Planning, oversight, and control over management of data and the use of data and data-related resources. While we understand that governance covers ‘processes’, not ‘things’, the common term is Data Governance, and so we will use this term.
The overall structure of data and data-related resources as an integral part of the enterprise architecture.
数据建模与设计（Data Modeling & Design）
Analysis, design, building, testing, and maintenance (was Data Development in the DAMA-DMBOK 1st edition).
数据存储与操作（Data Storage & Operations）
Structured physical data assets storage deployment and management (was Data Operations in the DAMA-DMBOK 1st edition).
Ensuring privacy, confidentiality and appropriate access to PII, PHI and an individuals private data. Ensuring network security as well.
数据集成与交换（Data Integration & Interoperability）
Acquisition, extraction, transformation, movement, delivery, replication, federation, virtualization and operational support ( a Knowledge Area new in DMBOK2).
文档与内容（Documents & Content）
Storing, protecting, indexing, and enabling access to data found in unstructured sources (electronic files and physical records), and making this data available for integration and interoperability with structured (database) data.
参考与主数据（Reference & Master Data）
Managing shared data to reduce redundancy and ensure better data quality through standardized definition and use of data values.
数据仓库与商业智能（Data Warehousing & Business Intelligence）
Managing analytical data processing and enabling access to decision support data for reporting and analysis.
Collecting, categorizing, maintaining, integrating, controlling, managing, and delivering metadata.
Defining, monitoring, maintaining data integrity, and improving data quality.