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;;; taskjuggler-mode.el --- Editing Taskjuggler Files
;; Copyright (C) 2008 by Stefan Kamphausen
;; Author: Stefan Kamphausen <>
;; Keywords: user
;; This file is not part of Emacs.
;; This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.
;; This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with this program; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the Free
;; Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
;; 02111-1307, USA.
;;; Commentary:
;; This is a major mode which can be used to write files for
;; taskjuggler. See for that scheduling
;; software.
;; The version 2.4.1 of taskjuggler shipped with a tiny emacs lisp
;; file called taskjug.el. From this I have taken the indentation
;; function. All the rest was written from scratch, thus the new name
;; of the file: taskjuggler-mode.el
;; So it's kudos to Sean Dague ( for that older
;; version. In his code he praised Scott Andrew Borton for writing a
;; very good tutorial on writing modes.
;; Webpage:
;;; FIXMEs
;; * The parser is called too often!
;; * The parser should be able to return several results in one call
;; * Cleanup repetion of task vs resources.
;; * Handling of multi-file documents (includes in the parser)
;; * What about buffer local variants of tasks and resources?
;; * support supplement
;;; TODO
;; * Context-sensitive highlighting, e.g. columns in reports
;; * Ad-Hoc highlighting of things in buffer, e.g. task names,
;; resource names.
;; * Viewing of results, either using TaskjugglerUI or HTML-reports
;;; More Ideas
;; * Sorting of tasks in a context: by name, by priority
;; * Highlighting of priority according to value
;; * Validation of dependencies
(defvar taskjuggler-mode-hook nil)
(defvar taskjuggler-indent-size 2)
(defconst taskjuggler-properties
"Main building constructs of taskjuggler.
Used for font-lock.")
(defconst taskjuggler-attributes
;; load is abandoned should be warned!
"Attributes in taskjuggler.
Used for font-lock.")
(defconst taskjuggler-reports
"Report definition names.
Used for font-lock.")
(defconst taskjuggler-report-keywords
"Keywords in report definition.
Used for font-lock.")
(defconst taskjuggler-important
"Keywords to highlight in warning face.")
(defconst taskjuggler-keywords-having-resource-arg
"Keywords after which a resource may follow.
Used when completing resources.")
(defvar taskjuggler-font-lock-keywords
(cons (regexp-opt taskjuggler-properties 'words) font-lock-function-name-face)
(cons (regexp-opt taskjuggler-attributes 'words) font-lock-keyword-face)
(cons (regexp-opt taskjuggler-reports 'words) font-lock-builtin-face)
(cons (regexp-opt taskjuggler-report-keywords 'words) font-lock-constant-face)
(cons (regexp-opt taskjuggler-important 'words) font-lock-warning-face)
'("\\('\\w*'\\)" . font-lock-variable-name-face))
"Default highlighting expressions for TASKJUG mode")
;; Internals, Parser, etc
(defun taskjuggler-indent-line ()
"Indent current line as taskjuggler code.
This function was taken from taskjug.el which shipped with
Taskjuggler 2.4.1. Maybe it could be re-written to use
(if (bobp)
(indent-line-to 0) ; First line is always non-indented
(let ((not-indented t) cur-indent)
(if (looking-at "^[ \t]*}") ; If the line we are looking at is the end of a block, then decrease the indentation
(forward-line -1)
(if (looking-at "^.*{")
(setq cur-indent (current-indentation)) ; Empty block, keep the same level
(setq cur-indent (- (current-indentation) taskjuggler-indent-size))))
(if (< cur-indent 0) ; We can't indent past the left margin
(setq cur-indent 0)))
(while not-indented ; Iterate backwards until we find an indentation hint
(forward-line -1)
(if (looking-at "^.*}") ; This hint indicates that we need to indent at the level of the } token
(setq cur-indent (current-indentation))
(setq not-indented nil))
(if (looking-at "^.*{") ;This hint indicates that we need to indent an extra level
(setq cur-indent (+ (current-indentation) taskjuggler-indent-size)) ; Do the actual indenting
(setq not-indented nil))
(if (bobp)
(setq not-indented nil)))))))
(if cur-indent
(indent-line-to cur-indent)
(indent-line-to 0))))) ; If we didn't see an indentation hint, then allow no indentation
(defvar taskjuggler-tasks ()
"A list of all tasks found in the buffer.
