Firebird Foreign Data Wrapper for PostgreSQL
This is a foreign data wrapper (FDW) to connect PostgreSQL to Firebird.
It provides both read (
SELECT) and write (
support, as well as pushdown of some operations. While it appears to be
working reliably, please be aware this is still very much work-in-progress;
USE AT YOUR OWN RISK.
firebird_fdw is designed to be compatible with PostgreSQL 9.2 ~ 11.
Write support is only available in PostgreSQL 9.3 and later. It is not
designed to work with forks of the main PostgreSQL community version.
firebird_fdw was written for Firebird 2.5 and will probably work with
Firebird 2.0 or later. It should work with earlier versions if the
disable_pushdowns option is set (see below). It works with Firebird 3.0.x
but has not yet been extensively tested with that version, and does not take
advantage of all new Firebird 3 features. This will be addressed in future
DELETEstatements use Firebird's row identifier
RDB$DB_KEYto operate on arbitrary rows
- pushdown of some
WHEREclause conditions to Firebird (including translation of built-in functions)
- Connection caching
- Supports triggers on foreign tables (PostgreSQL 9.4 and later)
IMPORT FOREIGN SCHEMA(PostgreSQL 9.5 and later)
firebird_fdw was developed on Linux and OS X, and should run on any
reasonably POSIX-compliant system.
While in theory it should work on Windows, I am not able to support that platform. I am however happy to accept any assistance with porting it to Windows.
RPM packages for CentOS and derivatives are available via the Fedora "copr" build system; for details see here: https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/ibarwick/firebird_fdw/
Firebird client library (
libfbclient) and API header file (
libfq, a slightly saner API wrapper for the Firebird C API; see:
NOTE the latest
libfqversion should be used with the current
firebird_fdwversion, as the two are usually developed in tandem.
The Firebird include/library files often end up in non-standard locations;
SHLIB_LINK can be used to provide the appropriate flags.
For OS X they would look something like this:
export PG_CPPFLAGS="-I /Library/Frameworks/Firebird.framework/Versions/A/Headers/" export SHLIB_LINK="-L/Library/Frameworks/Firebird.framework/Versions/A/Libraries/"
firebird_fdw is installed as a PostgreSQL extension; it requires the
pg_config binary for the target installation to be in the shell path.
USE_PGXS=1 make install should take care of the actual compilation and
CREATE SERVER options
firebird_fdw accepts the following options via the
CREATE SERVER command:
'address': The Firebird server's address (default: localhost) 'database': The name of the database to connect to 'username': The username to connect as (not case-sensitive) 'password': The user's password (note that Firebird only recognizes the first 8 characters of a password) 'updatable': Boolean value indicating whether the foreign server as a whole is updatable. Default is true. Note that this can be overridden by table-level settings.
CREATE FOREIGN TABLE options
firebird_fdw accepts the following table-level options via the
CREATE FOREIGN TABLE command:
'table_name': The Firebird table name (not case-sensitive). Cannot be used together with the 'query' option. 'query': A Firebird SQL statement producing a result set which can be treated like a table. Cannot be used together with the 'table_name' option. 'disable_pushdowns': Turns off pushdowns of WHERE clause elements to Firebird. Useful mainly for debugging and benchmarking. 'updatable': Boolean value indicating whether the table is updatable. Default is `true`. Note that this overrides the server-level setting. 'estimated_row_count': Integer indicating the expected number of rows in the Firebird table, or rows which would be returned by the statement defined in 'query'. If not set, an attempt will be made to determine the number of rows by executing "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM ...", which can be inefficient, particularly for queries.
The following column-level option is available:
'column_name': The Firebird column name (not case-sensitive), if different to the column name defined in the foreign table. This can also be used for foreign tables defined with the `query` option.
Note that while PostgreSQL allows a foreign table to be defined without
firebird_fdw will raise an error as soon as any operations
are carried out on it.
IMPORT FOREIGN SCHEMA options
IMPORT FOREIGN SCHEMA (when running with PostgreSQL
9.5 or later), with the following options:
'import_not_null': Determines whether column `NOT NULL` constraints are included in the definitions of foreign tables imported from a Firebid server. The default is `true`. 'import_views': Determines whether Firebird views are imported as foreign tables. The default is `true`. 'updatable': If set to 'false', mark all imported foreign tables as not updatable. The default is `true`. 'verbose': Logs the name of each table or view being imported at log level `INFO`.
Install the extension:
CREATE EXTENSION firebird_fdw; CREATE FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER firebird HANDLER firebird_fdw_handler VALIDATOR firebird_fdw_validator;
Create a foreign server with appropriate configuration:
CREATE SERVER firebird_server FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER firebird OPTIONS ( address 'localhost', database '/path/to/database' );
Create an appropriate user mapping:
CREATE USER MAPPING FOR CURRENT_USER SERVER firebird_server OPTIONS(username 'sysdba', password 'masterke');
Create a foreign table referencing the Firebird table
CREATE FOREIGN TABLE fb_test( id SMALLINT, val VARCHAR(2048) ) SERVER firebird_server OPTIONS( table_name 'fdw_test' );
As above, but with aliased column names:
CREATE FOREIGN TABLE fb_test_table( id SMALLINT OPTIONS (column_name 'test_id'), val VARCHAR(2048) OPTIONS (column_name 'test_val') ) SERVER firebird_server OPTIONS( table_name 'fdw_test' );
Create a foreign table as a Firebird query:
CREATE FOREIGN TABLE fb_test_query( id SMALLINT, val VARCHAR(2048) ) SERVER firebird_server OPTIONS( query $$ SELECT id, val FROM fdw_test $$ );
Import a Firebird schema:
IMPORT FOREIGN SCHEMA someschema LIMIT TO (sometable) FROM SERVER firebird_server INTO public;
someschema has no particular meaning and can be set to an arbitrary value.
Apart from the standard
firebird_fdw provides the following user-callable utility functions:
firebird_fdw_version(): returns the version number as an integer
firebird_fdw_close_connections(): closes all cached connections from PostgreSQL and Firebird
- Works with Firebird 3.x, but does not yet support all 3.x features
- No support for Firebird
- No consideration given to object names which may require quoting when passed between PostgreSQL and Firebird
- The result of the Firebird query is copied into memory before being processed by PostgreSQL; this can be improved by using Firebird cursors
Simple TAP tests are provided in the
t/ directory. These require a running
Firebird database to be available; provide connection details for this with
the standard Firebird environment variables
ISC_PASSWORD. Additionally, PostgreSQL must have been compiled with
The TAP tests will create temporary tables in the Firebird database and remove them after test completion.
Haha, nice one. I should point out that
firebird_fdw is an entirely personal
project carried out by myself in my (limited) free time for my own personal
gratification. While I'm happy to accept feedback, suggestions, feature
requests, bug reports and (especially) patches, please understand that
development is entirely at my own discretion depending on (but not limited
to) available free time and motivation.
However if you are a commercial entity and wish to have any improvements etc. carried out within a plannable period of time, this can be arranged via my employer.
Having said that, things I would like to do are:
- improve support for Firebird 3.0 features
- add support for missing data types
- improve support for recent features to the PostgreSQL FDW API.
- Blog (including release notes)
- General FDW Documentation
- Other FDWs
If you appreciate PostgreSQL's
psql client, why not try
client for Firebird? See: https://github.com/ibarwick/fbsql for details.