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6fb35e2 Jan 12, 2019
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@hwdsl2 @dsoprea @DL6ER
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#!/bin/sh
#
# Script for automatic setup of an IPsec VPN server on CentOS/RHEL 6 and 7.
# Works on any dedicated server or virtual private server (VPS) except OpenVZ.
#
# DO NOT RUN THIS SCRIPT ON YOUR PC OR MAC!
#
# The latest version of this script is available at:
# https://github.com/hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn
#
# Copyright (C) 2015-2019 Lin Song <linsongui@gmail.com>
# Based on the work of Thomas Sarlandie (Copyright 2012)
#
# This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0
# Unported License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
#
# Attribution required: please include my name in any derivative and let me
# know how you have improved it!
# =====================================================
# Define your own values for these variables
# - IPsec pre-shared key, VPN username and password
# - All values MUST be placed inside 'single quotes'
# - DO NOT use these special characters within values: \ " '
YOUR_IPSEC_PSK=''
YOUR_USERNAME=''
YOUR_PASSWORD=''
# Important notes: https://git.io/vpnnotes
# Setup VPN clients: https://git.io/vpnclients
# =====================================================
export PATH="/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin"
SYS_DT=$(date +%F-%T)
exiterr() { echo "Error: $1" >&2; exit 1; }
exiterr2() { exiterr "'yum install' failed."; }
conf_bk() { /bin/cp -f "$1" "$1.old-$SYS_DT" 2>/dev/null; }
bigecho() { echo; echo "## $1"; echo; }
check_ip() {
IP_REGEX='^(([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])\.){3}([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])$'
printf '%s' "$1" | tr -d '\n' | grep -Eq "$IP_REGEX"
}
vpnsetup() {
if ! grep -qs -e "release 6" -e "release 7" /etc/redhat-release; then
exiterr "This script only supports CentOS/RHEL 6 and 7."
fi
if [ -f /proc/user_beancounters ]; then
exiterr "OpenVZ VPS is not supported. Try OpenVPN: github.com/Nyr/openvpn-install"
fi
if [ "$(id -u)" != 0 ]; then
exiterr "Script must be run as root. Try 'sudo sh $0'"
fi
def_iface=$(route 2>/dev/null | grep '^default' | grep -o '[^ ]*$')
[ -z "$def_iface" ] && def_iface=$(ip -4 route list 0/0 2>/dev/null | grep -Po '(?<=dev )(\S+)')
def_state=$(cat "/sys/class/net/$def_iface/operstate" 2>/dev/null)
if [ -n "$def_state" ] && [ "$def_state" != "down" ]; then
case "$def_iface" in
wl*)
exiterr "Wireless interface '$def_iface' detected. DO NOT run this script on your PC or Mac!"
;;
esac
NET_IFACE="$def_iface"
else
eth0_state=$(cat "/sys/class/net/eth0/operstate" 2>/dev/null)
if [ -z "$eth0_state" ] || [ "$eth0_state" = "down" ]; then
exiterr "Could not detect the default network interface."
fi
NET_IFACE=eth0
fi
[ -n "$YOUR_IPSEC_PSK" ] && VPN_IPSEC_PSK="$YOUR_IPSEC_PSK"
[ -n "$YOUR_USERNAME" ] && VPN_USER="$YOUR_USERNAME"
[ -n "$YOUR_PASSWORD" ] && VPN_PASSWORD="$YOUR_PASSWORD"
if [ -z "$VPN_IPSEC_PSK" ] && [ -z "$VPN_USER" ] && [ -z "$VPN_PASSWORD" ]; then
bigecho "VPN credentials not set by user. Generating random PSK and password..."
