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Model Related Bits

InheritedModel

etc.toolbox.InheritedModel allows to override fields attributes in inherited models.

Mix in this class into target model (inherit from it) and define Fields class inside it to be able to customize field attributes (e.g. texts) of a base-parent model.

from etc.toolbox import InheritedModel


class MyAbstractModel(models.Model):

    code = models.CharField('dummy', max_length=64)
    expired = models.BooleanField('Expired', help_text='dummy')

    class Meta:
        abstract = True


class SecretModel(InheritedModel, MyParentModel):  # NOTE: InheritedModel must go first.

    time_created = models.DateTimeField('Date created', auto_now_add=True)

    class Fields:  # Defining a class with fields custom fields data.
        code = 'Secret code'  # This is treated as verbose_name.
        expired = {'help_text': 'This code is expired.'}


class NonSecretModel(InheritedModel, MyParentModel):

    code = models.CharField('dummy', max_length=128, unique=True, editable=False)

    class Fields:
        code = 'Non-secret code'
        expired = {'help_text': 'Do not check it. Do not.'}

Template Tags

model_meta

  • model_meta_verbose_name tag.

    Returns model verbose name singular.

    {% load model_meta %}
    {% model_meta_verbose_name my_model %}
  • model_meta_verbose_name_plural tag.

    Returns model verbose name plural.

    {% load model_meta %}
    {% model_meta_verbose_name_plural my_model %}

model_field

  • model_field_verbose_name tag.

    Returns model field verbose name.

    {% load model_field %}
    {% model_field_verbose_name from my_model.fieldname %}
  • model_field_help_text tag.

    Returns model field help text.

    {% load model_field %}
    {% model_field_help_text from my_model.fieldname %}

Both template tags are capable to redirect output into a template context variable using as clause. That could be useful if you have a set of homogeneous objects (e.g. QuerySet or Page) and want to get verbose name just once:

{% model_field_verbose_name from my_models_set.fieldname as title_fieldname %}

Note

fieldname could be a literal field name or a template variable containing the name.

Getting models

get_model_class_from_string

  • etc.toolbox.get_model_class_from_string allows getting model class from its string representation.

Returns a certain model as defined in a string formatted <app_name>.<model_name>.

model = get_model_class_from_string('myapp.MyModel')

get_model_class_from_settings

etc.toolbox.get_model_class_from_settings allows getting model class from its string representation in settings module.

This might be handy if you allow users of your app to extend/override your built-in models:

myapp/settings.py

    from django.conf import settings

    # This allows users to set MYAPP_MY_MODEL in settings.py of their projects.
    MY_MODEL = getattr(settings, 'MYAPP_MY_MODEL', 'myapp.MyModel')


myapp/utils.py

    from myapp import settings

    def get_my_model():
        return get_model_class_from_settings(settings, 'MY_MODEL')

After that get_my_model will always return an appropriate model class object even if it is customized by a user.

Models choices

ChoicesEnumMixin

etc.toolbox.ChoicesEnumMixin helps to define choices for models using Enum from Python 3.

Could be used in conjunction with get_choices for convenience.

from enum import Enum, unique

@unique
class Role(ChoicesEnumMixin, Enum):

    # Define your Enum with mixin:
    # Item values could be tuples: (value, title, hint).

    APPLICANT = 0, 'Title', 'Hint'
    ADMIN = 1, 'Administrator'
    MEMBER = 2

class MyChoiceModel(models.Model):

    # Use the enum in field declaration.
    role = models.PositiveIntegerField(choices=get_choices(Role), default=Role.MEMBER)

# Filter objects by enum values.
members = MyChoiceModel.objects.filter(role=Role.MEMBER)

# Access titles and hints registries
# (ordered dictionaries, indexed by values):
titles = Role.titles
hints = Role.hints

choices_list

etc.toolbox.choices_list helps to define choices for models, that could be addressed later as dictionaries.

To be used in conjunction with get_choices.

class MyModel(models.Model):

    TYPE_ONE = 1
    TYPE_TWO = 2

    TYPES = choices_list(
        (TYPE_ONE, 'Type one title'),
        (TYPE_TWO, 'Type two title'),
    )

    type = models.PositiveIntegerField('My type', choices=get_choices(TYPES), default=TYPE_TWO)

    def get_display_type(self):
        return self.TYPES[self.type]

get_choices

etc.toolbox.get_choices returns model field choices from a given choices list.

Choices list is defined with choices_list or ChoicesEnumMixin, see above.

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