Permalink
Find file
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
397 lines (335 sloc) 13.5 KB
"""Extract, format and print information about Python stack traces."""
# 2010-01-27, benjamin:
# this is a patched traceback.py module (hg id 1728133edce0)
# in addition to the original traceback module, this moduls dumps
# the scope (local and global variables) of all traced functions.
# note: this module holds lots of legacy code and duplicates,
# we could clean-up things a bit for ease of maintenance.
import linecache
import sys
import types
__all__ = ['extract_stack', 'extract_tb', 'format_exception',
'format_exception_only', 'format_list', 'format_stack',
'format_tb', 'print_exc', 'format_exc', 'print_exception',
'print_last', 'print_stack', 'print_tb', 'tb_lineno',
'print_vars', 'format_vars']
def _print(file, str='', terminator='\n'):
file.write(str + terminator)
def print_vars(vars, width=72, file=None):
"""Print a list of variables as given by globals.items()"""
if file is None:
file = sys.stderr
for key, value in vars:
var = ' '
if isinstance(value, str):
value = '"' + value.encode("string_escape") + '"'
if isinstance(value, unicode):
value = 'u"' + value.encode(sys.getdefaultencoding(), 'replace').encode("string_escape") + '"'
try:
var += "%s = %s" % (key, value)
except Exception, e:
var += "%s = %s" % (key, type(value))
if len(var) > width:
var = var[: width - 3] + '...'
_print(file, var)
def format_vars(vars, width=72):
"""Format a list of variables, arguments are like print_vars"""
result = ""
for key, value in vars:
var = ' ' # fixed indentation
if isinstance(value, str):
value = '"' + value.encode("string_escape") + '"'
if isinstance(value, unicode):
value = 'u"' + value.encode(sys.getdefaultencoding(), 'replace').encode("string_escape") + '"'
try:
var += "%s = %s" % (key, value)
except:
var += "%s = %s" % (key, type(value))
if len(var) > width:
var = var[: width - 3] + '...'
result += var + "\n"
return result
def print_list(extracted_list, file=None, with_vars=True):
"""Print the list of tuples as returned by extract_tb() or
extract_stack() as a formatted stack trace to the given file."""
if file is None:
file = sys.stderr
for filename, lineno, name, line, locals in extracted_list:
_print(file,
' File "%s", line %d, in %s' % (filename, lineno, name))
if with_vars:
_print(file, ' Local variables:')
print_vars(sorted(locals), file=file)
if line:
_print(file, ' %s' % line.strip())
def format_list(extracted_list, with_vars=True):
"""Format a list of traceback entry tuples for printing.
Given a list of tuples as returned by extract_tb() or
extract_stack(), return a list of strings ready for printing.
Each string in the resulting list corresponds to the item with the
same index in the argument list. Each string ends in a newline;
the strings may contain internal newlines as well, for those items
whose source text line is not None.
"""
list = []
for filename, lineno, name, line, locals in extracted_list:
item = ' File "%s", line %d, in %s\n' % (filename, lineno, name)
if with_vars:
item += ' Local variables:\n'
item += format_vars(sorted(locals))
if line:
item += ' %s\n' % line.strip()
list.append(item)
return list
def print_tb(tb, limit=None, file=None, with_vars=True):
"""Print up to 'limit' stack trace entries from the traceback 'tb'.
If 'limit' is omitted or None, all entries are printed. If 'file'
is omitted or None, the output goes to sys.stderr; otherwise
'file' should be an open file or file-like object with a write()
method.
