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Wkhtmltopdf wrapper done right
Ruby JavaScript CSS

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Wkhtmltopdf wrapper done right.

Wisepdf uses the shell utility wkhtmltopdf to serve a PDF file to a user from HTML. In other words, rather than dealing with a PDF generation DSL of some sort, you simply write an HTML view as you would normally, then let PDF take care of the hard stuff.

Wisepdf is inspired by Wicked PDF and PDFKit. PDF is optimized to use with Rails 3.1 (3.2), Ruby 1.9.2 and wkhtmltopdf 0.10.0 (and above).


First, be sure to install wkhtmltopdf. Note that versions before 0.9.0 have problems on some machines with reading/writing to streams. This plugin relies on streams to communicate with wkhtmltopdf.

More information about wkhtmltopdf could be found here.

Add this to your Gemfile:

gem 'wisepdf'

then do:


How does it work?

Basic Usage

class ThingsController < ApplicationController
  def show
    respond_to do |format|
      format.pdf do
        render :pdf => "file_name"

Advanced Usage with all available options

class ThingsController < ApplicationController
  def show
    respond_to do |format|
      format.pdf do
        render :pdf                            => 'file_name',
               :template                       => 'things/show.pdf.erb',
               :layout                         => 'pdf.html',                   # use 'pdf.html' for a pdf.html.erb file
               :show_as_html                   => params[:debug].present?,      # allow debuging based on url param
               :orientation                    => 'Landscape',                  # default Portrait
               :page_size                      => 'A4, Letter, ...',            # default A4
               :save_to_file                   => Rails.root.join('pdfs', "#{filename}.pdf"),
               :save_only                      => false,                        # depends on :save_to_file being set first
               :proxy                          => 'TEXT',
               :basic_auth                     => false                         # when true username & password are automatically sent from session
               :username                       => 'TEXT',
               :password                       => 'TEXT',
               :cover                          => 'URL',
               :dpi                            => 'dpi',
               :encoding                       => 'TEXT',
               :user_style_sheet               => 'URL',
               :cookie                         => ['_session_id SESSION_ID'], # could be an array or a single string in a 'name value' format
               :post                           => ['query QUERY_PARAM'],    # could be an array or a single string in a 'name value' format
               :redirect_delay                 => NUMBER,
               :zoom                           => FLOAT,
               :page_offset                    => NUMBER,
               :book                           => true,
               :default_header                 => true,
               :disable_javascript             => false,
               :greyscale                      => true,
               :lowquality                     => true,
               :enable_plugins                 => true,
               :disable_internal_links         => true,
               :disable_external_links         => true,
               :print_media_type               => true,
               :disable_smart_shrinking        => true,
               :use_xserver                    => true,
               :no_background                  => true,
               :margin => {:top                => SIZE,                         # default 10 (mm)
                           :bottom             => SIZE,
                           :left               => SIZE,
                           :right              => SIZE},
               :header => {:html => { :template => 'users/header.pdf.erb',  # use :template OR :url
                                      :layout   => 'pdf_plain.html',        # optional, use 'pdf_plain.html' for a pdf_plain.html.erb file, defaults to main layout
                                      :url      => '',
                                      :locals   => { :foo => @bar }},
                           :center             => 'TEXT',
                           :font_name          => 'NAME',
                           :font_size          => SIZE,
                           :left               => 'TEXT',
                           :right              => 'TEXT',
                           :spacing            => REAL,
                           :line               => true},
               :footer => {:html => { :template => 'shared/footer.pdf.erb', # use :template OR :url
                                      :layout   => 'pdf_plain.html',        # optional, use 'pdf_plain.html' for a pdf_plain.html.erb file, defaults to main layout
                                      :url      => '',
                                      :locals   => { :foo => @bar }},
                           :center             => 'TEXT',
                           :font_name          => 'NAME',
                           :font_size          => SIZE,
                           :left               => 'TEXT',
                           :right              => 'TEXT',
                           :spacing            => REAL,
                           :line               => true},
               :outline => {:outline           => true,
                            :outline_depth     => LEVEL}

By default, it will render without a layout (:layout => false) and the template for the current controller and action.

Super Advanced Usage

If you need to just create a pdf and not display it:

# create a pdf from a string
pdf ='<h1>Hello There!</h1>')

# or from your controller, using views & templates and all other options as normal
pdf = render_to_string :pdf => "some_file_name"

# then save to a file
save_path = Rails.root.join('pdfs','filename.pdf'), 'wb') do |file|
  file << pdf

If you need to display utf encoded characters, add this to your pdf views or layouts:

<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />


You must define absolute paths to CSS files, images, and javascripts; the best option is to use the wisepdf_stylesheet_tag, wisepdf_image_tag, and wisepdf_javascript_tag helpers.

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
<html xmlns="" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
    <%= wisepdf_stylesheet_tag "pdf" -%>
    <%= wisepdf_javascript_tag "number_pages" %>
  <body onload='number_pages'>
    <div id="header">
      <%= wisepdf_image_tag 'mysite.jpg' %>
    <div id="content">
      <%= yield %>

Page Numbering

A bit of javascript can help you number your pages. Create a template or header/footer file with this:

      function number_pages() {
        var vars={};
        for(var i in x) {var z=x[i].split('=',2);vars[z[0]] = unescape(z[1]);}
        var x=['frompage','topage','page','webpage','section','subsection','subsubsection'];
        for(var i in x) {
          var y = document.getElementsByClassName(x[i]);
          for(var j=0; j<y.length; ++j) y[j].textContent = vars[x[i]];
  <body onload="number_pages()">
    Page <span class="page"></span> of <span class="topage"></span>

Anything with a class listed in "var x" above will be auto-filled at render time.

If you do not have explicit page breaks (and therefore do not have any "page" class), you can also use wkhtmltopdf's built in page number generation by setting one of the headers to "[page]":

render :pdf => 'filename', :header => { :right => '[page] of [topage]' }


You can put your default configuration, applied to all pdf's at "configure_wisepdf.rb" initializer.

Wisepdf::Configuration.configure do |c|
  c.wkhtmltopdf = '/path/to/wkhtmltopdf'
  c.options = {
    :layout => "layout.html",
    :use_xserver => true,
    :footer => { 
      :right => "#{}",
      :font_size => 8,
      :spacing => 8
    :margin => {
      :bottom => 15



You can use a debug param on the URL that shows you the content of the pdf in plain html to design it faster.

First of all you must configure the render parameter :show_as_html => params[:debug] and then just use it like normally but adding debug=1 as a param:


However, the wisepdf_* helpers will use file:// paths for assets when using :show_as_html, and your browser's cross-domain safety feature will kick in, and not render them. To get around this, you can load your assets like so in your templates:

<%= params[:debug].present? ? image_tag('foo') : wisepdf_image_tag('foo') %>


wisepdf is used at:

Know other projects? Then contact me and I will add them to the list.

Contributing to wisepdf

  • Check out the latest master to make sure the feature hasn't been implemented or the bug hasn't been fixed yet
  • Check out the issue tracker to make sure someone already hasn't requested it and/or contributed it
  • Fork the project
  • Start a feature/bugfix branch
  • Commit and push until you are happy with your contribution
  • Make sure to add tests for it. This is important so I don't break it in a future version unintentionally.
  • Please try not to mess with the Rakefile, version, or history. If you want to have your own version, or is otherwise necessary, that is fine, but please isolate to its own commit so I can cherry-pick around it.


Copyright (c) 2012 Igor Alexandrov. See LICENSE.txt for further details.

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