The items on this list are lists of the form
(\"path.of.task\" hierarchy \"Description of Task\"
(defvar taskjuggler-resources ()
"A list of all resources found in the buffer.
The items on this list are lists of the form
(\"path.of.resource\" hierarchy \"Description of Resource\"
(defun taskjuggler-make-path (path)
"Takes a list argument PATH, returns a string with list elements
joined with a dot."
(when path
(mapconcat 'identity (reverse path) ".")))
(defvar taskjuggler-name-re "[a-zA-z_][a-zA-Z0-9_]+"
"RegExp for valid names in taskjuggler.")
(defun taskjuggler-parser (&optional limit request verbose)
"The core of this mode. Parses a taskjuggler file.
LIMIT can be used if parsing should end at that position.
Request is one of the following:
nil return task tree
'task-tree return task tree
'hierarchy return the hierarchy at LIMIT
'context-path return the (task)-context path at LIMIT
'path-as-list return the (task)-context at LIMIT as a list
(let ((lim (or limit (point-max)))
(path ())
(hierarchy 0)
(task-tree ())
(res-tree ())
(task-hierarchy 0)
(res-hierarchy 0))
(when verbose (message "Limit: %s" lim))
(goto-char (point-min))
(while (and (not (eobp))
(< (point) lim))
(when (looking-at "{")
(setq hierarchy (1+ hierarchy))
(when verbose (message "hierarchy+ %d" hierarchy)))
(when (looking-at "}")
(when (= hierarchy task-hierarchy)
(setq path (cdr path))
(setq task-hierarchy (1- task-hierarchy)))
(when (= hierarchy res-hierarchy)
(setq path (cdr path))
(setq res-hierarchy (1- res-hierarchy)))
(setq hierarchy (1- hierarchy))
(when verbose (message "hierarchy- %d" hierarchy)))
;; comments
((looking-at "#")
(when verbose (message "Comment"))
(while (not (eolp)) (forward-char 1)))
((looking-at "/\\*")
(search-forward "*/"))
((looking-at (concat
(setq task-hierarchy (1+ hierarchy))
(setq path (cons (match-string-no-properties 1) path))
(when verbose (message "task(%d) %s" task-hierarchy
(taskjuggler-make-path path)))
(setq task-tree
(cons (list (taskjuggler-make-path path)
(match-string-no-properties 1)
(match-string-no-properties 2))
(goto-char (match-end 0))
(forward-char -2))
((looking-at (concat
(setq res-hierarchy (1+ hierarchy))
(setq path (cons (match-string-no-properties 1) path))
(when verbose (message "resource(%d) %s" res-hierarchy
(taskjuggler-make-path path)))
(setq res-tree
(cons (list (taskjuggler-make-path path)
(match-string-no-properties 1)
(match-string-no-properties 2))
(goto-char (match-end 0))
(forward-char -2)))
(forward-char 1)
((or (null request)
(eq request 'tasktree))
(reverse task-tree))
((eq request 'resourcetree)
(reverse res-tree))
((eq request 'path-as-list)
((eq request 'context-path)
(taskjuggler-make-path path))
((eq request 'hierarchy)
(t (error "Wrong request specifier %s" request)))))
(defun taskjuggler-rescan-buffer ()
"Rescan the current buffer for tasks and resources."
(defun taskjuggler-rescan-tasks ()
"Rescan current buffer for task definitions."
(setq taskjuggler-tasks (taskjuggler-parser nil 'tasktree)))
(defun taskjuggler-rescan-resources ()
"Rescan current buffer for resource definitions."
(setq taskjuggler-resources (taskjuggler-parser nil 'resourcetree)))
(defun taskjuggler-current-context-path ()
"Find the current task context at point."
