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// biosequence code using STL
//, 1999/04/28
#include <stdio.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <map>
#include <list>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
#include "util/sstring.h"
#include "util/macros.h"
#include "util/score.h"
#include "util/phonebook.h"
#include "util/rnd.h"
#include "util/map_keys.h"
#define Alphabet_nonsense_char '?'
// a Biosequence is a text representation of a sequence
typedef sstring Biosequence;
// a Digitized_biosequence is a numerical representation of a sequence, related to a Biosequence by an Alphabet (see below)
// NB implementation isn't quite there (will throw an exception for negative (=ambiguous) symbols)
class Digitized_biosequence : public vector<int>
Digitized_biosequence() : vector<int>() { }
Digitized_biosequence (const vector<int>& intvec) : vector<int> (intvec) { }
Digitized_biosequence (size_type sz, int i = -1) : vector<int> (sz, i) { }
int null_score (const vector<int>& null_model) const;
int stuttered_null_score (const vector<int>& null_model, const int stutter_sc) const;
void count_symbol_frequencies (vector<double>& composition) const;
// the "context" methods a Digitized_biosequence where every site
// encodes the last 'context_order' residues of the parent sequence
// ...a hacky way of doing higher-order Markov chains. probably best to ignore these methods.
Digitized_biosequence make_context_dsq (int alphabet_size, int context_order) const;
Digitized_biosequence make_reverse_context_dsq (int alphabet_size, int context_order) const;
static Digitized_biosequence context_to_nmer (int context, int alphabet_size, int context_order);
// a Weight_profile is an ungapped profile in probability space
// it should probably have all the same methods as Score_profile (see below), but it is more rarely used
typedef pair <int, Prob> Symbol_weight;
typedef map <int, Prob> Symbol_weight_map;
typedef Symbol_weight_map::const_iterator Symbol_weight_iterator;
class Weight_profile : public vector <Symbol_weight_map>
Weight_profile () {}
Weight_profile (const Digitized_biosequence& dsq);
Weight_profile (int len, const Symbol_weight_map& weight_map) : vector<Symbol_weight_map> (len, weight_map) {}
static int weight_map_consensus (const Symbol_weight_map& w); // returns most heavily weighted symbol in a Symbol_score_map
int consensus (int pos) const { return weight_map_consensus ((*this)[pos]); }
Digitized_biosequence consensus_dsq() const;
void normalise(); // for each residue, re-scales symbol weights so that probability sum is 1
void count_symbol_frequencies (vector<double>& composition) const;
// a Vector_weight_profile is an ungapped probability profile like a Weight_profile,
// but stored as a vector
typedef vector<vector<Prob> > Vector_weight_profile;
// a Score_profile is an ungapped profile in score space
typedef pair <int, Score> Symbol_score;
typedef map <int, Score> Symbol_score_map;
typedef Symbol_score_map::const_iterator Symbol_score_iterator;
class Score_profile : public vector <Symbol_score_map>
Score_profile () {}
Score_profile (const Digitized_biosequence& dsq);
Score_profile (const Weight_profile& profile);
Score_profile (int len, const Symbol_score_map& score_map) : vector<Symbol_score_map> (len, score_map) {}
// Should really make Symbol_score_map a proper class and put this class's static methods there (ditto Symbol_weight_map)
static int score_map_consensus (const Symbol_score_map& s); // returns highest scoring symbol in a Symbol_score_map
int consensus (int pos) const { return score_map_consensus ((*this)[pos]); }
static int score_map_sample (const Symbol_score_map& s, double kT = 1); // samples from a Symbol_score_map
int sample (int pos, double kT = 1) const { return score_map_sample ((*this)[pos]); }
static int score_map_score (const Symbol_score_map& ssm, const vector<int>& null_model);
int null_score (const vector<int>& null_model) const;
void normalise(); // for each residue, re-scales symbol scores so that probability sum is 1
Digitized_biosequence consensus_dsq() const;
