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/**********************************************************************
class.c -
$Author$
created at: Tue Aug 10 15:05:44 JST 1993
Copyright (C) 1993-2007 Yukihiro Matsumoto
**********************************************************************/
/*!
* \defgroup class Classes and their hierarchy.
* \par Terminology
* - class: same as in Ruby.
* - singleton class: class for a particular object
* - eigenclass: = singleton class
* - metaclass: class of a class. metaclass is a kind of singleton class.
* - metametaclass: class of a metaclass.
* - meta^(n)-class: class of a meta^(n-1)-class.
* - attached object: A singleton class knows its unique instance.
* The instance is called the attached object for the singleton class.
* \{
*/
#include "ruby/ruby.h"
#include "ruby/st.h"
#include "method.h"
#include "vm_core.h"
#include <ctype.h>
extern st_table *rb_class_tbl;
static ID id_attached;
/**
* Allocates a struct RClass for a new class.
*
* \param flags initial value for basic.flags of the returned class.
* \param klass the class of the returned class.
* \return an uninitialized Class object.
* \pre \p klass must refer \c Class class or an ancestor of Class.
* \pre \code (flags | T_CLASS) != 0 \endcode
* \post the returned class can safely be \c #initialize 'd.
*
* \note this function is not Class#allocate.
*/
static VALUE
class_alloc(VALUE flags, VALUE klass)
{
rb_classext_t *ext = ALLOC(rb_classext_t);
NEWOBJ(obj, struct RClass);
OBJSETUP(obj, klass, flags);
obj->ptr = ext;
RCLASS_IV_TBL(obj) = 0;
RCLASS_M_TBL(obj) = 0;
RCLASS_SUPER(obj) = 0;
RCLASS_IV_INDEX_TBL(obj) = 0;
return (VALUE)obj;
}
/*!
* A utility function that wraps class_alloc.
*
* allocates a class and initializes safely.
* \param super a class from which the new class derives.
* \return a class object.
* \pre \a super must be a class.
* \post the metaclass of the new class is Class.
*/
VALUE
rb_class_boot(VALUE super)
{
VALUE klass = class_alloc(T_CLASS, rb_cClass);
RCLASS_SUPER(klass) = super;
RCLASS_M_TBL(klass) = st_init_numtable();
OBJ_INFECT(klass, super);
return (VALUE)klass;
}
/*!
* Ensures a class can be derived from super.
*
* \param super a reference to an object.
* \exception TypeError if \a super is not a Class or \a super is a singleton class.
*/
void
rb_check_inheritable(VALUE super)
{
if (TYPE(super) != T_CLASS) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "superclass must be a Class (%s given)",
rb_obj_classname(super));
}
if (RBASIC(super)->flags & FL_SINGLETON) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't make subclass of singleton class");
}
if (super == rb_cClass) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't make subclass of Class");
}
}
/*!
* Creates a new class.
* \param super a class from which the new class derives.
* \exception TypeError \a super is not inheritable.
* \exception TypeError \a super is the Class class.
*/
VALUE
rb_class_new(VALUE super)
{
Check_Type(super, T_CLASS);
rb_check_inheritable(super);
return rb_class_boot(super);
}
struct clone_method_data {
st_table *tbl;
VALUE klass;
};
VALUE rb_iseq_clone(VALUE iseqval, VALUE newcbase);
static int
clone_method(ID mid, const rb_method_entry_t *me, struct clone_method_data *data)
{
VALUE newiseqval;
if (me->def && me->def->type == VM_METHOD_TYPE_ISEQ) {
rb_iseq_t *iseq;
newiseqval = rb_iseq_clone(me->def->body.iseq->self, data->klass);
GetISeqPtr(newiseqval, iseq);
rb_add_method(data->klass, mid, VM_METHOD_TYPE_ISEQ, iseq, me->flag);
RB_GC_GUARD(newiseqval);
}
else {
rb_method_entry_set(data->klass, mid, me, me->flag);
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/* :nodoc: */
VALUE
rb_mod_init_copy(VALUE clone, VALUE orig)
{
rb_obj_init_copy(clone, orig);
if (!FL_TEST(CLASS_OF(clone), FL_SINGLETON)) {
RBASIC(clone)->klass = rb_singleton_class_clone(orig);
rb_singleton_class_attached(RBASIC(clone)->klass, (VALUE)clone);
}
RCLASS_SUPER(clone) = RCLASS_SUPER(orig);
if (RCLASS_IV_TBL(orig)) {
ID id;
if (RCLASS_IV_TBL(clone)) {
