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How do I Compress a Whole Linux or UNIX Directory?
You need to use tar command as follows (syntax of tar command):
tar -zcvf archive-name.tar.gz directory-name
Where,
-z: Compress archive using gzip program
-c: Create archive
-v: Verbose i.e display progress while creating archive
-f: Archive File name
For example, you have directory called /home/jerry/prog and you
would like to compress this directory then you can type tar command as follows:
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$ tar -zcvf prog-1-jan-2005.tar.gz /home/jerry/prog
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Above command will create an archive file called prog-1-jan-2005.tar.gz in current
directory. If you wish to restore your archive then you need to use following command
(it will extract all files in current directory):
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$ tar -zxvf prog-1-jan-2005.tar.gz
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Where,
-x: Extract files
If you wish to extract files in particular directory, for example in /tmp then
you need to use following command:
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$ tar -zxvf prog-1-jan-2005.tar.gz -C /tmp
$ cd /tmp
$ ls -
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