Strings in the list.

String descriptor

Both Strings and MultiStrings templates implement method get(index, lang) that returns a pointer to the string descriptor. If index is equal zero, get returns pointer String Descriptor Zero with a list of supported languages.