Skip to content
Permalink
master
Switch branches/tags
Go to file
 
 
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

withTranslation (HOC)

What it does

The withTranslation is a classic HOC (higher order component) and gets the t function and i18n instance inside your component via props.

import React from 'react';
import { withTranslation } from 'react-i18next';

function MyComponent({ t, i18n }) {
  return <p>{t('my translated text')}</p>
}

export default withTranslation()(MyComponent);

While you most time only need the t function to translate your content you also get the i18n instance to eg. change the language.

i18n.changeLanguage('en-US');

{% hint style="info" %} The withTranslation HOC will trigger a Suspense if not ready (eg. pending load of translation files). You can set useSuspense to false if prefer not using Suspense. {% endhint %}

When to use?

Use the withTranslation HOC to wrap any component (class or function) to access the translation function or i18n instance.

withTranslation params

Loading namespaces

// load a specific namespace
// the t function will be set to that namespace as default
withTranslation('ns1')(MyComponent);

// inside your component MyComponent
this.props.t('key'); // will be looked up from namespace ns1

// load multiple namespaces
// the t function will be set to first namespace as default
withTranslation(['ns1', 'ns2', 'ns3'])(MyComponent);

// inside your component MyComponent
this.props.t('key'); // will be looked up from namespace ns1
this.props.t('ns2:key'); // will be looked up from namespace ns2

Overriding the i18next instance

// passing in an i18n instance
// use only if you do not like the default instance
// set by i18next.use(initReactI18next) or the I18nextProvider
import i18n from './i18n';

const ExtendedComponent = withTranslation('ns1')(MyComponent);

<ExtendedComponent i18n={i18n} />

Not using Suspense

// use tReady prop in MyComponent to check if translations
// are already loaded or not
const ExtendedComponent = withTranslation()(MyComponent);

<ExtendedComponent useSuspense={false} />

{% hint style="info" %} Not using Suspense you will need to handle the not ready state yourself by eg. render a loading component as long props.tReady === false . Not doing so will result in rendering your translations before they loaded which will cause save missing be called although translations exists (just yet not loaded). {% endhint %}

How to

use ref (>= v10.6.0)

You can use forwardRefs like:

const Wrapped = withTranslation('translation', { withRef: true })(MyComponent);

// then pass a ref in your render method like
const myRef = React.createRef();
<Wrapped ref={myRef} />;

// use myRef.current to access it

hoist non-react statics

The HOC does not hoist statics itself so you might append those statics manually or by using a module.

Use hoist-non-react-statics yourself:

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { withTranslation } from 'react-i18next';
import hoistStatics from 'hoist-non-react-statics';

class MyComponent extends Component {
  static ...
}

export default hoistStatics(withTranslation()(MyComponent), MyComponent);

Or simply hoist the one/two statics yourself:

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { withTranslation } from 'react-i18next';
import hoistStatics from 'hoist-non-react-statics';

class MyComponent extends Component {
  static ...
}

const Extended = withTranslation()(MyComponent);
Extended.static = MyComponent.static;

export default Extended;