PathwayMapper is a web based pathway curation tool for interactive creation, editing, and sharing of cancer pathways. The tool supports remote users to collaborate and concurrently modify pathways using ShareDB with built-in conflict resolution implemented as a ReactJS component.
How to Cite Usage
Bahceci et al. (2017) "PathwayMapper: a collaborative visual web editor for cancer pathways and genomic data", Bioinformatics.
Here is a screenshot from the PathwayMapper editor:
as well as in Patient view (example):
Send any feedback and error reports to at firstname.lastname@example.org.
PathwayMapper is distributed under GNU Affero General Public License.
A sample deployment can be found here.
Running a Local Instance
In order to deploy and run a local instance of the tool, please follow the steps below:
Firstly, clone PathwayMapper to your local machine, and navigate to the local repository:
git clone https://github.com/iVis-at-Bilkent/pathway-mapper.git cd pathway-mapper yarn install
- Running the tool
Please note that the app runs on port 3000 by default. To change the port, set the port environment variable before running npm start:
export PORT=3000 yarn start
Windows users need to change the associated variable in server.js file:
const DEFAULT_PORT = 3000;
Running an instance on Heroku (free)
Running Tool in Development Mode
Running the tool in development mode does not require any changes.
Just make sure that after you made your changes, execute the below command to start build process:
Then, it can be run using
Please note that the app runs on the port 3000 by default. To change the port follow the same steps in previous section.
Sample TCGA Pathways
A number of pathways from the manuscripts of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) studies and those resulting from TCGA PanCanAtlas Project are available under Network > TCGA menu items sorted alphabetically by cancer type or pathway name. For instance, following is the PI3K pathway in Glioblastoma:
The same pathway can be opened up in PathwayMapper with URL http://pathwaymapper.org/?pathwayName=GBM-2013-RTK-RAS-PI(3)K-pathway, where pathwayName is the title of the sample pathway in PathwayMapper.
Adding Genes and Interactions
PathwayMapper allows creation of following node types:
- Family: subset of genes grouped together under a parent compound node for analysis purposes
- Complex: molecular complex of member genes represented with a parent compound node
- Compartment: a cellular location for genes and interactions represented with a parent compound node
and following interaction types:
- Induces (transcriptional activation)
- Represses (transcriptional inhibition)
To create a node, drag and drop it from the Node Palette. Similarly, to create an interaction, first select an interaction type from the Interaction Palette. Then, click on the green circle on top of the source node and drag it to the target node.
To add a node inside a compound node, you may directly drag it from the palette onto the parent compound node. Alternatively, you may select the node(s) and then right click on the compound to which you'd like to add the node and choose Add Selected Into This.
Below is a screenshot showing a sample pathway constructed with PathwayMapper:
Validating Gene Symbols
Gene symbols may be checked for validity using cBioPortal's web service. Below is a screenshot showing genes with invalid labels in red borders:
Inspecting Gene Properties
Assuming a gene symbol is valid, you may inspect its properties from MyCancerGenome by simply double-clicking on that gene and pressing the button "MyCancerGenome". This will display the associated gene page in a new browser tab:
Associating PubMed IDs with Interactions
One can associate any number of PubMed IDs with an interaction by simply double-clicking on that interaction and entering the PubMed IDs. These IDs have hyperlinks to the associated PubMed web page:
Editing and Aligning Nodes
Node locations may be adjusted manually by clicking on / selecting and dragging them. Multiple nodes may be selected by either using Shift + click or by Shift and box selection.
Nodes may be resized manually using the resize handles that appear on the edge of the node borders upon selection. Alternatively, the visual cue that appear toward the lower right corner of a node may be clicked to resize it to content (label and experiment data). All nodes may be simulatenously resized to their content via Edit > Resize Nodes to Content.
Alignment guidelines help us align nodes manually in a vertical or horizontal manner. Alternatively, one may select two or more nodes and align using View > Align Selected menu item. Alignment is performed with respect to the firstly selected node.
Before vertical center alignment of four nodes with respect to the firstly selected gene KRAS (left) and after alignment (right):
Editing and Reconnecting Interactions
Interactions may be routed through additional anchor (bend or control) points. To introduce a new anchor point, first select the interaction by clicking on it, and then right click and select Add Bend Point or Add Control Point. After the anchor point is created, drag it around to bend the edge. If an edge already has one type of anchor point (bend or control) additional anchor points of the same type can be created by dragging on the edge when it is selected, without needing to right click and add. In order to remove an anchor point, either move it to a location where it becomes almost unnecessary (it falls onto a straight line) or right click on the anchor point and select the Remove Bend/Control Point option. Given that there are multiple anchor points on an edge, all anchor points can be removed at once by right clicking on the edge or one of the anchors and selecting Remove All Bend/Control Points.