Digitized_biosequence sample_dsq (double kT = 1) const;
Score_profile evolve (const array2d<int>& substitution_matrix) const; // evolves the sequence (substitutions only)
vector<int> null_scores_by_residue (const vector<int>& null_model) const; // returns null score for each residue in the sequence
int inner_product (const Score_profile& prof) const; // score of product_{columns} sum_{residues in column} P(residue|this) . P(residue|prof)
Weight_profile score2weight() const; // turns this Score_profile into a Weight_profile
void count_symbol_frequencies (vector<double>& composition) const; // count symbol frequencies
// Alphabet class
class Alphabet
// every symbol in the alphabet corresponds to a non-negative integer 0,1,2...(size-1)
// negative integers represent ambiguous symbols, e.g. "N" "Y" "R" for DNA, "X" for proteins, and wildcards "*"
// these ambiguities can be represented by a weighted sum over the real symbols in the alphabet
// e.g. "Y" = 0.5 * "C" + 0.5 * "T" (NB this is a probability distribution)
// "*" = "A" + "C" + "G" + "T" (NB this is not a probability distribution)
// such weighted sums are represented by Symbol_weight_map's (in probability space) or Symbol_score_map's (in score space)
// these representations can be resolved by calling int2weight() or int2score()
// in fact there are a million trillion zillion different conversion functions we have to define, and some are as yet unused & unimplemented.
int alphabet_size; // number of nondegenerate symbols
// maps indexed by the string representation of an alphabet token
map<sstring,int> tok2int;
// arrays indexed by the character representation of an alphabet token
vector<int> char2int_table; // a value of (alphabet_size) indicates unknown
vector<double> char_aff_table; // table of char affinities for this alphabet; used to match sequences to alphabets
// arrays indexed by the integer representation of an alphabet token
vector<int> nondegen_comp; // complements for nondegenerate chars
vector<int> degen_comp; // complements for degenerate chars
vector<sstring> tok; // tokens for nondegenerate symbols (a token can be multiple chars)
sstring chars_lc; // nondegenerate chars, lower case
sstring chars_uc; // nondegenerate chars, upper case
sstring degen_lc; // degenerate chars, lower case
sstring display_lc; // what to output for nondegenerate symbols with no chars (used by hidden alphabets)
vector<Symbol_weight_map> nondegen_weight; // nondegenerate weight mappings
vector<Symbol_score_map> nondegen_score; // nondegenerate score mappings
vector<Symbol_weight_map> degen_weight; // degenerate weight mappings
vector<Symbol_score_map> degen_score; // degenerate score mappings
int unknown_int; // "N" for DNA, "X" for protein
bool warn_randomise; // flag saying whether to warn when randomising degenerate chars; set to 0 after first warning
bool warn_unknown; // flag for unknown chars warning
// name
sstring name; // name of alphabet, e.g. "DNA", "Protein"
// case-sensitivity flag
bool case_sensitive;
// multiplier for counts, to turn fractional degenerate counts into integers. 12 for DNA/RNA, 20 for protein
// (explanation: ambiguated counts for DNA can be 1/2 (e.g. "r", "y"), 1/3 (e.g. "h", "v"), 1/4 ("n")
// lowest common denominator of (1/2, 1/3, 1/4) is 12)
unsigned int degenerate_lcd;
// Felsenstein wildcards
Symbol_score_map wild_ssm;
Symbol_weight_map wild_swm;
// builder methods
void reset (const char* name, int size);
void init_tokens (const vector<sstring>& tokens); // nondegenerate tokens
void init_chars (const char* chars, const char* comp = ""); // nondegenerate chars
void init_degen_chars (const char* chars); // degenerate chars
void init_degen_complement();
void init_display (const sstring& chars);
void set_degen_char (char degen_char, const Symbol_weight_map& p);
void set_degen_char (char degen_char, const char* possibilities);
void set_wildcard (char wildcard_char);
void set_unknown (char unknown_char);
// method to initialize a "hidden" alphabet from a "visible" alphabet
// suppose the visible alphabet has A [nondegenerate] symbols, and the hidden_classes variable is equal to C.