st_free_table(RCLASS_IV_TBL(clone));
}
RCLASS_IV_TBL(clone) = st_copy(RCLASS_IV_TBL(orig));
CONST_ID(id, "__classpath__");
st_delete(RCLASS_IV_TBL(clone), (st_data_t*)&id, 0);
CONST_ID(id, "__classid__");
st_delete(RCLASS_IV_TBL(clone), (st_data_t*)&id, 0);
}
if (RCLASS_M_TBL(orig)) {
struct clone_method_data data;
if (RCLASS_M_TBL(clone)) {
extern void rb_free_m_table(st_table *tbl);
rb_free_m_table(RCLASS_M_TBL(clone));
}
data.tbl = RCLASS_M_TBL(clone) = st_init_numtable();
data.klass = clone;
st_foreach(RCLASS_M_TBL(orig), clone_method,
(st_data_t)&data);
}
return clone;
}
/* :nodoc: */
VALUE
rb_class_init_copy(VALUE clone, VALUE orig)
{
if (orig == rb_cBasicObject) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't copy the root class");
}
if (RCLASS_SUPER(clone) != 0 || clone == rb_cBasicObject) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "already initialized class");
}
if (FL_TEST(orig, FL_SINGLETON)) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't copy singleton class");
}
return rb_mod_init_copy(clone, orig);
}
VALUE
rb_singleton_class_clone(VALUE obj)
{
VALUE klass = RBASIC(obj)->klass;
if (!FL_TEST(klass, FL_SINGLETON))
return klass;
else {
struct clone_method_data data;
/* copy singleton(unnamed) class */
VALUE clone = class_alloc(RBASIC(klass)->flags, 0);
if (BUILTIN_TYPE(obj) == T_CLASS) {
RBASIC(clone)->klass = (VALUE)clone;
}
else {
RBASIC(clone)->klass = rb_singleton_class_clone(klass);
}
RCLASS_SUPER(clone) = RCLASS_SUPER(klass);
if (RCLASS_IV_TBL(klass)) {
RCLASS_IV_TBL(clone) = st_copy(RCLASS_IV_TBL(klass));
}
RCLASS_M_TBL(clone) = st_init_numtable();
data.tbl = RCLASS_M_TBL(clone);
data.klass = (VALUE)clone;
st_foreach(RCLASS_M_TBL(klass), clone_method,
(st_data_t)&data);
rb_singleton_class_attached(RBASIC(clone)->klass, (VALUE)clone);
FL_SET(clone, FL_SINGLETON);
return (VALUE)clone;
}
}
/*!
* Attach a object to a singleton class.
* @pre \a klass is the singleton class of \a obj.
*/
void
rb_singleton_class_attached(VALUE klass, VALUE obj)
{
if (FL_TEST(klass, FL_SINGLETON)) {
if (!RCLASS_IV_TBL(klass)) {
RCLASS_IV_TBL(klass) = st_init_numtable();
}
st_insert(RCLASS_IV_TBL(klass), id_attached, obj);
}
}
#define METACLASS_OF(k) RBASIC(k)->klass
/*!
* whether k is a meta^(n)-class of Class class
* @retval 1 if \a k is a meta^(n)-class of Class class (n >= 0)
* @retval 0 otherwise
*/
#define META_CLASS_OF_CLASS_CLASS_P(k) (METACLASS_OF(k) == k)
/*!
* ensures \a klass belongs to its own eigenclass.
* @return the eigenclass of \a klass
* @post \a klass belongs to the returned eigenclass.
* i.e. the attached object of the eigenclass is \a klass.
* @note this macro creates a new eigenclass if necessary.
*/
#define ENSURE_EIGENCLASS(klass) \
(rb_ivar_get(METACLASS_OF(klass), id_attached) == klass ? METACLASS_OF(klass) : make_metaclass(klass))
/*!
* Creates a metaclass of \a klass
* \param klass a class
* \return created metaclass for the class
* \pre \a klass is a Class object
* \pre \a klass has no singleton class.
* \post the class of \a klass is the returned class.
* \post the returned class is meta^(n+1)-class when \a klass is a meta^(n)-klass for n >= 0
*/
static inline VALUE
make_metaclass(VALUE klass)
{
VALUE super;
VALUE metaclass = rb_class_boot(Qundef);
FL_SET(metaclass, FL_SINGLETON);
rb_singleton_class_attached(metaclass, klass);
if (META_CLASS_OF_CLASS_CLASS_P(klass)) {
METACLASS_OF(klass) = METACLASS_OF(metaclass) = metaclass;
}
else {
VALUE tmp = METACLASS_OF(klass); /* for a meta^(n)-class klass, tmp is meta^(n)-class of Class class */
METACLASS_OF(klass) = metaclass;
METACLASS_OF(metaclass) = ENSURE_EIGENCLASS(tmp);
}
super = RCLASS_SUPER(klass);
while (RB_TYPE_P(super, T_ICLASS)) super = RCLASS_SUPER(super);
RCLASS_SUPER(metaclass) = super ? ENSURE_EIGENCLASS(super) : rb_cClass;
OBJ_INFECT(metaclass, RCLASS_SUPER(metaclass));
return metaclass;
}
/*!
* Creates a singleton class for \a obj.
* \pre \a obj must not a immediate nor a special const.
* \pre \a obj must not a Class object.
* \pre \a obj has no singleton class.