VPN_IPSEC_PSK=$(LC_CTYPE=C tr -dc 'A-HJ-NPR-Za-km-z2-9' < /dev/urandom | head -c 20)
VPN_USER=vpnuser
VPN_PASSWORD=$(LC_CTYPE=C tr -dc 'A-HJ-NPR-Za-km-z2-9' < /dev/urandom | head -c 16)
fi
if [ -z "$VPN_IPSEC_PSK" ] || [ -z "$VPN_USER" ] || [ -z "$VPN_PASSWORD" ]; then
exiterr "All VPN credentials must be specified. Edit the script and re-enter them."
fi
if printf '%s' "$VPN_IPSEC_PSK $VPN_USER $VPN_PASSWORD" | LC_ALL=C grep -q '[^ -~]\+'; then
exiterr "VPN credentials must not contain non-ASCII characters."
fi
case "$VPN_IPSEC_PSK $VPN_USER $VPN_PASSWORD" in
*[\\\"\']*)
exiterr "VPN credentials must not contain these special characters: \\ \" '"
;;
esac
bigecho "VPN setup in progress... Please be patient."
# Create and change to working dir
mkdir -p /opt/src
cd /opt/src || exit 1
bigecho "Installing packages required for setup..."
yum -y install wget bind-utils openssl \
iptables iproute gawk grep sed net-tools || exiterr2
bigecho "Trying to auto discover IP of this server..."
cat <<'EOF'
In case the script hangs here for more than a few minutes,
press Ctrl-C to abort. Then edit it and manually enter IP.
EOF
# In case auto IP discovery fails, enter server's public IP here.
PUBLIC_IP=${VPN_PUBLIC_IP:-''}
[ -z "$PUBLIC_IP" ] && PUBLIC_IP=$(dig @resolver1.opendns.com -t A -4 myip.opendns.com +short)
check_ip "$PUBLIC_IP" || PUBLIC_IP=$(wget -t 3 -T 15 -qO- http://ipv4.icanhazip.com)
check_ip "$PUBLIC_IP" || exiterr "Cannot detect this server's public IP. Edit the script and manually enter it."
bigecho "Adding the EPEL repository..."
epel_url="https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-$(rpm -E '%{rhel}').noarch.rpm"
yum -y install epel-release || yum -y install "$epel_url" || exiterr2
bigecho "Installing packages required for the VPN..."
REPO1='--enablerepo=epel'
REPO2='--enablerepo=*server-optional*'
REPO3='--enablerepo=*releases-optional*'
yum -y install nss-devel nspr-devel pkgconfig pam-devel \
libcap-ng-devel libselinux-devel curl-devel \
flex bison gcc make ppp || exiterr2
yum "$REPO1" -y install xl2tpd || exiterr2
if grep -qs "release 6" /etc/redhat-release; then
yum -y remove libevent-devel
yum "$REPO2" "$REPO3" -y install libevent2-devel fipscheck-devel || exiterr2
else
yum -y install systemd-devel iptables-services || exiterr2
yum "$REPO2" "$REPO3" -y install libevent-devel fipscheck-devel || exiterr2
fi
case "$(uname -r)" in
4.1[456]*)
if grep -qs "release 6" /etc/redhat-release; then
L2TP_VER=1.3.12
l2tp_dir="xl2tpd-$L2TP_VER"
l2tp_file="$l2tp_dir.tar.gz"
l2tp_url="https://github.com/xelerance/xl2tpd/archive/v$L2TP_VER.tar.gz"
yum "$REPO2" "$REPO3" -y install libpcap-devel || exiterr2
wget -t 3 -T 30 -nv -O "$l2tp_file" "$l2tp_url" || exit 1
/bin/rm -rf "/opt/src/$l2tp_dir"
tar xzf "$l2tp_file" && /bin/rm -f "$l2tp_file"
cd "$l2tp_dir" && make -s 2>/dev/null && PREFIX=/usr make -s install
cd /opt/src || exit 1
/bin/rm -rf "/opt/src/$l2tp_dir"
fi
;;
esac
bigecho "Installing Fail2Ban to protect SSH..."
yum "$REPO1" -y install fail2ban || exiterr2
bigecho "Compiling and installing Libreswan..."
