This is an experimental foreign data wrapper (FDW) to connect PostgreSQL to Firebird. It provides basic functionality, including both read (SELECT) and write (INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE) support. However it is still very much work-in-progress; USE AT YOUR OWN RISK.
firebird_fdw will work with PostgreSQL 9.2 or later (it was developed against the current development version). Write support is only available in PostgreSQL 9.3 and later.
It was written for Firebird 2.5 and will probably work with Firebird 2.0 or later. It should work with earlier versions if the 'disable_pushdowns' option is set (see below).
firebird_fdw was developed on Linux and OS X, and should run on any reasonably POSIX-compliant system.
- Firebird client library (libfbclient) and API header file (ibase.h)
- libfq, a slightly saner API wrapper for the Firebird C API; see: https://github.com/ibarwick/libfq
The Firebird include/library files often end up in non-standard locations; PG_CPPFLAGS and SHLIB_LINK can be used to provide the appropriate flags. For OS X they would look something like this:
export PG_CPPFLAGS="-I /Library/Frameworks/Firebird.framework/Versions/A/Headers/" export SHLIB_LINK="-L/Library/Frameworks/Firebird.framework/Versions/A/Libraries/"
firebird_fdw is installed as a PostgreSQL extension; it requires the pg_config binary for the target installation to be in the shell path.
The usual 'make && make install' should take care of the actual compilation.
I am currently creating RPM packages for firebird_fdw and libfq and hope to make these available in the next few days for openSUSE and Red Hat.
NOTE: these options are provisional and may change
firebird_fdw accepts the following options:
'address': The Firebird server's address (default: localhost) 'database': The name of the database to connect to 'username': The username to connect as (not case-sensitive) 'password': The user's password (note that Firebird only recognizes the first 8 characters of a password) 'table_name': The Firebird table name (not case-sensitive). Cannot be used together with the 'query' option. 'query': A Firebird SQL statement producing a result set which can be treated like a table. Cannot be used together with the 'table_name' option. 'column_name': The Firebird column name (not case-sensitive). 'updatable': Boolean value indicating whether the foreign server as a whole, or an individual table, is updatable. Default is true. Note that table-level settings override server-level settings. 'disable_pushdowns': Turns off pushdowns of WHERE clause elements to Firebird. Useful mainly for debugging and benchmarking.
Note that while PostgreSQL allows a foreign table to be defined without any columns, firebird_fdw will raise an error as soon as any operations are carried out on it.
Install the extension:
CREATE EXTENSION firebird_fdw; CREATE FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER firebird HANDLER firebird_fdw_handler VALIDATOR firebird_fdw_validator;
Create a foreign server with appropriate configuration:
CREATE SERVER firebird_server FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER firebird OPTIONS ( address 'localhost', database '/path/to/database' );
Create an appropriate user mapping:
CREATE USER MAPPING FOR CURRENT_USER SERVER firebird_server OPTIONS(username 'sysdba', password 'masterke');
Create a foreign table referencing the Firebird table_name 'fdw_test':
CREATE FOREIGN TABLE fb_test( id SMALLINT, val VARCHAR(2048) ) SERVER firebird_server OPTIONS( table_name 'fdw_test' );
As above, but with aliased column names:
CREATE FOREIGN TABLE fb_test_table( id SMALLINT OPTIONS (column_name 'test_id'), val VARCHAR(2048) OPTIONS (column_name 'test_val') ) SERVER firebird_server OPTIONS( table_name 'fdw_test' );
Create a foreign table as a Firebird query:
CREATE FOREIGN TABLE fb_test_query( id SMALLINT, val VARCHAR(2048) ) SERVER firebird_server OPTIONS( query 'SELECT id, val FROM fdw_test' );
- UPDATE and DELETE statements use Firebird's row identifier RDB$DB_KEY to operate on arbitrary rows
- ANALYZE support
- pushdown of some WHERE clause conditions to Firebird (including translation of built-in functions)
- Connection caching
- No support for some Firebird datatypes (BLOB, ARRAY)
- Display of messages returned by Firebird is not very pretty
See also file "BUGS" for known issues.
General FDW Documentation
If you appreciate PostgreSQL's psql client, why not try fbsql, a psql-style client for Firebird? See: https://github.com/ibarwick/fbsql for details.