*/
static inline VALUE
make_singleton_class(VALUE obj)
{
VALUE orig_class = RBASIC(obj)->klass;
VALUE klass = rb_class_boot(orig_class);
FL_SET(klass, FL_SINGLETON);
RBASIC(obj)->klass = klass;
rb_singleton_class_attached(klass, obj);
METACLASS_OF(klass) = METACLASS_OF(rb_class_real(orig_class));
return klass;
}
static VALUE
boot_defclass(const char *name, VALUE super)
{
extern st_table *rb_class_tbl;
VALUE obj = rb_class_boot(super);
ID id = rb_intern(name);
rb_name_class(obj, id);
st_add_direct(rb_class_tbl, id, obj);
rb_const_set((rb_cObject ? rb_cObject : obj), id, obj);
return obj;
}
void
Init_class_hierarchy(void)
{
id_attached = rb_intern("__attached__");
rb_cBasicObject = boot_defclass("BasicObject", 0);
rb_cObject = boot_defclass("Object", rb_cBasicObject);
rb_cModule = boot_defclass("Module", rb_cObject);
rb_cClass = boot_defclass("Class", rb_cModule);
rb_const_set(rb_cObject, rb_intern("BasicObject"), rb_cBasicObject);
RBASIC(rb_cClass)->klass
= RBASIC(rb_cModule)->klass
= RBASIC(rb_cObject)->klass
= RBASIC(rb_cBasicObject)->klass
= rb_cClass;
}
/*!
* \internal
* Creates a new *singleton class* for an object.
*
* \pre \a obj has no singleton class.
* \note DO NOT USE the function in an extension libraries. Use \ref rb_singleton_class.
* \param obj An object.
* \param unused ignored.
* \return The singleton class of the object.
*/
VALUE
rb_make_metaclass(VALUE obj, VALUE unused)
{
if (BUILTIN_TYPE(obj) == T_CLASS) {
return make_metaclass(obj);
}
else {
return make_singleton_class(obj);
}
}
/*!
* Defines a new class.
* \param id ignored
* \param super A class from which the new class will derive. NULL means \c Object class.
* \return the created class
* \throw TypeError if super is not a \c Class object.
*
* \note the returned class will not be associated with \a id.
* You must explicitly set a class name if necessary.
*/
VALUE
rb_define_class_id(ID id, VALUE super)
{
VALUE klass;
if (!super) super = rb_cObject;
klass = rb_class_new(super);
rb_make_metaclass(klass, RBASIC(super)->klass);
return klass;
}
/*!
* Calls Class#inherited.
* \param super A class which will be called #inherited.
* NULL means Object class.
* \param klass A Class object which derived from \a super
* \return the value \c Class#inherited's returns
* \pre Each of \a super and \a klass must be a \c Class object.
*/
VALUE
rb_class_inherited(VALUE super, VALUE klass)
{
ID inherited;
if (!super) super = rb_cObject;
CONST_ID(inherited, "inherited");
return rb_funcall(super, inherited, 1, klass);
}
/*!
* Defines a top-level class.
* \param name name of the class
* \param super a class from which the new class will derive.
* NULL means \c Object class.
* \return the created class
* \throw TypeError if the constant name \a name is already taken but
* the constant is not a \c Class.
* \throw NameError if the class is already defined but the class can not
* be reopened because its superclass is not \a super.
* \post top-level constant named \a name refers the returned class.
*
* \note if a class named \a name is already defined and its superclass is
* \a super, the function just returns the defined class.
*/
VALUE
rb_define_class(const char *name, VALUE super)
{
VALUE klass;
ID id;
id = rb_intern(name);
if (rb_const_defined(rb_cObject, id)) {
klass = rb_const_get(rb_cObject, id);
if (TYPE(klass) != T_CLASS) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "%s is not a class", name);
}
if (rb_class_real(RCLASS_SUPER(klass)) != super) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "superclass mismatch for class %s", name);
}
return klass;
}
if (!super) {
rb_warn("no super class for `%s', Object assumed", name);
}
klass = rb_define_class_id(id, super);
st_add_direct(rb_class_tbl, id, klass);
rb_name_class(klass, id);
rb_const_set(rb_cObject, id, klass);
rb_class_inherited(super, klass);
return klass;
}
/*!
* Defines a class under the namespace of \a outer.
* \param outer a class which contains the new class.
* \param name name of the new class
* \param super a class from which the new class will derive.
* NULL means \c Object class.
* \return the created class
* \throw TypeError if the constant name \a name is already taken but
* the constant is not a \c Class.
* \throw NameError if the class is already defined but the class can not
* be reopened because its superclass is not \a super.
* \post top-level constant named \a name refers the returned class.
*
* \note if a class named \a name is already defined and its superclass is
* \a super, the function just returns the defined class.
*/
VALUE
rb_define_class_under(VALUE outer, const char *name, VALUE super)
{
return rb_define_class_id_under(outer, rb_intern(name), super);
}
/*!
* Defines a class under the namespace of \a outer.
* \param outer a class which contains the new class.
* \param id name of the new class
* \param super a class from which the new class will derive.