// then the hidden alphabet will have C*A symbols,
// with each symbol of the visible alphabet representing a C-fold degenerate symbol in the hidden alphabet.
// Symbol N in the visible alphabet is a degenerate char for symbols {N,A+N,2*A+N...(C-1)*A+N} in the hidden alphabet.
void init_hidden (const Alphabet& alph, int hidden_classes = 1);
void init_hidden (const Alphabet& base_alphabet, const vector<sstring>& hidden_class_labels);
// constructor
Alphabet (const char* name = UNINITIALIZED_ALPHABET_NAME, int size = 0);
// methods
int size() const { return alphabet_size; }
// chars() & chars_toupper() methods return C strings containing nondegenerate symbols (e.g. ACGT for DNA)
const char* nondegenerate_chars() const { return chars_lc.c_str(); }
const char* nondegenerate_chars_toupper() const { return chars_uc.c_str(); }
const char* degenerate_chars() const { return degen_lc.c_str(); }
// tokens() method is an accessor for tok vector
const vector<sstring>& tokens() const { return tok; }
// basic query/conversion methods
inline bool contains_strict (char c) const // forbids degenerate chars
const int i = char2int_table[c];
return i >= 0 && i < alphabet_size;
inline bool contains_deg (char c) const // allows degenerate chars
const int i = char2int_table[c];
return i > - (int) degen_lc.size() && i < alphabet_size;
inline int char2int_strict (char c) const // randomises degenerate/unknown chars
int i = char2int_table[c];
if (i >= alphabet_size)
if (warn_unknown) CLOGERR << "Randomising unknown characters\n";
((Alphabet*)this)->warn_unknown = 0; // cast away const
i = alphabet_size > 1 ? Rnd::rnd_int (alphabet_size) : 0; // don't call Rnd unless necessary
else if (i < 0) // degenerate char
const Symbol_weight_map& deg_map = int2weight(i);
const vector<int> degen_opt = map_keys (deg_map);
const vector<Prob> degen_prob = map_values (deg_map);
i = degen_opt.size() > 1 ? degen_opt[Rnd::choose(degen_prob)] : degen_opt[0]; // don't call Rnd unless necessary
if (degen_opt.size() > 1)
if (warn_randomise) CLOGERR << "Randomising degenerate characters\n";
((Alphabet*)this)->warn_randomise = 0; // cast away const
return i;
inline int char2int_deg (char c) const // converts unknown chars to (unknown_int)
int i = char2int_table[c];
if (i >= alphabet_size)
i = unknown_int;
if (i >= alphabet_size)
i = alphabet_size > 1 ? Rnd::rnd_int (alphabet_size) : 0; // don't call Rnd unless necessary
CLOGERR << "I don't think '" << c << "' matches alphabet " << name << "; randomizing to '" << int2char(i) << "'\n";
CLOGERR << "I don't think '" << c << "' matches alphabet " << name << "; setting to '" << int2char(i) << "'\n";
return i;
inline char int2char (int i) const
if (i >= 0)
if (i >= alphabet_size) return Alphabet_nonsense_char;
if (i >= (int) chars_lc.size())
return i >= (int) display_lc.size() ? Alphabet_nonsense_char : display_lc[i];
return chars_lc[i];
if (-i-1 >= (int) degen_lc.size()) return Alphabet_nonsense_char;
return degen_lc[-i-1];
inline char int2char_uc (int i) const
int c = int2char (i);
if (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z') c += 'A' - 'a';
return c;
inline char unknown_char() const { return int2char (unknown_int); }
inline int unknown_symbol_index() const { return unknown_int; }
inline bool contains_tok (const sstring& token) const
return tok2int.find (token) != tok2int.end();
inline int token2int (const sstring& token) const {
map<sstring,int>::const_iterator tok2int_iter = tok2int.find (token);
return tok2int_iter == tok2int.end() ? unknown_int : tok2int_iter->second;
inline const sstring& int2token (int i) const {
if (i < 0 || i >= alphabet_size)
THROWEXPR ("Bad alphabet symbol index in int2token");
if (i >= (int) tok.size())
THROWEXPR ("In int2token: tokens uninitialized");
return tok[i];
// fancier conversion methods
inline const Symbol_weight_map& int2weight (int i) const { return i >= 0 ? nondegen_weight[i] : degen_weight[-i-1]; }
inline const Symbol_weight_map& char2weight (char c) const { return int2weight (char2int_deg (c)); }
int weight2int (const Symbol_weight_map& w) const;
char weight2char (const Symbol_weight_map& w) const;
inline const Symbol_score_map& int2score (int i) const { return i >= 0 ? nondegen_score[i] : degen_score[-i-1]; }
inline const Symbol_score_map& char2score (char c) const { return int2score (char2int_deg (c)); }
int score2int (const Symbol_score_map& s) const;
char score2char (const Symbol_score_map& s) const;
// Whole-sequence conversions.
