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Hyperledger Sawtooth

Hyperledger Sawtooth Core Developer's Setup Guide

If you are planning to contribute code to the Sawtooth project, please review the contributing guide: [CONTRIBUTING.md]

Supported operating systems: Ubuntu 16.04 and macOS

If you want to use a Windows system, we recommend that you install Ubuntu 16.04 in a virtual machine manager, such as Hyper-V or VirtualBox, and develop from the guest operating system.

Note: All commands in this guide use the Bash shell. While the Bash shell is not strictly required as the command shell, many of the scripts in the build system are Bash scripts and require Bash to execute.

Step One: Install Docker

The Sawtooth core requirements are:

  • Docker Community Edition (version 17.05.0-ce or newer)
  • Docker Compose (version 1.13.0 or newer)

Install the Docker software.

macOS:

Ubuntu:

Note: The minimum version of Docker Engine necessary is 17.03.0-ce. Linux distributions often ship with older versions of Docker.

Next, add your username to the group docker to avoid having to run every docker command as a sudo. (Otherwise, you will need to prefix each command in Step Four, Step Five, and Step Six with sudo.) Run the following command:

$ sudo adduser $USER docker

Note: If $USER is not set in the environment on your system, replace $USER in the previous command with your username.

You will need to log out and log back in to your system for the change in group membership to take effect.

Step Two: Configure Proxy (Optional)

If you are behind a network proxy, follow these steps before continuing.

Important: The URLs and port numbers shown below are examples only. Use the actual URLs and port numbers for your environment. Contact your network administrator for this information if necessary.

Run the following commands to set the environment variables http_proxy, https_proxy, and no_proxy.

Important: Replace the example URLs and ports with the actual URLs and port numbers for your environment.

  $ export http_proxy=http://proxy-server.example:3128
  $ export https_proxy=http://proxy-server.example:3129
  $ export no_proxy=example.com,another-example.com,127.0.0.0

Note: Add these commands to either your .profile or .bashrc file so you don't have to set them every time you open a new shell.

Docker Proxy Settings (Optional)

To configure Docker to work with an HTTP or HTTPS proxy server, follow the instructions for your operating system:

Create the file /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/http-proxy.conf with the following contents:

Important: Replace the example URLs and ports with the actual URLs and port numbers for your environment.

[Service]
Environment="HTTP_PROXY=http://proxy-server.example:3128" "HTTPS_PROXY=http://proxy-server.example:3129" "http_proxy=http://proxy-server.example:3128" "https_proxy=http://proxy-server.example:3129" "no_proxy=example.com,another-example.com,127.0.0.0"

Restart Docker

$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
$ sudo systemctl restart docker

Verify that the configuration has been loaded:

$ systemctl show --property=Environment docker
Environment=HTTP_PROXY=http://proxy-server.example:80/

Docker DNS (Optional)

Docker build uses /etc/resolv.conf for setting up DNS servers for docker image builds. If you receive Host not found errors during docker build steps, you need to add nameserver entries to the resolve.conf file.

Note: (Ubuntu only) Because resolv.conf is automatically generated on Ubuntu, you must install a configuration utility with this command:

  $ sudo apt-get install resolvconf

Edit /etc/resolvconf/resolv.conf.d/base as root and add the DNS servers for your network.

Note: If you are behind a firewall, you might need to use specific servers for your network.

For example, to use Google's public DNS servers:

    nameserver 8.8.8.8
    nameserver 8.8.4.4

Step Three: Clone the Repository

Note: You must have git installed in order to clone the Sawtooth source code repository. You can find up-to-date installation instructions at "Getting Started - Installing Git": https://git-scm.com/book/en/v2/Getting-Started-Installing-Git.

Open a terminal and run the following commands:

   $ cd $HOME
   $ mkdir sawtooth
   $ cd sawtooth
   $ git clone https://github.com/hyperledger/sawtooth-core.git

Step Four: Build Docker Images

The Sawtooth build and test infrastructure requires that the dependencies be built. These dependencies include the protocol buffers definitions (under the protos directory) for the target languages and a set of docker images with the required build and runtime dependencies installed.

To build all the dependencies for running the full test-suite, run:

  $ docker-compose -f docker/compose/sawtooth-build.yaml up

To build the requirements to run a validator network, run this command:

  $ docker-compose build

This will build docker images suitable for running a validator, rest api, settings transaction processor, intkey and xo python transaction processors, and a client to interact with the network.

Tip: If you see Host not found errors in the output, see "Docker DNS (Optional)", above.

Note: This build environment uses Docker to virtualize the build and to execute the code in the development directory. This allows you to build and test the changes made to the local source without installing local dependencies on your machine.

If you wish to configure your development machine to do compilation directly on the host without Docker virtualization, see the Dockerfile in any component directory. For example, the file sawtooth-core/validator/Dockerfile describes the configuration and components needed to build and run the validator on a system.

Also provided is a docker-compose file which builds a full set of images with Sawtooth installed, and only the run-time dependencies installed.

  $ docker-compose -f docker-compose-installed.yaml build

These installed images also generate .deb artifacts during build. They can be found in the /tmp dir in any of the images.

Step Five: Start a Validator Node

To run a full validator node from the local source:

  $ docker-compose up

This command starts a validator with the following components attached to it:

  • REST API (available on host port 8008)
  • IntKey transaction processor (Python implementation)
  • Settings transaction processor
  • XO transaction processor (Python implementation)
  • Shell (for running Sawtooth commands)

From another console window, you can access the shell with this command:

  $ docker-compose exec client bash

This command uses Docker Compose and the development Docker images. These images have the runtime dependencies installed, but run Sawtooth from the source in your workspace. You can inspect docker-compose.yaml to see how the various components are launched and connected.

Step Six: Run Automated Tests

Note: The automated tests rely on Docker to ensure reproducibility. You must have Docker images that were built with the docker-compose -f docker/compose/sawtooth-build.yaml up command as described above.

To run the automated tests for Python components, while excluding Rust components:

  $ bin/run_tests -x rust_sdk

Note: The run_tests command provides the -x flag to allow you to exclude various components from the tests. You can also specify which tests to run with the -m flag. Run the command run_tests -h for help.