* NULL means \c Object class.
* \return the created class
* \throw TypeError if the constant name \a name is already taken but
* the constant is not a \c Class.
* \throw NameError if the class is already defined but the class can not
* be reopened because its superclass is not \a super.
* \post top-level constant named \a name refers the returned class.
*
* \note if a class named \a name is already defined and its superclass is
* \a super, the function just returns the defined class.
*/
VALUE
rb_define_class_id_under(VALUE outer, ID id, VALUE super)
{
VALUE klass;
if (rb_const_defined_at(outer, id)) {
klass = rb_const_get_at(outer, id);
if (TYPE(klass) != T_CLASS) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "%s is not a class", rb_id2name(id));
}
if (rb_class_real(RCLASS_SUPER(klass)) != super) {
rb_name_error(id, "%s is already defined", rb_id2name(id));
}
return klass;
}
if (!super) {
rb_warn("no super class for `%s::%s', Object assumed",
rb_class2name(outer), rb_id2name(id));
}
klass = rb_define_class_id(id, super);
rb_set_class_path_string(klass, outer, rb_id2str(id));
rb_const_set(outer, id, klass);
rb_class_inherited(super, klass);
rb_gc_register_mark_object(klass);
return klass;
}
VALUE
rb_module_new(void)
{
VALUE mdl = class_alloc(T_MODULE, rb_cModule);
RCLASS_M_TBL(mdl) = st_init_numtable();
return (VALUE)mdl;
}
VALUE
rb_define_module_id(ID id)
{
VALUE mdl;
mdl = rb_module_new();
rb_name_class(mdl, id);
return mdl;
}
VALUE
rb_define_module(const char *name)
{
VALUE module;
ID id;
id = rb_intern(name);
if (rb_const_defined(rb_cObject, id)) {
module = rb_const_get(rb_cObject, id);
if (TYPE(module) == T_MODULE)
return module;
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "%s is not a module", rb_obj_classname(module));
}
module = rb_define_module_id(id);
st_add_direct(rb_class_tbl, id, module);
rb_const_set(rb_cObject, id, module);
return module;
}
VALUE
rb_define_module_under(VALUE outer, const char *name)
{
return rb_define_module_id_under(outer, rb_intern(name));
}
VALUE
rb_define_module_id_under(VALUE outer, ID id)
{
VALUE module;
if (rb_const_defined_at(outer, id)) {
module = rb_const_get_at(outer, id);
if (TYPE(module) == T_MODULE)
return module;
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "%s::%s is not a module",
rb_class2name(outer), rb_obj_classname(module));
}
module = rb_define_module_id(id);
rb_const_set(outer, id, module);
rb_set_class_path_string(module, outer, rb_id2str(id));
rb_gc_register_mark_object(module);
return module;
}
static VALUE
include_class_new(VALUE module, VALUE super)
{
VALUE klass = class_alloc(T_ICLASS, rb_cClass);
if (BUILTIN_TYPE(module) == T_ICLASS) {
module = RBASIC(module)->klass;
}
if (!RCLASS_IV_TBL(module)) {
RCLASS_IV_TBL(module) = st_init_numtable();
}
RCLASS_IV_TBL(klass) = RCLASS_IV_TBL(module);
RCLASS_M_TBL(klass) = RCLASS_M_TBL(module);
RCLASS_SUPER(klass) = super;
if (TYPE(module) == T_ICLASS) {
RBASIC(klass)->klass = RBASIC(module)->klass;
}
else {
RBASIC(klass)->klass = module;
}
OBJ_INFECT(klass, module);
OBJ_INFECT(klass, super);
return (VALUE)klass;
}
void
rb_include_module(VALUE klass, VALUE module)
{
VALUE p, c;
int changed = 0;
rb_frozen_class_p(klass);
if (!OBJ_UNTRUSTED(klass)) {
rb_secure(4);
}
if (TYPE(module) != T_MODULE) {
Check_Type(module, T_MODULE);
}
OBJ_INFECT(klass, module);
c = klass;
while (module) {
int superclass_seen = FALSE;
if (RCLASS_M_TBL(klass) == RCLASS_M_TBL(module))
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "cyclic include detected");
/* ignore if the module included already in superclasses */
for (p = RCLASS_SUPER(klass); p; p = RCLASS_SUPER(p)) {
switch (BUILTIN_TYPE(p)) {
case T_ICLASS:
if (RCLASS_M_TBL(p) == RCLASS_M_TBL(module)) {
if (!superclass_seen) {
c = p; /* move insertion point */
}
goto skip;
}
break;
case T_CLASS:
superclass_seen = TRUE;
break;
}
}
c = RCLASS_SUPER(c) = include_class_new(module, RCLASS_SUPER(c));
changed = 1;
skip:
module = RCLASS_SUPER(module);
}
if (changed) rb_clear_cache();
}
/*
* call-seq:
* mod.included_modules -> array
*
* Returns the list of modules included in <i>mod</i>.
