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Jekyll Replace Image

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A Jekyll plugin to replace img tags with custom elements during site generation.

What it does

It runs a regular expression to find HTML img tags against the output of each page and replaces matches with a user-defined replacement.

There are a number of custom elements you can use, such as progressive-img, amp-img and (my very own) hy-img.

Note that replacing images during site generation is necessary for lazy-loading, because the browser will start loading any img tag as soon as it is parsed, before it can be touched by client side code.

Why

  1. Lazy-loading images increases page load speed and is recommended by Google.
  2. So you can use the ![alt](src) syntax for images without polluting your posts with lengthy HTML tags.

Usage

  1. Add the following to your site's Gemfile:

    gem 'jekyll-replace-img'
  2. Add the following to your site's config file:

    plugins:
      - jekyll-replace-img

    Note: If you are using a Jekyll version less than 3.5.0, use the gems key instead of plugins.

  3. Configure and provide your replacement.

Configuration

You can configure this plugin in _config.yml under the replace_img key. The defaults are:

replace_img:
  re_img:      <img\s*(?<attributes>.*?)\s*/>
  re_ignore:   data-ignore
  replacement: |
    <hy-img %<attributes>s>
      <noscript><img data-ignore %<attributes>s/></noscript>
    </hy-img>

Image Regular Expression

You can set the re_img key to a custom regular expression to look for image tags (or possibly other tags). Note that the capture groups need to be named and match the names in replacement. E.g.:

<img\s*(?<attributes>.*?)\s*/>

Mind the use of the non-greedy quantifier (*?) in the capture group to avoid capturing all images in a single match!

You cannot provide flags and the regular expression is always case-insensitive.

Ignore Regular Expression

You can provide a custom regular expression on the re_ignore key that will run against the text matched by the re_img expression. If it matches, the image will not be replaced.

You cannot provide flags and the regular expression is always case-insensitive. Data URLs are always ignored.

Replacement

A replacement string for every sequence matched by re_img but not re_ignore. Has access to the named captures in re_img, which is attributes by default.

Capture groups can be inserted in the replacement like this %<attributes>s, where attribures is the name of the capture group and s is the string tag. See Ruby's sprintf documentation for more.

Example

<progressive-img %<attributes>s></progressive-img>
<noscript><img data-ignore %<attributes>s/></noscript>

TODO

  • Allow multiple ignore expressions
  • Allow substitutions of matched groups, e.g. s/width/w

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A Jekyll plugin to replace img tags with custom elements

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