SWAN_VER=3.27
swan_file="libreswan-$SWAN_VER.tar.gz"
swan_url1="https://github.com/libreswan/libreswan/archive/v$SWAN_VER.tar.gz"
swan_url2="https://download.libreswan.org/$swan_file"
if ! { wget -t 3 -T 30 -nv -O "$swan_file" "$swan_url1" || wget -t 3 -T 30 -nv -O "$swan_file" "$swan_url2"; }; then
exit 1
fi
/bin/rm -rf "/opt/src/libreswan-$SWAN_VER"
tar xzf "$swan_file" && /bin/rm -f "$swan_file"
cd "libreswan-$SWAN_VER" || exit 1
cat > Makefile.inc.local <<'EOF'
WERROR_CFLAGS =
USE_DNSSEC = false
USE_DH31 = false
USE_GLIBC_KERN_FLIP_HEADERS = true
EOF
NPROCS=$(grep -c ^processor /proc/cpuinfo)
[ -z "$NPROCS" ] && NPROCS=1
make "-j$((NPROCS+1))" -s base && make -s install-base
cd /opt/src || exit 1
/bin/rm -rf "/opt/src/libreswan-$SWAN_VER"
if ! /usr/local/sbin/ipsec --version 2>/dev/null | grep -qF "$SWAN_VER"; then
exiterr "Libreswan $SWAN_VER failed to build."
fi
bigecho "Creating VPN configuration..."
L2TP_NET=${VPN_L2TP_NET:-'192.168.42.0/24'}
L2TP_LOCAL=${VPN_L2TP_LOCAL:-'192.168.42.1'}
L2TP_POOL=${VPN_L2TP_POOL:-'192.168.42.10-192.168.42.250'}
XAUTH_NET=${VPN_XAUTH_NET:-'192.168.43.0/24'}
XAUTH_POOL=${VPN_XAUTH_POOL:-'192.168.43.10-192.168.43.250'}
DNS_SRV1=${VPN_DNS_SRV1:-'8.8.8.8'}
DNS_SRV2=${VPN_DNS_SRV2:-'8.8.4.4'}
DNS_SRVS="\"$DNS_SRV1 $DNS_SRV2\""
[ -n "$VPN_DNS_SRV1" ] && [ -z "$VPN_DNS_SRV2" ] && DNS_SRVS="$DNS_SRV1"
# Create IPsec config
conf_bk "/etc/ipsec.conf"
cat > /etc/ipsec.conf <<EOF
version 2.0
config setup
virtual-private=%v4:10.0.0.0/8,%v4:192.168.0.0/16,%v4:172.16.0.0/12,%v4:!$L2TP_NET,%v4:!$XAUTH_NET
protostack=netkey
interfaces=%defaultroute
uniqueids=no
conn shared
left=%defaultroute
leftid=$PUBLIC_IP
right=%any
encapsulation=yes
authby=secret
pfs=no
rekey=no
keyingtries=5
dpddelay=30
dpdtimeout=120
dpdaction=clear
ike=aes256-sha2,aes128-sha2,aes256-sha1,aes128-sha1,aes256-sha2;modp1024,aes128-sha1;modp1024
phase2alg=aes_gcm-null,aes128-sha1,aes256-sha1,aes256-sha2_512,aes128-sha2,aes256-sha2
sha2-truncbug=yes
conn l2tp-psk
auto=add
leftprotoport=17/1701
rightprotoport=17/%any
type=transport
phase2=esp
also=shared
conn xauth-psk
auto=add
leftsubnet=0.0.0.0/0
rightaddresspool=$XAUTH_POOL
modecfgdns=$DNS_SRVS
leftxauthserver=yes
rightxauthclient=yes
leftmodecfgserver=yes
rightmodecfgclient=yes
modecfgpull=yes
xauthby=file
ike-frag=yes
ikev2=never
cisco-unity=yes
also=shared
EOF
# Specify IPsec PSK
conf_bk "/etc/ipsec.secrets"
cat > /etc/ipsec.secrets <<EOF
%any %any : PSK "$VPN_IPSEC_PSK"
EOF
# Create xl2tpd config
conf_bk "/etc/xl2tpd/xl2tpd.conf"
cat > /etc/xl2tpd/xl2tpd.conf <<EOF
[global]
port = 1701
[lns default]
ip range = $L2TP_POOL
local ip = $L2TP_LOCAL
require chap = yes
refuse pap = yes
require authentication = yes
name = l2tpd
pppoptfile = /etc/ppp/options.xl2tpd
length bit = yes
EOF
# Set xl2tpd options
conf_bk "/etc/ppp/options.xl2tpd"