*
* module Mixin
* end
*
* module Outer
* include Mixin
* end
*
* Mixin.included_modules #=> []
* Outer.included_modules #=> [Mixin]
*/
VALUE
rb_mod_included_modules(VALUE mod)
{
VALUE ary = rb_ary_new();
VALUE p;
for (p = RCLASS_SUPER(mod); p; p = RCLASS_SUPER(p)) {
if (BUILTIN_TYPE(p) == T_ICLASS) {
rb_ary_push(ary, RBASIC(p)->klass);
}
}
return ary;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* mod.include?(module) -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if <i>module</i> is included in
* <i>mod</i> or one of <i>mod</i>'s ancestors.
*
* module A
* end
* class B
* include A
* end
* class C < B
* end
* B.include?(A) #=> true
* C.include?(A) #=> true
* A.include?(A) #=> false
*/
VALUE
rb_mod_include_p(VALUE mod, VALUE mod2)
{
VALUE p;
Check_Type(mod2, T_MODULE);
for (p = RCLASS_SUPER(mod); p; p = RCLASS_SUPER(p)) {
if (BUILTIN_TYPE(p) == T_ICLASS) {
if (RBASIC(p)->klass == mod2) return Qtrue;
}
}
return Qfalse;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* mod.ancestors -> array
*
* Returns a list of modules included in <i>mod</i> (including
* <i>mod</i> itself).
*
* module Mod
* include Math
* include Comparable
* end
*
* Mod.ancestors #=> [Mod, Comparable, Math]
* Math.ancestors #=> [Math]
*/
VALUE
rb_mod_ancestors(VALUE mod)
{
VALUE p, ary = rb_ary_new();
for (p = mod; p; p = RCLASS_SUPER(p)) {
if (FL_TEST(p, FL_SINGLETON))
continue;
if (BUILTIN_TYPE(p) == T_ICLASS) {
rb_ary_push(ary, RBASIC(p)->klass);
}
else {
rb_ary_push(ary, p);
}
}
return ary;
}
#define VISI(x) ((x)&NOEX_MASK)
#define VISI_CHECK(x,f) (VISI(x) == (f))
static int
ins_methods_push(ID name, long type, VALUE ary, long visi)
{
if (type == -1) return ST_CONTINUE;
switch (visi) {
case NOEX_PRIVATE:
case NOEX_PROTECTED:
case NOEX_PUBLIC:
visi = (type == visi);
break;
default:
visi = (type != NOEX_PRIVATE);
break;
}
if (visi) {
rb_ary_push(ary, ID2SYM(name));
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static int
ins_methods_i(ID name, long type, VALUE ary)
{
return ins_methods_push(name, type, ary, -1); /* everything but private */
}
static int
ins_methods_prot_i(ID name, long type, VALUE ary)
{
return ins_methods_push(name, type, ary, NOEX_PROTECTED);
}
static int
ins_methods_priv_i(ID name, long type, VALUE ary)
{
return ins_methods_push(name, type, ary, NOEX_PRIVATE);
}
static int
ins_methods_pub_i(ID name, long type, VALUE ary)
{
return ins_methods_push(name, type, ary, NOEX_PUBLIC);
}
static int
method_entry(ID key, const rb_method_entry_t *me, st_table *list)
{
long type;
if (key == ID_ALLOCATOR) {
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
if (!st_lookup(list, key, 0)) {
if (UNDEFINED_METHOD_ENTRY_P(me)) {
type = -1; /* none */
}
else {
type = VISI(me->flag);
}
st_add_direct(list, key, type);
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static VALUE
class_instance_method_list(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE mod, int obj, int (*func) (ID, long, VALUE))
{
VALUE ary;
int recur;
st_table *list;
if (argc == 0) {
recur = TRUE;
}
else {
VALUE r;
rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &r);
recur = RTEST(r);
}
list = st_init_numtable();
for (; mod; mod = RCLASS_SUPER(mod)) {
st_foreach(RCLASS_M_TBL(mod), method_entry, (st_data_t)list);
if (BUILTIN_TYPE(mod) == T_ICLASS) continue;
if (obj && FL_TEST(mod, FL_SINGLETON)) continue;
if (!recur) break;
}
ary = rb_ary_new();
st_foreach(list, func, ary);
st_free_table(list);
return ary;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* mod.instance_methods(include_super=true) -> array
*
* Returns an array containing the names of the public and protected instance
* methods in the receiver. For a module, these are the public and protected methods;
* for a class, they are the instance (not singleton) methods. With no
* argument, or with an argument that is <code>false</code>, the
* instance methods in <i>mod</i> are returned, otherwise the methods
* in <i>mod</i> and <i>mod</i>'s superclasses are returned.