"""
if file is None:
file = sys.stderr
if limit is None:
if hasattr(sys, 'tracebacklimit'):
limit = sys.tracebacklimit
n = 0
while tb is not None and (limit is None or n < limit):
f = tb.tb_frame
lineno = tb.tb_lineno
co = f.f_code
filename = co.co_filename
name = co.co_name
_print(file,
' File "%s", line %d, in %s' % (filename, lineno, name))
linecache.checkcache(filename)
line = linecache.getline(filename, lineno, f.f_globals)
locals = f.f_locals.items()
if with_vars:
_print(file, ' Local variables:')
print_vars(sorted(locals), file=file)
if line:
_print(file, ' ' + line.strip())
tb = tb.tb_next
n += 1
def format_tb(tb, limit=None, with_vars=True):
"""A shorthand for 'format_list(extract_stack(f, limit))."""
return format_list(extract_tb(tb, limit), with_vars)
def extract_tb(tb, limit=None):
"""Return list of up to limit pre-processed entries from traceback.
This is useful for alternate formatting of stack traces. If
'limit' is omitted or None, all entries are extracted. A
pre-processed stack trace entry is a quadruple (filename, line
number, function name, text) representing the information that is
usually printed for a stack trace. The text is a string with
leading and trailing whitespace stripped; if the source is not
available it is None.
"""
if limit is None:
if hasattr(sys, 'tracebacklimit'):
limit = sys.tracebacklimit
list = []
n = 0
while tb is not None and (limit is None or n < limit):
f = tb.tb_frame
lineno = tb.tb_lineno
co = f.f_code
filename = co.co_filename
name = co.co_name
linecache.checkcache(filename)
line = linecache.getline(filename, lineno, f.f_globals)
if line:
line = line.strip()
else:
line = None
locals = f.f_locals.items()
list.append((filename, lineno, name, line, locals))
tb = tb.tb_next
n += 1
return list
def print_exception(etype, value, tb, limit=None, file=None, with_vars=True):
"""Print exception up to 'limit' stack trace entries from 'tb' to 'file'.
This differs from print_tb() in the following ways: (1) if
traceback is not None, it prints a header "Traceback (most recent
call last):"; (2) it prints the exception type and value after the
stack trace; (3) if type is SyntaxError and value has the
appropriate format, it prints the line where the syntax error
occurred with a caret on the next line indicating the approximate
position of the error.
"""
if file is None:
file = sys.stderr
if tb:
_print(file, 'Traceback Turbo (most recent call last):')
print_tb(tb, limit, file, with_vars)
lines = format_exception_only(etype, value)
for line in lines:
_print(file, line, '')
def format_exception(etype, value, tb, limit=None, with_vars=True):
"""Format a stack trace and the exception information.
The arguments have the same meaning as the corresponding arguments
to print_exception(). The return value is a list of strings, each
ending in a newline and some containing internal newlines. When
these lines are concatenated and printed, exactly the same text is
printed as does print_exception().
"""
if tb:
list = ['Traceback Turbo (most recent call last):\n']
list = list + format_tb(tb, limit, with_vars)
else:
list = []
list = list + format_exception_only(etype, value)
return list
def format_exception_only(etype, value):
"""Format the exception part of a traceback.
The arguments are the exception type and value such as given by
sys.last_type and sys.last_value. The return value is a list of
strings, each ending in a newline.
Normally, the list contains a single string; however, for
SyntaxError exceptions, it contains several lines that (when
printed) display detailed information about where the syntax
error occurred.
The message indicating which exception occurred is always the last
string in the list.
"""
# An instance should not have a meaningful value parameter, but
# sometimes does, particularly for string exceptions, such as
# >>> raise string1, string2 # deprecated
#
# Clear these out first because issubtype(string1, SyntaxError)
# would throw another exception and mask the original problem.
if (isinstance(etype, BaseException) or
isinstance(etype, types.InstanceType) or
etype is None or type(etype) is str):
return [_format_final_exc_line(etype, value)]
stype = etype.__name__
if not issubclass(etype, SyntaxError):
return [_format_final_exc_line(stype, value)]
