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NAME Leyland - RESTful web application framework based on Plack SYNOPSIS # in app.psgi: #!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; use warnings; use MyApp; my $app = MyApp->new->to_app; DESCRIPTION Leyland is a Plack-based application framework for building truely RESTful, MVC-style web applications. It is feature rich and highly extensible. STOP! BACKWORDS COMPATIBILITY BREAKING CHANGES Leyland v1.0.0 brings small changes that break backwords compatibility. Read the L<upgrading manual|Leyland::Manual::Upgrading> for more information. FEATURES * Build truely RESTful web applications: Leyland was designed from the ground up according to the Representational State Transfer style of software architecture. Leyland applications perform real HTTP negotiations, (can) provide different representations of the same resource easily, respond with proper HTTP status codes, throw real HTTP exceptions, etc. * Automatic data (de)serialization - Leyland automatically serializes resources to representations in the format your client wants to receive, like JSON and XML. It will also automatically deserialize JSON/XML requests coming from the client to Perl data-structures. * Pure UTF-8 - Leyland applications are pure UTF-8. Anything your application receives is automatically UTF-8 decoded, and anything your application sends is automatically UTF-8 encoded. Leyland apps will not accept, nor provide, content in a different character set. If you want to use different/multiple encodings, then Leyland is not for you. * Localize for the client, not the server - Pretty much every other application framework only concerns itself with localizing the application to the locale of the machine on which it is running. I find that this is rarely useful nor interesting to the application developer. Leyland localizes for the client, not the server. If the client wants to view your application (which may be a simple website) in Hebrew, and your application supports Hebrew, then you can easily provide him with Hebrew representations. Leyland uses Locale::Wolowitz for this purpose. * Easy deployment and middleware support via Plack - Leyland doesn't support Plack, it is dependant on it. Leyland's entire session support, for example, depends on Plack's Session middleware. Use the full power of Plack in your Leyland application. * Lightweight - Leyland is much smaller than Catalyst or other major frameworks, while still providing lots of features. While it is not a "micro-framework", it is pretty small. If you're looking for an extremely lightweight solution, my other framework - McBain - might fit your need. * Flexible, extensible - Leyland was designed to be as flexible and as extensible as possible - where flexibility matters, and strict - where constistency and convention are appropriate. Leyland goes to great lengths to give you the ability to do things the way you want to, and more importantly - the way your end-users want to. Your applications listen to your users' preferences and automatically decide on a suitable course of action. Leyland is also Moo based, making it easy to extend and tweak its behavior (and making it Moose compatible). * Doesn't have a pony - You don't really need a pony, do you? MANUAL / TUTORIAL / GUIDE / GIBBERISH To learn about using Leyland, please refer to the Leyland::Manual. The documentation of this distribution's classes is for reference only, the manual is where you're most likely to find your answers. Or not. UPGRADING FROM VERSION 0.1.7 OR SMALLER Major changes have been made in Leyland version 1.0.0. While most should be backwords compatible, some are not. Please take a look at the upgrading manual for a complete list of changes and a simple guide for upgrading existing applications. WHAT'S WITH THE NAME? Leyland is named after Mr. Bean's clunker of a car - the British Leyland Mini 1000. I don't know why. EXTENDS Plack::Component ATTRIBUTES name The package name of the application, for example "MyApp" or "My::App". Automatically created. config A hash-ref of configuration options supplied to the app by the PSGI file. These options are purely for the writer of the application and have nothing to do with Leyland itself. context_class The name of the class to be used as the context class for every request. Defaults to Leyland::Context. If provided, the class must extend Leyland::Context. localizer If application config defines a path for localization files, this will hold a Leyland::Localizer object, which is based on Locale::Wolowitz. views An array refernce of all Leyland::View classes enabled in the app's configuration. If none defined, Tenjin is used by default. routes A Tie::IxHash object holding all routes defined in the application's controllers. Automatically created, not to be used directly by applications. cwe The plack environment in which the application is running. This is the "PLACK_ENV" environment variable. Defaults to "development" unless you've provided a specific value to "plackup" (via the "-E" switch or by changing "PLACK_ENV" directly). CLASS METHODS new( [ %attrs ] ) Creates a new instance of this class. None of the attributes are required (in fact, you shouldn't pass most of them), though you can pass the "config" and "context_class" attributes if you need. OBJECT METHODS setup() This method is not available by default, but is expected to be provided by application classes (though it is not required). If present, it will be called upon creation of the application object. The method is expected to return a hash-ref of Leyland-specific options. The following options are supported: * views A list of view classes to load. Defaults to "["Tenjin"]". * view_dir The path to the directory in which views/templates reside (defaults to "views"). * locales The path to the directory in which localization files (in Locale::Wolowitz's format) reside (if localization is used). * default_mime The default return MIME type for routes that lack a specific declaration (defaults to "text/html"). call( \%env ) The request handler. Receives a standard PSGI env hash-ref, creates a new instance of the application's context class (most probably Leyland::Context), performs HTTP negotiations and finds routes matching the request. If any are found, the first one is invoked and an HTTP response is generated and returned. You should note that requests to paths that end with a slash will automatically be redirected without the trailing slash. has_localizer() Returns a true value if the application has a localizer. has_views() Returns a true value if the application has any view classes. has_routes() Returns a true value if the application has any routes defined in its controllers. INTERNAL METHODS The following methods are only to be used internally. BUILD() Automatically called by Moo after instance creation, this method runs the applicaiton's "setup()" method (if any), loads the context class, localizer, controllers and views. It then find all routes in the controllers and prints a nice info table to the log. AUTHOR Ido Perlmuter, "<ido at ido50.net>" ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I wish to thank the following people: * Sebastian Knapp <http://search.cpan.org/~sknpp/> for submitting bug fixes * Michael Alan Dorman <http://search.cpan.org/~mdorman/> for some helpful ideas BUGS Please report any bugs or feature requests to "bug-Leyland at rt.cpan.org", or through the web interface at <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Leyland>. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes. SUPPORT You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command. perldoc Leyland You can also look for information at: * RT: CPAN's request tracker <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/Bugs.html?Dist=Leyland> * AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation <http://annocpan.org/dist/Leyland> * CPAN Ratings <http://cpanratings.perl.org/d/Leyland> * Search CPAN <http://search.cpan.org/dist/Leyland/> LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT Copyright 2010-2014 Ido Perlmuter. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License. See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/ for more information.