*
* module A
* def method1() end
* end
* class B
* def method2() end
* end
* class C < B
* def method3() end
* end
*
* A.instance_methods #=> [:method1]
* B.instance_methods(false) #=> [:method2]
* C.instance_methods(false) #=> [:method3]
* C.instance_methods(true).length #=> 43
*/
VALUE
rb_class_instance_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE mod)
{
return class_instance_method_list(argc, argv, mod, 0, ins_methods_i);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* mod.protected_instance_methods(include_super=true) -> array
*
* Returns a list of the protected instance methods defined in
* <i>mod</i>. If the optional parameter is not <code>false</code>, the
* methods of any ancestors are included.
*/
VALUE
rb_class_protected_instance_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE mod)
{
return class_instance_method_list(argc, argv, mod, 0, ins_methods_prot_i);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* mod.private_instance_methods(include_super=true) -> array
*
* Returns a list of the private instance methods defined in
* <i>mod</i>. If the optional parameter is not <code>false</code>, the
* methods of any ancestors are included.
*
* module Mod
* def method1() end
* private :method1
* def method2() end
* end
* Mod.instance_methods #=> [:method2]
* Mod.private_instance_methods #=> [:method1]
*/
VALUE
rb_class_private_instance_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE mod)
{
return class_instance_method_list(argc, argv, mod, 0, ins_methods_priv_i);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* mod.public_instance_methods(include_super=true) -> array
*
* Returns a list of the public instance methods defined in <i>mod</i>.
* If the optional parameter is not <code>false</code>, the methods of
* any ancestors are included.
*/
VALUE
rb_class_public_instance_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE mod)
{
return class_instance_method_list(argc, argv, mod, 0, ins_methods_pub_i);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* obj.methods -> array
*
* Returns a list of the names of methods publicly accessible in
* <i>obj</i>. This will include all the methods accessible in
* <i>obj</i>'s ancestors.
*
* class Klass
* def kMethod()
* end
* end
* k = Klass.new
* k.methods[0..9] #=> [:kMethod, :freeze, :nil?, :is_a?,
* # :class, :instance_variable_set,
* # :methods, :extend, :__send__, :instance_eval]
* k.methods.length #=> 42
*/
VALUE
rb_obj_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
retry:
if (argc == 0) {
VALUE args[1];
args[0] = Qtrue;
return class_instance_method_list(argc, argv, CLASS_OF(obj), 1, ins_methods_i);
}
else {
VALUE recur;
rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "1", &recur);
if (RTEST(recur)) {
argc = 0;
goto retry;
}
return rb_obj_singleton_methods(argc, argv, obj);
}
}
/*
* call-seq:
* obj.protected_methods(all=true) -> array
*
* Returns the list of protected methods accessible to <i>obj</i>. If
* the <i>all</i> parameter is set to <code>false</code>, only those methods
* in the receiver will be listed.
*/
VALUE
rb_obj_protected_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
return class_instance_method_list(argc, argv, CLASS_OF(obj), 1, ins_methods_prot_i);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* obj.private_methods(all=true) -> array
*
* Returns the list of private methods accessible to <i>obj</i>. If
* the <i>all</i> parameter is set to <code>false</code>, only those methods
* in the receiver will be listed.
*/
VALUE
rb_obj_private_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
return class_instance_method_list(argc, argv, CLASS_OF(obj), 1, ins_methods_priv_i);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* obj.public_methods(all=true) -> array
*
* Returns the list of public methods accessible to <i>obj</i>. If
* the <i>all</i> parameter is set to <code>false</code>, only those methods
* in the receiver will be listed.
*/
VALUE
rb_obj_public_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
return class_instance_method_list(argc, argv, CLASS_OF(obj), 1, ins_methods_pub_i);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* obj.singleton_methods(all=true) -> array
*
* Returns an array of the names of singleton methods for <i>obj</i>.
* If the optional <i>all</i> parameter is true, the list will include
* methods in modules included in <i>obj</i>.
* Only public and protected singleton methods are returned.
*
* module Other
* def three() end
* end
*
* class Single
* def Single.four() end
* end
*
* a = Single.new
*
* def a.one()
* end
*
* class << a
* include Other
* def two()
* end
* end
*
* Single.singleton_methods #=> [:four]
* a.singleton_methods(false) #=> [:two, :one]
* a.singleton_methods #=> [:two, :one, :three]
*/
VALUE
rb_obj_singleton_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
VALUE recur, ary, klass;
st_table *list;
if (argc == 0) {
recur = Qtrue;
}
else {
rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &recur);
}
klass = CLASS_OF(obj);
list = st_init_numtable();
if (klass && FL_TEST(klass, FL_SINGLETON)) {
st_foreach(RCLASS_M_TBL(klass), method_entry, (st_data_t)list);
klass = RCLASS_SUPER(klass);
}
if (RTEST(recur)) {
while (klass && (FL_TEST(klass, FL_SINGLETON) || TYPE(klass) == T_ICLASS)) {
st_foreach(RCLASS_M_TBL(klass), method_entry, (st_data_t)list);
klass = RCLASS_SUPER(klass);
}
}
ary = rb_ary_new();
st_foreach(list, ins_methods_i, ary);
st_free_table(list);
return ary;
}
/*!
* \}
*/
/*!