(taskjuggler-parser (point) 'context-path))
(defun taskjuggler-read-up-hier-at-point ()
"Read the number of exclamation marks in current logical expression."
(let ((excl-count 0)
(start-pos (point)))
(forward-char -1)
(while (not (looking-at "\\s-"))
(forward-char -1))
(while (< (point) start-pos)
(when (looking-at "!")
(setq excl-count (1+ excl-count)))
(forward-char 1)))
(defun taskjuggler-current-hierarchy ()
"Calculate task hierarchy at point."
(taskjuggler-parser (point) 'hierarchy))
(defun taskjuggler-make-dependeny-path (target-task-path context-path)
"Compute the relative path from CONTEXT-PATH to TARGET-TASK-PATH.
a.b.c (a b) !c
a.b.c (d e f) !!!a.b.c
(let ((l1 (split-string target-task-path "\\."))
(l2 (split-string context-path "\\."))
(continue-flag t))
(while (and l1 l1 continue-flag)
(setq li1 (first l1))
(setq li2 (first l2))
(if (not (string-equal li1 li2))
(setq continue-flag nil)
(setq l1 (cdr l1))
(setq l2 (cdr l2)))))
(make-string (length l2) ?\!)
(mapconcat 'identity l1 "."))))
(defun taskjuggler-insert-dependency ()
"Insert the keyword depend and a task with completion.
The completion of tasks is global but the resulting path to be
inserted is calculated relative to the current context. See
`taskjuggler-make-dependeny-path' for that."
(when (not taskjuggler-tasks)
(let ((completion
"Depend on Task: "
(mapcar 'first taskjuggler-tasks))))
(when completion
(insert "depends "
(defun taskjuggler-insert-resource ()
"Insert a resource at point with completion and context.
If a keyword having a resource argument is found in the current line
before point the user will be asked for the resource only and that
will be inserted. Otherwise this function asks for the keyword to use
\(again with completion). See also:
(when (not taskjuggler-resources)
(let ((pos (point)))
pos t))
(insert (completing-read
"Insert Keyword: "
(insert " ")))
(insert (completing-read
"Resource: "
(mapcar #'(lambda (elm)
(last (split-string (first elm) "\\.")))
nil t)))
;; Earlier versions tried to complete word at point and only complete
;; the available tasks depending on current context and number of
;; exclamation marks. My brain hurts...
;; (defun taskjuggler-make-task-completion-table (context hierarchy)
;; (let ((substr-size (length context)))
;; (remove-if
;; #'null
;; (mapcar
;; #'(lambda (elm)
;; (message "Hier %s Elm%s" hierarchy elm)
;; (if (and (= (second elm) (1+ hierarchy))
;; (or (not context)
;; (string= (substring
;; (first elm) 0 (min (length (first elm))
;; substr-size))
;; context)))
;; (third elm)
;; nil))
;; taskjuggler-tasks))))
;; (defun taskjuggler-complete-dependency ()
;; "Allow completion of dependencies."
;; (interactive)
;; (let* ((current-context (taskjuggler-current-context-list))
;; (up-hierarchy (taskjuggler-read-up-hier-at-point))
;; (current-hier (taskjuggler-current-hierarchy))
;; (completion-path (taskjuggler-make-path
;; (nthcdr up-hierarchy current-context)))
;; (end (point))
;; (beg (save-excursion
;; (when (looking-at "[ \t\n!]")
;; (forward-char -1))
;; (while (not (looking-at "[ \t\n!]"))
;; (forward-char -1))
;; (1+ (point))))
;; (word-at-point (buffer-substring-no-properties beg end)))
;; (message "WAP: %s CuHie %s UpHi %s %s" word-at-point current-hier
;; up-hierarchy (taskjuggler-make-task-completion-table
;; completion-path (- current-hier up-hierarchy))
;; )))
;; (completing-read "Task: "
;; (taskjuggler-make-task-completion-table
;; completion-path (- current-hier up-hierarchy))
;; nil t word-at-point)))
;; (defun taskjuggler-complete-dependency ()
;; "Allow completion of dependencies."