# It was a syntax error; show exactly where the problem was found.
lines = []
try:
msg, (filename, lineno, offset, badline) = value.args
except Exception:
pass
else:
filename = filename or "<string>"
lines.append(' File "%s", line %d\n' % (filename, lineno))
if badline is not None:
lines.append(' %s\n' % badline.strip())
if offset is not None:
caretspace = badline.rstrip('\n')[:offset].lstrip()
# non-space whitespace (likes tabs) must be kept for alignment
caretspace = ((c.isspace() and c or ' ') for c in caretspace)
# only three spaces to account for offset1 == pos 0
lines.append(' %s^\n' % ''.join(caretspace))
value = msg
lines.append(_format_final_exc_line(stype, value))
return lines
def _format_final_exc_line(etype, value):
"""Return a list of a single line -- normal case for format_exception_only"""
valuestr = _some_str(value)
if value is None or not valuestr:
line = "%s\n" % etype
else:
line = "%s: %s\n" % (etype, valuestr)
return line
def _some_str(value):
try:
return str(value)
except Exception:
pass
try:
value = unicode(value)
return value.encode("ascii", "backslashreplace")
except Exception:
pass
return '<unprintable %s object>' % type(value).__name__
def print_exc(limit=None, file=None):
"""Shorthand for 'print_exception(sys.exc_type, sys.exc_value, sys.exc_traceback, limit, file)'.
(In fact, it uses sys.exc_info() to retrieve the same information
in a thread-safe way.)"""
if file is None:
file = sys.stderr
try:
etype, value, tb = sys.exc_info()
print_exception(etype, value, tb, limit, file)
finally:
etype = value = tb = None
def format_exc(limit=None, with_vars=True):
"""Like print_exc() but return a string."""
try:
etype, value, tb = sys.exc_info()
return ''.join(format_exception(etype, value, tb, limit, with_vars))
finally:
etype = value = tb = None
def print_last(limit=None, file=None):
"""This is a shorthand for 'print_exception(sys.last_type,
sys.last_value, sys.last_traceback, limit, file)'."""
if not hasattr(sys, "last_type"):
raise ValueError("no last exception")
if file is None:
file = sys.stderr
print_exception(sys.last_type, sys.last_value, sys.last_traceback,
limit, file)
def print_stack(f=None, limit=None, file=None, with_vars=True):
"""Print a stack trace from its invocation point.
The optional 'f' argument can be used to specify an alternate
stack frame at which to start. The optional 'limit' and 'file'
arguments have the same meaning as for print_exception().
"""
if f is None:
try:
raise ZeroDivisionError
except ZeroDivisionError:
f = sys.exc_info()[2].tb_frame.f_back
if file is None:
file = sys.stderr
print_list(extract_stack(f, limit), file, with_vars)
def format_stack(f=None, limit=None, with_vars=True):
"""Shorthand for 'format_list(extract_stack(f, limit))'."""
if f is None:
try:
raise ZeroDivisionError
except ZeroDivisionError:
f = sys.exc_info()[2].tb_frame.f_back
return format_list(extract_stack(f, limit), with_vars)
def extract_stack(f=None, limit=None):
"""Extract the raw traceback from the current stack frame.
The return value has the same format as for extract_tb(). The
optional 'f' and 'limit' arguments have the same meaning as for
print_stack(). Each item in the list is a quadruple (filename,
line number, function name, text), and the entries are in order
from oldest to newest stack frame.
"""
if f is None:
try:
raise ZeroDivisionError
except ZeroDivisionError:
f = sys.exc_info()[2].tb_frame.f_back
if limit is None:
if hasattr(sys, 'tracebacklimit'):
limit = sys.tracebacklimit
list = []
n = 0
while f is not None and (limit is None or n < limit):
lineno = f.f_lineno
co = f.f_code
filename = co.co_filename
name = co.co_name
linecache.checkcache(filename)
line = linecache.getline(filename, lineno, f.f_globals)
if line:
line = line.strip()
else:
line = None
locals = f.f_locals.items()
list.append((filename, lineno, name, line, locals))
f = f.f_back
n += 1
list.reverse()
return list
def tb_lineno(tb):
"""Calculate correct line number of traceback given in tb.
Obsolete in 2.3.
"""
return tb.tb_lineno