* \defgroup defmethod Defining methods
* There are some APIs to define a method from C.
* These API takes a C function as a method body.
*
* \par Method body functions
* Method body functions must return a VALUE and
* can be one of the following form:
* <dl>
* <dt>Fixed number of parameters</dt>
* <dd>
* This form is a normal C function, excepting it takes
* a receiver object as the first argument.
*
* \code
* static VALUE my_method(VALUE self, VALUE x, VALUE y);
* \endcode
* </dd>
* <dt>argc and argv style</dt>
* <dd>
* This form takes three parameters: \a argc, \a argv and \a self.
* \a self is the receiver. \a argc is the number of arguments.
* \a argv is a pointer to an array of the arguments.
*
* \code
* static VALUE my_method(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self);
* \endcode
* </dd>
* <dt>Ruby array style</dt>
* <dd>
* This form takes two parameters: self and args.
* \a self is the receiver. \a args is an Array object which
* contains the arguments.
*
* \code
* static VALUE my_method(VALUE self, VALUE args);
* \endcode
* </dd>
*
* \par Number of parameters
* Method defining APIs takes the number of parameters which the
* method will takes. This number is called \a argc.
* \a argc can be:
* <dl>
* <dt>zero or positive number</dt>
* <dd>This means the method body function takes a fixed number of parameters</dd>
* <dt>-1</dt>
* <dd>This means the method body function is "argc and argv" style.</dd>
* <dt>-2</dt>
* <dd>This means the method body function is "self and args" style.</dd>
* </dl>
* \{
*/
void
rb_define_method_id(VALUE klass, ID mid, VALUE (*func)(ANYARGS), int argc)
{
rb_add_method_cfunc(klass, mid, func, argc, NOEX_PUBLIC);
}
void
rb_define_method(VALUE klass, const char *name, VALUE (*func)(ANYARGS), int argc)
{
rb_add_method_cfunc(klass, rb_intern(name), func, argc, NOEX_PUBLIC);
}
void
rb_define_protected_method(VALUE klass, const char *name, VALUE (*func)(ANYARGS), int argc)
{
rb_add_method_cfunc(klass, rb_intern(name), func, argc, NOEX_PROTECTED);
}
void
rb_define_private_method(VALUE klass, const char *name, VALUE (*func)(ANYARGS), int argc)
{
rb_add_method_cfunc(klass, rb_intern(name), func, argc, NOEX_PRIVATE);
}
void
rb_undef_method(VALUE klass, const char *name)
{
rb_add_method(klass, rb_intern(name), VM_METHOD_TYPE_UNDEF, 0, NOEX_UNDEF);
}
/*!
* \}
*/
/*!
* \addtogroup class
* \{
*/
#define SPECIAL_SINGLETON(x,c) do {\
if (obj == (x)) {\
return c;\
}\
} while (0)
/*!
* \internal
* Returns the singleton class of \a obj. Creates it if necessary.
*
* \note DO NOT expose the returned singleton class to
* outside of class.c.
* Use \ref rb_singleton_class instead for
* consistency of the metaclass hierarchy.
*/
static VALUE
singleton_class_of(VALUE obj)
{
VALUE klass;
if (FIXNUM_P(obj) || SYMBOL_P(obj)) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't define singleton");
}
if (rb_special_const_p(obj)) {
SPECIAL_SINGLETON(Qnil, rb_cNilClass);
SPECIAL_SINGLETON(Qfalse, rb_cFalseClass);
SPECIAL_SINGLETON(Qtrue, rb_cTrueClass);
rb_bug("unknown immediate %ld", obj);
}
if (FL_TEST(RBASIC(obj)->klass, FL_SINGLETON) &&
rb_ivar_get(RBASIC(obj)->klass, id_attached) == obj) {
klass = RBASIC(obj)->klass;
}
else {
klass = rb_make_metaclass(obj, RBASIC(obj)->klass);
}
if (OBJ_TAINTED(obj)) {
OBJ_TAINT(klass);
}
else {
FL_UNSET(klass, FL_TAINT);
}
if (OBJ_UNTRUSTED(obj)) {
OBJ_UNTRUST(klass);
}
else {
FL_UNSET(klass, FL_UNTRUSTED);
}
if (OBJ_FROZEN(obj)) OBJ_FREEZE(klass);
return klass;
}
/*!
* Returns the singleton class of \a obj. Creates it if necessary.
*
* \param obj an arbitrary object.
* \throw TypeError if \a obj is a Fixnum or a Symbol.
* \return the singleton class.
*
* \post \a obj has its own singleton class.
* \post if \a obj is a class,
* the returned singleton class also has its own
* singleton class in order to keep consistency of the
* inheritance structure of metaclasses.
* \note a new singleton class will be created
* if \a obj does not have it.
* \note the singleton classes for nil, true and false are:
* NilClass, TrueClass and FalseClass.
*/
VALUE
rb_singleton_class(VALUE obj)
{
VALUE klass = singleton_class_of(obj);
/* ensures an exposed class belongs to its own eigenclass */
if (TYPE(obj) == T_CLASS) ENSURE_EIGENCLASS(klass);
return klass;
}
/*!
