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# portions extracted from ipaddresslib by Autonomous Zone Industries, LGPL (author: Greg Smith)
# portions adapted from nattraverso.ipdiscover
# portions authored by Brian Warner, working for Allmydata
# most recent version authored by Zooko O'Whielacronx, working for Allmydata
# from the Python Standard Library
import os, re, socket, sys
# from Twisted
from twisted.internet import defer, reactor
from twisted.python import failure
from twisted.internet.protocol import DatagramProtocol
from twisted.internet.utils import getProcessOutput
from twisted.python.procutils import which
from twisted.python import log
# from pyutil
import observer
try:
import resource
def increase_rlimits():
# We'd like to raise our soft resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE, since certain
# systems (OS-X, probably solaris) start with a relatively low limit
# (256), and some unit tests want to open up more sockets than this.
# Most linux systems start with both hard and soft limits at 1024,
# which is plenty.
# unfortunately the values to pass to setrlimit() vary widely from
# one system to another. OS-X reports (256, HUGE), but the real hard
# limit is 10240, and accepts (-1,-1) to mean raise it to the
# maximum. Cygwin reports (256, -1), then ignores a request of
# (-1,-1): instead you have to guess at the hard limit (it appears to
# be 3200), so using (3200,-1) seems to work. Linux reports a
# sensible (1024,1024), then rejects (-1,-1) as trying to raise the
# maximum limit, so you could set it to (1024,1024) but you might as
# well leave it alone.
try:
current = resource.getrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE)
except AttributeError:
# we're probably missing RLIMIT_NOFILE
return
if current[0] >= 1024:
# good enough, leave it alone
return
try:
if current[1] > 0 and current[1] < 1000000:
# solaris reports (256, 65536)
resource.setrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE,
(current[1], current[1]))
else:
# this one works on OS-X (bsd), and gives us 10240, but
# it doesn't work on linux (on which both the hard and
# soft limits are set to 1024 by default).
resource.setrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE, (-1,-1))
new = resource.getrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE)
if new[0] == current[0]:
# probably cygwin, which ignores -1. Use a real value.
resource.setrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE, (3200,-1))
except ValueError:
log.msg("unable to set RLIMIT_NOFILE: current value %s"
% (resource.getrlimit(resource.RLIMIT_NOFILE),))
except:
# who knows what. It isn't very important, so log it and continue
log.err()
except ImportError:
def _increase_rlimits():
# TODO: implement this for Windows. Although I suspect the
# solution might be "be running under the iocp reactor and
# make this function be a no-op".
pass
# pyflakes complains about two 'def FOO' statements in the same time,
# since one might be shadowing the other. This hack appeases pyflakes.
increase_rlimits = _increase_rlimits
def get_local_addresses_async(target="198.41.0.4"): # A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
"""
Return a Deferred that fires with a list of IPv4 addresses (as dotted-quad
strings) that are currently configured on this host, sorted in descending
order of how likely we think they are to work.
@param target: we want to learn an IP address they could try using to
connect to us; The default value is fine, but it might help if you
pass the address of a host that you are actually trying to be
reachable to.
"""
addresses = []
local_ip = get_local_ip_for(target)
if local_ip:
addresses.append(local_ip)
if sys.platform == "cygwin":
d = _cygwin_hack_find_addresses(target)
else:
d = _find_addresses_via_config()
def _collect(res):
for addr in res:
if addr != "0.0.0.0" and not addr in addresses:
addresses.append(addr)
return addresses
d.addCallback(_collect)
return d
def get_local_ip_for(target):
"""Find out what our IP address is for use by a given target.
@return: the IP address as a dotted-quad string which could be used by
to connect to us. It might work for them, it might not. If
there is no suitable address (perhaps we don't currently have an
externally-visible interface), this will return None.
"""
try:
target_ipaddr = socket.gethostbyname(target)
except socket.gaierror:
# DNS isn't running, or somehow we encountered an error
# note: if an interface is configured and up, but nothing is connected to it,
# gethostbyname("A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET") will take 20 seconds to raise socket.gaierror
# . This is synchronous and occurs for each node being started, so users of certain unit
# tests will see something like 120s of delay, which may be enough to hit the default
# trial timeouts. For that reason, get_local_addresses_async() was changed to default to
# the numerical ip address for A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET, to avoid this DNS lookup. This also
