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useTranslation (hook)

What it does

It gets the t function and i18n instance inside your functional component.

import React from 'react';
import { useTranslation } from 'react-i18next';

export function MyComponent() {
  const { t, i18n } = useTranslation();
  // or const [t, i18n] = useTranslation();

  return <p>{t('my translated text')}</p>

While most of the time you only need the t function to translate your content, you can also get the i18n instance (in order to change the language).


{% hint style="info" %} The useTranslation hook will trigger a Suspense if not ready (eg. pending load of translation files). You can set useSuspense to false if prefer not using Suspense. {% endhint %}

When to use?

Use the useTranslation hook inside your functional components to access the translation function or i18n instance.

useTranslation params

Loading namespaces

// load a specific namespace
// the t function will be set to that namespace as default
const { t, i18n } = useTranslation('ns1');
t('key'); // will be looked up from namespace ns1

// load multiple namespaces
// the t function will be set to first namespace as default
const { t, i18n } = useTranslation(['ns1', 'ns2', 'ns3']);
t('key'); // will be looked up from namespace ns1
t('ns2:key'); // will be looked up from namespace ns2

Overriding the i18next instance

// passing in an i18n instance
// use only if you do not like the default instance
// set by i18next.use(initReactI18next) or the I18nextProvider
import i18n from './i18n';
const { t, i18n } = useTranslation('ns1', { i18n });

Not using Suspense

// additional ready will state if translations are loaded or not
const { t, i18n, ready } = useTranslation('ns1', { useSuspense: false });

{% hint style="info" %} Not using Suspense you will need to handle the not ready state yourself by eg. render a loading component as long ready === false . Not doing so will result in rendering your translations before they loaded which will cause save missing be called although translations exists (just yet not loaded). {% endhint %}