// Each of these methods returns the second argument as a reference
// (not really DART's most up-to-date C++ coding practise, if such a standard exists)
Digitized_biosequence& seq2dsq (const Biosequence& seq, Digitized_biosequence& dsq) const;
Biosequence& dsq2seq (const Digitized_biosequence& dsq, Biosequence& seq) const;
Weight_profile& seq2weight (const Biosequence& seq, Weight_profile& prof) const;
Biosequence& weight2seq (const Weight_profile& prof, Biosequence& seq) const;
Score_profile& seq2score (const Biosequence& seq, Score_profile& prof) const;
Biosequence& score2seq (const Score_profile& prof, Biosequence& seq) const;
Weight_profile& dsq2weight (const Digitized_biosequence& dsq, Weight_profile& prof) const;
Digitized_biosequence& weight2dsq (const Weight_profile& prof, Digitized_biosequence& dsq) const; // no implementation yet
Score_profile& dsq2score (const Digitized_biosequence& dsq, Score_profile& prof) const;
Digitized_biosequence& score2dsq (const Score_profile& prof, Digitized_biosequence& dsq) const; // no implementation yet
// sequence conversion methods that dynamically allocate & return a new sequence
Digitized_biosequence new_seq2dsq (const Biosequence& seq) const;
Biosequence new_dsq2seq (const Digitized_biosequence& dsq) const;
Weight_profile new_seq2weight (const Biosequence& seq) const;
Biosequence new_weight2seq (const Weight_profile& prof) const;
Score_profile new_seq2score (const Biosequence& seq) const;
Biosequence new_score2seq (const Score_profile& prof) const;
Weight_profile new_dsq2weight (const Digitized_biosequence& dsq) const;
Digitized_biosequence new_weight2dsq (const Weight_profile& prof) const; // no implementation yet
Score_profile new_dsq2score (const Digitized_biosequence& dsq) const;
Digitized_biosequence new_score2dsq (const Score_profile& prof) const; // no implementation yet
// wildcard stuff
bool all_wild (const Score_profile& prof) const; // returns TRUE if Score_profile contains nothing but wildcards
bool all_wild (const Weight_profile& prof) const; // returns TRUE if Weight_profile contains nothing but wildcards
Symbol_weight_map flat_weight_map (double weight) const; // "*" (weight = 1) or "N" (DNA, weight = .25) or "X" (protein, weight = .05)
Symbol_score_map flat_score_map (int score) const; // like flat_weight_map() but in score space
// complement stuff
bool has_complement() const { return nondegen_comp.size() != 0; }
int complement (int sym) const;
Symbol_weight_map complement_weight (const Symbol_weight_map& m) const;
Symbol_score_map complement_score (const Symbol_score_map& m) const;
char complement_char (char c) const;
Weight_profile revcomp_weight_profile (const Weight_profile& p) const; // NB does a _reverse_ complement
Score_profile revcomp_score_profile (const Score_profile& p) const;
Digitized_biosequence revcomp_digitized_sequence (const Digitized_biosequence& dsq) const;
Biosequence revcomp_sequence (const Biosequence& s) const; // preserves case
// nmer stuff
int nmer_token (int word_len, const Digitized_biosequence::const_iterator iter);
int nmer_token (const char* nmer);
// regular expression helper
sstring degenerate_seq_pattern (const Biosequence& seq) const; // converts IUPAC degenerate sequence to regexp, e.g. "n" -> "[acgt]" for DNA
// method to return the affinity of an alphabet for a particular character
// used to figure out which alphabet corresponds to an anonymous input sequence (typically "is it DNA or Protein?")