cat > /etc/ppp/options.xl2tpd <<EOF
+mschap-v2
ipcp-accept-local
ipcp-accept-remote
noccp
auth
mtu 1280
mru 1280
proxyarp
lcp-echo-failure 4
lcp-echo-interval 30
connect-delay 5000
ms-dns $DNS_SRV1
EOF
if [ -z "$VPN_DNS_SRV1" ] || [ -n "$VPN_DNS_SRV2" ]; then
cat >> /etc/ppp/options.xl2tpd <<EOF
ms-dns $DNS_SRV2
EOF
fi
# Create VPN credentials
conf_bk "/etc/ppp/chap-secrets"
cat > /etc/ppp/chap-secrets <<EOF
"$VPN_USER" l2tpd "$VPN_PASSWORD" *
EOF
conf_bk "/etc/ipsec.d/passwd"
VPN_PASSWORD_ENC=$(openssl passwd -1 "$VPN_PASSWORD")
cat > /etc/ipsec.d/passwd <<EOF
$VPN_USER:$VPN_PASSWORD_ENC:xauth-psk
EOF
bigecho "Updating sysctl settings..."
if ! grep -qs "hwdsl2 VPN script" /etc/sysctl.conf; then
conf_bk "/etc/sysctl.conf"
if [ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "64" ]; then
SHM_MAX=68719476736
SHM_ALL=4294967296
else
SHM_MAX=4294967295
SHM_ALL=268435456
fi
cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf <<EOF
# Added by hwdsl2 VPN script
kernel.msgmnb = 65536
kernel.msgmax = 65536
kernel.shmmax = $SHM_MAX
kernel.shmall = $SHM_ALL
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.conf.$NET_IFACE.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.$NET_IFACE.rp_filter = 0
net.core.wmem_max = 12582912
net.core.rmem_max = 12582912
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 10240 87380 12582912
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 10240 87380 12582912
EOF
fi
bigecho "Updating IPTables rules..."
# Check if rules need updating
ipt_flag=0
IPT_FILE="/etc/sysconfig/iptables"
if ! grep -qs "hwdsl2 VPN script" "$IPT_FILE" \
|| ! iptables -t nat -C POSTROUTING -s "$L2TP_NET" -o "$NET_IFACE" -j MASQUERADE 2>/dev/null \
|| ! iptables -t nat -C POSTROUTING -s "$XAUTH_NET" -o "$NET_IFACE" -m policy --dir out --pol none -j MASQUERADE 2>/dev/null; then
ipt_flag=1
fi
# Add IPTables rules for VPN
if [ "$ipt_flag" = "1" ]; then
service fail2ban stop >/dev/null 2>&1
iptables-save > "$IPT_FILE.old-$SYS_DT"
iptables -I INPUT 1 -p udp --dport 1701 -m policy --dir in --pol none -j DROP
iptables -I INPUT 2 -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
iptables -I INPUT 3 -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -I INPUT 4 -p udp -m multiport --dports 500,4500 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I INPUT 5 -p udp --dport 1701 -m policy --dir in --pol ipsec -j ACCEPT
iptables -I INPUT 6 -p udp --dport 1701 -j DROP
iptables -I FORWARD 1 -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
iptables -I FORWARD 2 -i "$NET_IFACE" -o ppp+ -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD 3 -i ppp+ -o "$NET_IFACE" -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD 4 -i ppp+ -o ppp+ -s "$L2TP_NET" -d "$L2TP_NET" -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD 5 -i "$NET_IFACE" -d "$XAUTH_NET" -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD 6 -s "$XAUTH_NET" -o "$NET_IFACE" -j ACCEPT