# makes node startup a tad faster.
return None
udpprot = DatagramProtocol()
port = reactor.listenUDP(0, udpprot)
try:
udpprot.transport.connect(target_ipaddr, 7)
localip = udpprot.transport.getHost().host
except socket.error:
# no route to that host
localip = None
port.stopListening() # note, this returns a Deferred
return localip
# k: result of sys.platform, v: which kind of IP configuration reader we use
_platform_map = {
"linux-i386": "linux", # redhat
"linux-ppc": "linux", # redhat
"linux2": "linux", # debian
"win32": "win32",
"irix6-n32": "irix",
"irix6-n64": "irix",
"irix6": "irix",
"openbsd2": "bsd",
"darwin": "bsd", # Mac OS X
"freebsd4": "bsd",
"freebsd5": "bsd",
"freebsd6": "bsd",
"netbsd1": "bsd",
"sunos5": "sunos",
"cygwin": "cygwin",
}
class UnsupportedPlatformError(Exception):
pass
# Wow, I'm really amazed at home much mileage we've gotten out of calling
# the external route.exe program on windows... It appears to work on all
# versions so far. Still, the real system calls would much be preferred...
# ... thus wrote Greg Smith in time immemorial...
_win32_path = 'route.exe'
_win32_args = ('print',)
_win32_re = re.compile('^\s*\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+\s.+\s(?P<address>\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+)\s+(?P<metric>\d+)\s*$', flags=re.M|re.I|re.S)
# These work in Redhat 6.x and Debian 2.2 potato
_linux_path = '/sbin/ifconfig'
_linux_re = re.compile('^\s*inet addr:(?P<address>\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+)\s.+$', flags=re.M|re.I|re.S)
# originally NetBSD 1.4 (submitted by Rhialto), Darwin, Mac OS X, FreeBSD, OpenBSD
_bsd_path = '/sbin/ifconfig'
_bsd_args = ('-a',)
_bsd_re = re.compile('^\s+inet (?P<address>\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+)\s.+$', flags=re.M|re.I|re.S)
# Irix 6.5
_irix_path = '/usr/etc/ifconfig'
# Solaris 2.x
_sunos_path = '/usr/sbin/ifconfig'
class SequentialTrier(object):
""" I hold a list of executables to try and try each one in turn
until one gives me a list of IP addresses."""
def __init__(self, exebasename, args, regex):
assert not os.path.isabs(exebasename)
self.exes_left_to_try = which(exebasename)
self.exes_left_to_try.reverse()
self.args = args
self.regex = regex
self.o = observer.OneShotObserverList()
self._try_next()
def _try_next(self):
if not self.exes_left_to_try:
self.o.fire(None)
else:
exe = self.exes_left_to_try.pop()
d2 = _query(exe, self.args, self.regex)
def cb(res):
if res:
self.o.fire(res)
else:
self._try_next()
def eb(why):
self._try_next()
d2.addCallbacks(cb, eb)
def when_tried(self):
return self.o.when_fired()
# k: platform string as provided in the value of _platform_map
# v: tuple of (path_to_tool, args, regex,)
_tool_map = {
"linux": (_linux_path, (), _linux_re,),
"win32": (_win32_path, _win32_args, _win32_re,),
"cygwin": (_win32_path, _win32_args, _win32_re,),
"bsd": (_bsd_path, _bsd_args, _bsd_re,),
"irix": (_irix_path, _bsd_args, _bsd_re,),
"sunos": (_sunos_path, _bsd_args, _bsd_re,),
}
def _find_addresses_via_config():
# originally by Greg Smith, hacked by Zooko to conform to Brian Warner's API.
platform = _platform_map.get(sys.platform)
(pathtotool, args, regex,) = _tool_map.get(platform, ('ifconfig', _bsd_args, _bsd_re,))
# If the platform isn't known then we attempt BSD-style ifconfig. If it
# turns out that we don't get anything resembling a dotted quad IPv4 address
# out of it, then we'll raise UnsupportedPlatformError.
# If pathtotool is a fully qualified path then we just try that.
# If it is merely an executable name then we use Twisted's
# "which()" utility and try each executable in turn until one
# gives us something that resembles a dotted-quad IPv4 address.
if os.path.isabs(pathtotool):
d = _query(pathtotool, args, regex)
else:
d = SequentialTrier(pathtotool, args, regex).when_tried()
d.addCallback(_check_result)
return d
def _check_result(result):
if not result and not _platform_map.has_key(sys.platform):
return failure.Failure(UnsupportedPlatformError(sys.platform))
else:
return result
def _query(path, args, regex):
d = getProcessOutput(path, args)
def _parse(output):
addresses = []
outputsplit = output.split('\n')
for outline in outputsplit:
m = regex.match(outline)
if m:
addr = m.groupdict()['address']
if addr not in addresses:
addresses.append(addr)
return addresses
d.addCallback(_parse)
return d
def _cygwin_hack_find_addresses(target):
addresses = []
for h in [target, "localhost", "127.0.0.1",]:
try:
addr = get_local_ip_for(h)
if addr not in addresses:
addresses.append(addr)
except socket.gaierror:
pass
return defer.succeed(addresses)
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