* \}
*/
/*!
* \addtogroup defmethod
* \{
*/
/*!
* Defines a singleton method for \a obj.
* \param obj an arbitrary object
* \param name name of the singleton method
* \param func the method body
* \param argc the number of parameters, or -1 or -2. see \ref defmethod.
*/
void
rb_define_singleton_method(VALUE obj, const char *name, VALUE (*func)(ANYARGS), int argc)
{
rb_define_method(singleton_class_of(obj), name, func, argc);
}
/*!
* Defines a module function for \a module.
* \param module an module or a class.
* \param name name of the function
* \param func the method body
* \param argc the number of parameters, or -1 or -2. see \ref defmethod.
*/
void
rb_define_module_function(VALUE module, const char *name, VALUE (*func)(ANYARGS), int argc)
{
rb_define_private_method(module, name, func, argc);
rb_define_singleton_method(module, name, func, argc);
}
/*!
* Defines a global function
* \param name name of the function
* \param func the method body
* \param argc the number of parameters, or -1 or -2. see \ref defmethod.
*/
void
rb_define_global_function(const char *name, VALUE (*func)(ANYARGS), int argc)
{
rb_define_module_function(rb_mKernel, name, func, argc);
}
/*!
* Defines an alias of a method.
* \param klass the class which the original method belongs to
* \param name1 a new name for the method
* \param name2 the original name of the method
*/
void
rb_define_alias(VALUE klass, const char *name1, const char *name2)
{
rb_alias(klass, rb_intern(name1), rb_intern(name2));
}
/*!
* Defines (a) public accessor method(s) for an attribute.
* \param klass the class which the attribute will belongs to
* \param name name of the attribute
* \param read a getter method for the attribute will be defined if \a read is non-zero.
* \param write a setter method for the attribute will be defined if \a write is non-zero.
*/
void
rb_define_attr(VALUE klass, const char *name, int read, int write)
{
rb_attr(klass, rb_intern(name), read, write, FALSE);
}
int
rb_obj_basic_to_s_p(VALUE obj)
{
const rb_method_entry_t *me = rb_method_entry(CLASS_OF(obj), rb_intern("to_s"));
if (me && me->def && me->def->type == VM_METHOD_TYPE_CFUNC &&
me->def->body.cfunc.func == rb_any_to_s)
return 1;
return 0;
}
#include <stdarg.h>
int
rb_scan_args(int argc, const VALUE *argv, const char *fmt, ...)
{
int i;
const char *p = fmt;
VALUE *var;
va_list vargs;
int f_var = 0, f_block = 0;
int n_lead = 0, n_opt = 0, n_trail = 0, n_mand;
int argi = 0;
if (ISDIGIT(*p)) {
n_lead = *p - '0';
p++;
if (ISDIGIT(*p)) {
n_opt = *p - '0';
p++;
if (ISDIGIT(*p)) {
n_trail = *p - '0';
p++;
goto block_arg;
}
}
}
if (*p == '*') {
f_var = 1;
p++;
if (ISDIGIT(*p)) {
n_trail = *p - '0';
p++;
}
}
block_arg:
if (*p == '&') {
f_block = 1;
p++;
}
if (*p != '\0') {
rb_fatal("bad scan arg format: %s", fmt);
}
n_mand = n_lead + n_trail;
if (argc < n_mand)
goto argc_error;
va_start(vargs, fmt);
/* capture leading mandatory arguments */
for (i = n_lead; i-- > 0; ) {
var = va_arg(vargs, VALUE *);
if (var) *var = argv[argi];
argi++;
}
/* capture optional arguments */
for (i = n_opt; i-- > 0; ) {
var = va_arg(vargs, VALUE *);
if (argi < argc - n_trail) {
if (var) *var = argv[argi];
argi++;
}
else {
if (var) *var = Qnil;
}
}
/* capture variable length arguments */
if (f_var) {
int n_var = argc - argi - n_trail;
var = va_arg(vargs, VALUE *);
if (0 < n_var) {
if (var) *var = rb_ary_new4(n_var, &argv[argi]);
argi += n_var;
}
else {
if (var) *var = rb_ary_new();
}
}
/* capture trailing mandatory arguments */
for (i = n_trail; i-- > 0; ) {
var = va_arg(vargs, VALUE *);
if (var) *var = argv[argi];
argi++;
}
/* capture iterator block */
if (f_block) {
var = va_arg(vargs, VALUE *);
if (rb_block_given_p()) {
*var = rb_block_proc();
}
else {
*var = Qnil;
}
}
va_end(vargs);
if (argi < argc)
goto argc_error;
return argc;
argc_error:
if (0 < n_opt)
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (%d for %d..%d%s)",
argc, n_mand, n_mand + n_opt, f_var ? "+" : "");
else
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (%d for %d%s)",
argc, n_mand, f_var ? "+" : "");
}
/*!
* \}
*/
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