inline double char_affinity (char c) const { return char_aff_table[c]; }
struct Empty_alphabet : public Alphabet
Empty_alphabet() : Alphabet ("", 0) { }
struct Simple_alphabet : public Alphabet
Simple_alphabet (const char* name, const char* chars);
struct DNA_alphabet_type : public Alphabet
struct RNA_alphabet_type : public Alphabet
struct Protein_alphabet_type : public Alphabet
struct Roman_alphabet_type : public Alphabet
struct Text_alphabet_type : public Alphabet
extern DNA_alphabet_type DNA_alphabet;
extern RNA_alphabet_type RNA_alphabet;
extern Protein_alphabet_type Protein_alphabet;
extern Text_alphabet_type Text_alphabet;
extern Roman_alphabet_type Roman_alphabet;
extern Simple_alphabet Dummy_alphabet; // only has one symbol
// A Metascore is an array of scores associated with each residue in a sequence,
// representing splice site predictions, masking, or any other secondary scoring source.
typedef vector<Score> Metascore;
typedef vector<Prob> Metaprob; // probability-space version of a Metascore
// A Meta_profile is a base class for Named_profile, holding Score_profile & Metascore vector.
// (Metascores can be used to store scores associated with sequences, like splice site predictions or masks)
struct Meta_profile
Score_profile prof_sc; // sequence in score profile form
vector<Metascore> meta_sc; // metascores
// Profile_flags_enum, for specifying type conversions and the like
struct Profile_flags_enum
enum Profile_flags { NONE = 0, SEQ = 1, SCORE = 2, WEIGHT = 4, DSQ = 8, ALL = 15 };
// (name, start, end) tuple
struct NSE
// data
sstring seqname;
int start;
int end;
// constructors
NSE (const sstring& name, int start, int end);
// A Named_profile holds name, "cruft" (i.e. the text following the name in FASTA files),
// sequence data (in text, digitized, score and/or probability form) and Metascores.
// No attempt is made to maintain consistency between alternative forms of sequence -- that is the caller's job.
// Sometimes, when non-IUPAC degenerate score profiles are used, it may not even be possible to interconvert.