Below is an example map where edges used such anchor points:
One may also reconnect an interaction through its reconnection handles that appear when the edge is selected. Simply click on the reconnection handle close to the source / target that you'd like to change and drag it onto the new source / target.
Performing Automatic Layout
At any point, the user may want to rearrange the layout of the pathway. By default, automatic layout is performed incrementally, starting with the current positions of nodes. If you'd rather perform a static layout from scratch, you may uncheck the Incremental option under Layout > Layout Properties.
A pathway randomly laid out and the same pathway after automatic layout:
Hide and Show
Certain parts of a pathway may be temporarily removed by selecting and choosing View > Hide Selected Nodes. Nodes hidden in this way may be collectively brought back into the view using View > Show All Nodes.
Nodes and interactions may be highlighted to draw attention to certain paths or sub-pathways by simply selecting them and applying Highlight > Highlight Selected.
One may use Highlight > Identify Invalid Genes to highlight all genes with symbols that are not valid.
All such highlights can be removed at once by issuing Highlight > Remove All Highlights.
Undo / Redo
All editing operations explained earlier may be undone and redone if needed using Edit > Undo or Redo. Undo, however, is not available in Collaborative mode (see below).
Export and Import
Exporting To / Importing From A Text File
The user may persist the current pathway onto the disk and import it back later on. Pathway content is organized as follows in a tab-delimited text file:
PTEN and the PI3-Kinase Pathway This pathway ... --NODE_NAME NODE_ID NODE_TYPE PARENT_ID POSX POSY-- PTEN PTEN GENE -1 444 46 PIK3CA PIK3CA GENE -1 360 139 ... --EDGE_ID SOURCE TARGET EDGE_TYPE PTEN-PIK3CA PTEN PIK3CA INHIBITS ...
Here the first line contains the pathway title followed by a single empty line. Then comes a description of the pathway, again followed by a single empty line. After that comes nodes with properties name, ID, type, parent ID, x, and y positions, where parent ID and location information are optional. This is succeeded with a single empty line, followed by edges with properties ID, source ID, target ID, and type.
Exporting As Image
The user may export the current pathway as a static image (JPG and PNG) or in scalable vector graphics (SVG).
Viewing Experiment Data
At any point during pathway editing, the user may upload and overlay an associated experimental data set from a text file.
The tab-delimited experiment data files are organized as follows, where after the gene name one or more data sets follow:
gene lung ovarian breast PTEN -7 -20 10 PIK3CA 18 40 -50 ...
Here, by default, a positive value signifies an activation percentage and is shown with a white-red color scale, whereas negative values signify inactivation shown with a white-blue color scale. The experiment file may contain an arbitrary number of data sets, and its view can be customized through Alteration % > Data Sets dialog.
Below is a screenshot showing sample experiment data overlaid on our sample data (left), the same map after the user unchecks the experiment data for "lung" through Alteration % > Data Sets (right):
Due to the limited space within a node's graphical representation, up to six data sets can be shown simultaneously. The user may also fetch alteration frequencies available on cBioPortal database through Alteration % > Load From cBioPortal... dialog. The dialog will let the user select a cancer study followed by data type(s) available for that studey in the database, and overlay the related data set(s) on the pathway in addition to any currently available data set.
The default color scheme may be changed and particular value ranges could be mapped to specified colors through the Alteration % > Color Scheme dialog. Value-color mapping is performed using a log-scale (i.e. if 40 is mapped to yellow and 80 is mapped to red, 60 will be a lot closer to red than yellow).
Should you choose "Collaborative" on the welcome page, your editing session will be given a unique ID and you will have the option of sharing the URL containing this ID with desired person(s) and construct / edit a pathways in real time with support for concurrent modifications and built-in conflict resolution.
Any changes made by any person working on the pathway with the same URL will be shared / reflected to other people currently viweing / editing the same pathway. Below is a short video illustrating collaborative usage:
PathwayMapper uses many third party libraries mainly including Cytoscape.js and many of its extensions, React, Node.js, and cBioPortal API licensed under BSD-2-Clause, BSD-3-Clause, ISC, Apache-2.0 or MIT. For a complete list, please refer to this file.
- M. Salih Altun, Ugur Dogrusoz of i-Vis at Bilkent University, Ozgun Babur of OHSU, and S. Onur Sumer, Jianjiong Gao, Nikolaus Schultz of The Nikolaus Schultz lab at MSKCC.