;; (interactive)
;; (let* ((current-context (taskjuggler-current-context-list))
;; (up-hierarchy (taskjuggler-read-up-hier-at-point))
;; (current-hier (taskjuggler-current-hierarchy))
;; (completion-path (taskjuggler-make-path
;; (nthcdr up-hierarchy current-context)))
;; )
;; (message "Context %s CompPath %s UpHier %d ThHier %d"
;; current-context completion-path up-hierarchy current-hier)))
;; (comp (completing-read
;; "Task: " (taskjuggler-make-task-completion-table
;; completion-path current-hier))))))
;; Inserting code
(define-skeleton taskjuggler-insert-task
"Insert a new task."
"Name of the task: "
"task " str " \"" _ "\" {\n\n}")
(define-skeleton taskjuggler-insert-resource-def
"Insert a new resource."
"Name of the resource: "
"resource " str " \"" _ "\" {\n\n}")
;; Compile
(defun taskjuggler-build-compile-command (buffer &optional args)
(concat "taskjuggler "
((listp args) (mapconcat 'identity args " "))
((stringp args) args))
" "
(buffer-file-name buffer)))
(defun taskjuggler-compile ()
(let ((cmd (taskjuggler-build-compile-command (current-buffer))))
(compile cmd)))
(defun taskjuggler-check-syntax ()
(let ((cmd (taskjuggler-build-compile-command (current-buffer) "-s")))
(compile cmd)))
;; Map
(defvar taskjuggler-mode-map nil
"Keymap used in taskuggler-mode.")
(when (not taskjuggler-mode-map)
(setq taskjuggler-mode-map (make-keymap))
(define-key taskjuggler-mode-map [(control j)] 'newline-and-indent)
(define-key taskjuggler-mode-map [(control c) (control d)] 'taskjuggler-insert-dependency)
(define-key taskjuggler-mode-map [(control c) (control c)] 'taskjuggler-compile)
(define-key taskjuggler-mode-map [(control c) (control s)] 'taskjuggler-check-syntax)
(define-key taskjuggler-mode-map [(control c) (r)] 'taskjuggler-rescan-buffer)
(define-key taskjuggler-mode-map [(control c) (control r)] 'taskjuggler-insert-resource)
(define-key taskjuggler-mode-map [(control c) (i) (t)] 'taskjuggler-insert-task)
(define-key taskjuggler-mode-map [(control c) (i) (r)] 'taskjuggler-insert-resource-def))
;; Syntax
(defvar taskjuggler-mode-syntax-table nil
"Syntax table to use for taskjuggler mode.")
(if taskjuggler-mode-syntax-table
() ;; already set
;; This is added so entity names with underscores can be more easily parsed
(setq taskjuggler-mode-syntax-table (make-syntax-table))
(modify-syntax-entry ?_ "w" taskjuggler-mode-syntax-table)
(modify-syntax-entry ?# "<" taskjuggler-mode-syntax-table)
(modify-syntax-entry ?\n ">" taskjuggler-mode-syntax-table))
(defun taskjuggler-mode ()
"Major mode for editing TaskJuggler input files.
;; comments, FIXME: how to support both # and /* ... */
(make-local-variable 'comment-start)
(make-local-variable 'comment-end)
(make-local-variable 'comment-start-skip)
(setq comment-start "# "
comment-end ""
comment-start-skip "#+[ \t]*")
(set-syntax-table taskjuggler-mode-syntax-table)
(set (make-local-variable 'indent-line-function) 'taskjuggler-indent-line)
(use-local-map taskjuggler-mode-map)
;; Setting up font-locking
(make-local-variable 'font-lock-defaults)
(setq font-lock-defaults '(taskjuggler-font-lock-keywords nil t nil nil))
(setq major-mode 'taskjuggler-mode)
(setq mode-name "TaskJuggler")
(run-hooks 'taskjuggler-mode-hook))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.tjp\\'" . taskjuggler-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.tji\\'" . taskjuggler-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.tjsp\\'" . taskjuggler-mode))
(provide 'taskjuggler-mode)
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