// ...yes I *know* this is messy. it keeps me awake at nights. maybe one day i'll fix it. (chyeah)
struct Named_profile : Meta_profile, Profile_flags_enum
sstring name; // name
sstring cruft; // "cruft" (text following name in FASTA definition line)
Biosequence seq; // sequence in text form
Weight_profile prof_w; // sequence in probability profile form
Digitized_biosequence dsq; // sequence in digitised form
// regexps for FASTA-format input
static Regexp name_regexp;
static Regexp quick_name_regexp;
// regexp for Stockholm "NAME/START-END"
static Regexp nse_regexp;
// methods
// clear method
void clear();
void write_FASTA (ostream& out, int column_width = 50) const;
void read_FASTA (istream& in);
// metascore IO
void write_metaprob (int meta_idx, ostream& out, int column_width = 50) const;
void read_metaprob (int meta_idx, istream& in, bool expect_name = 1);
// method to check a file for FASTA form (initial ">")
static bool detect_FASTA (istream& in);
// quick FASTA output wrapper
void dump() const { write_FASTA (cout, 50); }
// all-purpose conversion method
void seq_update (const Alphabet& a, Profile_flags convert = ALL);
// conversion methods
void seq2score (const Alphabet& a) { a.seq2score (seq, prof_sc); }
void seq2weight (const Alphabet& a) { a.seq2weight (seq, prof_w); }
void seq2dsq (const Alphabet& a) { a.seq2dsq (seq, dsq); }
void score2seq (const Alphabet& a) { a.score2seq (prof_sc, seq); }
void score2weight() { prof_w = prof_sc.score2weight(); }
void score2dsq (const Alphabet& a); // no implementation yet
void weight2seq (const Alphabet& a) { a.weight2seq (prof_w, seq); }
void weight2score() { prof_sc = Score_profile (prof_w); }
void weight2dsq (const Alphabet& a); // no implementation yet
void dsq2seq (const Alphabet& a) { a.dsq2seq (dsq, seq); }
void dsq2score (const Alphabet& a) { a.dsq2score (dsq, prof_sc); }
void dsq2weight (const Alphabet& a); // no implementation yet
// consensus conversion methods
void consensus_score2seq (const Alphabet& a) { a.dsq2seq (prof_sc.consensus_dsq(), seq); }
void consensus_weight2seq (const Alphabet& a) { a.dsq2seq (prof_w.consensus_dsq(), seq); }
void consensus_score2dsq (const Alphabet& a) { dsq = prof_sc.consensus_dsq(); }
void consensus_weight2dsq (const Alphabet& a) { dsq = prof_w.consensus_dsq(); }
// reverse complement method
Named_profile revcomp (const Alphabet& a, const char* name_suffix = "", const char* cruft_suffix = "") const;
// metascore reset & update methods
void reset_metascores (int n_metascores, Score default_sc = 0);
void add_metascores (int metascore_idx, const Metascore& delta);
// size method
int size() const; // does a simple consistency check between profile lengths
// subseq extraction method
Named_profile subseq (int start, int len) const;
// Stockholm "NAME/START-END" parsing method
bool name_is_NSE() const;
NSE parse_name() const;
// the following method, assert_profiles_consistent(), checks the various alternate profile sizes for self-consistency.
// this is not a perfect check but it's close enough for National Lab work.
// each profile is checked if its length is nonzero (as with size()) OR if its test flag is set.
void assert_profiles_consistent (Profile_flags test = ALL) const;
// A Sequence_database is a very basic container for Named_profile's.
// NB it is generally not a great idea to instantiate a Sequence_database anywhere except
// at the top level of your program (i.e. don't give objects their own Sequence_database's)
// due to the ill-thought-out way that Alignments point to Score_profiles
// (the Alignment's pointers can be invalidated if the Sequence_database is copied).
// A general DART principle is that Sequence_database's are considered persistent,
// and iterators pointing to the Named_profile's inside will remain valid.
// This is why Sequence_database inherits from list<>, rather than e.g. vector<>
// (which tends to invalidate its iterators whenever a resizing is necessary).