# Uncomment if you wish to disallow traffic between VPN clients themselves
# iptables -I FORWARD 2 -i ppp+ -o ppp+ -s "$L2TP_NET" -d "$L2TP_NET" -j DROP
# iptables -I FORWARD 3 -s "$XAUTH_NET" -d "$XAUTH_NET" -j DROP
iptables -A FORWARD -j DROP
iptables -t nat -I POSTROUTING -s "$XAUTH_NET" -o "$NET_IFACE" -m policy --dir out --pol none -j MASQUERADE
iptables -t nat -I POSTROUTING -s "$L2TP_NET" -o "$NET_IFACE" -j MASQUERADE
echo "# Modified by hwdsl2 VPN script" > "$IPT_FILE"
iptables-save >> "$IPT_FILE"
fi
bigecho "Creating basic Fail2Ban rules..."
if [ ! -f /etc/fail2ban/jail.local ] ; then
cat > /etc/fail2ban/jail.local <<'EOF'
[ssh-iptables]
enabled = true
filter = sshd
action = iptables[name=SSH, port=ssh, protocol=tcp]
logpath = /var/log/secure
EOF
fi
bigecho "Enabling services on boot..."
if grep -qs "release 6" /etc/redhat-release; then
chkconfig iptables on
chkconfig fail2ban on
else
systemctl --now mask firewalld 2>/dev/null
systemctl enable iptables fail2ban 2>/dev/null
fi
if ! grep -qs "hwdsl2 VPN script" /etc/rc.local; then
if [ -f /etc/rc.local ]; then
conf_bk "/etc/rc.local"
else
echo '#!/bin/sh' > /etc/rc.local
fi
cat >> /etc/rc.local <<'EOF'
# Added by hwdsl2 VPN script
(sleep 15
modprobe -q pppol2tp
service ipsec restart
service xl2tpd restart
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward)&
EOF
fi
bigecho "Starting services..."
# Restore SELinux contexts
restorecon /etc/ipsec.d/*db 2>/dev/null
restorecon /usr/local/sbin -Rv 2>/dev/null
restorecon /usr/local/libexec/ipsec -Rv 2>/dev/null
# Reload sysctl.conf
sysctl -e -q -p
# Update file attributes
chmod +x /etc/rc.local
chmod 600 /etc/ipsec.secrets* /etc/ppp/chap-secrets* /etc/ipsec.d/passwd*
# Apply new IPTables rules
iptables-restore < "$IPT_FILE"
# Fix xl2tpd on CentOS 7, if kernel module "l2tp_ppp" is unavailable
if grep -qs "release 7" /etc/redhat-release; then
if ! modprobe -q l2tp_ppp; then
sed -i '/^ExecStartPre/s/^/#/' /usr/lib/systemd/system/xl2tpd.service
systemctl daemon-reload
fi
fi
# Restart services
mkdir -p /run/pluto
modprobe -q pppol2tp
service fail2ban restart 2>/dev/null
service ipsec restart 2>/dev/null
service xl2tpd restart 2>/dev/null
cat <<EOF
================================================
IPsec VPN server is now ready for use!
Connect to your new VPN with these details:
Server IP: $PUBLIC_IP
IPsec PSK: $VPN_IPSEC_PSK
Username: $VPN_USER
Password: $VPN_PASSWORD
Write these down. You'll need them to connect!
Important notes: https://git.io/vpnnotes
Setup VPN clients: https://git.io/vpnclients
================================================
EOF
}
## Defer setup until we have the complete script
vpnsetup "$@"
exit 0