struct Sequence_database : list<Named_profile>, Profile_flags_enum
// virtual destructor
virtual ~Sequence_database() { }
// methods
void write_FASTA (ostream& out, int column_width = 50) const;
void read_FASTA (istream& in);
void write_metaprob (int meta_idx, ostream& out, int column_width = 50) const;
void read_metaprob (int meta_idx, istream& in);
void to_lower();
void to_upper();
void seqs2scores (const Alphabet& a);
void seqs2weights (const Alphabet& a);
void seqs2dsqs (const Alphabet& a);
void seqs_update (const Alphabet& a, Profile_flags convert = ALL);
void scores2seqs (const Alphabet& a);
void scores2weights();
void scores2dsqs(); // no implementation yet
void weights2seqs (const Alphabet& a);
void weights2scores();
void weights2dsqs(); // no implementation yet
void dsqs2seqs (const Alphabet& a); // no implementation yet
void dsqs2scores(); // no implementation yet
void dsqs2weights(); // no implementation yet
void consensus_scores2seqs (const Alphabet& a);
void consensus_weights2seqs (const Alphabet& a);
void consensus_scores2dsqs (const Alphabet& a); // no implementation yet
void consensus_weights2dsqs (const Alphabet& a); // no implementation yet
void clear_seqs() { for_contents (list<Named_profile>, *this, prof) (*prof).seq.clear(); }
void clear_scores() { for_contents (list<Named_profile>, *this, prof) (*prof).prof_sc.clear(); }
void clear_weights() { for_contents (list<Named_profile>, *this, prof) (*prof).prof_w.clear(); }
void clear_dsqs() { for_contents (list<Named_profile>, *this, prof) (*prof).dsq.clear(); }
void reset_metascores (int n_metascores, Score default_sc = 0)
{ for_contents (list<Named_profile>, *this, prof) (*prof).reset_metascores (n_metascores, default_sc); }
Sequence_database revcomp (const Alphabet& a, const char* name_suffix = "", const char* cruft_suffix = "") const;
bool matches_alphabet (const Alphabet& alphabet, double threshold = .95) const; // returns TRUE if fraction of symbols represented by alphabet is greater than threshold
double alphabet_similarity (const Alphabet& alphabet) const; // each nondegenerate symbol score 1, each degenerate scores 0.5
const Alphabet& detect_alphabet() const; // returns DNA_alphabet, RNA_alphabet, Protein_alphabet or Text_alphabet, or dies
void count_symbol_frequencies (vector<double>& composition) const; // requires Digitized_biosequence's to be pre-computed by e.g. calling seqs2dsqs()
vector<Prob> get_null_model (int alphabet_size, double pseudocount = 0.) const;
Prob get_null_extend (double pseudocount = 0.) const; // optimal extension prob. for null model
double mean_length() const;
int total_residues() const;
// helper to append an entire Sequence_database
// returns iterator pointing to first new sequence
virtual iterator append_sequence_database (const Sequence_database& seq_db);
// a Sequence_database_index is a by-name indexing of a Sequence_database
struct Sequence_database_index
vector<Named_profile*> profile;
vector<sstring> name;
Phonebook name2profile_index;
Sequence_database_index() { }
Sequence_database_index (Sequence_database& seq_db) { update (seq_db); }
void update (Sequence_database& seq_db); // rebuilds profile, name & name2profile_index
int size() const { return profile.size(); }
void assert_names_unique (bool test_NSE_conflict = TRUE) const;
Named_profile* name2profile (const sstring& name) const;
// FASTA_sequence_database is a convenient class for reading in FASTA files
class FASTA_sequence_database : public Sequence_database
// data
const Alphabet* my_alphabet;
Sequence_database_index index;
// accessors
const Alphabet& alphabet() const { return *my_alphabet; }
int size() const { return index.size(); } // override size method for speed (vector::size() is constant)
const Named_profile& get_seq (int i) const { return *index.profile[i]; }
// constructors
FASTA_sequence_database (const char* filename = 0,
const Alphabet* alphabet = 0,
Profile_flags convert = ALL); // calls read_from_file()
FASTA_sequence_database (const Sequence_database& db,
const Alphabet* alphabet = 0);
// I/O
void read_FASTA (istream& in); // calls superclass method & then updates index, but does not call seqs_update()
void read_from_file (const char* filename,
const Alphabet* alphabet = 0,
Profile_flags convert = ALL); // calls seqs_update()
// helpers for updating index, alphabet
void update_index() { index.update (*this); }
void update_alphabet (const Alphabet* alphabet = 0);
// helper for manually adding sequences
void add_seq (const char* name, const char* seq, Profile_flags convert = ALL); // calls seq_update() on new sequence
// helper to append an entire Sequence_database (overrides Sequence_database method)
// returns iterator pointing to first new sequence
iterator append_sequence_database (const Sequence_database& seq_db);